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“Indeed, indeed!" I was sure it was affected surprise- "Out of Ross's power!" he repeated, with savage triumph. mere play. " Then I hope you are well charged and primed “But he's not out of mine! By heavens, I'll crush him! with explanations. There is much that ought to be, and, IWhat wanton barbarity, what cold-blooded murder, to use me trust, admits of, being explained.”

in this way, and my poor brother dead ! But go on, Miss Bland, “Yes, sir, there is."


have much to explain." “Well, I wait."

“Well, having been led to believe your brother was dead, You had a younger brother, Mr. Brown, hadn't you ?" aud surmising that I knew something of Ross, I went direct to ** Yes."

his lodgings, and charged him with what you call his wanton “Wbo was guilty of forgery ?”

barbarity. Allow me, Mr. Brown, to observe here, that Steele, He didn't answer, so I turned my gaze from the fire to his and not Ross, is his real name.” Mr. Brown started, as if the face. It was charged with black astonishment.

remark had punctured him. “ I was impressed with this con“If you wish it, Mr. Brown, I'll stop."

viction, the moment I caught a glimpse of his face. I found "Go on," he said, waiving away my proposal, “only allow him high and huffy at first. But knew I could bring him me to say that you are extorting, not giving information." down from his lofty perch to a humbler bough. And I did.

“I am seeking to verify what I've learnt. If what I have He was soon willing to abandon his designs with reference to heard be not true, what I havə to offer in explanation is worth-Miss Brown, and even to quit the country with Littleton, it I less. Mr. Ross has had this brother in his own custody some- would supply him with money, I had not enough, so, as you where in London, screening him from the law, hasn't he ?" h now, I borrowed.” " Yes."

“What !” he bawled out in quite a fury. “Have you en" And hasn't be demanded as a recompense that you should abled my enemy to escape by means of my own money? Have compel Miss Brown to marry this Littleton ?''

you~" " Yes."

“Not so fast, Mr. Brown. Be cool. Do." " With what aim ?"

"Cool! How can I ? You have deceived me, Miss Bland. “I suspect.”

And what was that ugly figure with you at the wicket? Was "I more than suspect, Mr. Brown ; I know, for I've had it he mixed up with this crafty plot ? Was he-" from his own lips. Won't Miss Brown be entitled to a hand- "Be sparing of your charges and epithets, sir," I said with some fortune soon ?"

grave earnestness. “You'll only have the more to repent of.”' "Of course."

I was warm, for I thought him hasty-unreasonable. But wasn't " Then with that Ross meant to replenish himself, and go I unreasonable in supposing it possible for him to receive my abroad."

explanations and statements calmly? “That ugly figure was “I've guessed that to be the villain's mark.”

Ross-Steele-your enemy, murderer. And now, Mr. Brown," Then you were threatened, were you not, in case you I rose, placed my hand on his arm, and looked up into his face. should refuse to consent to this marriage, with the exposure of He halted suddenly, and listened attentively. “You think, your brother's crime, and the vengeance upon him of the law ?" insinuate, say, that I've served you unfaith fully. That I've

Mr. Brown couldn't sit still ; my question cut right to the deceived you. I've deprived your vengeance of the object on quick.

which it fumes to spend its rage. I've belped him to escape "Bertha," he replied, pushing away his chair, and beginning you by means of your own money, which by faithful service I to stride about, “it is truc-all true. That brother I love, for intended to repay. I admit all this ; confess it, without a him I would die! In an evil hour he yielded to a fearful blush, without a pang. More I'm prepared to confess. Hear temptation, and is ruined. O God, shield him! He was the me, I've been closeted with him who sought your daughter's Benjamin of our family, and was loved by all. Handsome, fortune, rather than her welfare. At the gate I allowed his affectionate, modest, and I cannot but think upright, be was a perfidious lips to kiss me, his arms strong for mischief to enbrother of whom I was proud. Mr. Ross knew of this forgery circle me, his blood-stained hands to grasp and hold those that -I can't help thinking was mixed up with it; they sent for now cling to you, as clings the sinking seaman to a rock. I'm me to London, where they were both hiding, to ask what was faulty. I confess it. A weak woman, with a loving, trusting, to be done. Ross being an old neighbor and acquaintance, it hoping heart, that shrinks from revenge. Forgive, Mr. Brown; was agreed that be should keep him concealed awhile, at least, your brother was not faultless. Pardon the allusion. Yet to and that I should pay a heavy price for his connivance. Ross's him you extended charity ; made allowance for temptation. wife died-she was the widow, when he married her, of a Mr. You say, he was my brother. True he was. Then pardon me Littleton--and he somehow became poor ; then he came to for being indulgent to Edward Steele ; for screening him ; for Grassland, and demanded Bella for his son's wife. To obtain furnishing him with wings with which to fly to India, for her has been the aim of his lodging here and visiting me, of his Edward Steele is my own erring brother !" deep plots and cruel persecutions. I can't consent to it-how Twenty minutes at least elapsed, before another word was can I? You know, Miss Bland, that my daughter is an inno- spoken. Mr. Brown had pressed me wildly to his heart. I cent

