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irritating scores, and become the brightest in a speech delivered in the American Senjewel in the imperial crown. With her ate about sixty years ago, thus described dream of years fully realized, it seems rea- the extent of the British possessions: “She sonable to expect that Ireland would be- has dotted the whole surface of the globe come England's stanch ally in the cause with her possessions and military posts, of universal peace.

whose morning drum-beat, following the With reference to that movement now sun and keeping company with the hours, on foot to promote closer and more amica- encircles the earth with one unbroken ble relations between England and this strain of the martial airs of England." country, I am persuaded that the signing The United States rules nearly one hunof a treaty of arbitration between Great dred millions of happy and contented peoBritain and the United States would not ple. Our Government exercises a domionly be a source of incalculable blessings nant and salutary influence over the entire to these two great powers, but would go American continent. And our influence far toward the maintenance of permanent is exerted not to destroy, but to save, not international peace throughout the civi- to dismember our sister republics, but to lized world.

preserve their peace and autonomy. Both of these great nations have many If, then, England and America were to things in common. We speak the same

enter into an alliance of permanent arbinoble tongue, and the English language tration with each other, such a bond of is more generally used to-day than any friendship and amity would be a blessing other language on the face of the earth. not only to these two great powers, but to The classic writers of England are also all the nations of the civilized world. ours, and the classic authors of America When the waters receded from the earth are likewise claimed by Great Britain. after the deluge, Almighty God made a The literature of both countries is a com- solemn covenant with Noah and his posmon heritage to both nations.

terity that the earth should never again be We also live under virtually the same destroyed by water, and, as a sign of this form of government. The head of one covenant, He placed a bow in the heavens. nation is a king, the head of the other na- Let Britannia and Columbia join hands tion is a president; England is governed across the Atlantic, and their outstretched by a constitutional monarchy; the United arms will form a sacred arch of peace States are ruled by a constitutional repub- which will excite the admiration of the lic. And I believe that both of these na- nations, and will proclaim to the world tions have been more successful in adjust the hope that with God's help the earth ing and reconciling legitimate authority shall never more be deluged with blood with personal liberty than any other coun- shed in fratricidal war. try of the world.

The time seems to be most auspicious England is mistress of the ocean. Her for the consummation of this alliance. It ships ply through every sea on the globe. meets with the approval of the President Her Aag floats over every harbor of the of the United States, and I hope it will world. Her empire embraces a territory have the sanction of Congress now in sescomprising ten millions of square miles, or sion. It is strongly advocated by Sir Edabout one fifth of the whole globe. Great ward Grey, English Minister of Foreign was the Roman Empire in the days of her Affairs, and hosts of the most distinguished imperial splendor. It extended into Eu- citizens and statesmen of both countries. rope as far as the River Danube, into Asia And it is my earnest prayer that all who as far as the Tigris and Euphrates, and are devoting themselves to this grand purinto Africa as far as Mauritania. And pose may receive the reward promised by yet the Roman Empire was scarcely one the Prince of Peace: "Blessed are the sixth of the extent of the British Empire peacemakers, for they shall be called the of to-day. It was Daniel Webster who, children of God."

TOPICS OF THE TIME

در

THE

HOPE FOR ANGLO-AMERICAN strong, and are yearly growing more so. ARBITRATION

If in England we are sometimes still re

ininded of "a certain condescension in for"HERE ought to be a statute of limi- eigners,” it is more and more confined to

