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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient-the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.
In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been: first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may be differences of opinion-some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.
Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon permanent public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein-the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.
The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicized, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.
Under "Our Foreign Relations" will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.
The chapter on the "Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period. of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from
our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against Humanity.
The lists of the organization of the Rebel "Provisional" and "Permanent” Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as nearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.
This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.
August 11, 1864.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
THE ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTE FOR
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT
Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor
PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN RE
LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSURREC
Names of the Senators and Representatives of
the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-
tilities against the United States, and Why-
The "War Power" called out-Call for 75,000)
Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
Chronological Order-National Legislation on
Military Affairs-"Confederate" Legislation
and Proclamations and Orders-The Thirty-
Seventh Congress-President's Message of July
1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862-The
Thirty-Eighth Congress-Annual Message, 1863)
--Amnesty Proclamations, and Circular of the
Attorney General-Proclamations concerning
the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re-
bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the. Re
Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners-
Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Came→
ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
Taney's Opinion-Attorney General Bates's
Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest andi
to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus
Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision
of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on
Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech ats
Hamilton-Proclamations of the President Sus→
pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Corpus-Indemnification of the President-De-
The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint,
Resolution, and Special Message thereon.
Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congress→→→
Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore
said-Sequestration in the Rebel States-Judi
cial and Military Proceedings under the Confis-
cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's
Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen
sated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings,
thereon-Interview of Border State Congress
men with the President-Emancipation im
the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
peal to the Border State Congressmen, and their
Reply-Extract from the President's Annuall
Message, December, 1862-Emancipation in
Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional
Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama
mations-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-
cerning them-Interview between the Chicago,
Deputation and the President-Address of the
Loyal Governors-Mr. Boutwell's Statement.
concerning the issue of the Proclamation-Let