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a Matth. 26. 26, A The Body and Blood of 28. b In the benefits
Christ a; which are verily and of them.
c By them that believe in Chrift
. indeed taken and received b by John 6. 47, 54. d. By the faitful c in the Lord's Supremembring Christ's
d. Body broken for us, and his Blood shed for us as we ought to do. See 12 &
X. Q. How are the Body and Blood of Christ fignified by the bread and wine ?
.A. I must receive this bread a For the fame end remembring Christ's Body brothat his Blood was hed. See 3 2. 6 This ken for us a. And I must reis the plain meaning of ceive this wine remembring Christ's Words, This Christ's Blood the Seal of the is my body, which is gi- New Testament, shed for us ven (broken) for you; for the forgiveness of our sins b. tbis do in Remembrance of me. This is my blood of the new teftament, (or the new testament in my blood) which is feed for you, and for many for the remission of sins: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in Remembrance of me. This remembrance must be as such things ought to be remembred. See 2.
Without doubt' the bread is the Body of Christ, and the wine is his blood in such a sense, as the Passover lamb was the Passover. That lamb was call'd the Passover, because it was to be eaten in remembrance of God's pafling over, his passing over his people, when he flew the firft born of the Egyptians, (Exod. 12. 11 to 15, 26, 27) and his delivering his people by that means from the bondage of the Egyptians, ver. 42.
So Christ says of the bread, This is my body which is broken for you; and of the wine, This is my blood of the new teftament, (or the new testament in my blood) which is foed for you for the remission of fins ; meaning that this bread is a sign of his Body broken for us, to be receiv'd in remembrance of his Body broken for us;
and that this wine is a sign of his Bloqd the Seal of the New Testament, Thed for us for
the remiffion of fins, to be receiv'd in remembrance of the fame.
This meaning of Christ's words is further shew'd by his faying, This do in Remembrance of me: which being said only in fome of the accounts of his Institution, does no more than ex. plain what is said in all. See the Plain Substance, 36. 33 %.
They that make a nice observation of Tito may see the Greek d. of Gen. 28. 17. Zecb. 5. 2, 3.
Mattb. 7. 12. 7
16, 42. Epb. 1. 13, 14. 2 Thes. 3. 17. 1 Tim. 3. 15.
As to the words i Cor. 10. 16, Tbe Cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? they are not written as the immediate meaning of Christ's Words, This is my body, this is my blood; but for an observation concluded from Chrift's Words.
The Right Remembring Christ's Body broken for us, and his
Blood shed for us to seal the New Testament, is certainly the 1
Communion or partaking of his Body and Blood; as that is the partaking of the Benefits of his Body broken, and Blood shed for us.
But yet the partaking of the benefits of Christ's Body broken, and his Blood Thed for us, is not the first and immediate meaning, either of Christ's Words, my body, my blood; or of St. Paul's words, the communion of the body of Christ, the communion of the blaod of Christ.
What is the first and immediate meaning of Christ's Words, is now before shew'd. And the first and immediate meaning of St. Paul's words will appear by considering the design of them.
These words, The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Cbrif? The bread wbich we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift? I say these words are ufed to prove that those Christians that went to idol feasts, and there did eat of things offer'd in facrifice to the idol, did
joyn with the heathen priest in his offering facrifice to the idol, g and fo were partakers with him of that fin and evil deed. ver.
42, !5, 19, 20, 21.
And for the proving of the same thing it is alledg’d, that they zbicb did eat of the Jews sacrifices, were partakers of the altar :
that is, they were partakers with the Priest of his offering fa=;
crifice upon the altar, they joynd with him in that service.
Therefore that the words, The cup of blefling, &c, may prove what they are design'd to prove the immediate meaning of them
is this, Our blessing and receiving this Sacrament, is our joynf
ing with Christ in his offering the Sacrifice of his Body and Blood, our partaking with him of that Service done to God, by our folemn remembring it before God.
This interpretation naturally proves what is aforesaid of those that went to idol feafts : and it perfectly agrees with the confirmation of the same proof in the next words, For we being many are one bread, &c; that is, by being partakers of that one bread, we hew our selves to be one lump and one company;
And that proves that they which did eat of the sacrifices of idol , feasts, were one lump, and one company with the idolaters ; and so did partake or joyn with them in their idolatry..-,.
