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A GLASS-COVERED BACK-YARD GARDEN IN EAST NINETEENTH STREET, NEW YORK

doorway. There were candles in sconces If one wishes comfort in his garden, and against the walls, a Japanese lantern over- not a great number of Aowers to care for, head, and, near enough for the lights to it would be easy to make into an arbor the touch it, a tiny fountain-and all this in whole lower end of his yard by raising the a yard many people would have thought fence-posts until they were high enough impossible. It was small and shaded, with for his overhead trellis. On this may grow little sunlight and poor soil. Near the wild grape, wistaria, or, for hasty defense, house, there was the tiniest terrace, brick- gourds. The arbor would be brick-floored floored, and divided from the garden by a cxcept for a narrow marginal bed at the little balustrade. The pergola was hardly back for violets and other shade-loving more than eight feet long, in a little alcove plants, with seats at the ends against the of the garden, a spot which a less enlight- fence, and a hammock swung from the ened soul might have used for a closet for overhead beams. Japanese screens, drawn tools or junk.

down a bit from the top, would give comA place where one may sit in peace out- plete protection. From this vantage-point of-doors uninspected by one's neighbors is a very simple garden would appear charmin the city a peculiar happiness, and by no ing. It would be a tempting place for means so difficult to arrange as it seems. sewing or reading or afternoon tea, for it In this matter of seclusion, barriers of is the lack of overhead screening that robs shrubs are futile, since it is from high the city garden of its privacy. And if the above that the batteries of eyes are trained; family cared not to use it, what a boon and wherefore overhead defense is effective lure to the servant, this out-of-door sitwith the effectiveness of a parasol against ting-room! the sun or an umbrella against the shower. The all-summer sojourner who likes to work in his garden would have his cold affords space for the kind of decoration frame, which is to a gardener as a nursery which the city gardener finds easiest to to a mother of a family; also a tiny work- bestow. There will be steps, at the shop of good design at the end of a garden side of which he may set plants in decpath, where of a rainy Sunday he might orative jars or pots. He can change them work at his potting-bench in peace and when their charm is fled, and set sturdy comfort. Such a one would devote his evergreens in tubs in their place in the whole garden space to Aowers, outlining winter. He may have a tiny terrace, a the beds in box for the sake of their winter low wall against which a slight growth of aspect.

vine or plant has real effectiveness. It As for the arrangement, that is a matter will open to him all the range of potted of individual taste; but because the garden trees - dwarf fruits and flowering-plums is small, because its shape is so plainly visi- and cherries. A tiny garden is an ideal ble, it is specially necessary that the scale place for these. be right and the proportions good. "Natu- And if the city man have the garden ralistic planting," as it is called, is unsafe very deeply in his soul, he will make at to attempt on so small an area. It is futile the foot of his yard, if the exposure be to attempt disguising boundaries so plainly good, or at the beginning, if that be better, obvious. Shrubs must go against the walls a house of good design, which may be and at the back, except the few that may glassed in completely in the winter. It be used for the purpose of definite accent. would not have other heat than that of the Set elsewhere, they make the garden seem sun through the windows, and here would inconveniently small. The outline of the be planted tender rhododendrons and cabeds may be as simple or as intricate as one · mellias. Violets and pansies would bloom likes. The geometrical designs of the older cheerfully throughout the winter. gardening are interesting, or one may keep One of the minor details which makes the traditional center of grass, and fit his for charm in a city garden is the matter of flower-beds about it; but the usual grass paths. If it is a possible thing, let these oblong is too large and out of scale, unless be of gravel, for concrete or flagstone the paths are omitted and the turf stretched bring a reminiscence of the pavement into uninterrupted to the flower-beds, while, the garden which one would fain keep out. instead of the paths, tiles for stepping- But before the city gardener has gone stones may be used. One of the easiest very far in his garden enterprise he is conways for the amateur to determine and fronted by another of the high hurdles decide on his out

that Madam Nalines is to mark out

ture sets for his the proposed beds

confusion-the soil. with tennis-tape or

No honest country the like, then go to

soil is his, redolent upper window

of clover, with a and look down on

breath that is “blent it. He can tell at a

with sweet odors." glance whether the

It may be as hard paths are too wide

as the heart of a or too narrow or if

wicked corporation, the beds are in the

as poisoned as the right relation, and

mind of a bribed it is a simple mat

juror, and the city ter to have these

gardener, book in tentative boundaries

hand, looks at the shifted until it

unlikely and

un"looks right."