had yielded, feeling powerless as a swooning invalid. The The poor distracted father here broke down. His utterance deep fountain of pent-up emotion gushed forth its torrents of was choked by a rush of feeling, bitter, apparently, as gall. I tears and sobs ; yet I was not unconscious of a strange, dreamy was much moved, so I observed earnestly :

bliss, that flitted on the face of the dark waters-the tinge and “ Nor is there any need for you to consent now, Mr. Brown, sheen, the silvery ripple and feathery spray, of the turbid so don't distress yourself in that way." "What mean you?'' he asked, uncovering a woeful counte- " Then you are Margaret ?" he observed softly, putting back

my dishevelled hair, and looking fondly into my face. Why, this—that the sword which hung over your head, Yes, Mr. Brown. Margaret Steele." and which Ross cruelly threatened to bring down with such “What a romance is this? Your brother and I often spoke sharp vengeance, has melted into thin air."

of you. He thought you were in Bristol, or somewhere about “Woman!" he exclaimed wildly, staring at me through there, in a school. I knew your father and mother very well." a gathering cloud of bewilderment, “what do you mean ?'' “Indeed," I replied languidly.

“Now be calm, Mr. Brown. Be yourself, and I'll enlighten For long hours we chatted ; reconciled, loving, not even unand comfort you. Your brother is dead! This I learnt quite happy. No allusion was made to the conditions once laid down. accidentally from a silly love-letter written to me by that our hearts had come, somehow, to understand each other withLittleton. The event took place, I've since ascertained, before out words. In that hot furnace they were welded into one; bad Ross came to reside, or lodge here ; he died peacefully and hap- henceforward the same hopes and fears, cares and joys. pily, of a sort of decline, I've been told. Hence you are now In a few weeks Mr. Brown recovered the shock consequent on out of Ross's power.”

these disclosures. All was forgiven. We were married ; heard He was still as death, and looked at me with a pair of eyes from, and wrote to, Edward ; and at Christmas went up to Lonthat glittered like glass balls. I feared he was in a fit. To my don, to make inquiries respecting the last end and remains of relief he spake, his words breathing an impotent revenge. my husband's brother.




We bad but one heavy care ; but one source of deep solici- | esculent and the poisonous. In the latter class the egg mushtude, and that was Bella. She was loving as ever, but not less room is specially prominent, being not only poisonous but pereccentric. We sorrowed the more, because the following spring fectly abominable in odor. The Linnean name for the species of we discovered symptoms of rapidly failing health ; for though fungi to which the mushroom belongs is the Crypto jamic. Bella was a care in the house, she was not a cross. She pined and sighed for her mother, whose grave we often visited together, and for “ bright, beautiful Canaan.” Often would she

LOGAN STONES. constrain me to walk with her, and note, and talk about, cloud and stars and moon and sky and Canaan. At length the THESE stones, which are so equally poised upon their basis that change came; the end arrived. One morning we missed her. the motion of the wind sets them rocking, were so called on We hastened to her room, then the library, then the chamber, account of their being discovered on the estate of Å Scotch where we found ber stretched on her mother's bed, so still, so chiettain named Logan, in the northern part of Scotland. Our cold, so beautiful! The body was with ns. The spirit had fled. illustration represents the scene in question. In the course of Poor Mr. Brown! It was a wail of grief, without any affecta- time the word has been corrupted into Logging, which is a comtion of sorrow, in which you sought relief