tations on the prophecies of na- negligible classes-knights of the drawingtional and international conflict-a time room or boors of the railway train-of limit beyond which the prophets of evil whom we have noble imitations in our would be silenced by ridicule. For forty own country. In any matter of real conyears detractors of the French have told sequence there is, if not complete agreeus of the instability of the republic, and ment, at least a basis of good understandyet it has gone on, amid all the perturba- ing. Mutual respect exists between the tions of parties and factions, administering cultivated people of the two countries, order as vigorously as the government of along any common line, whether it be any other country, and to-day it is appar- literature, education, science, or finance. . ently the more firmly established for the The time has come to put this internaperils it has passed, and for the fact that tional sympathy beyond the reach of the only the oldest generation of Frenchmen remotest peril. retain even the traditions of the monarchy. We are now confronted with a great Again, ever since the Russo-Japanese War opportunity. . President Taft, with the we have been told of the imminence of jurist's respect for law and the Chief Exthe danger of invasion of America by the ecutive's sense of responsibility, following hordes of "little brown men” who, up the success of his treaty with Japan, "drunk with ambition," are supposed to which removes for at least twelve years be "looking for trouble," particularly the possibility of war, has addressed himwith the United States, though everybody self to the larger problem of arbitration knows that it will take years of recupera- of all questions which may arise between tion from Japan's victory over Russia be- Great Britain and America. He has thrown fore she can command financial resources down a gage of peace which has been sufficient for another contest. She is now promptly taken up by Sir Edward Grey, the wisely and steadfastly addressing herself British Minister for Foreign Affairs. In to the work of internal economy and prog- the effort to bring about this desideratum, ress and, we believe, without the slightest which President Cleveland advocated in idea of an infraction of the Monroe Doc- vain, and perhaps prematurely, he has the trine, or of conflict with a people who from overwhelming support of intelligent Amerthe day of Perry's expedition, over fifty ican public sentiment. There is no less years ago, have shown for her and re- cordial support for the idea in England, ceived from her nothing but friendliness but it is recognized that the chief obstacle and sympathy.

lies here, in the constitutional prerogative In three years it will be a century since of the Senate (its duty as well as its right) a hostile shot was fired between the two to "advise and consent" in the enactment great branches of the English-speaking of treaties. So, although the country has people, and yet, to judge from the attitude rapidly advanced to the position of the and alarms of certain interested parties, President that questions of national honor one might think that we were perpetually may well be included in the subjects of on the edge of an armed conflict. On the arbitration, it must be patient with its repcontrary, the fiber of our relations is of resentatives in the Senate in their practical the firmest: our commercial interests, in handling of the problem. Senators, on spite of particular rivalries, have in the their part, have a right to ask that public main deep and inextricable roots; the opinion in favor of the largest measure of bonds of our sympathies are many and arbitration must be unmistakably mani

sources.

fested. This being done, they should feel mon, and those of the two great Englishit their privilege as well as their duty to speaking nations are in many points idenwork out the details of the project within tical, being largely concerned with the constitutional limitations. That way, for question whether we shall preserve the them and the country, honor lies.

traditions of popular freedom which have It must not be forgotten that in recent come down from the same Anglo-Saxon years the international opinion which cre

In the spirit of the broadest felates international law has made great lowship and the truest ideality we may progress. In a series of distinguished and well say to England: authoritative addresses on this subject delivered at Columbia University in March To-day, not moved by memory or fear,

But by the vision of a nobler time, and April of this year, Dr. David J. Hill,

Millions cry toward thee in a passion of American Ambassador to Germany, said:

peace. A sovereign State has no right to take up We need thee, England, not in armed array arins against another, unless a right has To stand beside us in the empty quarrels been denied or an injury inflicted by it for That kings pursue, ere War itself expire which reparation cannot otherwise be ob- Like an o'er-armored knight in desperate tained; and it has no "right,” which any lunge modern State could consistently recognize, Beneath the weight of helmet and of lance; in any case, to impose such arbitrary condi- But now, in conflict with an inner foe tions of peace as the victor pleases.

Who shall in conquering either conquer

both.

