Puslapio vaizdai

excellence it is fifty-five days since the tered, and sent him word that he would Envoy left the English country, and he see him in another room; where again has now happily arrived at the Golden he found his Majesty reclining on a Feet. Therefore, with obeisance," &c., sofa, no longer in imperial costume, but &c.

the ordinary garb of the country, - a Royal Tongue. “Are the rain and air silk putso, or waist-cloth, of gay colors, propitious, so that the people live in a white cotton jacket, reaching a little happiness and ease ?"

below the hips, and a single fillet af Envoy. “ The seasons are favorable, book-muslin twisted round his head. and the people live in happiness." On his left, at a little distance, were

Receiver of the Royal Voice. “ By rea- some half-dozen of his sons, “ of all son of your Majesty's great glory and ages up to sixteen years," crouching on excellence, the rain and air are propi- the ground, with their chins touching tious, and the people live in happi- it. A band of girls in fantastic courtness."

dresses were in an anteroom, discoursAnd here the awful conversation ing soft music on stringed instruments. came to a profound close. Gifts were One of the Atwen-woons, with several presently bestowed on all the officers of other officers of the court, and a few the mission ;— to the Envoy a gold cup pages, had followed the Envoy, and embossed with the zodiacal signs, a fine now sat together near the end of the ruby, a tsalwé of nine cords, and a hand- room. The King held up his hand, some putso ; to other officers, a plain and the music ceased. He then regold cup, ring, and putso, or a ring and quested the Envoy to notice some large putso only.

imitation lotos-flowers in a vase ; and Then the King rose to depart, the as he spoke, the buds, which had been Queen assisting him to rise, and after- closed, suddenly expanded, and out of ward using the royal dhar to help her one of them flew a solitary sparrow. self up. “They passed through the The king smiled, and one of the comgilded lattice, the music played again, pany said, “ Each bud had a bird imthe doors rolled out from the wall, prisoned, but they managed to escape, and we were told that we might re- all but this one." tire."

Then the King said to the Envoy, On the twenty-first, Major Phayre “ Have you read the Mengala-thoot ? " had a private interview, by appoint- "I have, your Majesty." ment, with the King. The reception “ Do you know the meaning of it?" was almost en famille. As the Envoy “I do. I have read the Burmese inapproached the palace, he found the terpretation.” assembled court under a circular tem- How many precepts does it conporary building, called a Mandat, where tain ? " music and dancing were going on, - Thirty-eight." the King half reclined on a kind of “Do you remember them ? " sofa in a room raised several feet above The Envoy did not ; so the King the level of the mandat. The Envoy repeated some of the precepts of this was led forward and shown to a place summary of beatitude, - a sermon of among the ministers, who, as well as Guadma's, containing thirty rules of all the rest of the company, were seat life, against pride, anger, evil associed on the ground, — only the dancers ates, and the like. standing. Outside squatted guards in Then followed much talk about a red jackets, with red papier-maché hel- treaty which the Envoy was anxious mets, and muskets with the buts rest- to procure ; but the King, with diploing between their legs. Eight couples matic adroitness, put him off; for the of men and women were dancing. The Burmese hate treaties, and always King did not speak to Major Phayre, break them. Said his Majesty, very but, on the contrary, retired as he en- dryly: "I have heard a great deal of you, and that you are wise and well “He discoursed on moral duties, and disposed. I should not have taken the what he said was very proper.” same pains to receive every one ; I “ You know what we call the Ten should have done according to custom. Virtues.* Do you approve of them ? " You have commenced well. But in a “ They are most excellent.” man's life, and in every transaction, “What length of time, according to there is a beginning, a middle, and an your books, is a Kamba ?” (A comend,” - illustrating the remark by run- plete revolution of nature, a geological ning his finger along the hilt of his dhar period, it might almost be called.) of state, which lay on a stand before “ Our books, your Majesty, do not him.

contain that." “ Did

you receive the marble pagoda “Well, we say that in a Kamba the I sent you?"

lise period of man gradually advances “I did, your Majesty, and have from the limit of ten years to an Athenbrought a singing-bird box, as a token khyart and then gradually diminishes of my thanks.”

from that down to ten years again. "I am going to bestow on you a When that has been repeated sixty-four ring, which you will find very curious.” times it constitutes a period, which