, when you listed mon expression in the north of England for swaying to and that fragile form in your arms, kissed those clay-cold lips, and fro. Some of those venerable twaddlers called antiquarians felt the icy truth with all its woe on your heart, that your Bella have endeavored to prove that these curious anomalies in nature was dead! We laid her in her mother's grave, and often in were the work of the Druids ; but of course this hypothesis is summer days we sat in that quiet churchyard, beside that hal. founded on the merest and vaguest speculations. To contralowed dnst, and talked of Bella, and her “ bright, beautiful dict this theory, it is only necessary to remark, that there are Canaan."

several of these oscillating stones in different parts of the world Readers of these pages there may be, in whose minds this -some in Asia, and others in Europe, where the Druidical renarrative will awaken dreamlike recollections. They'll remem-ligion or barbarism most certainly was never practised. Among ber, that in their native town, in the north of Yorkshire, forty the fables connected with this freak of nature are—that no years ago a small, agricultural village, there resided a family amount of human strength can move them, while the wbisper that owned a daughter like Bella ; how that she fretted and of the zephyr can make them rock, and that musical sounds pined for her mother and heaven ; how that her father married come from them at sunrise and midnight. the governess of his children ; how that two strangers lodged Brande, in his Geology, says that there is a tendency in every in the village ; how that suddenly they disappeared, and how square thing to become round, either by the action of water or that this eccentric daughter gradually melted into the grave. | air, and be therefore concludes that the most celebrated of these If so, they remember some of the incidents, and wiil, perhaps, | Logan or Logging stones, called the Cheesewring, near Liskeard, be further able to remember the writer of this “Widow's consisting of five blocks, the upper ones being larger than the Story."

lower, aud resembling a head upon shoulders, the neck being the axis, were formerly worn away by some rushing stream

long since dried up. THE EGG MUSHROOM.



Tøis is one of the numerous family of fungi, the most rapid of

LONG-TAILED TIMOUSE AND ITS NEST. all natural plants, since they spring up in an incredibly short space of time. White, in one of his entertaining studies of the long-tailed tit, or as it was called by the Latins, caudatus nature, declares that, going out with a lantern to look for a silver buckle he had dropped in bis meadow, he was startled (tailed), is a well known species of the numerous family of the

titmouses. while peering on the grond by sowetbing springing up out of does not frequent human habitations during the winter, but

Unlike the other members of the tit family, it the ground; a seeond glance showed him that the oluject of his terror was a mushroom. As every one conversant with good vranches of hedgerows and field trees. In the summer they are

may be seen in great numbers twisting and creeping about the living is aware of, mushrooms are divided into two classes--the quite as bola and sociable as their relatives, and are especially

fond of apple trees for the sake of the diseased buds, which they devour with great relish Their affection for this tree often excites the vengeance of the ignorant gardener, who, not aware that their visit is a benefit to the tree, fires at them while they are enjoying their banquet, and whether he hits the feathery thief or not, invariably damages the tree to a greater extent than all the tits in the neighborhood could inflict. The beautiful and elaborate nest which the long-tailed tit constructs is its chief claim to our notice, and there are few things more calculated to arouse the reflective mind of man than the examination of one of these triumpbs of instinctive mechanism. In shape it is oval, and entirely closed, with the exception of ove small hole at the side, just large enough to admit the bird. The exterior of the nest is usually covered with lichens, and is invariably lined with a thick layer of soft feathers and moss. In this warm and commodious habitation the affectionate mate of the long-tailed tomtit generally lays from ten to fourteen eggs, which are small, being about the size of hazel nuts, and very delicately spotted. The entire length of the bird is about five inches and a half. We need hardly add that this interesting little bird is well known to every one who remembers the nursery legends of our childhood.


As a proof of the valuable services rendered by swallows, it is estimated that one of these birds will destroy nine hundred insects per day; and when it is considered that some insects produce as many as nine generations in a summer, the state of the air, but for these birds, may be readily conceived. One kind of insect alone might prcduce 560,970,489,000,000,000 of its race in a single year.





Our visions grow in marble everywhere -
In place, and out of place-in snowy air
Light draped they glance around in quiet pride,
Or else beneath the sun's imperious glare
They stand like handmaids waiting for the bride-
Oh, sool! be marbie to sleek Fortone's stings ! -
A sycophant who waits on gilded kings,
But scowls at merit with its icy stare.


