Puslapio vaizdai
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I did obey; and sent my peasant home

For certain ducats: he with none return'd.

Then fairly I bespoke the officer,

To go in person with me to my house.
By the way we met,

My wife, her sister, and a rabble more
of vile confederates; along with them
They brought one Pinch; a hungry lean-fac'd
A mere anatomy, a mountebank,

A thread-bare juggler, and a fortune-teller;
A needy, hollow-ey'd, sharp-looking wretch,
A living dead man this pernicious slave,
Forsooth, took on him as a conjurer;
And, gazing in mine eyes, feeling my pulse,
And with no face, as 'twere, outfacing me,
Cries out, I was possess'd: then altogether
They fell upon me, bound me, bore me thence;
And in a dark and dankish vault at home
There left me and my man, both bound to-

Till gnawing with my teeth my bonds in sunder,
I gain'd my freedom, and immediately
Ran hither to your grace; whom I beseech
To give me ample satisfaction

For these deep shames and great indignities.
Ang. My lord, in truth, thus far I witness with
That he dined not at home, but was lock'd out.
Duke. But had he such a chain of thee, or


Ang. He had, my lord: and when he ran in here,

These people saw the chain about his neck. Mer. Besides, I will be sworn, these ears of mine

Heard you confess you had the chain of him,
After you first foreswore it on the mart,
And, thereupon, I drew my sword on you;
And then you fled into this abbey here,
From whence, I think you are come by miracle.

Ant. E. I never came within these abbey walls.

Nor ever didst thou draw thy sword on me:
I never saw the chain, so help me heaven!
And this is false, you burden me witbal.
Duke. Why, what an intricate impeach is

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That I this day of him receiv'd the chain.


Which, God he knows, I saw not: for the But he, I thank him, gnaw'd in two my cords: Now am I Dromio, and his man, unbound. Ege. I am sure you both of you remember

which, He did arrest me with an officer.

I think you all have drank of Circe's cup.
If here you hous'd him, here be would have

If he were mad, he would not plead so cold-
You say, he dined at home: the goldsmith here
Denies that saying :-Sirrab, what say you!
Dro. F. Sir, he dined with her there, at the
Cour. He did; and from my finger snatch'd
that ring.

Ant. E. 'Tis true, my leige, this ring I bad of her.

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And is not that your bondman Dromio!
Dro. E. Within this hour I was his bondman,


Dro. E. Ourselves we do remember, Sir, by you;

For lately we were bound as you are now.
You are not Pinch's patient, are you, Sir!
Ege. Why look you strange on me; you know

me well.

Ant. E. I never saw you in my life, till


Ege. Oh! grief hath chang'd me, since you saw me last;

And careful hours, with Time's deformed hand, Have written strange defeatures + in my face; But tell me yet, dost thou not know my voice! Ant. E. Neither.

Ege. Dromio, nor thou?

Dro. E. No, trust me, Sir, not I.

Ege. I am sure, thou dost.

Dro. E. Ay, Sir; but I am sure, I do not; and whatsoever a man denies, you are now bound to believe him.

Ege. Not know my voice; O time's extremity! Hast thou so crack'd and splitted my poor


In seven short years, that here my only son
Knows not my feeble key of untun'd cares?
Though now this grained face of mine be bit
In sap consuming winter's drizzled snow,
And all the conduits of my blood froze up;
Yet hath my night of life some memory,
My wasting lamp some fading glimmer left,
My duil deaf ears a little use to hear:
All these old witnesses (I cannot err,)
Tell me, art thou my son Antipbolus.
Ant. E. I never say my father in my life.
Ege. But seven years since, in Syracusa,
Thou know'st, we parted: but perhaps, my son,
Thou sham'st to acknowledge me in misery.
Ant. E. The duke, and all that know me in
the city,

• Confounded.

+ Alteration of features. * Furrowed, Imed.

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These two Antipholuses, these two so like,
And these two Dromios, one in semblance,-
Besides her urging of her wreck at sea,
These are the parents to these children,
Which accidentally are met together.
Antipholus, thou cam'st from Corinth first.

