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The First Part of HENRY IV.
ACT I. SCENE I.
Peace after Civil War.
O fhaken as we are, fo wan with care,
And breathe fhort-winded accents of new broils
To be commenc'd in ftronds a-far remote.
No more, the thirsty entrance of this foil
(1) Shall damp her lips with her own children's blood:
(1) Shall damp.] i. e. wet, moiften: the old editions, and with them the Oxford, read darb; there feems to me fomething greatly like Shakespear in that word, but I have kept damp, as it is generally approv'd. The word files, in the fourth line
No more fhall trenching war channel her fields,
Shall now, in mutual, well-beseeming, ranks,
SCENE. IV. Hotspur's Description of a finical Courtier,
But I remember, when the fight was done,
And 'twixt his finger and his thumb, he held
following, is in the old editions eyes; and thus alter'd by Mr.
(2) Pouncet-box.] A small box for mufk, or other perfumes, then in fashion, the lid of which being cut with open work, gave it its name : from poinfoner, to prick, pierce, or engrave. So fays Mr. Warburton, and then condemns the next lines as ftupid interpolation of the players: they are certainly not very eafy to be defended, but we find many fuch conceits as thefe in Shakespear.
Took it in fnuff). And ftill he fmil'd and talk'd:
With many holiday and lady terms
He queftion'd me: amongst the reft, demanded
(3) I then, all fmarting with my wounds, being cold, Out of my grief, and my impatience
To be fo pester'd with a popinjay,
Answer'd, neglectingly, I know not what ;
He should, or should not; for he made me mad,
And talk fo like a waiting gentlewoman,
of guns, and drums, and wounds; (God fave the mark!)
And telling me the fovereign'ft thing on earth
And that it was great pity, fo it was,
(3) I then, &c.] When I first read this paffage, I mark'd the lines, as I have printed them, and turning to the ingenious Mr. Edwards's canons of Criticifm (p. 13.) I found he was of opinion, the lines fhould be fo tranfpofed by this means the fenfe of the paffage is quite clear, and we have no occafion for any alteration. 66 Mr. Warburton in order to make a contradiction in the common reading, and fo make way for his emendation, mifreprefents Hotspur as at this time [when he gave this anfwer] not cold, but It is true, that at the beginning of the fpeech he defcribes
Dry with rage and extreme toil,
Then comes in this gay gentleman, and holds him in an idle difcourfe, the heads of which Hotspur gives us ; and it is plain by the context, it must have lafted a confiderable while. Now the more he had heated himself in the action, the more when he came to ftand ftill any time, wou'd the cold air affect his wounds, &c."