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but it has not posed as the one and only offered to take care of the whole conveninstrumentality of salvation, or as the cor- tion in his hotel. But when the Endearector of all human ills.

vorers began to pour into the city, ten, As there are no salaries and few home twenty, thirty thousand strong, Madison expenses in the World's Christian En- Square Garden was found to be entirely deavor Union, every dollar that is given inadequate to care for half the delegates for the foreign work of the society goes from a distance. Even the most cynical direct to the field, and the total foreign of the New York dailies, which began budget is only about $8000 a year. With with a sneer, bade the convention adieu this modest amount, the work is aided in with a generous word of approbation. China, Japan, India, South America, and In 1895 Boston outdid itself in the welseveral of the continental countries of Eu- come to the Endeavor Convention. All rope. I venture to say that there is no the railway stations within a radius of such wide-spread missionary work accom- twenty miles were decorated in honor of plished elsewhere with so small an ex- the occasion. The daily papers for five penditure of money,

days contained little besides the verbatim The reason of this lies largely in the reports and illustrations of the convention. adaptability of the society to all conditions The newspapers have indeed always and circumstances. A little money goes a

been most hospitable to these conventions. long way in Christian Endeavor work be

A few years later the leading San Francause the society so readily adapts itself to cisco journals, when the International its surroundings, and finds itself as much Convention came to their city and 25,000 at home in the jungles of India, the min- people crossed the mountains to attend it, ing-camps of South Africa, the atolls of agreed to cut out for one week all detailed the South Seas, the icy barrens of Alaska, accounts of murders, divorces, horrible acor the remote interior villages of China, as cidents, and crimes, and devote their space in the typical New England city where it largely to the convention,-an agreement was born.

to which they religiously adhered. For the last twenty years there have In 1900 the World's Christian Enbeen no such vast religious gatherings as deavor Convention was held in London, the conventions of the Society of Christian and "for the first time in its history,” says Endeavor. To speak in the language of the official report, “the gray old city was the day, the "world's record” for atten- decorated in honor of a religious gatherdance at religious conventions has been ing. Flags and monograms in red and broken over and over again at these meet- white--the convention colors-fluttered ings. In Boston, 56,425 delegates were across Ludgate Hill, and showed cheerregistered; in London, over 50,000; in fully against the grim walls of Newgate, Melbourne, Australia, 10,000; in Agra, and in many parts of the metropolis, from India, nearly 4000. Even in Barcelona, the dignified West to the plebeian East, Spain, in spite of the small number of and even in the suburbs.” Protestants in the whole country, more In some respects the most remarkable than 1500 delegates attended the Spanish of all these great world's conventions was National Christian Endeavor Convention the latest, held in the very heart of India in 1909, and it was declared by veteran in the ancient city of Agra, a thousand missionaries to be the greatest evangelical miles from the Indian Ocean on one side meeting held in the Iberian Peninsula and nearly the same distance from the since the days of the Visigoths.

Bay of Bengal on the other. Here were The first of these great gatherings, gathered, in November of 1909, 400 misthough there had been smaller Christian sionaries, 3000 native Christians, 100 deleEndeavor conventions before, was held in gates from America, and others from GerNew York City in 1892. One prominent many, Scandinavia, England, Australia, pastor assured me in advance that the con- and other lands. A short quarter of a vention "would not make a ripple in the mile away towered the Taj Mahal, the life of the city. Conventions come and most perfect and exquisite of all buildings. go,” he said, “and no one knows they are A mile away in another direction the three here.” One hotel-keeper, when the com- great bubble-like domes of the Pearl mittee of entertainment approached him, Mosque soared into the air, while the


enormous fort of sandstone, where twice A joint Dutch and English Endeavor ten thousand troops could be mustered, gathering of much significance was held the third marvel of Agra, was within an in Cape Town, a few months after the easy walk of the convention encampment. Dutch and English mottos of wel

But, striking as were these architectural come decorated the walls. The president wonders which travelers cross continents of the Dutch Union presided, the presiand oceans to see, the great attraction of dent of the English Union of South Africa Agra for the time being was the Endeavor gave the formal address of welcome, other Convention, with its solemn services, and addresses were made in both languages, its words of consecration, spoken in thirty- and then the large audience rose and with one different languages by Christians of evident emotion, each man in his own lanalmost every conceivable color and cos- guage, repeated the Lord's Prayer, and tume, The Vice-Regal Government of joined in singing India lent its encampment of 300 large tents, including two great audience tents