Ant. S. No, Sir, not I; I came from Syracuse.
Duke. Stay, stand apart; I know not which
is which.

Ant. E. I came from Corinth, my most gracious lord.

Dro. E. And I with him.

Ant. E. Brought to this town with that most
famous warrior

Duke Menaphon, your most renowned uncle.
Adr. Which of you two did dine with me
to-day ?

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Ang. That is the chain, Sir, which you had
of me.

Ant. S. I think it be, Sir, I deny it not.
Ant. E. And you, Sir, for this chain arrest-
ed me.

Ant. S. 1, gentle mistress.

Adr. And are you not my husband?
Ant. E. No, I say nay to that.

Ant. S. And so do I, yet did she call me so;
And this fair gentlewoman, her sister here,
Did call me brother :-What I told you then,
I hope I shall have leisure to make good;
If this be not a dream I see and hear.

Ang. I think I did, Sir; I deny it not.

By Dromio; but I think he brought it not.
Adr. I sent you money, Sir, to be your bail,
Dro. E. No, none by me.

Ant. S. This purse of ducats I receiv'd from

And Dromio my man did bring them me
I see, we still did meet each other's man,
And I was ta'en for him, and he for me,
And thereupon these Errors are arose.

Ant. S. These ducats pawn I for my father

Duke. It shall not need, thy father hath his life.

Cour. Sir, I must have that diamond from you. Ant. E. There, take it; and much thanks for my good cheer,

Abb. Renowned duke, vouchsafe to take the pains

To go with us into the abbey here,

And hear at large discoursed all our fortunes:

And all that are assembled in this place,
That by this sympathized one day's error
Have suffer'd wrong, go, keep us company,
And we shall make full satisfaction.-
Twenty-five years have I but gone in travail
Of you, my sons; nor, till this present hour
My heavy burdens are delivered:-

The duke, my husband, and my children both,
And you the calendars of their nativity,
Go to a gossip's feast, and go with me:
After so long grief, such nativity!

Duke. With all my heart, I'll gossip at this


Dro. S. Master, shall I fetch your stuff from shipboard?

Ant. E. Dromio, what stuff of mine hast thou embark'd?

Dro. S. Your goods, that lay at host, Sir, in the Centaur.

Ant. S. He speaks to me; I am your master

Come, go with us: we'll look to that anon:
Embrace thy brother there, rejoice with him.

[Exeunt ANTIPHOLUS S. and E. ADR.
and Luc.

Dro. S. There is a fat friend at your master's

That kitchen'd me for you to-day at dinner;
She now shall be my sister, not my wife.
Dro. E. Methinks, you are my glass, and not
my brother:

I see by you, I am a sweet-fac'd youth.
Will you walk in to see their gossipping?
Dro. S. Not I, Sir; you are my elder.
Dro. E. That's a question: how shall we try

it ?

Dro. S. We will draw cuts for the senior: till then, lead thou first.

Dro. E. Nay, then thus:


We came into the world, like brother and bro

The morning story is what Egeon tells the Duke in And now let's go hand in hand, not one bethe first scene of this play.

fore another.




MALONE ascertains the date of this play by the following singular coincidence of an allusion made by Rosalind with a circumstance recorded by Stowe. "I will weep for nothing, (says Rosalind) like Diana in the Fountan In 1598, at the east side of the cross in Cheapside, was set up (says the latter in his survey of London.) “a curious wrought tabernacle of grey marble, and, in the same, an alabaster image of Diana, and water, comveyed from the Thames, prilling from her naked breast." A trifling novel or pastoral romance, by Dr. Thonst Lodge, called Euphues's Golden Legacy, is the foundation of As you Like it. In addition to the fable, which a pretty exactly followed, the outlines of certain principal personages may be traced in the novel; but the characters of Jaques, Touchstone, and Audrey, originated entirely with the poet. Few plays contain so much instructive sentiment, poignant satire, luxuriant fancy, and amusing incident, as this: it is altogether "wild and pleasing." The philosophic reader will be no less diverted by the sententions shrewdness of Touchstone, than instructed by the elegant and amiable lessons of the moralizing Jaques.---Shakspeare is KETA to have played the part of Adam in As you like it.

