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HE Sultan of Morocco, be he old or for some sixteen months, from November,
young, lives in a seclusion, as far as 1900, to March, 1902. Their contact was Europeans are concerned, common to under the easy, intimate conditions which Oriental sovereigns. The etiquette which reveal the man; and it also shows the mansurrounds him separates him even from ner in which the typical youthful Oriental his own court. Secluded from all women of a ruling caste and supreme power-his but those of his own harem, and without father masterful, his mother the charm of social life, as it is known in the West, no the harem-meets the revelation of the Oriental sovereign comes in contact with West. The accuracy of the portrayal will ministers and their households. Mulai Abd- be recognized by all who know the East. ul-Aziz, the present Sultan of Morocco, has The Sultan was at this time an unchalbeen still further separated by his youth lenged ruler. He was still in his southern and the anxious desire of those who ruled capital, Morocco city, but all resistance through him to keep him apart from in- had vanished, and he had full control of trigue. For months together he did not his entire empire. At the close of 1901 appear outside his citadel walls. He never he transferred himself, his court, and his moved freely in the capital where he was forces from his southern to his northern residing. He is still, even for European capital, Fez, a march which still further envoys to his court, a man unknown.
assured his supremacy. The American artist whose account of A host of diplomatic issues were settled, his experiences succeeds saw him daily not always with success to Morocco, but
Copyright, 1903, by THE CENTURY CO. All rights reserved.
with stability for his throne. He established Fez stands on an elevated plain, and the closer and closer relations with the Eng- mountainous regions between it and the sea, lish legation, he was guided by English as well as the mountains to the east, are influence and advice to many reforms, and dotted with the villages of semi-independent
the execution of a progressive policy was Berber tribes, fighting men all. The shock confidently predicted; but in this work he that all good Moslems must feel at a sulhad estranged those with influence in the tan keeping wild pigs in his palace yard, cities, both officials and ecclesiastics, and albeit less in Morocco than it would be farhe had greatly weakened the reverence ther East, was about that which would have with which he is regarded as the head of been caused by a medieval Catholic king Islam, the descendant and successor of who habitually and flagrantly ate meat in the prophet.
Lent and turned his back on the host.
Mr. Schneider's record has for readers subjects, and his own lack of the masterful new gloss and interest now, since all that qualities of his line have brought him. he records has worked its sure result. The The issue will probably be decided before tribes last autumn rose all about the north- or soon after the following pages, which ern capital. They rose between Fez and hold the fullest account of him yet penned, the Atlantic, on the road to Rabat, between
are read. Fez and the Mediterranean, about Tetuan The Sultan has a mingled blood. His and east. In the great mountains about great-grandmother was an Irishwoman, Tesa, a very considerable place seventy wife of a Gibraltar corporal, who went from miles from the capital, all the tribes united barracks to harem. There are so many in insurrection.
negro women in the succession that his The young pupil of the pages that follow father, Mulai-el-Hasan, had pronounced has for four months been facing the pos- negroid features. The original stem is sibility of losing throne and life. The ac- Arab, direct in the male line from Fatima, tual force in resistance was small. The daughter of the prophet, through a chain disaffection was general and wide-spread. of thirty-six lineal descendants, and on this The leader of the tribes, Omar Zarhuni, has been grafted a long line of Berber better known as Bou Hamara, literally marriages. "father of the she ass,” more nearly “don- Mulai Abd-ul-Aziz's mother was a Cirkey-man," in November had organized a cassian of Turkish residence and origin. royal state at Tesa, in December he de- With this line, he became Sultan feated the column of two thousand men fourteen, and when his mother and the sent against him, and by January his rude vizir who made him Sultan died, he began camp was a few miles from Fez, watching to walk alone, that vanished thing an the main road north. In the rly part of Oriental absolute prince playing an old February he was defeated by the Minister part that will end with him. Before he is of War, who figures frequently in this nar- through with the pretty game of learning rative, but there remains the necessity of to rule by ruling to learn, Morocco will penetrating the mountains in the spring have gone the way of all other Moslem and subduing the rebels.
realms, absorbed, controlled, or protected With the open chances all in favor of by some European power. Either France the Sultan, there remain the serious risks will include it, or Europe agree on a divito which his reforms, the fanaticism of his sion, or the empire be put into commission.
AN ARTIST'S REMINISCENCES
N the impenetrable gloom of a “Shkoon ?” (“Who?") like the weird cry
Beb el Hamees— Thursday Gate commanded the soldier. -of the city of Morocco.
