Puslapio vaizdai


NSTITUTES of learning illumi-
nate the landscape in this

free and enlightened coun-
try as the stars illuminate the
broad expanse of the firma-
ment. From ocean to ocean,
over snowy mountain peaks,

ARMOUR INSTITUTE through magnificent gorges and cañons, in peaceful valleys and upon rugged hillsides, the school and the church stand side by side, representing self-respect, self-reliance, and universal philanthropy.

The nation and community unite in developing that higher training which produces a civilization worthy of man in his most exalted moods. The “divinity which shapes our ends” rejoices that “rough-hew) has become an obsolete term, being replaced by scientific methods and practical demonstrations.

In this most practical age science grapples with the most intricate problems, reducing them to simple equations in exact and beautiful order; therefore men trained and distinguished in special lines of thought are chosen to devote their energies to imparting the results of their years of study, self-sacrifice, and stern application. Youth, unconscious of its magnificent force, is introduced to those elements that assure success, and, quick to seize opportunity, plunge vigorously into a course of study and training, eventually enriching the world with their efforts.

Institutes of Technology are recognized as beneficial to young men and women, bestowing on them that liberal education so essential to success. Breadth of culture — the union of head, hand, and heart — is the aim of the founders, trustees, and faculty; with what results only the established institute can demonstrate, when the young students go forth into the world to battle for their laurels. If they are installed in positions of trust, a song of joy is heard as professor and president exchange congratulations.

In the heart of the United States, at Chicago, the eighth wonder of the world, Philip D. Armour, millionaire and philanthropist, founded in 1892 an Institute of Technology most wisely bearing his name.

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The location of the Institute in a grow- men from all over the country. Japanese ing as well as great city is a double and Afro-Americans mingle with the advantage, as the student is not only sur- Caucasian race and right royally keep pace rounded by objects of art, but is in close with them. contact with the numerous manufac- The Armour Scientific Academy, a pretories of iron, terra-cotta, and other build- paratory school in charge of Professor L. ing or construction material, whether for C. Monin, as dean, requires only a grammararchitecture, railroad, bridge, or school standard for admission. The Acadchinery.

emy assists the student or candidate who Presenting this magnificent work to the has been deprived of a general education,

although he may have instructed himself in those branches of arithmetic, spelling, grammar, etc., which are capable of development; hence in the Academy he receives the core of his training before he enters the college. In accord with its liberal policy, the Technical College provides courses in literature, history, and philosophy, thus supplying that general culture requisite to breadth of thought. In fact, a college man is both practical and polished in the requirements of social life regardless of such occupation as he may choose when he leaves his alma mater for sterner realities.

Before entering upon the outline of work, let us glance at the artistic and social life so intimately associated with the Institute.

Under the magnificent management of Dr. Frank W. Gunsaulus, a genial and scholarly man, the atmosphere of this oasis in the former desert of squalor and indif. ference is a revelation, Culture dominates all who enter the beautiful corridor, where masterpieces in oil, rare books, and choice

specimens of geological interest greet the DR. FRANK W. GUNSAULUS

eye. A general air of good-fellowship and

warm hospitality, with encouraging tones, public in a condensed form requires much impress the visitor with the loving interindulgence from the reader, as its scope

est of the president. is so vast and varied, yet nobly harmoni- Able lectures upon diverse subjects enAllied with it may be mentioned

tertain and instruct the students; a paper, the associated departments which are «The Fulcrum,” provides an outlet for capable of extended mention in a sepa- hungry and ambitious souls; musicales rate article. These branches include and art exhibitions are constantly arthe Department of Domestic Arts,” the ranged. The social life is characteristic, «Kindergarten Normal Department,” the as originality dominates these young peo«Department of Music,” and that of ple. The utmost good comradeship exists «Shorthand and Typewriting,” where and perfect unanimity results. Girls and hundreds of students receive instruction boys, young men and women, meet in the daily.

halls with that spirit of democracy so To the community at large this Techni- characteristic of America. Earnestness is cal College commands attention owing to stamped upon their bright features, and the great - nay, unprecedented-progress perseverance is their watchword. In their made in this department. Courses in me- several departments the young women chanical, civil, and electrical engineering patiently labor, reaping their reward as architecture, mathematics, and physics time passes, no whit less capable than engage the energies of hundreds of young their brothers. Their tastes, of necessity,




are for lighter work, as in the library of engineering, such as hyperbolic funcscience department, where economy, con- tions, the theory of equations, quaternions, struction, classification, reference work, and partial differential equations, are and bibliography are studied. As in all discussed, - a course of work which is enother departments this has its practical tirely original with the Armour Institute work in visiting and studying other of Technology. libraries.

Distinctively technical work consists in In the courses of literature and history knowing where to find and how to use most efficient instructors devote their material; and the principles presented in time assiduously to the eager students, the class room by means of the lanternwho absorb the most abstruse facts in a slide and lectures are as far as possible short time.

applied at once in the laboratory, thus comThe library is the largest room in the bining theory and practice. building, containing over 15,000 volumes, Relative to the constructive process of and the perfect freedom accorded to the manufacturing, the student proceeds from students is a notable feature. The public the drafting-room to the workshop, the is admitted and allowed to share in the foundry, the blacksmith shop, and the benefits of the circulating department. machine shop, in turn gaining his knowWhen one considers the blessing conferred ledge from design to patterns, to mouldupon the neighboring district, the value ing and casting, to tools and forgings. of this philanthropic spirit is recognized, Finally, turning, drilling. planing, and as beautiful works on art, painting, sculp- fitting are taken up, thus in due course ture, architecture, music, etc., rest in close completing the engine in which, as proximity to the world's great masters in mechanical engineer, he is interested. literature and science.

Steam engineering is considered the Assuming that the student is earnest chief of all specialties in mechanical en


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and sincere in purpose, let us glance at gineering, and under the able supervision his work. As a freshman, he is taught that of Professor A. Feldman the student is mathematics are coördinate with science, most thoroughly drilled upon this point, and that a knowledge of the calculus and particular stress being laid upon the determinates is essential. In the junior method of determining horse-power by and senior years, special subjects in elec- the indicator or brake. tive courses with reference to the needs Exactness is demanded in all tests, and

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rounding cities, as a constant demand is made upon them by well-known firms.

The most delicate manipulation of all the work results in skilful workmen who pass from the portals to enter arc-light, telegraph and telephone, search-light, storage-battery, and various other power plants.

As an evidence of the careful consideration devoted to the proper food and shelter of the community, instruction in mechanical refrigeration, heating, and ventilation is given as well. Each student is required, before receiving his degree, to submit a thesis in two rts: the first being a laboratory test of some material of construction, a machine, or an engine, with a full description of the methods and apparatus used and a statement of the results obtained. The second part is a

plant furnishes power for the Institute,” the “Armour Mission, and the Armour Flats. Serious contemplative countenances greet the visitor in traversing this marvellously complete building, but none more so than in the dynamo room, where Mr. Armour has expended vast sums to enable the students to have practical demonstrations. Old men and young, gray hairs and brown, mingle in animated discussion over volts, ampères, and other technical terms. Some students go out with the civil-engineer corps during the summer; others enter large plants and thus earn the requisite amount to pur. sue their college course seventy-five dollars for each course — and foster simultaneously the spirit of independence and self-reliance.

The faculty, realizing the importance of

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