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SCENE I.-An Orchard, near OLIVER'S


WILLIAM, & country Fellow in love with

A Person representing Hymen.


Orl. As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed me: By will, but a poor thousand crowns: and, as thou say'st, charged my brother, on his blessing, to breed me well: and there begins my sadness. My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks goldenly of his profit: for my part, he keeps nie rustically at home, or, to speak more properly, stays me here at home unkept: For call you that keeping for a gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stalling of an ox? His horses are bred better; for, besides that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught their manage, and to that end riders dearly hired: but I, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth; for the which his animals on his dunghills are as much bound to him as I. Besides this nothing that he so plentifully gives me, the something that nature gave me his countenance |

ROSALIND, Daughter to the banished Duke.
CELIA, Daughter to Frederick.
PHEBE, a Shepherdess.
AUDREY, a country Wench.

The SCENE lies, first, near Oliver's House; afterwards, partly in the Usurper's Court, and partly in the Forest of Arden.

Lords belonging to the two Dukes; Pages,
Foresters, and other Attendants.

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Orl. Shall I keep your hogs, and eat husks with them? What prodigal portion have I spent, that i should come to such penury?

Oli. Know you where you are, Sir?

Orl. O Sir, very well: here in your orchard.
Oli. Know you before whom, Sir?

Orl. Ay, better than he I am before knows me. I know, you are my eldest brother; and, in the gentle condition of blood, you should so know me: The courtesy of nations allows you my better, in that you are the -born; but be samne tradition takes not away my blood, were there twenty brothers betwixt us: I have as much of my father in me, as you; albeit, I confess, your coming before me is nearer to his


Oli. What, boy! Orl. Come, come, elder brother, you are too young in this.


Oli. Wilt thou lay hands on me, villain? Ort. I am no villain: I am the youngest son of Sir Rowland de Bois; he was my father; and he is thrice a villain, that says, such a father begot villains: Wert thou not my brother, would not take this hand from thy throat, till this other had pulled out thy tongue for saying so; thou hast railed on thyself.

Adam. Sweet masters be patient; for your father's remembrance, be at accord.

Oli. Let me go, I say.

Orl. I will not, till I please: you shall hear me. My father charged you in his will to give me good education: you have trained me like a peasant, obscuring and hiding from me all gentleman-like qualities: the spirit of my father grows strong in me, and I will no longer endure it: therefore allow me such exercises as may become a gentleman, or give me the poor allottery my father left me by testament; with that I will go buy my fortunes.

Oli. And what wilt thou do? beg, when that is spent? Well, Sir, get you in I will not long be troubled with you: you shall have some part of your will: I pray you, leave me. Orl. I will no further offend you than becomes me for my good.

Oli. Get you with him, you old dog. Adam. Is old dog my reward? Most true, I have lost my teeth in your service.-God be with my old master! he would not have spoke such a word. [Exeunt ORLANDO and ADAM. Oli. is it even so? begin you to grow upon me? I will physic your rankness, and yet give no thousand crowns neither. Holla, Dennis!

Cha. Marry, do I, Sir; and I came to ac quaint you with a matter. I am given, Sir, sere-cretly to understand, that 'your younger brother Orlando, hath a disposition to come in disguis'd against me to try a fall: To-morrow, Sir, I wrestle for my credit; and be that escapes me without some broken limb, shall acquit him Iwell. Your brother is but young and tender; and, for your love, I would be loath to foil him, as I must for my own honour, if he come in: therefore, out of my love to you, I came hither Ito acquaint you withal; that either you might stay him from his intendment, or brook such disgrace well as he shall run into; in that it is a thing of his own search, and altogether against my will.

Den. Calls your worship?

Oli. Was not Charles, the Duke's wrestler, here to speak with me?

Den. So please you, he is here at the door, and importunes access to you. Oli. Call him in. [Exit DENNIS.]-Twill be a good way; and to-morrow the wrestling is.


Cha. Good morrow to your worship.
Oli. Good monsieur Charles !-what's the new

news at the new court?