Here a ring, half sapphire and half again is repeated sixty-four times; and topaz, was brought in, and presented to when four such compound periods have the Envoy.

been repeated, the whole era is called a The King expressed a wish to en- Kamba, or a grand revolution of the gage some one to take charge of his universe. The world is then destroyed, ruby mines, and especially his lively and a new era commences." desire to procure a model of a human The King then entered into a long skeleton, made of wood, and so ar- discourse on the history of the Mahanranged that the action of the joints in Zat, or life of Guadma in one of his forsitting and rising should be shown. mer births, the gist of which was that The Envoy promised to attend to this. a king who had a wise minister could Some trays of cakes and sweetmeats get anything he set his heart upon. were then brought in, and the King, After which he related the story of a having particularly recommended one king of Benares, who had three birds' or two of the dishes to the Envoy, re- eggs brought to him ; one produced tired. During the interview his Majesty a parrot, one an owl, and the other behaved with much courtesy and kind- a mainah; and to each of these, in

One of his children, about course of time, a department of the eighteen months old, ran in two or state was intrusted, but the highest, three times, naked as he was born, and politics, fell to the parrot. climbed up on the couch; the young

“I believe," to the Envoy, ironically, sons now and then lighted the King's “your English kings have existed for cheroot, and gave him water to drink. two hundred years or

Have On the 2d of October the Envoy is they not?” again with the King in the small pa- “ The English nation, your Majesty, vilion ; about a hundred persons are have had kings to reign over them for present, including two Atwen-woons, fifteen hundred years.' the Nan-ma-dau-Phra Woon, and sev- “My ancestors have come in regular eral Shan Tsaub-was, but none of the descent from King Mahatha-mada" (the Woongyis. The King asked the Envoy

* 1. Charity ; 2. Religious Observances ; 3. Selfif he had been to the Pyee-Kyoung to

denial; 4. Learning : 5. Diligence : 6. Patience ; see the Tshaya-dau, or Royal Teacher,

7. Truth ; 8. Perseverance; a Friendship ; 10. Im

partiality. Patriarch or Bishop of all the Monks. | Athenkhya is a corruption, or Burmese pronun“ I have, your Majesty."

ciation, of asankhya, Sanscrit, from the negative “Did he discourse to you, and did

a and sankh ya, "number," -- literally, "innumer

able"; but as a Buddhist period, it is expressed by a you approve of what he said ? »

unit and one hundred and forty ciphers. Yule.




first king who established government rabha-dzyai 9999 tanks and canals on the earth, — many millions of years were constructed. I purpose renewago, at the beginning of the presenting them.” Kamba, in fact).

Ninety-nine ” in Burmese signifies Envoy (to one of the Atwen-woons, a large number merely. Thus, Capto show that he knew that no such tain Hannay was told that there were king had ever reigned in Burmah). ninety-nine jheels, or lakes, in the dis“Which of the royal cities did Ma- trict of Tagoung. An ancient king of hatha-mada build ? "

Aracan is said to have founded ninetyThe Atwen-woon only stared.

nine cities on each side of the Ara“O,” said the quick-witted Woon- can River. The Burmese speak of the douk, “ that king reigned in Myit-tshe- ninety-nine towns of the Shan country. ma-detha (the Middle land, India).” Duttagamini, king of Ceylon, is said to

King. “Our race once reigned in all have built ninety-nine great temples. the countries you hold. Now the Ka- "The Buddhist physiology reckons ninelás have come close up to us."

ty-nine joints and ninety-nine thousand Envoy. " It is very true, your Ma pores of the human body. * jesty.”

At a later interview, the Envoy took “ Have you read any part of our particular note of the personal appearMaba-Radza-Weng (Chronicles of the ance of this royal barbarian. His skin Kings]?”

was smooth and clear, and his bright “I have read portions of them, your black eyes twinkled, and displayed a Majesty, and am very anxious to read true Chinese obliquity when he laughed, more."

as he did every two or three minutes. “Well, I will present you with a His mustache was good, his throat and complete copy, and also a copy of the jaws were very massive, his chest and 550 Zats, and the Mahan-Zats; and arms remarkably well developed, and when you come again I shall expect his hands clean and small. The reto find that you have studied them. treating forehead, which marked him I should like to have a copy of your as a descendant of Alompra, was espeRadza-Weng (History of Kings]." cially conspicuous.