For it is written in the book of fate: Again, he says:

By no sword save her own falls Liberty. There has been in the past few decades a gradual recognition of the fact that it is no derogation to the sovereignty of a con

THE LESSON OF SIMPLICITY stitutional State to submit the question of

T every turn of the wheel which its rights and duties to impartial judicial decision.

standing to the follies and extravagances

of ancient Rome, -as so clearly and perAnd in his peroration he admirably tinently set forth by Professor Ferrero in summed up the new conception of inter- his Century papers on “The Women of national duty-at once Christian and eco- the Cæsars," — no truth is more obvious nomic-in these words:

than the close relation of simple tastes to

the efficiency of a nation. if we may estimate the future by the

In the last hundred years of the republic, transformations of the last three hundred

when wealth was becoming general among years, we may reasonably entertain the hope the influential families, it was esteemed that the energies of mankind may be more

more as an aid to family prestige than as and more diverted from plans and prepara

a means of personal indulgence. No mations for mutual destruction, and devoted to

tron was so high in the social scale as to united helpfulness in overcoming vice, mis

be independent of the practical cares of ery, disease, and ignorance,-the common

her household. No man could enjoy the enemies of man.

esteem of his fellows, and much less place

himself in the way of social or political In this movement the question of an influence, without a certain austerity of “alliance” or even of an entente between ideas and manners. Robust tastes prevailed the countries is preposterous. It is not to among all classes of men, and simplicity be inferred from an agreement of two na- in dress was almost an unchanging fashtions to arbitrate prospective difficulties ion, as is attested by the statues and basthat they shall agree to fight each other's reliefs of the Julian period. battles. The permanent peace we desire Though Rome had been sacked by the with England we desire also with France Gauls more than three hundred years beand Germany and other countries. The fore Cæsar brought them under the yoke, problems of the world have much in com- the steadily advancing culture of the an

LXXXII-38

cient capital suffered no further injury from the barbarous hordes of the north, until four centuries of decay had followed upon the brutalities and excesses of the line of profligate emperors derived from the family of Augustus.

Modern life appears to be so much more complex than ancient society, mainly owing to devices for extending the horizon of easy intercourse and multiplying the means of physical convenience, and also owing to greater public security, which invites wider social and intellectual interests, that a comparison with the old, as to degrees of luxury and profligacy, is difficult, and liable to be misleading. Unpleasant resemblances to the worst Roman tendencies are noticeable to-day. The dominating note, in the expression of the longings of rich and poor, alike, is certainly not that of simplicity. But the world never will, because it never can, change in the requisites of human happiness and human security: the first depends on wise occupation, temperate enjoyment, and spiritual thinking, just as the second rests on general honesty, filial devotion, and patriotic duty. Here, as in ancient Rome, these desirable things are all a part of the lesson of simplicity.

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Mr. William R. McGuire is and has been since January 1, 1904, the Water Registrar of the Borough of Brooklyn, he not having been removed from office, as stated in the article. THE CENTURY takes pleasure in making this correction, and in justice to Mr. McGuire we wish to state without reservation that the writer of the article was misinformed, that the reflection on him and his administration as Water Registrar was erroneous, and that an injustice was done to an honest public official. EDITOR OF THE CENTURY MAGAZINE.

OPEN LETTERS

DEFENDING THE YOUNG AMERICAN MATRON FROM THE

CHARGE OF FRIVOLITY

From a Lady of Experience to her Cousin, a Representative of the Class Arraigned

Dear Gertie:

Your voice shook so with indignation when you tried to tell me over the telephone about the Frenchman that I could only exclaim sympathetically, "The idea!" and "How disgraceful!" without the slightest notion what it was about.

But since you have had your social secretary write it out in her nice, clear hand, I can do justice to the situation in detail. It seems this legal light, this Maître Something-or

other whom Freddie brought home to dine, when asked his opinion concerning the American woman (which simply means being held up for tribute), replied that though undoubtedly charming, the type, he feared, could hardly inspire that filial veneration with which the most seasoned Frenchman of the world will always apostrophize "Ma Mère!" 1 picture the scene. In the very act of adjus ting one's smile to receive the customary

[graphic]

bouquet, fancy being slapped in the face, But sternly waving it aside, you said you generically speaking, that way! As you say, wished to be so perfect with your son and it must have quite taken away your appetite never let him have to reproach his mother had you not already been dieting for in- with giving him a germ! Beautiful! The cipient fat. And your French being re- Spartan mother with all the modern imstricted to polite expressions, you were pow- provements! As for the nurse, far be it from erless to denounce him! I suppose he

me to impugn her certificated character, or judged you by your frock, the Parisian origin I should have said she used a wad of abof which of course he recognized. But when- sorbent cotton to wipe away a furtive tear. ever did a woman's evening clothes mea- Then there was that lunch where a wosure up, even approximately, to her real self? man-the kind that tries to prove a sense of

