Puslapio vaizdai

American Eloquence: a Collection of Speeches and Addresses by the most Eminent Orators of America; with Biographical Sketches and Illustrative Notes. By FRANK MOORE. In two large octavo volumes of about six hundred pages each, and in that faultless style of typography for which the Messrs. Appleton are noted, we have here specimens of the eloquence of about sixty of our country's greatest statesmen. Of these, Massachusetts was the birthplace of about one fourth, and nearly one fifth were Virginians. New York furnishes the next largest number, and then come South Carolina and Pennsylvania. Three of them were born in Scotland, and one, perhaps the most eloquent lawyer of the whole, (Emmet,) first saw the light in Ireland. The selections appear to have been made with good judgment, and there are many forensic and parliamentary speeches which have been hitherto inaccessible to the general reader. The engraved portraits, including those of James Otis, Patrick Henry, Fisher Ames, Hamilton, Governeur Morris, Emmet, Marshall, Pinkney, Clay, Calhoun, Webster, and others, are in the highest style of the art, and greatly enhance the attractiveness of the volumes. Mr. Moore's biographical sketches are brief and satisfactory, and his analytical index at the close is full, and just what all similar works ought to be furnished with, more especially those which are destined, as this is, to occupy a permanent place in the library, and to be used as books of reference.

Books on Mental Philosophy are alike numerous and unsatisfactory. He who thinks for himself is very likely to have crotchets of his own, and therefore to be dissatisfied with the conclusions reached by others. As is well said by Professor HAVEN, in a recently published volume entitled Mental Philosophy, including the Intellect, Sensibilities, and Will, it is much easier to decide what a work on mental science ought to be than to produce such a work. Availing himself of the labors of his predecessors, and giving scope to his own analytical powers, Mr. Haven has produced a volume containing, indeed, some things to which objections more or less plausible may be urged, but which, for the vivacity of its style and the pertinency of its illustrations, will be a favorite text-book for students. What is better than all, the author is evidently conscientious, and those who differ from him will be constrained to award him the praise of ingenuousness and candor.

The Poets of the Nineteenth Century, Selected and Edited by the REV. ROBERT ARIS WILLMOTT, with English and American additions arranged by EVERT A. DUYCKINCK. A beautifully-bound volume in crimson and gold, admirably printed, and illustrated with one hundred and thirty-two wood engravings, some of them in the highest style of the art, from the press of Harper & Brothers. The selections commence with specimens from Beattie, whose Minstrel" appeared in 1771, and embraces most of the English poets of note from that day to the present. Of course they include many of the choicest gems in the language, and of course, again, many others of equal merit are, from the necessity of the case, omitted. Where are the other nine volumes ?" was the question asked

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

by one to whom was submitted a book entitled "The Beauties of Shakspeare." And a similar query arises, necessarily, from an examination of any collection of poetic "Beauties." It is not too much to say, however, that Mr. Willmott has executed his task with taste and good judgment, and his book is greatly enhanced in value by Mr. Duyckinck's selections, not only from the poets of this country, but those of England. It did not enter into the plan of the original compiler to quote from cis-Atlantic poets; but why he should have omitted Thackeray, who has written verses that the world will not willingly let die, and Moir, whose "Casa Wappy" is enshrined in thousands of hearts, and Motherwell, and Caroline Bowles, and Ebenezer Elliott, we cannot tell. They certainly deserved a place full as well as several of those from whom ample selections are here given, and we are obliged to Mr. Duyckinck for affording them a little room in his pages. His selections from our own poets are judiciously made, but why will he persist (he did it also in his "Cyclopedia of American Literature") in foisting a superfluous vowel into the name of our own gifted contributor, Alice Cary?

Historical Tales for young American Protestants belongs to that useful class of books in which instruction and entertainment are happily blended, and of which there cannot be too many. It is a series of short stories, all of which are true, and most of which will have all the charm of novelty for the youthful reader. As the title indicates the narratives are mainly connected with the early struggles and progress of Protestant Christianity, of scenes enacted, trials, sufferings, martyrdoms,

"When miter'd zeal in wild, unholy days Bared his red arm and bade the fagots blaze." It is printed and illustrated with wood engravings for the Sunday School Union by Carlton &


Examination of the Dred Scott Case. By THOMAS H. BENTON. (Appleton & Co.) Mr. Benton confines himself, in his " examination," to that part of the decision of the Supreme Court which declares the unconstitutionality of the Missouri Compromise Act, and the selfextension of the Constitution to the territories, carrying slavery along with it. In assuming to decide these questions, the court, in the judgment of Mr. Benton,

"Committed two great errors: first, in the assumption to try such questions; secondly, in deciding them as they did. And it is certain that the decisions are contrary to the uniform action of all the departments of the government, one of them for thirty-six years, and the other for seventy years; and in their effects upon each are equivalent to an alteration of the Constitution, by inserting new clauses in it, which could not have been put in it at the time that instrument was made, nor at any time since, nor now."