“ That I will present to your Ma- He reclined, in a characteristic attijesty.”

tude, on a splendid sofa, wrought in “ It is only right, and the part of a mosaic of gilding and looking-glass, wise man, to gather instruction from spread with a rich yellow velvet matthe records of the past and the works tress, bordered with crimson ; and a of sages. By the study of these books corresponding rug, of crimson boryou will be enabled to divine people's dered with yellow, was spread below thoughts from their appearance, and for the regalia. These consisted of may aspire to the most difficult of all a fantastic gilded ornament, “in size attainments, — the discerning of which and shape much like a pair of stag's is the greater principle, matter or antlers," festooned with a muslin scarf, spirit.”

and intended to receive the royal dhar; The King then inquired if the En and of the large golden Henza, set voy had visited the Royal Tanks, at with precious stones. Other royal Oungben-lé and other places, which paraphernalia, such

the golden had been recently constructed.

spittoon and salver, and the stand for “I have not, your Majesty ; but I the water-goglet, with its conical goldpurpose going.”

en cover set with gems, were brought “I have caused ninety-nine tanks in and deposited on the rug when his and ancient reservoirs to be dug, or Majesty appeared. Dancing - women repaired, and sixty-six canals, where

were performing in the central aisle by a great deal of rice land will be before the throne, to the music of a made available. In the reign of Nau

* Yule's Narrative.



group of female minstrels, gayly at- creations and destructions by fire or tired, and crowned with pagoda-shaped water, analogous to a formerly poputiaras, like those worn by the princes lar geological theory. They hold the in the plays.

circulation of the blood, after a fashion. Speaking of the Maha-Radza-Weng, The King's conversations at Amaraand other books which he had ordered poora indicated his belief in the atomto be brought for the Envoy, the King ic constitution of the body, and of said : “ The mass of earth, water, and the existence of a microscopic world, air which composes the Great Island though his illustrations were not ac[the earth) and Mount Myen-mo is vast, curate. And when Mr. Crawfurd pubbut learning is more stupendous still, lished his account of fossil elephant and great labor is necessary to acquire bones from the Irrawaddi, Colonel it. Do you [the Envoy) know how Burney tells us that the Burmese many elements there are in a man's philosophers expressed much satisfacbody?”

tion at the discovery, as establishing "I cannot inform your Majesty.” the doctrine of their books. These

“ The body consists of a great num- taught that in former times there ber of particles, small as flour or dust. were ten species of elephants, but One hair of the head appears like a that the smallest species alone sursingle fibre, yet it is made up of a vived." great number of smaller fibres ; just The King inquired who of the Engas one of the long ropes you sound lish gentlemen were then present. the depth of water with is composed Woondouk. “There are Captain Yule, of many short fibres.

Of the ele. the Secretary to the Mission (Lctya ments, earth enters into the bones, Bogyee, or right-hand chief); Dr. Forand water into the hair."

syth (Tshaya Woon, or supreme over In this connection, Captain Yule has the teachers); Professor Oldham, the an interesting note to the first chapter geologist (Kyouk Tshaya, or rock of his narrative :-“There seems to teacher); and Major Allan (Meaday turn up now and then in the science Woon and Mhan Byoung Bo, teleof the Buddhists a very curious par scope officer)." ody, as it were, or chance sugges- King. “Major Allan is a good man. tion, of some of the great truths or Does he speak Burmese ?" speculations of modern science ; just “A little, your Majesty." as there are circumstances of their re- “ Not so much as the Envoy, I sup

I ligion which seem to run parallel with pose. He should study. Parrots, by circumstances and forms of Christian- diligence, learn languages. Have you ity or Christian churches, and which parrots that can speak English ?” made the old Jesuit fathers think that Envoy. “We have, your Majesty." the Devil had, of malice aforethought, “And we have parrots that even unprepared these travesties of Christian derstand writing. What stones is the rites and mysteries among the heathen, Rock Teacher acquainted with ? " in order to cast ridicule on the Church, “ He knows all kinds, your Maand bar her progress. An example of jesty.” what I allude to is found here, as re- " In my country there are mountains, gards electricity, in their apparent along the side of which if horses, eleknowledge of the non-conducting pow- phants, or men go, a green shadow is er of glass. In the Buddhist theory cast on their bodies. Your black coat of the universe, we have an infinity would appear green there. How does of contemporary systems, each pro- he explain this ?” vided with its sun and planets, anal- Professor Oldham suggested that it ogous to the commonly received opin- might arise from copper on the surion of the plurality of worlds. We face. have also their infinite succession of “No, it cannot be that, as the cop