Blest be the tie that binds holding 2000 people each, and the civil

Our hearts in Christian love. authorities vied with the ecclesiastics in giving a welcome to a convention such as This was less than a year after the close India had never before seen.

of the war, and was the first occasion There have been scores of similar con- when Dutch and English had come toventions, larger or smaller, held in Sydney gether in fraternal intercourse. Indeed it and Adelaide, Berlin and Paris, Geneva was said that a Christian Endeavor meetand Budapest, in Honolulu and Fu-chau, ing alone could at that time have brought in Ning-po and Kioto.

the two races together. These conventions, it is needless to say, One of the most unusual chapters in do not accomplish the real work of the the history of Christian Endeavor is consociety. They are only the thermometer nected with this same war. Some thouthat registers the warmth and vigor of the sands of Dutch prisoners, it will be removement and its abounding energy; but membered, were deported to St. Helena, the vitality there exhibited is generated in Ceylon, the Bermudas, and Portugal. In the hearts of millions of devoted young each of the great prison camps were some men and women, who seek "not to be Endeavorers whose zeal attracted others, ministered unto but to minister."

until in St. Helena alone nineteen societies A score of the ships of the United States were formed among the prisoners. A lonavy are the homes of "Floating Societies cal union was established, with regular of Christian Endeavor." Among the meetings, and a small chapel was built by brave men who went down in the Maine the prisoners with kerosene cans, old boxes in Havana harbor were several devoted and aloe poles, where continuous services Christian Endeavorers, two of whom, non- were held. In the Ceylon prison camp commissioned officers, had been instrumen- the societies were equally vigorous, and a tal in establishing the Nagasaki Christian little weekly paper was published in the Endeavor Seamen's Home a few years be- Dutch language, entitled “De Strever" fore, when assigned to the Charleston. ("The Endeavorer"). A remarkable misThere was an active floating society on sionary movement was the outcome of Admiral Dewey's flag-ship when she sailed these prison-camp endeavors, for, before into Manila harbor on that momentous they were discharged, two hundred and May-day in 1898, and another good soci- fifty young Boers volunteered to go as ety found its home on the Oregon in her missionaries to the blacks whom before historic journey around Cape Horn. they had despised and neglected. Most

In the war between Russia and Japan of them went as evangelists or industrial there were societies in the Japanese navy; missionaries to the heart of Africa. and in the Boer war, Endeavorers in the Perhaps nothing shows more plainly the British and the Boer armies met at the deep religious nature of the Boers than point of the bayonet, and afterward, in these prison societies, and I am reminded of the halcyon days of peace, fraternized as an interview with old President Kruger, happily as though they had never crossed who said to me once, with deep emotion swords upon the field of battle.

in his voice, “Whoever comes in the name

of the Lord Jesus Christ is welcome to the prominent denominational leader has writ

Transvaal." Deeply religious as the old ten: “This wonderful stir among our man was, he had a vein of humor, for Christian Endeavor millions means a great when I was first introduced to him he increase of the readers of good literature; greeted me with a slap on the shoulder it means a growing appetite for knowledge and the question: "Are you one of the that will swell the attendance of our colYankees that run to the Queen when you leges and universities; it means a familiarget into trouble?" a remark apropos of ity with the Bible and books growing out the fact that a well-known American en- of it, such as was never before known." gineer and some other Americans had just To take part intelligently in the meetings put themselves under British protection requires reading and study, and the scores when arrested in connection with the of papers and books which assist in preJameson raid.