The learned senator goes further, and avows his clear conviction that this attempt to settle a political question by a judicial decision was not only foreigu to the object for which the Supreme Court was established,

"But the undertaking was beyond its competency, both legally and potentially. It had no right to decide; no means to enforce the decision; no machinery to carry it into effect; no penalties of fines or jails to

enforce it; and the event has corresponded with these inabilities Far from settling the question, the opinion itself has become a new question, more virulent than the former! has become the very watchword of parties! has gone into party creeds and platforms, bringing the court itself into the political field, and condemning all future appointments of federal judges, (and the elections of those who make the appointments, and of those who can multiply judges by creating new districts and circuits,) to the test of these decisions."

These points and other questions incidentally arising, historical and political, the exsenator discusses with calmness and logical acumen; and we are very much mistaken if the preparation of this volume of less than two hundred octavo pages is not regarded, in after times, as the crowning glory of a long life devoted with rare fidelity and unflinching honesty of purpose to the service of his country.

The Saint and his Saviour; or, the Progress of the Soul in the Knowledge of Jesus, is the title of a volume from the pen of the celebrated Baptist preacher, the Rev. C. H. SPURGEON. The idea seems to have been taken from Doddridge's "Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul," to which, in many points, the present volume bears a striking resemblance. It is full of pointed practical truth and earnest exhortation. We can scarcely conceive it possible for a sinner to read these pages carefully without resolving to commence a new life. a literary production it is not entitled to a very high rank. It affords ample evidence that the young preacher's wonderful popularity does not arise from scholarly attainments, from polished rhetoric, or faultless style. He is very far from holding the pen of a ready writer. He says in his preface, and we have no doubt of the fact:


"Writing is to me the work of a slave. It is a delight, a joy, a rapture to talk out one's thoughts in words that flash upon the mind at the instant when they are required; but it is poor drudgery to sit still and groan for thoughts and words without succeeding in obtaining them. Well may a man's books be called his works, for, if every mind were constituted as mine, it would be work indeed to produce a quarto volume. Nothing but a sense of duty has impelled me to finish this book, which has been more than two years on hand. Yet have I. at times, so enjoyed the meditation which my writing has induced, that I would not discontinue the labor were it ten times more irksome; and moreover, I have some hopes that it may yet be a pleasure to me to serve God with the pen as well as the lip."

Mr. Spurgeon is deservedly severe upon a class of preachers, fortunately much less numerous now than in former years, but specimens of which are to be found in our own pulpits as well as in those of Great Britain. He says:

tion is to grow in knowledge, and to increase in tender attachment is to be making high proficiency in divine things."

The author has a vivid imagination, and occasionally paints his pictures rather more gaudily than good taste will justify. Take two or three passages from his first chapter:

"At times a forgetful self-complacency bids us exult in the virtue of our lives; but when faithful inemory awakes, how instantly she dispels the illusion? She waves her magic wand, and in the king's palace, frogs arise in multitudes; the pure rivers at her glance become blood; the whole land is creeping with loathsomeness. Where we imagined purity, lo! imperfection ariseth. The snow-wreath of satisfaction melis before the sun of truth; the nectared bowl of gratulation is embittered by sad remembrances; while, under the glass of honesty, the deformities and irreg ularities of a life apparently correct are rendered, alas! too visible."

The italics in the following are his own, and he, doubtless, thought the passage very striking: "Broken Sabbaths start like warrior clansmen from the wild heath of time; they point to the deserted sanctuary, for which they would execute a dread revenge did not the shield of Jesus cover us; for, lo! their bows are stringed with neglected ordinances, and their arrows are despised messages of mercy.”

