Puslapio vaizdai

taining cakes of stinking maize. They were accompanied selfish ; and, at the time when the British gained possesby a pretty-looking young woman, the daughter of one of sion of the Island, the recollection of the grasping policy of the chietis at Pari-pari, gaily attired in a string-mat, with the Portuguese, and the selfish rapacity and cruelty of tho a bunch of myrtle leaves in her ear. The grace and gentle bashfulness of this rangatira damsel were in strong Dutch, made the King of Kandy forbid his people to have contrast with the coarse and rude appearance of the half- any intercourse with Europeans of any nation, as all were clad slaves who were her fellow-travellars.

to be held alike treacherous and dishonourable. But, At Pari-pari, there lives a European, named Lewis

, who when the English commissioners arrived after the capture has married the daughter of Taoiui, the principal chief of the district, and successor to Tariki. Under the aus

of Trincomalee, and when the maritime provinces, so long piees and protection of his father-in-law, Lewis enjoys held by the Portuguese and Dutch, had been seized his Robinson Crusoe-like life in perfect security. lle has greater faith and friendship were professed for the Enga hut of his own construction, together with a garden, lish-professions which subsequent events showed to be and a flock of seventy goats, besides pigs, fowls, and other small domestic animals. During my stay, for a few false and hollow; though Kandyan treachery is, in this days, at Pari-pari, I experienced every hospitality from instance, not without apology. Lewis, who took infinite trouble and pleasure in pointing Having briefly gone over the preliminary periods, and out to me all the antiquities and remains of pahs and ornamental architecture in the neighbourhood. It was an

noticed the contests maintained, for centuries, with unexpected treat to sup upon brown bread and milk—the mutual pertinacity and cruelty, between the people of furmer made by my host from the product of his last Kandy and the foreign encroachers who settled on the year's crop. The concluding dish at supper would ap, coasts, Mr. Marshall approaches the English period; and pear less inviting to a European appetite, for it consisted of a quantity of ine plump grubs, nicely browned before his lucid narrative of the negotiations and intrigues of the the fire ; and, repulsive as such an article of food might Anglo-Indian governors, or commissioners, presents an at first appear, they are not only agreeable in flavour, indirect exposition of the character and conduct of too but resemble, in taste, the most delicious cream. Taonui's many of the individuals who have administered the governdaughter bad procured them from the decayed timber of the rimu pine, in the adjoining forest. At a small pah, ment of our Eastern colonies, and who, if sometimes outnot far distant from the abode of his pakeha Lewis, witted by superior native craft, certainly never failed in Taonui, the chief, has his residence. He is one of the their diplomacy from adherence to the maxim of honesty most powerful and superstitious of the old heathen chiefs, being the best policy. The intrigues of the Hon. Frederick and is scrupulously attached to the religion of the Tohunga; North and the chiefs of the court of Kandy are an epitome around his neck he usually wears a small flute, constructed out of the leg-bone of Pomare, a northern enemy

-a “picture in little"-of much of the history of English of his tribe ; and upon this instrument he frequently diplomacy in India. It is not history to be nationally plays with peculiar satisfaction.

On the death proud of. Mr. North's weak and underhand dealings of a favourite daughter, Te Whero Whero made a song with persons, at the court of Kandy, wholly unworthy of the substance of which was, that he would take off the scalps of all the chiefs, except Ngawaka, and fling them his confidence, resulted in the miserable and disgraceful into his daughter's grave, to revenge her untimely affair best remembered by the catastrophe of Major Davie, death."

and the troops who had the misfortune to be placed under It would have given us much pleasure to havo accom

the command of so inefficient an officer, panied Mr. Angas farther in his Australian wanderings, Mr. Marshall, who went to Ceylon in 1808, when an but we must be content with recommending him to our army was assembling to invade and conquer Kandy, must readers as an exceedingly entertaining and instructive have had ample opportunities, during the thirteen years companion, and as one entirely devoid of pretension. he was professionally engaged in the Kandyan provinces,

to acquire the most minute information regarding the Ceylon : a General Description of the Island and its In- previous disasters, and the secret springs of action ; and,

habitants ; with an Historical Sketch of the Conquest after relating the whole proceedings, he is compelled to of the Colony by the English. By Henry Marshall,

sum up--" Thus did the British Government, by the right F.R.S.E., Deputy Inspector-General of Army Hospi- of conquest, assume, without reservation, the same arbitals ; Author of the Military Miscellany,* dc., &c. trary and absolute authority over the Kandyan people Post octavo. With a Map of Ceylon, &c., &c. Lon- which had, by immemorial usage, been possessed by the don: Allan & Company.

