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Art that is not true to nature is not art, Professor Bradley, in his Making of but the artificial. Imagination, it is English, tells of illiterate Englishmen true, has a large place in art; but when who, having settled in Germany, lived imagination transcends the bounds of there for years speaking German as the possible it must take on the guise if it were English — that is, without either of fantasy or absurdity. And it observing any of the rules of German is faithful minuteness in detail that grammar. Declensions and conjugamakes for perfection. A single small tions they simply ignored. Der Mann calf with its tail on the wrong end would remained for them der Mann, whether work riotous bathos in an otherwise he was nominative, genitive, or dative, faultless and charming picture. If I and in the plural he became die Männ, should read in a novel that the hero- the die being a slight but not a weak ine, pale and trembling with anger,
concession to national differences. rode rapidly south in a taxicab on What superb rationality, what unTwenty-third Street in New York ostentatious courage this is, to sweep City, or that a couple of boa constric- away as with a wave of the hand, the tors lay sunning themselves on the barbarous paraphernalia from which shores of Baffin Bay, I should feel no not even Kultur, with all its efficiency, more pained than in meeting with any could snip a shred. Surely, these were one of the statements I have quoted the same Britons who in moments of -and not at all because of any faddish- exaltation were accustomed to sing ness on my part for the things of space. that they never, never, never, never,
While I read for entertainment, I never would be slaves. For it should get a good deal of it in learning a little be remembered that these English something as I go along through life. clerks and counter-jumpers were readAnd, as I am a simple and credulous ily understood, and that, while their soul, I am apt to accept anything I German customers might be as pusilread as a fact until something obtrudes lanimous in the presence of Grammatik to stir my doubts. When I see in a as they chose, they themselves would book a reckless juggling with some concede not a single -er or -en of their subject upon which I chance to know liberty. a little, my confidence in that author is The English were formerly greatly weakened, at least. If he takes such our superiors in this regard, but like us, liberties with one subject, may he not because of the spread of compulsory ignore facts on matters in which I am schooling, have latterly lost their fine totally unversed and fill me full of in- independence. There are no Sairy formation that is not so at all? Gamps nowadays, or Mrs. Jupps, or
Tony Wellers, or Christopher Vances,
who knew how to keep grammar in its THE ILLUSTRIOUS ILLITERATE
place; nor are there any Dogberrys, or THERE is an enviable independence Mrs. Malaprops, or Miss Bateses, or about the illiterate — those people of Mrs. Nicklebys, who displayed a noble
a mettle who say, 'If grammar gets in originality, a truly benevolent despotmy way, so much the worse for gram- ism, in their use of words. They, and mar'; those simple philological ration- not we, were truly the masters of Engalists for whom syntax is a sort of lish. Refusing to be bullied by it, they supernaturalism, and the pursuit of thoroughly subdued it to their wills, rhetorical propriety the observance of and made it fetch and carry and do a hollow ritual.
tricks and come to heel. As for us,
if by any chance we say, 'Every one heard her singing to-day that the biri take their places,' or 'They gave it to were flewing over the trees; a mom he and I,' we are overcome with cha- ago she reminded me that I had al grin; and yet these syntactical liber- gave her her cake, and told me that the ties are mere bagatelles in comparison kitten was climbing up on Anne a with the bland disregard of syntax and I's table. It is, however, a sad refler usage of these English immortals. It is tion that in a year or two the languee their utter obliviousness of the exist- will have asserted its tyranny over be syntax and
usage which makes and she will have become as servile a them great. Our best efforts have a her father. touch of consciousness, due to the fact The 'bad grammar' that one hear that illiteracy is no longer a matter of on the street and in the cars is usually self-gratulation in this country. A a poor thing; it is only when a humor. remark that I overheard in the street ous genius seizes upon it and raises it the other day is a case in point. 'He to a higher power that its full beauty is laid,' one woman was telling another, disclosed. Sairy Gamp and Mrs. Jupp 'in a comose condition.' I wished to (in the Way of Au Flesh) want only congratulate her on having achieved a style to be great stylists. There are double liberty in one short sentence, still places, nevertheless, even in this 'bad grammar' and a kind of mala- country, in which perfect mastery o propism; but she was too obviously English is to be found. A friend hs: proud of her refinement.
discovered one such in Iowa, and quotes Our colored Uncles and Mammies, the miniature masterpiece of an old however, have not yet been contami- lady, declaring it to be representative nated by culture, and we could learn of the usual diction of the locality. 'Y freedom from them if we would. When I'd knowed I could have rode,' said our Annie says, 'I ain't never goin' to she, 'I would have went.' In its comtrade with no niggers no mo',' I can pendiousness, conciseness, and quiet only admire, but cannot imitate ex- air of complete autonomy this sencept jocularly, for I am a teacher of tence seems to me a classic. English. When she asks me whether I I have observed that most very lit‘ever done et one of these yere Smif- erate people, and English teachers sonian hams,' I listen with delight, for more than all, have a sneaking liking the idea of the Smithsonian Institu- for bad English, and indulge in it in tion smoking hams is a true flight of private whenever they feel that they unconscious fancy. When she says, can safely do so. Bad English is evi‘Dat chile's Gran'pap suttenly do ana- dently natural English, and to use it is lyze her,' — meaning, as some bright as much of a test as to put on one's old spirit guesses a week later, 'idolize,' - clothes. To say, 'I done it,' 'I seen it.' I recognize a dusky sister-in-spirit to 'Ain't it,' and 'I have saw,' to one's Dogberry.
wife, is a great relief. The trouble is Little Dot, aged five, offers daily to that one is always liable to say
such teach Annie to speak 'creckly,' but things in the presence of a guest who Annie values her freedom and replies, one supposes, is a sympathetic spirit
; ‘Law, honey, 't ain't no use tryin' to only to spend the following week worbreak in a ole mule'; and yet little Dot dering whether the guest really did herself does very well, even if she is the understand that one knew better. Thus daughter of a teacher of English. I culture doth make cowards of us all.
Dne of Them. I.
ELIZABETH HASANOVITZ 1 Chapters of a Passionate Autobiography The Decline of the Berliner . ADELE N. PHILLIPS and RUSSELL PHILLIPS 14 Poets and Soldiers * I. The Death of Charles Péguy II. Private Drouot and his Major
MAURICE BARRÈS 23
30 The Sensual Ear.
KATHARINE FULLERTON GEROULD 35 Safe. A Poem
ROBERT HAVEN SCHAUFFLER 42 A Woman of Resource
AN ELDERLY SPINSTER 43 A Story of the Polygamous City A Russian Experience
RUTH PIERCE 49 Press Tendencies and Dangers
OSWALD GARRISON VILLARD 62 Professor's Progress. V
ANONYMOUS 67 A Novel of Contemporaneous Adventure Missing. A Poem.
BEATRICE W.RAVENEL 75 A Parable for Fathers. A Story
JULIA FRANCIS WOOD 77 Freedom of the College.
. ALEXANDER MEIKLEJOHN 83 The Great War Science at the Front
JOSEPH SWEETMAN AMES 90 My Friend Radovitch. A Personal Narrative
LEWIS R. FREEMAN 100 The Search
WILLIAM TOWNSEND PORTER 110 A Sequel to 'Shock at the Front' More Letters from France
CHARLES BERNARD NORDHOFF 118 Scandinavian Cross-Currents
CHRISTIAN L. LANGE 128 The Bright Side of the War
JOHN JAY CHAPMAN 138 The Contributors' Club,
140 Furnace and I. Receptacles. The Contributors' Column will be found toward the end of the front advertising section.
The United States and Pangermania
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