lovely, perchance illA difference in

smelling, material, level, even a slight

then at his book, one, adds a very

and wonders if it be definite charm to a

Drawn by Alden Peirson

"loam," or a "light little garden; also, it SUGGESTION FOR A BACK-YARD PORCH sandy loam,” or any

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A BACK-YARD PERGOLA IN EAST THIRTY-SIXTH STREET, NEW YORK

of the other Christian soils he has read it difficult to turn a deaf ear to the imabout.

portunities of the much belauded garden If one wants a real garden, and has only beauties which are bepraised in catalogues hard and doubtful soil, it is better to dig and earnestly recommended to him by his out the entire bed to the depth of at least friends. two feet, put in stones or cinders for drain- "I 'm so striking," urges the Crimson age, then fill in with good, new, thor- Rambler ; "consider how stunning a show oughly respectable soil. But this is an ex- on your fence I would make." "I know pensive process, though it might be pleas- it, my dear--annihilating,” responds the antly accomplished on the instalment plan. gardener. “But what about your foliage

Then there is a homeopathic treatment, in the summer, and your habit of ungainly which is often helpful. It is the "texture" sprawling? Little Wichuriana is better of the soil, as the scientific farmers call it, for this production; she does n't go off in that is probably at fault. In which case, her looks the minute she 's finished bloomcoal ashes, unlikely as they seem, well dug ing. Neither does Dorothy Perkins.” in, will serve as an inexpensive and effec- “Nothing is lovelier in a garden than tive remedy. Wood ashes will positively we are," plead the Tea Roses. sweeten soil that has grown sour and "Too delicate," answers the gardener, unpalatable to plants. There are cer- sadly. "If I were far enough south, I'd tainly other fertilizers, but this is to the have every one of you; but I can't have city man the cheapest and readiest soil straw jackets and burlap mufflers in the amelioration. Yet he, as well as his bro- yard all winter. Besides, who 's to spray ther farmer, is privileged to send a sample you and all that sort of thing? You won't of soil to the nearest State experiment sta- do." tion, and get definite relief in a complete “What 's the matter with us?” ask the diagnosis and prescription.

Pansies. And then comes the planting. Very "Nothing, my dears, except that you much as a theatrical manager is besieged have to be picked every day; and if I 'm and beset by loveliness demanding a part away all summer, who 's to do it?” in his productions, the city gardener finds "Everybody admires us and everybody plants us !" claim the Paniculata Hy- Hydrangea hortensis drangeas.

Box or Bay “I don't,' returns the gardener, imperturbably. "You're too big, you take up In making up his stock-company, it will too much room, and you never know when be noticed that the city gardener lays stress to drop your flowers. Go sit on a sub- on what the horticulturists call “habit," urban lawn, if you wish admiration." that excellence of form and character

"And I,” said the Hall's Honeysuckle which is to a plant what good manners .-“I 'm the most capable of vines— any

are in the social equipment of a person. position, any capacity, and I have a won- Some of the plants most brilliant in their derful digestion."

time of flowering are not good to look “I retain you only as 'understudy,' upon in the "off season," and there is no promises the gardener. “English Ivy and way of making them retire from the stage. Euonymus are both better for the part; The narrowly limited space of the town if the work 's too hard for either of them, garden demands a certain finish, a correctI 'll put you in. But you know you can't ness of demeanor; a loose, careless growth hold on to your leaves all winter." wholly charming on a country roadside is

When finally given out, the parts are here out of place. something like this.

For this reason, many of the race of

“broad-leaved evergreens," though generWall or Fence (covering)

ally but little planted, are peculiarly welEnglish Ivy

come.