So St. Paul's communion of the body and blood of Christ, apfears to be our joyning or partaking with Christ in his offering the Sacrifiee of his Body and Blood. And the one joyning or partaking with Christ in his offering the Sacrifice of his Body and Blood, if we do it as we ought, by rightly remembring his Body broken for us, and his Blood shed for us to seal the New Testament, then it is also our partaking of the Benefits of his Body broken and Blood fhed for us, that is a means whereby we are made partakers of those benefits. See the Plain Suba ftance, &, 35 2. XI. Q. How must this your remembring be?
A. I must stedfastly believe a a Heb. 11, 6, 6 Mark that God will give me that 16. 152
16. Luke 47:
The Gospel to truly repent, the forgiveness b be believed, is remiffi- and grace, and all other mer: on of Sins in Chrift's cies promised c in the New TeName to them that re
stament Seal'd with his Son's pent. And in the remission of fins are con
Death d. tain'd all other mercies. See the Creed. 44 2. ¿ Deut. 30.
Luke 15., 18 to 25. d This faith or believing is faith in his blood or Death, Rom. 3. 25.
Gal. 2. 20. And it is done in all the Prayers, believing that God grants us the mercies we pray for, according to the promises seald with his Son's Blood; particularly in the Prayer at the Receiving the holy Signs. And so we feed on Christ (that is, receive his benefíts) in our hearts by faith. Mark 11. 24. Heb. 11. 6, 11. Sarah received the promised child by belieiving the promise, So ver. 33, they obtained promises by believing them., 2 Chr.
And they that believed not the promises, received not the mercies promised. Heb. 3. 18, 19. Numb. 14. 2, 3, 11, 282 2 Kings 7: 2, 17.
I must give the greatest * In giving his only thanks I can for the Infinite Son to Die for us.
John 4. 10. + In Mercy of God * and Christ + laying down his life in Christ's Dying for us, and for us. i John 3. 16. for all the Benefits which we
e Coll. 1. 12 to 15 receive thereby la Eph. 1. 20. This gi.
I to II.
ving thanks is done in the Thanksgivings after Receiving, particularly in that which begins with Glory be to God on high.
· And I must give up my self f Rom. 5, 7, 8.
to love God and Christ with all 1 Job 3. 16. ch. 4. 10), 19. g Tit. 2. 14. my power, for their most This giving up, our wonderful love f; and to obey selves to love God and with all my power all theit Chrift, and to keep Commands of the New Tetheir Commandments, is done in praying for stament seald with Christ's grace, particularly in Death
g; particularly their the Lord's Prayer. Commands to love one ano
And it is done in these ther, as they have lov'd us b.
This giving up our felves to love one another, is done in praying for others and for all men, as Christ Died for all men; in forgiving those that trespass against us, as Christ Died that he might forgive us ; in liberal giving alms, as Christ gave his Body and Blood; and in making the poor partake of that sober, rejoycing at home (instead of the feasts of charity in the Church, Aets 2. 46. 1 Cor. 11. 20, 66. Jude 12) which ought to be on the days of our joyful remembring our Saviour's Redeeming our bodies, as well as our souls. See what our Blessed Saviour says Luke 14. 13, 14. And in giving thine alms, beware of not paying a due regard to his Infinite Bounty.
XII. Q. How are the Body and Blood of Christ verily and indeed taken and received by the faithful in the Lord's Supper? 9
A. When I remember Because then I do
Christ's Body broken for me, my part of the New Testament seald with and his Blood of the New TeChrift's Body broken, stament shed for me, with the and Blood shed: And Belief, and Thankfulness, and then God is sure to
Obedience that I have said, give me the Benefits promis'd in the same Then I receive the Benefits * of
New Testament seald his Body broken, and Blood
XIII. Q. What are the benefits whereof we are
A. The strengthning and refreshing of our souls by the Body and Blood of Christ, as our bodies are by the bread and wine.
XIV. Q. How are our souls strengthned and "re-
A. 'Our souls are strength-
other mercies obtained by
Christ's Body broken, and
When we continue in our duty, doing our belt endeavour,
XV. Q. How do you receive in the Lord's Sup-
A. I receive what is then to a Continuance and
be receiv'd a. And I receive
the assurance of what is to be