per is not seen. I think it results mor; but he chewed betel to almost from emeralds below." *

disgusting excess; the golden pawnTo Dr. Forsyth. “How many ele- box was never out of his hand, and mentary substances are there in the he played with it as he talked. human body ?”

When he was gone, refreshments Dr. F. “ Four substances."

were brought in, - pancakes filled with “ That is correct. Could a man have spiced meats, jellies of rice-starch, in one of them destroyed, and yet survive ?" various colors, and other viands. But

" It might be partially injured, and the most Oriental and by no means he yet survive.”

the least palatable dish consisted of “But suppose the element on which fried locusts, stuffed with spiced meat. the issues of the body depend were to They were brought in “hot-and-hot,” be destroyed, could the man survive ?” in relays of saucers, and tasted like

“In that case he must die, if the ac- fried shrimps. tion could not be restored."

In the large audience-hall, adjoin“ That is true. It is proper foring the pavilion, ten or twelve richly every physician to be conversant with dressed dancing-girls slowly circled to the elementary substances. There are passionate music, brandishing in both a great number of books on the sub- hands bunches of peacock's feathers, ject of medicine in the Burmese lan- throwing themselves into a variety of guage, — books so deep," — raising his difficult and curious attitudes, and hand above his head.

chanting all the while in a pleasing Envoy. “I have received from your chorus, which singularly resembled Majesty a fossil alligator's head, which the psalmody of a choir in an Engis very much prized by the Rock lish parish church. Teacher; and I have heard there are A few days later the Envoy called, Biloos' † (monsters') bones in some pour prendre congé, on the Ein-sheparts of the country.”

men, whose physiognomy he describes King. “There are Biloos' bones in as that of a strong-willed, boisterous, the Yau district, and you can have as passionate, and energetic man, with many as you choose, or a whole Biloo but little intellect or refinement, but even.” (To the Woondouk,) “See that not, perhaps, without kindly impulses. this is attended to." (To the Atwen- He was full of questions, - among woons,) “ These people cannot sit long others, “ What nation first made gunthus without being cramped.”

powder ?" His Majesty then flung himself Envoy. “I am not quite sure, your brusquely off the sofa, turned his Highness, whether it was first made back, put on his shoes, and strode in England or Germany. Our books away without any leave-taking. His say that it was known from an earlier manner was easy and full of good-hu- period in China."

“Amid lovely prospects of rich valleys, and there may be some dim tradition here of an wooded hills, and winding waters, almost every rock alien and savage race of aborigines (akin, perhaps, bore on its surface the yellow gleam of gold. True, to the quasi-negroes of the Andamans), who have according to the voyager, the precious metal was it- become the Biloos, or Ogres, of Burman legend, self absent; but Sir Walter (Raleigh), on afterward "just as our Ogres took their name, probably, from showing the stones to a Spaniard of the Caracas, the Ugrians of Northeastern Europe." The dewas told by him that they were madre del oro, scription Andaman negroes by the Mohammother of gold, and that the mine itself was further medan travellers of the ninth century, as quoted by in the ground." — Hugh Miller.

Prichard, would answer well for the Biloos of Bur† A sort of demon-monkeys, grotesquely hideous mah: “The people eat human flesh quite raw ; and fearfully funny,- generally depicted as black their complexion is black, their hair frizzled, their Calibans, with tusks. Judson defines them as countenance and eyes frightful; their feet are

monsters which devour human flesh, and possess almost a cubit in length, and they go quite naked.” certain superhuman powers.' According to a The comic element, however, always enters into the Buddhist legend, Guadma, when he attempted to Burmese conception of a Biloo. On the pavement land at Martaban, was stoned by the Nats and of a royal monastery at Amarapoora is a set of basBiloos, who then inhabited that country, as well as reliefs representing Biloos in all sorts of impish attiTavoy and Mergui ; and Captain. Yule imagines tudes and antics.

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