This might have answered a good purpose from the pulpit, but is rather too glaring for sober type. Once more:

"O sin, what hast thou done? or rather, what bast thou undone! Thou hast not been content to rob humanity of its crown, to drive it from its happy kingdom, to mar its royal garments, and despoil its treas ure; but thou hast done more than this! It sufficed not to degrade and dishonor; thou hast even wounded thy victim; thou hast blinded his eyes, stopped his ears, intoxicated his judgment, and gagged his conscience; yea, the poison of thy venomed shaft hath poured death into the fountain. Thy malice hath pierced the heart of manhood, and thereby hast thou filled his veins with corruption and his bones with depravity. Yea, O monster, thou hast become a murderer, for thou hast made us dead in trespasses and sins!"

But the aim of the author is to do good, and to save souls; and his volume, with all its faults, will attract many readers who would turn away from a more chastened exhibition of saving truth. (Sheldon, Blakeman, & Co., New-York, and Gould & Lincoln, Boston.)

The London Quarterly Review for October and the North British for November are on our table, from the press of L. Scott & Co. They are both more than usually interesting, and we take the opportunity of again referring to the editions of the four principal English reviews and Blackwood's Magazine, issued with great promptness and in an unexceptionable typography by the American publishers. Whatever may be said on the subject of an international copy. right, and however desirable such a law might be, the great mass of readers, whatever may be the case with writers, have no cause to complain, inasmuch as the Messrs. Scott are enabled to furnish them for ten dollars a year with five periodicals, the cost of which in England is more than thrice that sum.

"It has become fashionable to allow the title of 'intellectual preachers' to a class of men whose pas sionless essays are combinations of metaphysical quibbles and heretical doctrines; who are shocked at the man who excites his hearers beyond the freezing-point of insensibility, and are quite elated if they hear that their homily could only be understood by a few. It is, however, no question whether these men deserve their distinctive title; it may be settled as an axiom that falsehood is no intellectual feat, and that unintelligible jargon is no evidence of a cultured mind. There must be in our religion a fair proportion of believing, thinking, understanding, and discerning, but there must be also the preponderating influences of feeling, loving, delighting, and desiring. That religion is worth nothing which has no dwelling in man but his brain. To love much is to be wise; to grow in affec-forcibly depicted. It is well calculated to in

There is an association at Cincinnati entitled "The American Reform Tract and Book Society." They have recently issued a little volume entitled The Child's Book on Slavery, in which the iniquity of the system is plainly and

still into the youthful mind a wholesome abhorrence of the great evil," the "extirpation" of which, ardently as it is desired, must, from present appearances, be the work of the coming generation. But the day will come, and we welcome everything that has a tendency to hasten it.

which several editions have been printed, related more especially to the Southwest, while Dr. Barth's three octavo volumes heretofore noticed in our pages, give us ample information of the Northern and Central divisions. We had the gratification of presenting in THE NATIONAL for last September an admirable full-length likeness of the dauntless missionary, whose exceedingly interesting volume relative to South Africa is now before us. Accompanying that

Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; including a Sketch of sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa. By DAVID LIV-portrait was a sketch, brief but comprehensive, INGSTONE, LL.D., D.C.L., etc. The continent of Africa has, of late, received a large share of attention. The condition and prospects of the western portion were detailed in a very attractive volume by Mr. Wilson, a missionary of the Presbyterian Board. Mr. Andersson's work, of

of his travels and discoveries; but here we have them in detail, from his own pen, in all the luxuriousness of type and paper, and with a profusion of illustrations, from the press of Harper & Brothers. In every respect it is one of the most desirable books of the season.

The Farm and the Flower-Garden.

swine, as demonstrated by the careful experiments of Ellsworth and others, as to be beyond discussion. That steaming or cooking comminuted food hastens fattening is now a wellestablished fact; it assists mastication and di

food. Though we should fail to understand the precise mode by which this important result is obtained, we should none the less avail ourselves of the fact. The economical farmer, therefore, should provide himself with a good mill, straw cutter, and cooking and steaming apparatus. Mott's boiler is one of the best for farm purposes, and may be had of various sizes: we con sider it an indispensable accessory of the farm. A number of contrivances have been suggested for steaming food, some of them complicated and expensive, and others altogether inefficient; but simple and inexpensive steamer may be made of a common kettle with a nozzle, and a tight wooden box that will hold water. The box should have a cover that fits tight, and a faucet in the bottom to draw off the condensed steam. The nozzle of the kettle must be inserted in the box near the bottom, and should, if possible, be provided with a faucet to control the supply of steam, though this is not indispensable. A few inches above the bottom of the box should be placed a false bottom pierced with holes; on this false bottom the food to be steamed is placed; the steam penetrates through the holes to the food, and as it condenses falls to the true bottom, when it can be drawn off by the faucet after the steaming is completed.