Cha. There's no news at the court, Sir, but the old news: that is, the old duke is banished by his younger brother the new duke; and three or four loving lords have put themselves into voluntary exile with him, whose lands and revenues enrich the new duke; therefore he gives them good leave to wander.

Oli. Can you tell if Rosalind, the duke's daughter, be banished with her father.

Cha. Oh! no; for the duke's daughter, her cousin, so loves her,-being ever from their cradles bred together, that she would have followed her exile, or have died to stay behind

her. She is at the court, and no less beloved of her uncle than his own daughter; and never two ladies loved as they do.

• Villain is used in a double sense; by Oliver for a worthless fellow, and by Orlando for a man of base extraction.

Oli. Where will the old duke live?

Cha. They say, he is already in the forest of Arden, and a many merry men with him; aud there they live like the old Robin Hood of England: they say, many young gentlemen flock to him every day; and fleet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden world.

Oli. What, you wrestle to-morrow before the new duke?

Oli. Charles, I thank thee for thy love to me, which thou shalt find I will most kindly requite.

had myself notice of my brother's purpose herein, and have by underhand means laboured to dissuade him from it; but he is resolute. I'll tell thee, Charles,-it is the stubbornest young fellow of France; full of ambition, an envious emulator of every man's good parts, a secret and villanous contriver against me his natural brother; therefore use thy discretion; I had as lief thou didst break his neck as his finger: And thou wert best look to't! for if thou dost him any slight disgrace, or if he do not mightily grace himself on thee, he will practise against thee by poison, entrap thee by some treacherous device, and never leave thee till he hath ta'en thy life by some indirect means or other for, I assure thee, and almost with tears I speak it, there is not one so young and so villanous this day living. I speak but brotherly of him; but should I anatomize him to thee as he is, I must blush and weep, and thou must look pale and wonder.

Cha. I am heartily glad I came hither to you: If he come to-morrow, I'll give him his payment: If ever he go alone again, I'll never wrestle for prize more: And so, God keep your worship! [Exit. Oli. Farewell, good Charles.-Now will I stir this gamester: I hope, I sball see an end of him; for my soul, yet I know not why, hates nothing more than he. Yet he's gentle; never schooled, and yet learned; full of noble device: of all sorts enchantingly beloved; and, indeed, so much in the heart of the world, and especially of my own people, who best know him, that I am altogether misprised: but it shall not be so long; this wrestler shall clear all: nothing remains, but that I kindle the boy thither, which now I'll go about. [Exit. SCENE II.-A Lawn before the DUKE'S Palace.


Cel. I pray thee, Rosalind, sweet my coz, be merry.

Ros. Dear Celia, I show more mirth than I am mistress of; and would you yet I were merrier? Unless you could teach me to forget a banished father, you must not learn me how to remember any extraordinary pleasure.

Cel. Herein, I see, thou lovest me not with the full weight that I love thee: if my uncle,

Ardenne, a large forest in French Flanders.
+ Frolicksome fellow.
1 Of all ranks.

thy banish'd father, bad banished thy uncle, the duke my tather, so thou hadst been still with me, I could have taught my love to take thy father for mine; so wonld'st thou, if the truth of thy love to me were so righteously tempered as mine is to thee.

Ros. Well, I will forget the condition of my estate, to rejoice in your's.

Cel. You know my father hath no child but I, nor none is like to have; and, truly, when he dies, thou shalt be his heir: for what he hath taken away from thy father perforce, I will render thee again in affection by mine honour, I will; and when I break that oath, let me turn monster; therefore, my sweet Rose, my dear Rose, be merry.

Ros. From henceforth I will, coz, and devise sports: let me see; What think you of falling in love?

Cel. Marry, I pr'ythee, do, to make sport withal but love no man in good earnest: nor no further in sport neither, than with safety of a pure blush thou may'st in honour come off again.

Ros. What shall be our sport then?

Cel. Shall we sit and mock the good housewife, Fortune, from her wheel, that her gifts may henceforth be bestowed equally.