despotic kings of Kandy." For some reason," he says THERE are extant several histories, or descriptions, of in another place, “the Kandyans, of all grades, disliked Ceylon ; Mr. Marsball's valuable addition is, therefore, the English.” The reason, we should apprehend, is not chiefly devoted to what he terms “ the English period,” difficult to find, if Mr. Marshall chose to seek it. He has or from the time when, in 1796, the island, or its mari- been blamed for severity in his exposition of British policy tione provinces, were taken from the Dutch, when the and British officials in Ceylon; but if he has erred at United Provinces, orgauised under the name of the Bata- all it is on the side of leniency. A historian does not sit vian Republic, had become the allies of France.

down either to extenuate guilt or to apologise for imbeMr. Marsball's introductory account of the island is cility. brief, previous to the period that it was, in 1590, occupied The hostile sentiments of the Kandyans, who had by the Portuguese, the original discoverers, who had waited in vain for the withdrawal of their professed friends planted themselves in Ceylon, through the insidious arts and deliverers from their territory, again broke out into and crooked policy which have too often characterised the open violence; and the hostilities which followed were dealings of Europeans with the native powers of India. marked with equal atrocity on both sides--with this mighty The Kandyans, who expected deliverers, found the Dutch difference, that the Ceylonese were fighting in defence of not a whit better than the Portuguese, if not more cruel and their national independence, and all that a people hold

dear and sacred ; and the English to maintain conquests * See Tail's Magazine for June, 1816. obtained not always by the fairest means. Mr. Marshall




corroborates his own statements by the opinions of other much resistance, on some of the routes to the capital ; writers. “No conduct,” it is said in Knighton's His but the force in the Three and Four Corles behaved toory of Ceylon, “could justify the conduct of the Eng- lerably well

. King :: It is of no use to talk of the

taste of food after it is in the belly.' The King then lish. ... We may reasonably question, whether it asked the writer a number of questions, such as, How would not have been more just and wise, altogether, to long he had been in Ceylon? How far he had come ! evacuate the interior, than to allow such a state of things | How long he had been on board ship? And for what to continue so long as they did.” And Mr. Marshall adds, purpose he had left Europe ? Writer: I belong to the

medical department of the army, and my duties are that the Kandyans were treated precisely as the Duke of chiefly to take care of sick soldiers.' King: • You Cumberland did the Highlanders after the Battle of Cul- must be a good man, to travel so far for so commendable loden.

a purpose. Would you like to be at home ?' Writer : Such things may not be pleasant to tell, but they are

• Yes.' King : Think what is the exact form of your

house ; is it square or round?' Writer : " My house is salutary to hear; and in their revelation consists much square. King : " Then you are at home, your thoughts of the merit of Mr. Marshall's work, which we consider being there ; the mind is of the first moment the body, more valuable as admonition than as history. But, that though absent, being of comparatively little importance. we may not touch wholly on the dark side or dwell in In the course of conversation, he entered upon a discussion

in regard to the cause of thunder and lightning. Some generalities, we shall now select, as a specimen of the allusion having been made to the severity of the King's narrative, the description of the King of Kandy, who was punishments, he rather testily observed, • I governed my deposed for many alleged reasons, but, in reality, because kingdom according to the Shasters'—Hindoo or Brahminithis measure was deemed necessary to the furtherance of cal law-books, of which the Institutes of Manu are said to

have obtained the highest reputation. Manu professes to British objects :

have great confidence in the utility of punishments. “ Sri Wickreme Rajah Singha, the deposed King of Punishment,' says he, 'governs all mankind; punishment Kandy, was about five feet nine or ten inches in height, alone preserves them; punishment awakes while their slightly corpulent, stoutly made, and muscular. He had guards are asleep. The wise consider punishment as the a pleasant expression of countenance, a handsome beard, perfection of justice.