COOKING FOOD FOR ANIMALS.-No person who keeps stock, be it more or less, can fail to feel some interest in this important subject; it should command the attention of all. Practical results are more surely and satisfactorily obtained by well-conducted experiments in feed-gestion, and promotes the assimilation of the ing, than by chemical analysis of the food, however valuable the latter may be in the hands of competent men. The aid of science the farmer is slow to acknowledge, whatever benefit he may receive from its investigations: the minds of many are hedged up against its very seeming; but this, we suspect, is owing, in not a few cases, to the pompous and ridiculous manner in which its claims have been presented. That agriculture, however, has received very important services at the hand of science, cannot be doubted; and on the subject of cooking food, few can fail to perceive the advantages to be derived from calling in the aid of the chemist. Our limits will not allow us to do more than note a few general results, and commend the subject to those most interested. There is still some discussion as to what degree the cooking and cutting of food for animals is economical. It would appear that much depends upon the kind of food and the object had in view. The economy of mechanically reducing food by grinding, cutting, rasping, etc., seems to be generally conceded by all who have experimented on the subject; but there is a difference of opinion as to steaming and boiling with out such reduction; and some experiments would seem to indicate that there is no advantage in cooking the food of working animals, such as the horse, but that, on the contrary, it is a disadvantage. The reason of this may perhaps be found in the fact, that to the working animal muscle is more necessary than fat. It may be stated in general terms, as the result of present knowledge, that the mechanical reduction of the food of all animals is an advantage sufficiently great to make it an important item of economy. It may also be stated, that the mechanical reduction and steaming or cooking of food for fattening animals is a very great advantage; so much so in the case of

The subject of comminuting and steaming or cooking food is of much importance, and we commend it to the attention of our readers. We are convinced of its positive economy in the particulars and in the manner above described, and would no more think of neglecting thus to prepare food for stock, than we would of neglecting to prepare the ground for the reception of seed.

MICE AND BORERS.-We lately saw an article recommending gas tar as a preventive of the ravages of mice in gnawing fruit trees. We

have some reason to know that the same remedy is quite effectual against the borer. The tar is to be applied with a brush around the trunk of the tree just above and below the ground; it should be of the consistency of common paint. A remedy so simple is readily applied, and will not injure the tree: we should be glad to see it thoroughly tested. The virtue of the remedy, we suspect, consists in its pungent, offensive smell. Where the borer has already penetrated the bark, the gas tar may not, perhaps, in all cases arrest his progress; but we believe it will prove effectual in keeping him out whenever applied to sound trees: in other words, it is rather a preventive than a cure. The reader, therefore, will do well to remember the adage about "shutting the stable door before the horse is stolen."

PEARS. It is surprising how little attention has been given to the cultivation of choice pears by the great mass of the farming community. There are comparatively few who grow the pear extensively and in variety, and those few are mainly composed of amateurs, to whom the horticultural world is greatly indebted for the pains they have taken in testing and classifying the many hundreds of varieties now found in the catalogues. The general fruit grower is thus enabled to select at once a list of the very best kinds, without the trouble and expense of testing them for a series of years, which would otherwise be necessary to enable him to judge between the good and the bad. As to the profit of pear growing, our own convictions are most decided; we mean now choice kinds, which will always command a good price, and which are as easily cultivated as those which are worthless. When we speak of cultivation we use the term in its proper signification: "to let a thing take care of itself" forms no part of its definition. We doubt whether neglected and uncared-for fruit trees of any kind ever "pay" well.

We consider a good sandy loam the best of all soils for the pear; it will adapt itself, however, to a variety of soils. But whatever the nature of the soil, it should be perfectly dry, or free from standing water. If not naturally so, it should be thoroughly underdrained, more especially if it be a heavy clay. We consider this indispensable for the health of the tree and the perfection of the fruit. In making an orchard, it is a good plan to plow the ground and subsoil it before planting the trees. The holes should not be less than four feet in diameter, and dug out to the depth of two spades. The soil and subsoil thus taken out should be composted with manure and muck: this involves some labor, but time will show it to have been labor well bestowed. Trees are often planted too deep, and their future health in consequence injured. If set about the same depth at which they stood in the nursery, the settling of the soil will bring them about right.

The roots should be carefully spread out, and all the interstices filled up with fine soil. If any of the roots have been injured, they should be removed by a clean cut. As to the best age for transplanting, we prefer, if standards, trees from two to four years old, and we should hesitate about recommending any beyond the

latter age. Older trees may be successfully transplanted, and grow thriftily, but more skill and care is required than with young trees: the latter ultimately give the most satisfaction and the largest returns. Pruning and subsequent treatment we shall recur to hereafter.

