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chosen was to be at Binsasi, a two hours' was indeed such a barrier to my plans that journey.

I at once withdrew in a very disconsolate The following noon my baggage was frame of mind, when I chanced to think loaded upon the seven pack-mules, a lame of a small opening through which the carone receiving his burden first —“to limber penters and masons were hurried, and hashim up," as the wise Pilgrim said.

tening to it, was happy to find it open. Surplus household effects were given to Inside the grounds the wild animals were ragged Arab friends, who left nothing be- still captives in their massive cages. The hind fit even for a begging saint.

boars, the mountain goats, and a few reWhat a sight in the narrow street out- maining slaves seemed, owing to the sealed side! Boxes, tents, poles, pots, and kettles gate, destined to perpetual dreams. were suspended on all corners of the mules, Preparing to close the studio door, I the many legs and flapping ears of which looked regretfully about. What would it were alone visible.

resemble in a few months ? “Rrrah! Zeed!” (“Get up! Go on!") Skurrying in the direction of the flowing yelled Pilgrim the Arab.

mass of Arabs, we simply joined them and Amid the dull whacks of clubs, the packs drifted beyond the city toward the camp. were soon pitching about like tubs in a The Sultan had left the city with royal choppy sea, pushing, bumping, tilting, pomp a few hours previous. An hour on dragging, wedging, and compelling scribe the road brought us to a few camels aland wayfarer alike to scurry aside with ready exhausted and lying by the wayside gathered garments.

to die. A scarcity of animals and the lateI turned my horse toward the palace to ness of the season were sources of much secure some material for sketching on the anxiety. journey. Imagine my dismay upon ar- Surrounded by the black veil of night, riving at the inner gate to find its opening we arrived at the outskirts of the camp, filled with solid masonry, while, tightly and awkwardly groped our way through hemming the wall, burly masons flicked the maze of tents, ropes, and upturned the perspiration from oozing pores. This faces of soldiers, drinking tea and smoking

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kief. Much wandering in an uncertain way At dawn, my tent showing signs of colbrought us at last to the tent of the Min- lapse, resulting from the efforts of the ister of War, near which, after unloading restive guardsmen, I emerged, and was the animals, we spread our own.

amused to see all tents down save the SulSleep was relieving drowsiness as I lay tan's and my own. Starting early, to avoid

, in my tent, gratified that no one had in- the heat of the sun, already most of the duced the Sultan to countermand his re- court were on their way to the next enquest that I journey with him, when sud- campment, about four hours distant, which denly, from not far distant, a voice called : was the average daily journey. Circle the

It was extremely cold, and as I mounted Close to my ears a discordant“ Circled!” in the gray of the morning nothing was to bellowed from a dozen throats in response. be seen but vague white specters moving in I listened, now wide awake. Again came faint outline against the sky. These were the challenge; again the “Circled!" from the great mass of self-directing court-folnear my tent-ropes, which were now being lowers, who pursued no regular road, but disturbed. At a signal were they to pull kept to a general direction, spreading up the stakes and, with me inclosed, drag loosely to the width of a mile. the outfit back to the city ?

Soon we wound through a very sandy “Circle the animals!” I now made it stretch, dotted with huge bushes. The out. But why call throughout the night? effect was not unlike countless numbers of Sleep was impossible.

monster serpents squirming slowly between Objections in the morning were of no the shrubs, one moment bursting into view, avail : it was the only safeguard against hidden again the next. mule robbery, I was told. Each night my Suddenly there was a shout, guns and animals and tents were to be guarded by pistols were fired, and clubs were hurled. A soldiers, challenged by an officer to pre- little streak seen dodging for life was finally vent them from sleeping. Strange to say, brought down-a rabbit! The enthusiasm after the first night this clamor had no and excitement suggested an elephant effect on my rest.




Drawn by Arthur Schneider. Half-tone plate engraved by H. C. Merrill


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Beckoning my soldier to come along the same which I saw later weighing so we hurried to an abrupt hill some distance heavily on the mules ? ahead for a better view. Upon mounting No tents were allowed to be pitched to the summit, we turned our eyes upon a

until the Sultan's was in position, although vast, shimmering sky bending over an the Sultan's might be the last to arrive; equally vast earth, which, as far as the eye and to insure absolute privacy a circular could pierce, was dotted with many atoms canvas wall was speedily staked around it. - thirty thousand human beings, as many The tents of his ministers were put up in camels, mules, and the like. What a reve- close proximity, and no doubt those mulelation to see them at a distance in that baskets and -bags which were strewn about clear, tropical atmosphere!

in such reckless fashion before the Amin's In the distance could be seen a toy tent, tent, just like so much coal, really did conand at once, as if by magic, hundreds of tain gold and silver. The tents of other still more diminutive ones seemed to spring court officials, slaves, and servants were from the earth all about it. We rode toward strewn all over the grounds, but always in them. Two hours later we beheld the Sul- the same relative position day after day; tan's great camp, a veritable city of canvas, so that it was easy finding one's way about while the endless plains peeped timidly after having once mastered the plan. here and there over the shoulders of the All this court circle was then surrounded tents.

by the tents of soldiers, pitched very Where the earth was uneven the highest close together, forming a sort of barrier. spot was chosen for the Sultan's tent. This The tent in which the Sultan held court was raised by his tent-pitchers, while a few was placed close outside the canvas wall, hundred soldiers radiated with the guy- which had an opening on that side, which and tent-ropes. The huge canvas at once he alone used. In front of the tent was a bulged and swayed like a gigantic balloon. large open space, which was always kept Surely, if the soldiers loosened their hold, clear by the guards, and the farther end was it must soar away to the sky. Could this taken up by the artillery, the guns being airy monster, trying to burst its bands, be stretched out in a broad line. As the front



of the court tent was entirely open and his peared, his mask-like visage turning neither Majesty sat close to the opening, it en- right nor left. With garments swaying abled him to see the greater part of his rhythmically, he walked to the chair and camp while holding court.