Really I think it ground for a great, im- humor by relating anecdotes-told how a personal, international libel suit, only that young Boston matron, a Radcliffe graduate, would upset the entente cordiale, besides snatched her baby from a burning building jeopardizing Freddie's chances as ambassa- and pressed it to her anguished brain. Do dor. So get up your defense, using the dic- you think one of her female hearers was so tionary freely. Then when the creature frivolous as to crack a smile? Dropping pays his dinner call, you can overwhelm him their forks in outraged concert, as a single with a spontaneous burst of eloquence. It mother they exclaimed, “Oh, did n't she will be all the easier to confound since, as know that no infant ought ever to be snatched luck has it, truth is on your side.

from anything in any circumstances, or No, my dear; we can place our hands pressed to any part of any one whatever!" upon our hearts and truthfully affirm that Again beautiful, not to say sublime! The the young American matron, taken at her Spartan mother plus the Puritan; Boadicea best, is anything but frivolous in her rela- and Cornelia of the Gracchi rolled into one! tion to hearth and home, or, more techni- How foolish this makes the old poets cally, furnace and flat. True, superficially, seem, does n't it? Fancy that benighted she has her faults. Mentally, below her Wordsworth with these unhygienic linesaccomplished crust, she often is only a half

Fretted by sallies of his mother's kisses, baked affair, because life's New-World fires

With light upon him from his father's eyes! burn too perfervidly. In her youth, too, she cultivates an over-smart, challenging Nor has your noble vigilance for one intone, based on epigrammatic fiction, toward stant been relaxed. Never has our precious masculinity, the habit of which besets ma- problem in pædeutics escaped from under turer days; but beneath this effervescence is the microscope of enlightened parental oba structural ideal of domestic duty, of wife- servation. How anxiously you watched lest hood and motherhood, as solid as Plymouth the one tuft of hair on the otherwise bald Rock, well-intentioned as the Constitution, crown should indicate abnormal musical and good as daily bread.

proclivities! How freely you encouraged the Frivolous? Why, take your own case,

child while still in petticoats to express his which typifies that of thousands upon thou- own preference for Yale or Harvard! How sands. Since the advent of your first-born, bravely you have guarded him from the senwhat has your boudoir been but a labora- timental influences of old friends from the tory, your art an exhibit of Charts of country and mid-Victorian blood-relatives! Weight Requirements, your literature Dr. And, speaking of the sentiment-microbe, Holt on “The Care and Feeding of Chil- you have been greatly helped by the Passing dren,” your conversation an inquisition into of the Grandmother as such. Since elderly the merits of nurses and governesses, your women have discarded the lace cap in favor recreation a Child Welfare Educational of the combings of Chinamen, they have Campaign, your very life one long sterilizing ceased to invade the nursery and play havoc process? And little Frederic, while still a with its regulations on the score of grandpultaceous mass of protoplasm, with no ap- motherhood. As a matter of fact, I think preciable chronology behind him, did he not you told me the two ladies who stand in represent an economic proposition, a prob- that relation to little Frederic did not set lem in pædeutics, of the highest order? eves on him till he had cut his first tooth,

Recall that sacred moment when for the Freddie's mother having a bridge club at first time the nurse permitted you to gaze the only hour the nurse allowed her charge upon your child. While endeavoring to to be exhibited, while your own mother was trace in its amorphous features some resem- at rehearsals, posing as a flower-girl in a blance to Freddie or yourself, how heroi- pageant for some charity. cally you struggled with your prehistoric Yes, the traditional grandmother will longing to clasp the tiny bundle to your soon have to be explained in foot-notes, while breast and cover it with obsolescent kisses. the Hand that Rocks the Cradle is already

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