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precurser of still other British loans for Both Great Britain and Persia are to be the complete rehabilitation of Persia, congratulated upon the new agreement said subsequent loans to be secured in made between the two governments on similar fashion. The method of expend- August 9. This document, it is to be hoped, ing these sums is also most thoughtfully marks the definite end of the weak policy and specifically provided. The British that Great Britain has pursued toward PerGovernment agrees (at Persia's expense) sia for the last dozen years. The British to supply the services of whatever expert Government has done well, therefore, to advisers may be necessary for the sev- lose no time in giving its real policy toward eral departments of the Persian adminis- Persia a fair start while Russia is out of tration. The British Government agrees action. We owe it to ourselves, to the Per. to supply (at Persia's expense) such offi- sians, and to the world at large. cers and such equipment of modern type as may be necessary for the forma- Criticism was confined to a section of tion of a uniform force adequate to the liberal press. The “Manchester establish and preserve order in the coun- Guardian” remarked sarcastically, "It try and on its frontiers. The British this had been done by another Power, Government agrees to encourage “Anglo- the arrangement would be regarded as a Persian enterprise" in such matters as veiled protectorate.” “The secret way railway construction and other reforms in which the matter has been gone about of transport. The British Government is certainly unpleasant," said the Liveragrees to provide experts (apparently pool “Post.” at its own expense) to assist Persian In France the publication of the treaty experts in examining and revising the evoked a perfect storm of protest and existing customs tariff. The British indignation. "Protectorate!" was the and Russian spheres of influence de- general cry. "If the above stipulations limited in 1907 are abolished; in plain do not constitute a most complete prolanguage, consolidated into a single tectorate," said the "Echo de Paris," British sphere conterminous with the “then words have lost their meaning. whole country. At the same time it is Doubtless, nowhere is a formal protectannounced that the young shah, "who orate mentioned, and doubtless a clause has been
warm supporter of the announces the independence and full agreement," is on his way to England integrity of Persia, but the substance of on a visit to mark his good-will.
the agreement will fool no one." I myself do not purpose to analyze Another French semi-official organ. this "agreement.” I shall limit myself “Le Temps,” carried a stinging editorial
, to showing by direct quotations how it analyzing the treaty and pointing out impresses Englishmen, Frenchmen, and how it violated both the Persian Conthe American Government, and will stitution and the covenant of the League leave the reader to draw his own con- of Nations, while "L'Europe Nouvelle" clusions. First as to British opinion. contended bitterly: The bulk of the British press welcomed the treaty as good for Persia and neces- If England has monopolized Persia; if she sary for the safeguarding of India. has ousted therefrom all other Powers; who Typical is this excerpt from a leading is the Power directly and uniquely injured? editorial in the London "Outlook":
It is France. We are, indeed, the sole Power The recent Anglo-Persian agreement will
injured. It is against us that, during long be welcomed by all who have the interests of
months, the Anglo-Indian diplomacy of Persia and the British Empire at heart. In
Lord Curzon has intrigued at Teheran; it is itself it is a simple, straightforward, sensible
against us that, on August 9, that diplomacy arrangement, which, in a few words, covers
gained the victory. Our commerce is tothe whole matter of correct policy.
day boycotted in Persia by the British authorities in occupation.
The English Particularly eulogistic is “The Near censorship holds up the mails. The English East," the organ of British trading and police refuses permits of exit and entry. financial interests in the Orient. It Such an attitude is intolerable and calls for asserted:
energetic official representations,
All this protest drew from the Brit- official correspondence relative thereto ish Government explanatory rejoinders. has been, or probably will be, published, The treaty was defended officially by but the decided nature of our GovernCecil B. Harmsworth, Under-Secretary ment's stand may be judged from two of State for Foreign Affairs, who stated Washington special press despatches to in the House of Commons on August 17: the “New York Times." The first of
these despatches, dated August 29, The policy of His Majesty's Government
runs in part as follows: is to assist Persia to reëstablish herself on a sound basis. There is not the slightest The recently signed Anglo-Persian treaty foundation for a suspicion that the Govern- has been submitted to the American State ment proposed or that the Persian Govern- Department by the British Government, ment would have consented to create any
which has sounded out the attitude of the thing in the nature of a protectorate. The
Washington Government toward the arPersian Government turned to Great Brit- rangement. The State Department is underain as her most powerful friendly neighbor, stood to have made a reply in which it indiand this Government would have departed cated that the American Government did not from its traditional policy of warm interest look with favor upon the treaty. There was in the Persian Government had it declined an unconfirmed report tonight that the State to respond to her appeal.
Department has declined to recognize it. Mr. Harmsworth concluded by say- Even more interesting is the second ing that the attitude of the Persian despatch, dated September 24, which Cabinet and the impending visit of the reads: shah to England constituted a sufficient
It was learned to-day that the Teheran answer to all insinuations. Similar in
press has published an official statement by tone was a speech by Lord Curzon,
the American Legation denying declarations delivered at a dinner to the Persian
contained in the official Persian press that Foreign Minister in London. “I see it
the United States approved the recently stated in some quarters,” said Lord
concluded Anglo-Persian treaty. The action Curzon, "that this agreement is a veiled
of the Legation serves to inform the Persian protectorate by Great Britain
people that the United States does not apPersia. I find no evidence of such a condition of affairs in this agreement”;
prove the agreement. There is reason to
believe that President Wilson himself and he added, in closing:
directed that the Legation in Teheran be I ask our guest to give, as I am confident instructed to reply to the articles, inspired he will be able to do, recognition of the fact
by the Persian Ministry which concluded the that in the recent negotiations between us treaty with England, to emphasize the strong both parties acted with absolute freedom and displeasure of this Government at the pact, were subject to no pressure whatsoever. We which was communicated to the British could not have imposed this agreement upon
Foreign Office. The reply of the State DePersia if Persia had not been willing to accept partment to the request of the British Govit, and that country could not have wrung
ernment that the United States approve the it from us. We are jointly prepared to de
Anglo-Persian treaty is known to be one of fend this agreement, and look forward to the sharpest and most caustic notes sent to the vindication of its real character in its the London Foreign Office in recent years. operation.
