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SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER YEAR. NOTICE! THE WORKS OF HERBERT SPENCER.
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Devoted to the record of the facts and considerations which show that Individual Liberty is good for the people of the United States :
And that, therefore, Legislative Regulation is injurious for them.
A physician who, after many years of
IN MEDIAS RES. study, has gained a competent knowledge of physiology, pathology, and therapeutics is not held criminally responsible if a man Going back to July 18th, the consideration dies under his treatment; he has prepared Senate, having already occupied six days, and
of the Sundry Civil was resumed in the himself as well as he can, and has acted to
this was continued on the 19th when the bill
was read the third time and passed. The the best of his judgment.
appropriations are about $5,000,000 more than Similarly, the legislator whose measures were carried by the bill as it came from the
House, making $33,500,000 in all. produce evil instead of good, notwithstand
On Monday, July 21st, the bill for the trausing the extensive and methodic inquiries fer of the revenue-cutter service to the Navy
Department was debated until the soi distant which helped him to decide, cannot be held
revenue, otherwise Tariff and Manufacturto have committed more than an error of
ers' Protective Bill was called up at two o'clock
as the unfinished business. But on the folreasoning. Contrariwise, the legislator lowing day the session was spent on the who is wholly or in great part uninformed Indian Appropriation Bill, which was taken
up again on the 23 and 24th, when it was concerning these masses of facts which he
passed without division. must examine before his opinion on a pro
On the 25th, the bill for transferring the
custom cutters to the navy having been posed law can be of any value, and who,
debated for a while, the consideration of the nevertheless, helps to pass that law, can Tariff Bill was resumed. This debate, inter
rupted by the passage of many pension bills no more be absolved if misery and mortality and the District of Columbia appropriation, result than the journeyman druggist can
has continued to the date of writing
Aug. 2d. be absolved when death is caused by the medicine which he ignorantly prescribes.
On July 18th the so-called Original
package Bill and the Bankruptcy Bill HERBERT SPENCER.
were made the order of the day until completed. The former was debated on that and the following day, and on July 22d, when a substitute for the Senate Bill was passed.
The latter was then taken up, resumed on shillings the piece. . . . The natives of this the 23d and 24th, when it was also passed, out-of-the-way country can, in fact, buy all 117-84.
these things at about the same money price On July 25th, the Sundry Civil Appropri as our workmen at home, but, in reality, ation Bill came up with Senate amendments very much cheaper, for the produce of a few increasing the total by over five million – in hours' labor enables the savage to purchase all of which increases non-concurrence was in abundance what are to him luxuries, while recommended by the committee. The bill to the European they are necessaries of life.” also carried a rider affecting the occupation Since that was written, now over twenty of arid lands — two fifths of the entire area of years ago, cotton cloths have become cheaper the United States. The debate on this was here; but so have they, without doubt, becontinued to date of writing, Aug. 2d, inter come cheaper in the Aru Islands. In another rupted only by the adoption of the commit place, Mr. Wallace speaks still more strongly, tee's report on the District of Columbia ap to the same effect, saying, if I remember propriation, which now goes to the President. rightly, that Connecticut prints were sold to
the Aru savage
more than fifteen thousand
miles from the factory, by sea voyage THE WISDOM OF OUR RULERS.
cheaper than they were sold to the factory Mr. Aldrich said in debate in the Senate, workman himself in the Connecticut villages. and as if in argument, relative to the advan There is other and corroborative evidence tages of the aggressive tariff, that of " cotton from different parts of the world by other cloth, where the duty is three or four cents observers – all competent to see and to a square yard ... the price here is as low as speak. anywhere. I suppose (said this illustrious If the time has come when the only requilegislator) that will answer the Senator's site for argument in the United States Senate suggestion."
is an unlimited capacity for falsehood, we This is too monstrous a perversion of the may well stand aghast. Nor is the word facts to pass unnoticed. Even if it were true falsehood a whit too strong to apply to the that cotton cloth is as cheap here as any case of this man who poses before the Senate where, what would that prove? Merely that and the country as the expert on tariff legislathe aggressive tariff has succeeded in cutting tion. American consumers out of the immense advantages they have of nearness to the supply of raw cotton, the possession of unsurpassed The objections to the proposed rule for skill and unrivalled machinery.
cutting off debate in the Senate are objecBut the statement is not true. So far is it tions of priuciple rather than on the score of from the truth that this very American cot utility. There is little chance that a subject ton, said to be as cheap here as any cotton is will become any clearer after being debated anywhere, this identical product of New Eng- in the Senate as at present composed. The land factories, is sold elsewhere cheaper than frankness with which Senators confess their it is sold at the very doors of the producers! ignorance of, and incapacity for dealing with, Mr. Alfred Wallace found these goods selling the questions on which they must take action in the Aru Islands for less than they are sold is truly refreshing, and even when they do in the stores of Boston. He says:
not openly confess their ignorance their " One of the most surprising things con speeches frequently bear witness of it as nected with Aru was the excessive cheapness loudly as words can. of all articles of European or native manufac The Senate is not pre-eminently a repreture. We were here two thousand miles sentative body, and unless it can fulfil the beyond Singapore and Batavia, which are fuuctions of a deliberative body, it might as themselves emporiums of the “ far East," in well be abolished. It may be said that it a place uuvisited by, and almost unknown to, must always be harder to get bad legislation European traders; everything reached us through two Houses than through one, but the through at least two or three hands, often force of this is diminished when it is rememmany more; yet English calicoes and Amer bered that there are two Houses instead of can cotton cloths could be bought for eight one to originate bad legislation. It would