The whole race of men is broad shoulders, and a full chest. His figure was manly, kept in order by punishment, for a guiltless man is hard and his general appearanco dignified. He did not ap- to be found.'-Laws of Manu. pear to the writer, to be deficient in intellect, and was “ On the 24th January, 1816, the King, with his fagenerally much more affable and good-humoured than mily, embarked at Columbo, on board of H.M. ship could be expected of a deposed king in a state of con- Cornwallis, for Madras. He was taken to the waterfinement. Having been placed on the throne by a pro- side in the Governor's carriage, and his ladies were acfessed friend, but in reality an inveterate, intriguing commodated with palanquins. They were closely veiled enemy, for the intriguer's own aggrandisement, his situa- as they went into the boat: and during their embarkation, tion as king was attended with insuperable difficulties. which took up some time, the King stood by and assisted Like a man blindfolded and in fetters, he could neither by giving orders to his own people, with much composure see nor move but as the adikar directed him. With a and presence of mind. He was very handsomely dressed ; faithless minister, and a powerful, ambitious, hostile neigh- and his large trousers, drawn close upon his ankles, rebour, who was ever ready to encourage traitors, provided minded the spectators of the figure of Rajah Singha, as he might benefit by the treason, his throne was surrounded given by Knox. The King embarked with his wives and by the most embarrassing perplexities—difficulties which mother-in-law, in the captain's barge, and the attendants would have required a person of great natural talents to in another. The wind was high, and the boats encounsurmount. The character of a native sovereign is so tered a good deal of sea in their passage to the ship. much influenced by that of the people over whom he They were all taken into the ship by means of an accomrules, and particularly by the personal qualities of the modation-chair. Some of the ladies were greatly alarmed, persons by whom he governs, together with the circum- while others suffered much from sea-sickness. The King stances under which he is placed, that it is often diffi- showed no indication of fear ; and, considering that he cult to discover or to appreciate his natural disposition. was carried through a rough sea, which he had not been

upon since his infancy, to an English man-of-war, which “ To enable the reader to judge fairly and impartially he had not seen before, it must be acknowledged that his of the character of the King of Kandy, he should be tried whole deportment indicated considerable dignity and firmby the standard of his own country, by the spirit of the ness of mind. Kandyan Government and the usages of Oriental despot- “ He died at Vellore, on the afternoon of the 30th of isms, together with the circuinstances in which he was January, 1832, aged fifty-two years, having been sevenplaced. These conditions must be properly understood teen years a state prisoner. At the desire of the family, before a correct estimate can be made of the real merits the body was conveyed to the place of burning before of his case. Like Peter the Great of Russia, he was 'a sunset, under the escort of a military guard, and accomdespot by condition and necessity.'

panied by his male relatives and servants." • The predominating feeling of his mind, after he was made a prisoner, was indignation at the treatment he had

After the deposition of the King, the Kandyans were received from his own subjects, more especially the chiefs. continually inquiring when the English intended to with• Take care,' said he, of Eheylapola and Molligodda ; draw to the maritime provinces, to which the Portuguese they deceived me, and they will deceive you.' He and Dutch had been limited. They have not yet received gave Government an account of the places where his treasure was hidden; observing that it mattered little

a satisfactory answer to their question. The maritime what became of it, providing the chiefs and people did provinces and the interior kingdom have been amalganot benefit by his property. He did not generally show mated under British dominion ; but sundry attempts at any reluctance to discuss Kandyan matters. The writer insurrection evince that the Ceylonese are not yet conof this sketch, who had been requested to visit him pro- ciliated, nor much better affected to British rule than those fessionally, found him frank and affable, and willing to converse upon any subject which was started. In the other tribes of the East, who are “biding their time." course of conversation, he observed -- Had my people Mr. Marshall's work is distinguished throughout by the behaved as they ought to bave done, I would have shown you whether I was a man or a woman.

same painstaking and minute examination of facts and

Twice during my reign have you obtained possession of the town of authorities which formed a valuable feature in his more Kandy, and twice have you been very glad to get out of important recent work on the condition of the Britisb

Writer : Your people, it is true, did not make army.