Oh! that I could, like to a sculptor grand,
Take up the future in my plastic band,
And mould it into shape-that I might place
My soul upon a pedestal, ani face
The storm or stern indifference of fate-
Waiting for snow and hail, and blindiog rain
To pass away, till skies be fair again.
Then would I wait till the mysterious breeze
Charged, as it ever is, with melodies
Which come and go, and wander, hour by bour,
Cresting the wave, and flattering the flower,
Shrieking and whispering, moaning now, and then
Dying away in silence, like to men
Whose grief and passion have o'erspent their strength,
Till a deep slumber seals their woes at leng:h.


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The wind has heard my wish—it lies as still
As a sweet thought that waits upon my will-
And here I call upon it in my woe,
Immortal breeze arouse ! my thoughts ye know!
Breeze ! brisk breeze! that movest with the morn!
B-eeze ! lithe breeze! tbat creepest through the corn!

Breeze! O breeze! that faonest the forlorn!

Oh, linger by the lattice of sweet Blanche of mine!
Breeze! coy breeze ! that loiterest for noon!
Breeze ! true breeze! that hast a tryst with June !

Mr. W. H. Russell, of the firm of Russell, Major and Waddel, Breeze ! kind bresze! I beg of thee a boon!

extensive government contractors for the conveyance of stores Oh, peep in through the lattice of poor Blanche of mine ! overland to the States on the west side of the Rocky Mountains, Breeze ! fleet breeze! that goest with the day!

having observed the daily-increasing importance of a more Breeze! dear breeze! that hastenest away!

rapid means of communication than then existed, hit upon the Breeze ! breeze! breeze! I beg of thee to stay,

exceedingly bold idea of running a pony express from the MisAnd touch the propped-op pillow of pale Blanche of mine !

Bouri river to the Pacific ocean, carrying a letter in thirteen days

from New York, or any other part of the States, to San FranBreeze! night breeze ! that wailest on the wold !

cisco. Those who knew the country through which the express Breeze ! lost breeze! that wanderest in the cold !

must pass shook their heads, and said it would never do ; the Breeze ! dread breeze! oh, fit not by the mould

route was far north, the winter severe, the roads impassable, Which shelters what is left me of lost Blanche of mine!

the snow lying often fifteen feet deep on the ground. It then took one hundred and fifteen days to make a quick passage be

tween New York and San Francisco. CALIFORNIA PONY EXPRESS.

Mr. Russell was not the man to set aside a plan he had made

up his mind he could carry out by any multiplication of diffiThe great importance of maintaining a rapid communication culties ; be therefore prepared to make the attempt. First he between the States of the American Union, situated on the built stations all along the route, and stocked them well and Atlantic and Pacific seaboards, has long been felt, and numer- plentifully, then engaged a corps of fearless and trustworthy ous projects for connecting them by railways have been con- riders, and purchased about six hundred horses, the very best tinually before Congress, but to the present time scarcely that money could procure. Having done all this and a great anything has been done either towards the railway or tele- deal more that was necessary, on April 9, 1860, two ponies graph. Between the Missourf river and California—a distance started simultaneously, one from San Francisco, and the other of two thousand miles—there exists a huge wilderness of from St. Joseph, on the Missouri ; and, although the season prairies, arid plains, mountains, forests, and two huge mountain was most unfavorable, the mud being in some places two or chains-the Rocky and the Cascade Ranges.

three feet deep, yet the entire distance, one thousand nipe hunThrough the whole of this must an Atlantic and Pacific rail- dred miles, was run in seven days and a half, carrying desway be carried when it is made, if it be made through United patches from New York and San Francisco. This performance States' territory. The railway works were extraordinary in is the more remarkable, because the early part of April is conperforating and climbing the Alleghrnies. Railways are now sidered the very worst seasou of the year. The snows on the being made through the mountains in India, and in other mountains are deep, and on the plains the rivers are swollen places where tremendous obstacles have to be overcome, yet oa and filled with floating ice. Old moun'ainers consider April as none of the lines made or being made do such formida )le bar- bad as any winter munth on the mountaius, and worse on the riers exist as are found between the Atlantic and Pacific States plains. of the American Union. The present unhappy state of affairs The pony express, being “un fait accompli," continued to —the waste of war -is drainin; the national exchequer dry, run regularly with letters once a week from each and, travelling and deferring to a distant date the completion of the most im- invariably to a time schedule, until the month of June, when a portaut work the United States' government has had in band source of trouble appeared which had long given cause for since the Declaration of Independence - the biuding their east:rn anxiety. The wild Indians of the western plains began to and western territory together with a band of iron.