Neither the British Government nor the Americans will undoubtedly be inter
State Department is expected to make pubested to learn the attitude of our own
lic the correspondence between Ambassador Government upon the Anglo-Persian
Davis and Lord Curzon. Treaty. That attitude has been flatly Such is the situation. Reviewing all critical and unfavorable. It is known the evidence in the case, the coroner's with certainty that the United States verdict apparently must be “Death at has protested to Great Britain against the hands of persons officially residing the treaty. Neither the protest nor the at Downing Street, London, England."
In the year 1555 Edward Mauger, afterward knighted by Queen Mary (“* Bloody Mary'') as Sir Edward Mauger, was the sworn tormentor of the Tower of London. This fiend was so detested by even the rough soldiers and warders of the Tower that it was the custom for wood ashes and fat to be provided for the sergeant of the guard of a condemned prisoner to wash his hand after shaking that of the tormentor, as the procedure required, nor would any man sit at table with him. It is recorded that Mauger died in convulsions, thinking that he saw his victims passing before him.
My life is spent, and I am shent
As the darkness cometh down.
Doth whine through London Town.
As I hark to the passing bell,
On the glittering hinges of hell.
For like gold to a Jew were the boot and screw
To me, and the trial by water
As they wedded the Scavenger's Daughter.
Like the vengeance of Holy Writ,
To the Little Ease and the Pit.
A sweet refrain was the shriek of pain
When I crushed a strong man's hips,
And bubbles of blood to his lips.
I watched the hot flames curl,
The noble and simple and churl.
With crippled gait and gaze of hate
My victims pass in a row,
A bloody jelly of woe,
As clear to my glazing eye,
The horrid procession goes by.
In dread and dole through hell's red hole
I sink by the causeway drear, And my horror grows of the frightful woes
In that terrible kingdom of fear. "Vengeance is mine; I will repay,"
Saith God with a heavy scowl, And a weighty fee for the soul o' me
I must pay for my knighthood foul.
I may not call on God at all
Or pray by Christ His name, And a million years of prayers and tears
Will leave my guilt the same. Unshriven by priest, I die like a beast,
And with hook and flame and lever In tortures fell I must writhe in hell
For ever and ever and ever.
“There is a sane and well-ordered world which would declare me an impostor should I relate to it the poignant detail with which I envisage this one hour of my life. But I have had eight years in which to reconstruct this hour.”
HE affair opened in a dingy scending upon us. I renewed my bitter railway compartment not estimation of my passport, and conin France, as a matter of ducted a neat, ghostly dialogue with the detail, but in a hillside vil- consul lying in hiding at the frontier.
lage in Spain. I had had When the image facing me in the comthe place to myself for two hours of partment broke out into speech I suffered traveling, which I had spent in a the dizzying sensation of dropping back nervous agony. I was bound for the into time and space from some magnififrontier, and my passport was not going cent altitude. I had an impression of to get me across it. The war was over betrayal. A wave of actual despair
A technically, but my passport was not and anger flooded me; neither more nor good enough even for peace.
less than that. It was an attack, that Just how the Frenchman smuggled gentle, persuasive, vehement sentence himself into that compartment I never poured out against the entrenchments exactly knew. At any rate, he accom- of our silence. We had made our truce plished it in a remarkably decent silence. between us, such as it was; there was As I remember it all, the man had no something indelicate, intimate, almost personality whatsoever. The fine blue malignant in this precipitate gesture. of his uniform illumined that cheerless "I beg and implore you to permit me interior, but the man himself did not to talk to you as I can talk only to a exist. He sat facing me, with two stranger; for I am the happiest man in faultless boots posed on the flowered the world,” was what he said to me. It carpet, and his short arms locked across occurred to me that there was somehis chest. It struck me at the time that thing ludicrous in this choice, foreign for such a silent, small creature he dis- English, with its flavor of supplication; played an impressive assortment of but I was charmed into an immediate, medals. There was a veritable plaid of almost eager consent. I would have reribbons shining on his breast.
tracted it instantly, however. I had At all events, he was not an amiable sensed the accent of truth, the terrifyperson. He stayed where he was, as ing accent of truth. I believe I would communicative as a joss, with the early have fled that compartment if I could afternoon sunlight playing over those have escaped it. impeccable feet at every turning and But there was enchantment in that twisting of our fantastic route.
I saw immovable figure. I lifted my gaze the sun burn out above a silver mesa, resolutely to the face staring at me from but I could have sworn that the last the shadows. I had an impression of a diamond flash of light sparkled on those grave, pallid countenance, fine in texboots, for they had surfaces as brilliant ture, with well-defined planes. The and as keen as a mirror.
cheeks were lamentably sunken, and For my own part, I discovered that I above those sunken cheeks fixed eyes was grateful for the rich twilight de- glittered with a relentless, black inten