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"Old Mills, Coast of Virginia," soft-ground etching by James D. Smillie

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on a visiting-card, or more or less of a film of ink may be left on the surface of the plate between the lines. Furthermore that film may be teased with rags, or the rags may be used in retroussage, a peculiar twist which lifts some of the ink out of the lines and deposits it on the surface of the plate, producing an unctuous rich

ness.

How much inking and printing may do for a plate one may see in an etching like Whistler's "Nocturne-Salute," in which there is a mere skeleton of linework, about which ink is built up in an effect which will naturally vary in the different impressions.

The importance of the final step in the production of an etching has naturally led

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"Le repos," by Charles Jacque. Fifth state Between the first and the fifth states the herdsman has wandered about on the plate, and the sheep have been changed into cattle

etchers to be their own printers. Whistler was photographed at the press, and many of his prints bear in pencil, after the signature, the letters "imp."

The texture, quality, and color of the paper used are also factors in printing. Note, for example, the difference in effect

between an etching by Meryon printed on white paper and one on the greenish paper that he favored, or run through some portfolios of the work of Buhot and mark how he experimented with various kinds. of paper. Happy is the etcher who lights on a supply of old hand-made paper, or

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on a visiting-card, or more or less of a film of ink may be left on the surface of the plate between the lines. Furthermore that film may be teased with rags, or the rags may be used in retroussage, a peculiar twist which lifts some of the ink out of the lines and deposits it on the surface of the plate, producing an unctuous rich

ness.

First state

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"Le repos," by Charles Jacque.

Fifth state

Between the first and the fifth states the herdsman has wandered about on the plate, and the sheep have been changed into cattle

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between an etching by Meryon printed on white paper and one on the greenish paper that he favored, or run through some portfolios of the work of Buhot and mark how he experimented with various kinds. of paper. Happy is the etcher who lights on a supply of old hand-made paper, or

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