meddle with the express, and shot dead from his horse one of

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the couriers. His body was found a few days after, stripped of shirt, a rowdy hat, and a long, light blue greatcoat, with a little everything; but the bag of letters remained beside him un-cape, and plenty of brass buttons. This young man had ridden touched. The horse and the firearms are what the Indians on one occasion two hundred miles in twenty-four hours withwant, and they wisely consider that meddling with the letters out rest or food, except such as he could get on the pony's would only unnecessarily irritate Uncle Sam without doing back. The rider usually rides fifty miles, using two ponies, them any good.

who run twenty-five miles each. The dangerous grourd extended about three hundred and

The pony express does not pay the running expenses directly, fifty miles from Salt Lake, in Utah territory, west to Carson but the company continue it nevertheless, allowing a little exCity. In this district the interruptions became so incessant, | tra time during the winter. that it was considered necessary to “haul off the popy" from that particular section of the route. On the other portions the express continued to run, delivering its letters at Salt Lake and Carson City, where they accumulated, waiting the first favora

NOTES ON THE HANGMAN. ble opportunity to push through with safety. Those únacquainted with the country west of the Rocky

(From Notes and Queries.") Mountains can scarcely appreciate the difficulty and danger attending a journey through it. For hundreds of miles it is a The earliest hangman whose name has descended to us, as far long dreary waste, inbabited only by bands of warlike Indians, as I can trace, is one Bull, who is mentioned in his public who prowl about robbing and killing as they choose, and dotted. capacity in the year 1593. at every fifteen miles of distance with the stations of the pony Ball was succeeded by the more celebrated Derrick, whe express, in charge of two or three persons. Occasionally its appears to have been a “prime villain,” and well adapted for monotony is broken by the passage of a train of emigrant wag- his odious occupation. Derrick cut off the head of the unforgons bound west to California or Oregon. Night and day, tunate Earl of Essex in the year 1601. This circumstance is heedless of the weather or attacks of the redskins, the pony the more remarkable, because Derrick, on one occasion, had his courier dasbes along, at the rate of twelve miles an hour, his own life saved by the interposition of the earl. Both these revolver in his belt, bis hand on the trigger of his rifle, his eye facts are stated in a ballad of the time. It seems that Derrick, watching intently for redskins, so that he may have the first had accompanied the Earl of Essex in the well-known expedishot. Under him, on the saddle, is the bag of letters so tion to Cadiz, and had there hanged no fewer than twenty-three anxiously looked forward to in New York, for they tell im- prisoners ; but that, having himself committed a gross outrage portant things—how ships have sailed for Europe laden with on a woman, he would have been hanged in his turn, had not California gold, of terrible wrecks and losses, or of rising Essex interfered to save him. In the ballad in question, the markets and great gains, or perhaps how the votes have counted earl, on the scaffold, thus addresses his executioner: that decide the destiny of States.

Derrick, thou know'st at Cales I say'd Not only to America is this bold and solitary rider's leather

Thy life, lost for a deed ibere done; saddle bag of interest, but on to Europe will electricity and

Where thou thyself canst testify steam send many a long-looked-for message which it contains ;

Thine own hand three-and-twenty hung. and the merchant on many a 'change in the Old World will tell of news he has received so soon from the farthest shores of the who seems early to have been his pupil and the assistant of his

Derrick was succeeded by the notorious Gregory Brandon, Pacific. He little knows, and less cares, for the hairbreadth dangers run by this lonely courier of the plains and mountains. declining years. Gregory did not retain his post of chief exeAltogether, the Pony Express Company

have lost six men killed of Charles I. Among the Civil War Tracts in the British

cutioner long. 'He was succeeded by his son Richard, the butcher by the Indians. They, however, provide liberally for the wives Museum there are three relating to this man. One is entitled, and families, if there be any. It is a remarkable fact that they have as yet lost only one mail

, Deathbed), concerning his Beheading his late Majesty. Printed

“ The Confession of Richard Brandon, the Hangman (upon his and this one was lost inder peculiar circumstances. The letters are inclosed in two leather bags, whică are slung across

in the Year of the Hangman's Downfall, 1649.” Another is the pony's back, and are kept in their place by the rider sitting entitled, “The Last Will and Testament of Richard Brandon,” on them, so that in case of anything happening to him, the printed in the same year. The third is “ A Dialogue or Disbags fall off, and are recovered, though the pony scamper off pute between the late Hangman and Death,” in verse, without