There is Andromeda floribunda, Euonymus radicans

which keeps its laurel-like foliage in a sumFence (for blooming)

mer luxuriance throughout the winter, Jasminum nudiflorum

and in November puts out buds like lilyCorchorus

of-the-valley. There are a fragrant little Viburnum plicatum

Daphne-Daphne cneorum, which shows Shrubs

stiffly upright rose-colored flowers in June Andromeda floribunda

and again in September; an evergreen Daphne cneorum

candytuft; an evergreen barberry, with Iberis teneoriana

thick, shining, holly-green foliage and yelBerberis dulcis

low flowers, which open in spring at the Magnolia stellata

earliest possible moment; and mahonia, Azalea mollis Caryopteris mastacantha

Dwarf Rhododendrons
Perennials

Hardy Chrysanthemums
Foxgloves
English Daisies
Columbine
Anemone Japonica

Ferns
Evergreens

Box

Retinosporas Bulbs

Scilla, Snowdrop, Chionodoxa, Snow

Aake
Narcissus poeticus
Darwin and May-flowering Tulips
Iris pallida and L. Dalmatica
Florentine, English, Spanish Irises
Madonna Lilies

Daffodils
In Pots

SCHEME FOR A NEIGHBORLY Dwarf fruit-trees

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Drawn by Alden Peirson

BACK-YARD GATE

LXXXII-109

which turns crimson in October and holds narcissus are followed by May-flowering its color throughout the winter.

and Darwin tulips, to which the snowball Deciduous shrubs one plants sparingly, on the walls acts as an accompaniment. -only those the branches of which are in- If the gardener meditates a summer in teresting in character when the leaves have town, when the crocuses are abloom, he gone, -such as the Magnolia stellata, sows Shirley poppies and corn-flowers wherwhich looks very well, with pale-gray ever there is space, and sometimes where stems, and as many-branched as a haw- there is not. It is easier to pull out superthorn-bush. As early as January, furry fluous plants than to transplant infant popbuds, like overgrown pussy-willows, ap- pies. When the poppies are past, he pulls pear.

them up, and tucks in dahlias or gladiolus For the care of the city gardener is to bulbs. In the autumn hardy chrysanthemake the old year forget itself, to prolong mums and Japanese anemones will give the autumn into the winter, and coax the color in plenty, and when the garden is spring into the little garden at the earliest" reefed” for the winter, these are cut possible moment. Therefore the city yard down, annuals are pulled up, and hardy should be rich in bulbs, its little grass-plot evergreens in tubs or pots-Retinospora, thickly starred with crocus in purple and if one can afford it, or common junipers, gold: there should be snowdrops wherever if one cannot, take the place of the baya warm corner can be found, -sometimes tree or Hydrangea hortensis. With ivy they are adventurous enough to push up or euonymus the walls are as green as in their hard, silver-tipped little spears in summer. Andromedas are serenely indifJanuary,—and all the exquisite race of ferent to the thermometer; here and there earliest comers should have a place: snow- a brightly colored Japanese evergreen gives flake and chionodoxa, the color of April a touch of gaiety, and the little garden has bluets; soft, dull-blue spikes of the grape not only a comfortable, but a really cheerhyacinth; scilla, the tiny bells of which ful aspect, ready to welcome the firstare as deep in color as the fringed gentian; comer in spring and make it feel at while for garden company they have the home. fragile and ethereal loveliness of the Mag- It is ingenuity that the city garden denolia stellata and the pale-gold bells of mands rather than large expenditure, the naked-flowering jasmine. City-dwell- careful planning rather than hard work, ers are usually utterly bereft of the ex- and the happiness it yields is well worth quisitely delicate bloom of very early the trouble. spring, which is the rarest thing in nature. In the country the garden is a pleasure, Following these lovely harbingers, come yet it is only one of many "green delights. in rapid succession irises, the palest and Without it are hills and brooks and runmost delicate-pallida, Dalmatica, pumila, ning streams to be had for the seeking; the English and Spanish and Florentines; but in the city the little garden stands for lily-of-the-valley wherever there is a shady all of the country a man has, and therefore corner. Jonquils, daffodils, and poet's the more dearly necessary.

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