To aid the reader in making a selection, we append the following list of choice and approved varieties for general cultivation. We have given them all a fair trial, and can therefore add our personal commendation to the approval of the best cultivators. The list could be enlarged by the addition of others equally good, but for the present we confine it to twenty five kinds: Seckel, Bartlett, Bloodgood, Dearborn's Seedling, Beurré Giffart, Rostizer, Lawrence, Oswego Beurré, White Doyenné, Fulton, Sheldon, Duchesse d'Angoulême, (on quince only,) Beurré Gris. d'Hiver Nouveau, Beurré Diel, Flemish Beauty, Fondante d'Automne, Winter Nelis, Glout Morceau, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Thompson, Stevens's Genesee, Beurré Langlier, Beurré Clairgeau, Beurré Bosc, Easter Beurré.

In the above list there are some kinds that are well adapted to the quince stock, having been thoroughly tested in this way; and among the best of these we would mention, Duchesse d'Angoulême, Bartlett, Oswego Beurré, Fondante d'Automne, Dearborn's Seedling, Beurré Giffart, Sheldon, Rostizer, Beurré Diel, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Glout Morceau, Lawrence. Some of the above will bear the first year from the nursery, but the fruit should be broken off; the tree will otherwise be weakened and short lived. Others will not bear till they have been established two or three years. If the future welfare of the tree is consulted, it will not be allowed to bear much till it is well furnished with wood. Dwarf pears on quince stock are interesting objects, bear early and well, and should find a place in every garden, for which they are admirably adapted.


opinions relative to the worth of the Sorghum as a substitute for sugar. Of those who have tried it some speak in the most flattering terms. An officer of the Agricultural Bureau at Washington says that out of several thousand reports, not one shows a failure. On the other hand, there are those who denounce it as little better than a humbug, and a writer in the Rural New Yorker is decidedly severe in relating his experience. As we have heretofore given the favorable view of the subject, we quote the material portion of his letter:

"Raising cane (Cain) is a familiar term for most kinds of iniquity and wrong. How often in our juven Quit raising Cain. Now, sir, if I (and many others) ile delinquencies have we heard the parental command, had continued to heed this parental injunction we should have been much better off. The fact is, I wanted to be humbugged just a little, and so concluded to raise cane.' I have done so, and gone the whole figure, mill and all, and believe I can now reckon out the whole sum and arrive at a correct conclusion. It is this it will not and cannot be made to pay in this latitude.

"Let us see how the account stands. The rent of land that is fit to grow cain upon, is worth twelve dollars per acre. It will cost twice as much to tend it as it would corn, and after being grown, then is the time your labor just begins. Just imagine yourself (with the thermometer at or about the freezing point, with

rain half of the time) taking up, singly, twelve thousand to thirteen thousand stalks twelve feet long, (about the product of an acre,) and picking off the leaves and cutting off the tops, running it through the mill, five or six stalks at a time, and see the juice come out as green as a froy pond; yes, sir, as green as the man that quits other work to raise cane.

"Now for the boiling. This is a disagreeable, odorous operation, the worst part of all, and takes about half as long as it would to make sugar from maple sap. Next, the product. I have it manufactured in several ways; it is nothing but good boiled sweet apple cider, and never will be anything else; there is no more grain to it than there is to tar. The product per acre is enough, I admit, to satisfy any reasonable man, if it was good for anything. It cannot be used for anything where boiled sweet cider would not be as good.

All kinds of cake turn black when sweetened with it."

A map of busy life,

Its fluctuations and its vast concerns.-CoWPER.

Peninsular notices the arrival of several fine
hounds that are to be immediately put in service,
and accompany Captain Kendrick's next expe-
dition... Iranistan, the seat of P. T. Barnum,
the great successful and unsuccessful showman,
was burned in December by incendiaries. He
was about re-occupying it, and renewing his
former glories, when this fire took place.
Last month a terrible steamboat burning took
place on the Red River, Arkansas. The boat
Colonel Edwards was totally destroyed, and not
less than twenty persons perished with her.
Over a thousand bales of cotton and a large
number of cattle were destroyed.