paring for these meetings and for the pracThe story of the Boer prisoners natu- tical work of the committees furnish a rally reminds one of the many other En- body of writing of which a well-known deavorers behind prison bars in our State author declares that “never since time bepenitentiaries, a number estimated at not gan has a religious movement created for less than two thousand. This would in- itself in so short a time, a set of helps so deed be a sinister statement did I not complete and useful." hasten to add that not one of these men But the question may still be asked: was a Christian Endeavorer before he was "What is the practical value of all this imprisoned. All have been converted and machinery?” Although there is a mystistarted upon a new life since their impris- cal element in the work of the society, as onment, through the influence of the in every genuinely religious movement, prison Christian Endeavor Society, and, so the practical outcome is of such a homefar as is known, not one of these ex-En- spun and every-day character as to seem deavorers after his discharge, has been re- commonplace. Here are a few items taken incarcerated. Stories of conversion as at random from the reports of a single radical and interesting as any in Professor year: half a million gifts of fruits and James's “Varieties of Religious Experi- bouquets of flowers sent to hospitals and ence” or Harold Begbie's “Twice-born “shut-ins”; thousands of cheering song Men" have occurred in these prison socie- services reported in prisons, missions, and ties, and many wardens and chaplains have Old Folks' homes; invalid chairs kept to declared that they were a great help in lend, free of charge; church reading-rooms promoting order and contentment. One opened; church papers edited and distribof the best of these societies, which has uted; coffee clubs established and supflourished for many years, is in the Fed- ported; ice-water fountains maintained; eral Prison in Atlanta.

thousands of scrap-books made for hosThere are other societies in surprising pitals and children's homes; Christmas places: in deaf-and-dumb asylums, where greetings for prisoners; fresh-air camps the members talk in the meetings with maintained; tennis and base-ball clubs and their fingers and listen with their eyes; cycle clubs established; flower gardens culamong the life-savers at the lonely stations tivated for the church; treats for cripples; on our coast; among the employees of hos- "teas” for old people, and suppers for pitals and hotels; among the firemen in newsboys and boot-blacks. several large fire stations; in Old Soldiers' In India the older Endeavorers do not homes, and among the lepers of Molokai think it beneath their dignity to establish and India and British Guiana. Indeed, “tub committees" and "finger-nail comit would be difficult to name any condition mittees” to teach the little Juniors just out of life or any corner of the world where of heathenism, that cleanliness is very near they are not found.

to godliness. The recorded sums of money As an educative influence, the Christian given to missions and home churches by Endeavor movement has often been under- Endeavor societies during the last twentyrated. Scores of books relating to Bible five years amounts to over ten millions of study, missions, and practical Christian dollars. The unrecorded sums are doubtwork have been published for these young less many times as much. people, and have been eagerly studied. A One more providential design of Chris

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tian Endeavor must not be forgotten, and took the task, each State accepted its allotthat is its usefulness as an agency to bring ment, and the society is already well on together the young people of the nations its way to the fulfilment of this task, as well as the denominations. Here is the which to many an organization would one Protestant religious organization, seem impossible. which cultivates particularly the fellow- As I am writing these words, the Thirship idea and that is found in every land tieth Anniversary of the Christian Endeabeneath the sun. Delegates go back and vor movement is being widely celebrated forth to the conventions, from Europe to in this country and throughout the world, America and from America to Europe, and attention has naturally been called and from both continents to Asia and in many quarters to the great changes Africa. Its publications circulate in four- that have taken place in the religious score languages; its monogram

life of young people and in their relais the same in every land. It is

tion to the churches during these thirty thoroughly democratic in its

years. fundamental idea. It knows no

Thirty years ago a distinctly young peodistinctions of caste or color. It seeks to ple's society in our churches was rare, now teach young people to work with each it is universal. Then a weekly young peoother rather than merely for each other. ple's meeting was the exception, now it is

In Great Britain, for instance, a dele- the rule. Then organized personal work gation of German and other continental of young people for young people was unEndeavorers is entertained every year in known, now it is everywhere common. the Christian Endeavor Holiday Homes, Then social functions in the church for and the name “Christian Endeavor" is a the young were infrequent, now many of password for kindred spirits, whether they their social events center in the church. live in the world's great capitals or in the

Then interdenominational fellowship gathremotest islands of the South Seas. For- erings of the young were undreamed of, mer President Roosevelt did not overstate now at least 10,000 such meetings are held the case when he said to the Endeavorers: every year and in all lands, attended in “Your body stands prominent among the the aggregate by millions of youth. organizations that strive toward a realiza- While writing this article I have been tion of interdenominational and interna- pursued by the fear that my personal in

tional Christian fellowship, as well as terest in the society might lead me to ex• among those which stand for ideals of

aggerate its merits. For this reason, I true citizenship.”