seated himself. A slave at his side fanned My tents were always pitched between him with a white silken cloth, to defend the artillery and the infantry. A camp- his sacred master from imaginary insects. bed, a table, two chairs, and two rugs He whispered to the slave, who called to were the furniture of the largest tent. An- one of the ministers. Hurriedly he apother was used as a kitchen, while a third peared, lowering his hood; then, after was occupied by the servants; and al- removing his slippers just back of his though piled with baggage, the six men Majesty, presented himself, and after a found room in it to eat, to sleep, and to short conversation was dismissed. Prespray.

ently five gorgeously saddled horses were A fearful hissing sip, like tearing pieces brought before their royal master, who, of new linen, invariably made by the Arabs with a motion of his hand, chose one, while drinking tea, issued day and night others being taken away, while he rose from this region.

with great solemnity, and mounting, rode At the broadest end of this irregular to all sides of the square, to be thrice satriangle of tents the animals were tethered, luted by each body of soldiers. This cerebeing fastened by their fore feet to ropes, mony completed, the musicians, armed which were again fastened to a long rope with oboes and tom-toms, disturbed the at. staked in the ground. In the center of all mosphere with a doleful, prehistoric dirge, this were the water-skins, hung on a tripod. and the procession was under way. It was The first duty of all drivers upon arriving nothing but an entanglement of artillery,

, at camp was to take their animals to the

infantry, flags, horsemen, and court offi. nearest watering-place, good or bad, and cials in a mad riot, but, as in a threshingat times an hour's distance.

machine tearing its insides furiously, the All horses, even the best of the Sultan's, wheat, straw, and chaff found their chanare without shelter during the entire jour- nels at once, and left the ignorant beholder ney, and when covered with mud and clay spellbound. Behold! they were moving are dismal sights.

with military precision, a brother of the The royal stables were tethered close to Sultan at the head, followed by an exone side of the protecting canvas wall, tremely wide row of mounted soldiers about twenty horses in all, and most of carrying silken standards of all colors. them, too, well fed. Although his Majesty Then came the artillery, rattling and never used them when once in camp, three bumping, and coming to grief often were always saddled, ready to carry their where the roads were bad. Next followed master to battle or to a place of safety.

mounted soldiers and a score of governHis favorite en route was a rather small, ment officials, a sort of police. After a black horse, which traveled very smoothly short space, riding alone, came the kaid at an exceedingly rapid pace; while for of the mishwa (master of ceremonies), entering cities he used a wonderful horse - very straight and very black, pictur"golden, with silver mane and tail," as I esquely hugging his gun close to him. have heard it called.

After him followed four led horses In the morning, at four o'clock, the bugle abreast, all richly saddled, for the Sultan's sounded to break camp; the foot-soldiers use should he tire of his mount. Then, with arose, pulled up their tent-pegs, and were some distance intervening, came the Sulaway in the darkness. Gradually the re- tan, alone, save for six black slaves, who maining tents came down, and the throng kept up a continual wafting of white cloths of Arabs were on the move. The Sultan's in the direction of his face. tent remained. A little to one side his A palanquin containing the blue chair ministers and kaids patiently waited, the then appeared, carried between two mules, latter forming a large, hollow square, at just in front of another row of mounted one end of which stood the ministers, while standard-bearers, followed by the Minister in front of them a spacious blue-and-gold of War and the important members of the chair awaited its sacred occupant.

court. All were obliged to turn aside and Presently the wall opened and he ap- make way for this cavalcade.

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Two other detachments also traveled in mule, immediately crushed the animal to this way—the Sultan's tent and his harem. the earth. Frequent occurrences of this Astride of as many mules, six favorites of kind caused the tent to fall far behind his unknown color and beauty, together with Majesty, and those in charge were frenforty-two mysterious, squatting creatures, zied in their endeavors to hurry it along, riding in pairs on pack-mules, composed lest it should be unprepared for their ruler the royal collection of ladies chosen for in time. this journey. Even a sultan must make Perched upon a saddle intended for a some sacrifices when he journeys. How- full-grown man, and riding a large horse, ever, he could look forward to a full house- the Sultan's youngest brother (Sidi Mohamhold awaiting him at Fez.

med) looked a perfect elf-a picturesque The forty-eight favored ones rode very little fellow as he rode along quietly in the closely bunched, looking like so many safe escort of his black body-guard. cones of sugar, each one being enveloped Bareheaded slaves and eunuchs were in white, with just a narrow slit for the scattered about, scampering hither and eyes. They were guarded by formidable- thither upon fiery barbs. looking soldiers, while flags, carried far in When the cavalcade was about to pass advance, cleared the way far more effec- through a fresh district, the governor who tively than clubs clear Broadway.

controlled it, with his standard unfurled The Sultan's tent was carried along on beside him, and many of his tribesmen, the strongest of mules in the center of a awaited its arrival on the border-line. At very noisy and vociferous crowd of soldiers the instant of the Sultan's coming abreast and tent-pitchers. When traveling was bad and halting, the kaid of the mishwa cried they were compelled to change the mules aloud: every ten or fifteen minutes, and often this “Saith my lord, you are welcome." mighty bundle of canvas and ropes, which Bowing low in their saddles, they derequired eight men to place it upon the voutly mumbled in chorus:

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