[ocr errors]



The Minnesota has been found a good sailer, but her engines have performed badly.. Thomas Crawford, the celebrated sculptor, was born in this city in 1813. He died in London, October 10, 1857. His remains were brought here and interred in Greenwood Cemetery, where his friends intend to erect a monument to his mem Funeral services on occasion of the death of Mrs. Ann Wilkins, for many years a missionary teacher in Africa, were held in this city on the 14th of December. She was a faithful laborer in the Lord's vineyard, and her memory is precious.


Slavery clause was rejected at the election recently held in the Territory of Oregon to approve the Constitution. The majority was a large one against it. The Slavery clause was adopted in Kansas at the election held on the 21st of December, the Free-State men not voting.... Isaac Buchanan, the candidate for Parliament from Hamilton, Canada, who raised so much persecution by hinting that the American form of The Thirty-Fifth Congress was inaugurated at government was the best one for Canada, has Washington on the 7th of December. The been elected, distancing all his competitors. weather was beautiful, and the Capitol was There is much rejoicing over the result among thronged with spectators, including the whole his backers. . . Suspension of specie paydiplomatic corps. The President's Message was ments has been legalized by acts just passed by read in both houses on the 8th, and on the fol- the Legislatures of Georgia, South Carolina, lowing day Senator Douglas made a very able and Alabama.. Messrs. Appleton, of this speech in opposition to the Kansas Lecompton city, have donated eight hundred volumes of Constitution, fairly opening the political ball. books to the Prisoner's Library at Sing Sing, In his Message, the President, in treating of the through Hon. William Jay Haskett. commercial crisis, directs the attention of legis- William B. Reed, United States Minister to lators, and those who elect them, to the import- China, reached the Cape of Good Hope on board ance of placing our currency on the soundest the steam frigate Minnesota, on the 7th of Seppossible basis. The Federal government, how-tember, and would go on to China immediately. ever, can do but little to prevent a recurrence of existing evils, and we must look to wiser legislation on the part of the several states, and to a wiser policy among our business men, for greater security against inflated credits and the disastrous reactions which follow periods of reckless speculation. The President takes decided ground in favor of a uniform bankrupt law, applicable to all banking institutions throughout the United States; and he believes that Congress has the power to pass such a law. The true remedies are, first, a sound currency; and second, the limitation of credits in trade.. On the 25th of November General Walker, with less than four hundred men, successfully landed at Punta Arenas. The United States sloop-of-war Saratoga was in harbor at the time, but she made no attempt to interfere with the fillibusters. The party were taken to Nicaragua in the steamer Fashion. Walker surrendered in December, with his entire force, to a detachment of United States marines, sent on shore by Commodore Paulding, who permitted him to go at large, upon his promise to proceed at once to New York and place himself in custody of the United States authorities. Walker arrived in the Northern Light. Previous to his capture he had sent Anderson, with a small force, to Fort Castillo, which he had occupied. He had also seized four steamboats, which were returned to the Transit Company by the commodore. On the 20th of December, at Dr. Macauley's Church, Fifth Avenue, New York, Ex-Chancellor James M. Mathews, for fifty years a minister of the Gospel in this city, preached his semi-centennial sermon, in which he noted the changes which had occurred within his recollection in politics, religion, and civilization throughout the world. His reminiscences of New York in the olden time were listened to with great interest, as was the rest of his sermon, by a congregation which filled the Church. Bloodhounds are again to be used against the Florida Indians. The Florida

[ocr errors]

The long-contested Parish Will Case was decided by Surrogate Bradford in December last. The decision is virtually in favor of the contestants, the brother and two sisters of the decedent. Mrs. Par ish will have nearly a million of dollars, and the costs are to be paid out of the estate. . . . Colonel Sumner's trial, for events occurring under his command in Kansas, last season, has been concluded at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, by a sentence of four months' suspension and a reprimand by the commander-in-chief. The finding was simply on the ground of harshness and want of consideration, and nothing affecting his character as a gentleman. Lieutenant-General Scott has confirmed the finding of the court, but remitted the penalty. It is understood that Colonel Sumner will at once bring charges against General Harney, president of the court-martial, and Assistant Adjutant-General Deas, from whom the charges against him emanated; and a courtmartial will be probably convened for their trial. . . . The new Canadian Ministry, about which so many jokes have been cracked, as composed of eleven lawyers and an auctioneer, has already dissolved; having been composed, it is said, of a heterogeneous mass, without any bond of union. A general election is anticipated.

The Intelligence from the Utah expedition is of a most painful and troublesome character. Six hundred cattle had been run off by the Mormons,

« AnkstesnisTęsti »