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come as

Florentine History, from the Earliest Authentic Ro- denounced the nobles and their disgraceful tyranny, even

cords to the Accession of Ferdinand the Third, Grand with more reason than those worthy and renowned Duke of Tuscany. By Llenry Edward Napier, Cap- the ancient senate which he had recently discovered, and

citizens. On another occasion he produced a decree of tain in the Royal Navy, F. R. S. In six volumes : showed it to the people as an act of that body investing volume II. London: Moxon.

Vespasian with the authority of Emperor. After this No time has been lost in issuing Captain Napier's the Roman people, who mado emperors their vicars,

he again harangued them on the antique majesty of second volume, which brings the history down to the by clothing them with their own rights and power, first years of the fifteenth century. A very long “Mis- . These princes,' said he, only existed by the will of cellaneous Chapter,” referring to the social condition your ancestors, and you, you have allowed the two eyes of the people, the habits, usages, literature, and the of Rome to be torn away; you have allowed both Pope

and Emperor to abandon your walls, and be no longer arts-forms, as in the preceding volume, a most independent on your will.' The consequence of this, as he teresting appendix or illustration; giving pith and marrow told them, was banished peace, exhausted strength, disto the dry bones—the bare skeleton of public annals. cord, the blood of numbers shed in private war; and that If the history of all Italy were not implicated in the Flo- city, once the queen of nations, reduced so low as to be

their scorn and mockery. “Romans,' he continued, rentine annals, and if the other States, by the skill of the

'you have no peace, your lands lie untilled; the jubilee historian, were not made to revolve like satellites around approaches ; you have no provisions ; and if those who Florence, we should still fear that the work was cast

ilgrims to Rome should find you unprovided, upon too broad a scale ; but, by free discursion, the his- they will carry the very stones away in the fury of their

hunger, and even the stones will not suffice for such a toran contrives to keep alive the reader's interest, and multitude. The people applauded and the nobles mocked to give an abundance of matter, wbich, if not always pre- him. Like the first Brutus, they even invited him for cisely relevant, is always instructive and entertaining like a mountebank, while they ridieuled his eloquent

amusement to their revels, and made him harangue them As a specimen of his style, we select the portrait of the

truths and fearless denunciations. Allegorical paintings Tribune Rienzi, which is executed at full-length, and with

were from time to time posted in various parts of the minuteness of finishing which might have adapted it to a city, with corresponding labels, such as • The hour of history of the state in which Rienzi played his remarkable justice approaches-wait thou for her;' and, Withina

brief space the Romans will reassume their ancient and part :

good state.' "About this period, considerable interest was excited

“But Rienzo was still ridiculed, and his proceedings in Florence, by the appearance of an embassy from the considered as the mere visions of learned vanity. It was celebrated Nicola di Rienzi, tribune of the Roman peo- not with pictures and sententious matters, they said, that ple, whose bold, rapid, and somewhat theatrical career

Rome could now be regenerated—something more was had become the wonder and admiration of Europe. The requisite. Cola was also of this opinion ; and, seeing long-protracted absence of pontifical government had made that the public mind, whether in gravity or mockery, was Rome a scene of anarchy: no law, no justice, no civil pro- now alive to the subject, immediately resolved on more tection; every man acted for himself alone, without refer- vigorous action. Secretly assembling a considerable ence to the safety or the rights of others: the two senators, number of the most determined spirits from every class, Orsini and Colonna, each with his own faction, were here- except the very highest nobility, he addressed them on ditary and deadly enemies: the public revenue was plun- the Aventine Hill, and conjured them to assist him in the dered, the Pope defrauded, the streets infested with assas

deliverance of their common country. He unfolded his sins, the roads with robbers, and pilgrims no longer visited plans; assured them of the Pope's acquiesence; developed che sacred shrines, for none were safe from violence: the the resources of Rome and the wholesome vigour of an ancient temples everywhere rose into fortresses, and no