Ros. I would, we could do so; for her benefits are mightily misplaced: and the bountiful blind woman doth most mistake in her gifts to

Cel. My father's love is enough to honour him. Enough! speak no more of him: you'll be whipp'd for taxation, one of these days.

Kos. Nay, now thou goest from fortune's office to nature's: fortune reigns in gifts of the world, not in the lineaments of nature.


Touch. The more pity, that fools may not speak wisely, what wise men do foolishly.

Cel. By my troth, thou say'st true: for since the little wit that fools have was silenced, the little foolery that wise men bave makes a great show. Here comes Monsieur Le Beau.

Cel. No? When nature bath made a fair creature, may she not by fortune fall into the Are?-Though nature hath given us wit to flout at fortune, bath not fortune sent in this fool to cut off the argument?

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Cel. 'Tis true; for those that she makes fair, she scarce makes honest; and those that she makes honest, she makes very ill-favour-if edly.

Le Beau. You amaze me, ladies; I would have told you of good wrestling, which you have lost the sight of.

Cel. Were you made the messenger? Touch. No, by mine honour; but I was bid to come for you.

Ros. Where learned you that oath, fool? Touch. Of a certain knight, that swore by his honour they were good pancakes, and swore by his honour the mustard was naught now, I'll stand to it, the pancakes were naught, and the mustard was good; and yet was not the knight forsworn.

Touch. Nay, if I keep not my rauk,—
Ros. Thou losest thy old smell.

Cel. How prove you that, in the great heap of your knowledge?

Ros. Ay, marry; now uumuzzle your wisdom. Touch. Stand you both forth now: stroke your chins, and swear by your beards that I am a knave.

Ros. Yet tell us the manner of the wrestling. Le Beau. I will tell you the beginning, and it please your ladyships, you may see the end; for the best is yet to do; and here, where you are, they are coming to perform it.

Cel. Well, the beginning, that is dead and buried.

Le Beau. There comes an old man, and his three sons,——

Cel. I could match this beginning with an old tale.

Le Beau. Three proper young men, of extel lent growth and presence ;

Ros. Indeed, there is fortune too hard for nature; when fortune makes nature's natural the cutter off of nature's wit.

with Charles, the duke's wrestler; winch Charles in a moment threw him, and broke three of his ribs, that there is little hope of hie

Cel. Peradventure, this is not fortune's work neither, but nature's; who perceiving our nain him; so he served the second, and so the tural wits too dull to reason of such goddesses, third: Yonder they lie; the poor old mat, hath sent this natural for our whetstone: for their father, making such pitiful dole over always the dulness of a fool is the whetstone them, that all the beholders take his part with of his wits.-How now, wit? whither wander weeping. yon ? Touch. Mistress, you must come away to your father.

Ros. Alas!

Cel. By our beards, if we had them, thou art. Touch. By my knavery if I had it, then I were: but if you swear by that that is not, you are not forsworn: no was the knight, swearing by his honour, for he never had any or if he had, he had sworn it away, before ever he saw those pancakes or that mustard.

Cel. Pr'ythee, who is't thou mean'st?

Touch. One that old Frederick, your father, loves.

Ros. With bills on their necks,-Be it known unto all men by these presents.

Le Beau. The eldest of the three wrestled

Touch. But what is the sport, monsieur, that the ladies have lost?

Le Beau. Why, this that you speak of. Touch. Thus men may grow wiser every day! it is the first time that ever I beard, breaking of ribs was sport for ladies.

Cel. Or I, I promise thee.

Ros. But is there any else longs to see this broken music in his sides? is there yet another dotes upon rib-breaking ?-Shall we see this wrestling, cousin?

Le Beau. You must, if you stay here; for here is the place appointed for the wrestling, and they are ready to perform it.

Cel. Yonder, sure, they are coming: Let now stay and see it.

Flourish. Enter DUKE FREDERICK, Lords,
ORLANDO, CHARLES, and Attendants.
Duke F. Come on; since the youth will t
be entreated, his own peril on his forwardness.
Ros. Is yonder the man?

Le Beau. Even be, madam.

Cel. Alas! he is too young: yet he look: surcessfully.

† Amaze here means to perplex

• Satire. or confuse.

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