have said little about its ideals, and have To mention the eminent men and wo- dwelt largely upon certain verifiable facts men who have spoken in praise of the prin- and practical developments gathered from ciples and the practice of the Christian a careful study of the organization in many Endeavor Society would be to call the roll lands. of the greatest statesmen and divines of In all these developments the provithe last quarter of a century.

dential character of the society is most The outlook for the society was never evident. To no man or organization is brighter. Not only are the societies grow- praise due for its development. Here is a ing rapidly in numbers, but their activities seed with divine life in it. It fell into are multiplying quite as rapidly. At least good soil. That is the whole story. Travnine new societies were recorded every els in many lands, including five journeys day of the past year, and though there are around the world, watching the inception some deaths in the large family, as is natu- and development of the society under ral, and some districts where the organiza- widely diverse conditions in far-separated tion may be weak and languishing, the re- lands, have convinced me of this. ports of growth and vigor and increasing In brief, the Christian Endeavor Sociinterest far outnumber the occasional ety has revealed and made practical certain stories of decline. Recently a suggestion fundamental conceptions of the Christian was made that Endeavorers should strive lite, common to all creeds. It has adapted for a million new members and ten thou- the truths of the fathers to the needs of sand new societies, to be gained within the children of to-day. It has made abtwo years.

With eagerness they under- stract truth concrete in every-day life.

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TELL and I were almost ready to go and looked at Nell thoughtfully through

on for the last act of "Queen her glasses. While the excited girl was Esther," and we had for the moment got reaching for this and that, buttoning a rid of our three patient dressers, Mrs. slipper, pinning down a curl, Mrs. SpinDow, Mrs. Freeze, and Mrs. Spinny. ny's smile softened more and more until, Nell was peering over my shoulder into just before Esther made her entrance, the the little cracked looking-glass that Mrs. old lady tiptoed up to her and softly Dow had taken from its nail on her tucked the illusion down as far as it kitchen wall and brought down to the would go. church under her shawl that morning. “She 's so pink; it seems a pity not,” When she realized that we were alone, she whispered apologetically to Mrs. Dow. Nell whispered to me in the quick, fierce Every one admitted that Nelly was the way she had :

prettiest girl in Riverbend, and the gayest "Say, Peggy, won't you go up and stay -oh, the gayest! When she was not with me to-night? Scott Spinny 's asked singing, she was laughing. When she was to take me home, and I don't want to walk not laid up with a broken arm, the outup with him alone."

come of a foolhardy coasting feat, or sus-. guess so, if you 'll ask my mother." pended from school because she ran away “Oh, I 'll fix her!" Nell laughed, with at recess to go buggy-riding with Guy a toss of her head which meant that she Franklin, she was sure to be up to misusually got what she wanted, even from chief of some sort. Twice she broke people much less tractable than my through the ice and got soused in the river mother.

because she never looked where she skated In a moment our tiring-women were or cared what happened so long as she went back again. The three old ladies—at least fast enough.

fast enough. After the second of these they seemed old to us—futtered about us, duckings our three dressers declared that more agitated than we were ourselves. It she was trying to be a Baptist despite herseemed as though they would never leave self. off patting Nell and touching her up. Mrs. Spinny and Mrs. Freeze and Mrs. They kept trying things this way and that, Dow, who were always hovering about never able in the end to decide which way Nelly, often whispered to me their hope was best. They would n't hear to her that she would eventually come into our using rouge, and as they powdered her church and not "go with the Methodists”; neck and arms, Mrs. Freeze murmured her family were Wesleyans. But to me that she hoped we would n't get into the these artless plans of theirs never wholly habit of using such things. Mrs. Spinny explained their watchful affection. They divided her time between pulling up and had good daughters themselves,- except tucking down the "illusion" that filled in Mrs. Spinny, who had only the sullen the square neck of Nelly's dress. She Scott, -and they loved their plain girls did n't like things much low, she said ; but and thanked God for them. But they after she had pulled it up, she stood back loved Nelly differently. They were proud



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