honest popular government; and then administering an thing but war and slaughter were seen in the Eternal oath to each, he dismissed the assembly. City. In the midst of this confusion appeared a certain On the 19th of May, 1347, taking advantage of the Nicola, or Cola, son of one Lorenzo, or Rienzo, a petty potent Stefano Colonna's temporary absence, with most of innkeeper, and Madalena, a washerwoman of Rome. Cola his forces, Cola proceeded in solemn but unarmed procesdi Rienzo's own exertions had already raised him to the sion to the capitol, where he laid his whole enterprise open rank of notary; his naturally refined intellect was culti- before the assembled people. Shouts of enthusiastic apvated until he became a perfect scholar; be excelled in all probation rolled through the crowd, and Rienzo was in. äterary acquirements, and was gifted with powers of elo- stantly invested with sovereign authority. Old Stefano cution far beyond the common standard. An enthusiastic Colonna soon returned, and haughtily refused to quit admirer of ancient Rome, he existed only in her authors, Rome again at the command of the dictator, whose orders repelled amidst her antiquities, deciphered her mouldering he treated with contempt. On hearing this, Rienzo sudinscriptions, and lamented her fallen state; but, while still denly assembled the armed citizens, and, by a vigorous musing over her misfortunes, heroically resolved to accom- assault on the stronghold of Stefano, mastered all his plish her deliverance. Hisextraordinary abilities, displayed forces, and compelled him to fly from the city with only a in an embassy to Avignon, where Petrarch is said to have been single domestic. The other barons succumbed; the town joined with him, so struck Pope Clement VI. that he imme

was guarded, fortified, and soon cleared of those ferocious diately made him notary to the apostolical chamber at bands of miscreants that had so long infested it under Rome, although deaf to the eloquence that would fain aristocratic license and protection. A parliament then bare persuaded him to return there. In this distinguished assembled, which sanctioned every act, and bestowed on post Cola gained universal respect by his integrity, and Rienzo the high-sounding titles of TRIBUNE OF THE PEOPLE, soon began to declaim openly against the oppressors of AND LIBERATOR OF ROME. his country. At a public meeting in the capitol he fear- Thus was Roman liberty for a moment restored, by lessly reproached the leading factions with their crimes, a single member of her humblest class of citizens. Such but gained nothing except a blow from Andreozzo Co- is the power of eloquence, when tyranny prepares its way lonna, and an indecent insult from an underling. His and honesty dictates its periods !!

** With next feat was the exhibition of an allegorical picture on all this excellence there was yet a certain vanity about the walls of the capitol, which told the melancholy story Rienzo that argued weakness and instability. He as. of Rome, and the fate of more ancient nations under the sumed the pompous titles of Nicola the Severe and withering effects of injustice; and when the people's Clement,' Liberator of Rome,' The Zealous for the attention was once excited, he suddenly poured forth one good of Italy,' The Lover of the World,' and · The of those powerful strains of eloquence in which he so August Tribune.' But upright magistrates were created, much excelled, and with all the spirit of the Gracchi, many chiefs of factions who disturbed the country were

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executed, the noxious and nonjuring great were banished, / panions, friends, wives, &c. Mr. Robinson recommends and a gleam of tranquillity burst over the long-benighted as best what he selects of books but one, which would in city.

all departments require revisal, correction, and amendThe fall of the vainglorious demagogue was much more

ment. The drama is entirely excluded; and the most rapid than his rise; yet we cannot help thinking that Cap- profane of the poets selected is Moyers. tain Napier has hardly done justice to the genius of this remarkable man. The 14th century was rendered me- Glimpses of the Wonderful. Miss Feries. London : morable in Florence by the great plague, and by the worso Harvey & Darton. plague of the feuds of the Guelphs and Ghibelines, which Tuis is a very neat juvenile quarto, with many beautiful 80 long disturbed and desolated the Italian States. This, illustrations, the subject being taken chiefly from natural too, was the era of Petrarch and Boccacio; so that there history, though enterprise and adventure furnish a few of is no wart of brilliant themes for the composition of this the diversified topics. portion of the Florentine history. We have received the third volume, to which we will refer again.

Euclid's Elements of Plain Geometry, as corrected by

the late Alexander Ingram, Leith : with the EleThe Gallery of Scripture Engravings, Historical and

ments of Plain Trigonometry, and their Practical Landscape; with Descriptions, Historical, Biographical,

Application, adapted to the Use of Schools and Priand Pictorial. By John Kitto, D.D., &c. Vol. I.

vate Students, with numerous and appropriate ExerLondon; Fisher & Son.

cises annexed to each book. By James Trotter, of the This work is of the same size-a large quarto—with the