‘Not until the coming of dawn,” came At sunset all gates are closed, as a guard the echoing hoot. against night attacks by rebel tribesmen; The sham announcement that I was ΕΙ but a sentry had been instructed to admit t' beeb” (“the doctor”) to his Majesty, and me, and a soldier, sent by the governor must enter the city that night, met with of the Kasbah to see these instructions the same response. Arguments, entreaties, carried out, had joined us a few hours epithets, proved alike unavailing. : before.
So inky was the night that only the white Riding up close to the gate, the man garments of one or two of the men at my banged the heavy portals repeatedly with side could be distinguished. his rifle, and cried : “Booab! Booab!” Amid the uproar of my now thoroughly (“Gateman!")
frightened henchmen the soldier's voice A grumbling sentry sleepily answered: shrieked :
Page MUSICAL CELEBRITIES, MODERN (Concluded from Vol. LXV)...... Hermann Klein.
With portraits and pictures. II. Adelina Patti ...
44 III. Sir Augustus Harris, Impresario – Jean de Reszke, Tenor..
268 IV. Sir Augustus Harris, MM. de Reszke, M. Lassalle, and others....
461 NATURE, THE WAYS OF.
.John Burroughs..... 294 NORTHWEST, THE GREAT
Ray Stannard Baker.
85 The Salmon-Fisheries ....
206 A Place of Marvels : Yellowstone Park as It Now Is..
481 The Day of the Run
643 OBJECT-LESSON, THE.
Edith Elmer Wood..
886 Old Maid's Corner, My (Concluded from Vol. LXV).. .. Lillie Hamilton French.
Headpieces by Granville Smith. V. Out of My Portfolio....
80 VI. The Real Springtime for Me.
303 “ PA GLADDEN " STORIES..
Elizabeth Cherry Waltz.
285 The Tramp....
604 The Redemption..
702 The Old Dragon ..... PARTY NECESSITY A PARTY SNARE
159 PEKING, DIPLOMATIC LIFE IN. See Emperor” and Princess." PELÉE, A WONDERFUL CHANGE IN ....
. Edmund Otis Hovey.... 757 Pictures from photographs by the author. PETTY LARCENY”
Ruth McEnery Stuart ..... 763 Pictures by A. B. Frost. PHILÆ, THE DESTRUCTION OF.....
Alonzo Clark Robinson ..... 836 Pictures from photographs. POLITICAL CORRUPTION. See “ Boss,” “ Party,” “The Worse,
""Words.” POLITICIANERS, OVERHAULING THE
George S. Wasson
538 Pictures by Florence Scovel Shinn. Pool, THE, IN THE DESERT.....
Mrs. Everard Cotes
67 Picture by Maurice Greiffenhagen. PORTRAITURE, AMERICAN, EXAMPLES OF. IX. M. Georges Thesmar....
Frederick MacMonnies..529, 637 A Painting by Frederick MacMonnies
. Pauline King...
Edwin Asa Dix.
750 Pictures by Maude and Genevieve Cowles. PRESIDENT, The. See “ Executive." PRESIDENT'S TRIP, THE, AND THE FORESTS
634 PRINCESS PONTIOFF
. Abigail Hetzel Fitch....... 247 Picture by Sydney Adamson. QUESTION OF VALOR, A
Will N. Harben ....
443 Pictures by George B. Waldo. QUICKSAND, IN THE...
Lewis B. Miller....
254 Pictures by Martin Justice. REDEMPTION,
Elizabeth Cherry Waltz .... 702 RED TASSELS..
Margaret Sutton Briscoe .... 381 Pictures by A. B. Frost. ROBERTSON, THE PREACHER..
316 ROOSEVELT, PRESIDENT THEODORE. The President's Trip and the Forests.......
. Editorial ...
634 The Hampered Executive, ...
Henry Loomis Nelson .... 140
..... Ray Stannard Baker.....
Ray Stannard Baker.......
Herbert D. Ward........ 914
With reproductions of the paintings.
Edward L. Thorndike 153
Horace G. Hutchinson ..424, 566
With portraits, facsimiles, etc.
. Brig.-Gen'l. A. W. Greely,
.John Luther Long..... 343
Thomas R. Dawley, Jr..... 227
• 322, 478
. Frank Norris.
Baroness von Hutten
. Elizabeth Cherry Waltz.... 604
Elizabeth Cherry Waltz.... 285
W. D. McCrackan..
. Amos R. Wells
Prof. C. T. Winchester..... 389
Portrait of John Wesley, after the painting by Romney; pictures by Harry Fenn, W. Hatherell, Katharine
| Charles R. Knight.
Annis Hardcastle Knight
..Anna Bowman Dodd
Dr. L. 0. Howard,
Entomologist of the Dept. of Agriculture.. 851