Scottish Naval and Military Academy. Revised Edinumerous embellished volumes which the Messrs. Fisher

tion. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd. & Co. have published. The engravings are numerousabove sixty in the present volume—and chiefly from Ax excellent, sound, and remarkably cheap work this,

which, besides being a useful school-book, may be made paintings by the old Italian masters. The work is of a character; and, to suit this, Dr. Kitto to each plate has

a valuable acquisition to every young mechanic and

artizan who seeks to extend his knowledge and rise in his attached an explanatory and critical lecture, rather than a description, which combines, with popular biblical criti- profession. cism, the historical, geographical, and miscellaneous notices

The Sikhs and Afghans, in connecion with India and incidental to the subject. The work is one which may be

Persia, immediately before, and after, the Death of depended on both for fulness and accuracy of information,

Runjeet Singh. From the Journal of an Expedition It will find a welcome in many an English home, both for

to Kabul, through the Punjaub and the Khyber Pass. its embellishments and its intrinsic literary merits.

By Shahmet Ali, Persian Secretary with the Mission of

Lieutenant-Colonel Wade, &c. &c., Political Resident NEW POEMS.

in Malwa. London: John Murray. Heroic Odes and Bacchic Melodies. By Georgo St.

SHahmet Ali, the clasg-fellow of Mohan Lal, and, proEdmonds. London: Thornton.

bably, emulous of his literary and European fame, or We have here a collection of verses, not in any way fancying that Colonel Wade's native secretary had as much distinguishable from the numerous volumes of fugitive and to tell Europe as the secretary of Sir Alexander Burnes, occasional poems which, every year, or every month, issue has produced his volume; but, under the disadvantage of from the press. Though it is delightful in spring to roam coming second, and of not being so native as much of over the meadows, richly bedecked with primroses and the Journal of Mohan Lal, whatever the cause may be. daisies, it is impossible to loiter over every separate flower, Has it been spoiled by English top-dressing ? expatiating on the delicacy of its form, or the beauty of its hues; and this must be our plea with many of the The African Wanderers ; or, the Adventures of Carlos young contemporary versifiers, by whom silence ought not

and Antonio : embracing interesting descriptions of the to be construed into neglect, but considered an absolute

Manners and Customs of the Western Tribes, and the necessity in an age so fertile in verse.

Natural Productions of the Country. By Mrs. R. Lee,

Author of Memoirs of Cuvier, &c. &c. Small octavo, EDUCATIONAL AND JUVENILE WORKS.

with Plates. London; Grant & Griffith, successors to

Harris. First Book of Astronomy, with Questions to each Page, &c. &c. By John L. Camstock, M.D. London :

The author of this volume (formerly Mrs. Bowdieh) Adam Scott.

may be presumed, from her own African wanderings, and

her taste and acquirements in natural history, peculiarly Heat, Light, and Electricity. By John L. Camstock well qualified for the office she has assumed. She has and Richard D. Hoblyn. London: Adam Scott.

chosen to give her geographical lessons, and to make her Portel's Conversational French Grammar. London: appeal for Africa, through the medium of fictionthat is Houston & Stoneman,

to say, her young heroes are invented for a special purSelf-Education; or, the Value of Mental Culture. By rather too closely to the text set for them.

pose, which they amply fulfil, though, perhaps, sticking William Robinson. 2d Edition, London: Hamilton & Co.

The Scientific Phenomena of Domestic Life familiarly This little book, sensible in its outline and excellent in explained. By Charles Foote Gower, Esq. Second purpose, reads much like the lectures delivered to young

Edition. Longman & Company. men in provincial situations, and to show advices which As we have not seen the first edition of this little book, used to be given to apprentices about the choice of com- ) it may be proper to explain, that the second consists of

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familiar descriptions of objects usually seen in the routine EDUCATION IN SCOTLAND : an Appeal to the Scottish of daily life, but which excite little attention from being People on their Scholastic and Academical Institutions. always before the eyes. Such are the frost on the win- | By John Stuart Blackie, Professor of the Latin Language dow panes on a winter's morning, the steam from the in Marischal College, Aberdeen. boiling tea-kettle or hissing urn, or the many curious ob- LIFE AND PROPERTY IN IRELAND, assured as in England jects which pass unheeded on the daily rural walk. It is, by a Poor Rate on Land, to provide employment for the in few words, an ampler illustration of the most of Mrs. destitute poor on the waste lands of Ireland. By John Barbauld's Eyes and No Eyes, and will be useful in Douglas, Esq. opening the eyes and fixing the attention of young readers,

RAILWAYS FOR THE MANY AND NOT FOR THE Few. By and students of natural science or physics.

James Ward, Esq.



John Sturrock, junior, Dundee. KNIGHT'S OLD ENGLISH WORTHIES, Part XI. With BIBLE EMANCIPATION ; or, tho extraordinary results of Portraits of William Penn, Addison, Marlborough, Sir unfettered Bible printing, &c. &c. By Adam Thomson, Christopher Wren, Sir Isaac Newton, and De Foe.

D.D., Secretary to the Bible Press Company, Coldstream. Frontispiece—the interior of St. Stephen's, Walbrook.


John Bruce, A.M. ROYAL GEMS FROM THE MINES OF EUROPE. Engraved ILLUSTRATIONS OF EATING; displaying the omnivarous after National Pictures of the best Masters. Part VI. character of man, &c. &c. By a Beef-Eater, The CHRISTIAN IN PALESTINE, Part VI.

Burns' ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE.-This is a selection of THE LEGAL PRACTITIONER AND SOLICITOR'S MONTALY the best wood engravings which have appeared in the JOURNAL. London: Hastings. No. 2.- This seems a Burys FIRESIDE LIBRARY and other Libraries of this new legal periodical, the character of which we cannot publisher. It makes a neat little tablo-book, and is to describe, as we do not remember having seen either a be sold very cheaply to purchasers to a fixed amount of prospectus or the first number,

the works illustrated. Many of the engravings are first

rate specimens of the art of wood-engraving. PAMPHLETS AND TRACTS.


TABLE CREATION, &c. &c. By John Parkins, M.D. Elder.

Dr. Parkins does not appear much more successful in his

investigation into the causes of the blight in the vegetable EDUCATION FOR THE PEOPLE : a Letter addressed to creation, and the murrain among cattle, than other the Lord Bishop of Ripon. By the Rev. Scott F. Surtees. inquirers ; but his suggestions for remedies, and parti

POPULAR EDUCATION IN ENGLAND, WITH A REPLY TO THE cularly for immediate attention to the fisheries, as a certain LETTER OF Mr. EDWARD BAINES, Sen. By Robert means of supplying food, which he thinks likely to be Vaughan, D.D.

more and more deficient, are deserving of notice.


The Session of Parliament was opened on the 19th ult. | districts, the patience and resignation of the people by her Majesty. The speech from the throne embraced have been most exemplary.” The patience of the people few topics, and those few are very concisely treated ; everywhere, with a few, certainly not serious, exceptions as if the Ministers intended to express their anxiety in Ireland, is most remarkable; and contrasts favourably for short debates and an early finish of the business. with the conduct of the Continental population, under The attention of Parliament is called, in the first sen- similar privations. The measures recommended for the terces, to the “ dearth of provisions which prevails in alleviation of this distress are, the temporary repeal of the Ireland, and in parts of Scotland”; but an equal existing Corn-Laws; the use of sugar in breweries and " dearth” prevails even in many parts of England. The distilleries; and the suspension of the Navigation Laws expression is, we believe, applied not merely to the ab- until 1st September next. Several measures are promised solute cost of food, but also to the comparative means of for the permanent improvement of Ireland, " and to lessen buyers. One Buckinghamshire paper-the News-says, the pressure of that competition for land which has been that the wages of farmers' labourers have been reduced, the source of crime and misery.” The only other meain one quarter of that county, from nine shillings to eight sures promised in the speech relate to the improvement of shillings per week; and even nine shillings, with bread | towns. The Montpensier marriage and the occupation of at its present price, must leave a sad dearth of provisions Cracow have a paragraph each. The French business, we in a labourer's family. In the second paragraph, Minis- are told, has given rise to a correspondence ; and the ters say, that “outrages'' in Ireland “have becomo Austrian affair to a protest. The public were previously more frequent, chiefly directed against property; and well acquainted with these matters; but speeches from the the transit of provisions has been rendered unsafe in throne are seldom sources of information : their intellisome parts of the country;" while, in the third, they gence is always late. Taken as

a programme of acknowledge “that in many of the most distressed I the Session, the speech promises short work to the

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