In the case alluded to the rider had, against demned by the law to be hanged for having two wives, and by and be. lost.

date. Richard Brandon is stated to have been “twice conspecial instructions, fastened the bags to the saddle. On a dark night in July, 18€0, the express, bound east, on crossing the

the mercy of the State pardoned, as a fit instrument of their new bridge over the Platte river, stumbled over an ox that had reformation." He was the only son of Gregory Brandon, and taken up its quarters there for the night, and was precipitated claimed the gallows by inheritance. The first he beheaded was into the river. The rider reached the shore, but the pony and the Ear) of Strafford. In the burial register of St. Mary's, the mails were gone no one knows whither, never having been Rich. Brandon, a man out of Rosenary Lane.” To this is

Whitechapel, the following entry occurs : “ 1619, June 21st. heard of to this day. The company have suffered severely from first to last by the added : “ This R. Brandon is supposed to have cut off the head

of Charles I." depredations of the Indians; they are, however, now in a much better state. The express was almost driven off the line west

The next public hangman was the well-known “Squire Dun," of Salt Lake City, their stations being burnt or otherwise des- immortalized by Butler in his “ Hudibras :" troyed, their people killed, and their horses stolen. All, how

And while the work is carrying on, ever, is now repaired, and in better order than ever—the troops

Be ready listed under Dun; of the United States' government, and a force organized by the

That worthy patriot, once the bellows

And tinder-box of all his fellows, company, having driven the Indians away, and made them as scarce, and their occupation as dangerous, as it would be in the I am, fortunately, enabled to give the description of a biblioState of New York.

graphical rarity (formerly in the collection of Richard Heber) There is nothing very particular about either the pony or the which possesses much interest in connection with the subject rider. The riders are small, courageous, active young men, under notice. It is a little tract entitled, “Groanes from New capable of great endurance ; the ponies, or rather small horses, gate ; or, an Elegy upon Edward Dun, Esq., the Citie's Common are the best description of animals for the purpose that can be Hangman, who Dyed Naturally in his Bed, the 11th of Septemprocured. There is nothing showy or ornamental about either ber, 1663. Written by a Person of Quality, and licensed accordriders or horses ; yet they are very picturesque, and are evi-ing to order. London, Printed by Edward Crouch, dwelling on dently got up entirely for business. Our artist saw one of the Snow Hill, 1663.” On the title-page is a coat of arms, and on expresses arrive at St. Joe. The young man who rode was a a label underneath the words, “Cromwell, Ireton, Bradshaw." long, wiry, reddish-haired chap, who looked made to gallop The pamphlet consists of fifty-eight lines, concluding with the through the world on a horse's back. He wore a red worsted I following:




The desting of man and woman, husband and wife, is the rnderneath this place doth lie

same ; each has certain duties to perform, which of themselves The miracle of crueltie;

combine for the mutual advantage. If men and women, when l'le tell thee now I have begun ;

brought together by marriage, and who have to live together Then know, kinde reader, all's but Dun.

for the whole of their lives, would make up their minds to be This monster was succeeded by the famous, or rather in

as charitable to each other's fallings, as much disposed to famous Jack Ketch-that dreaded name which has descended mutual forbearance and considerateness towards each other's with his successors down to the present time. Pegge, in bis feelings in private, as they appear to be when in the presence of “Curialia Miscellanea,'' 1818, says: “Whether the name of their friends, we should hear much less about injustice and false Ketch be not the provincial pronunciation of Catch among the position Cockneys, I have my doubts, though I have printed authority To use a common expression, what is fair for one is fair for the to confront me ; for that learned and laborious compiler, B. E. other ; in the married state there should be the strictest Gent, the editor of the 'Canting Dictionary,' says that Jack equality. The husband must come down from the position of Kitch, for so he spells it, was the real name of a hangman, master, not that his place may be taken by the woman, but which has become that of all his successors. When this great that she may be the s'arer of his pleasures, hopes and joys, as man lived, for such we must suppose him to have been’and she has ever been the partaker of his pains, fears and sorrows. renowned for his popularity or dexterity, biographical history There is nothing more beautiful than friendship; and the is silent."

friendship of husband and wife insures the highest earthly In 1681 we find him at Oxford exercising his calling upon the happiness. poor “Protestant joyner." Wood says: “Aug. 31, 1681. Many married men consider themselves fully justified in Wednesday, at eleven, Stephen College suffered death by hang- passing most of their evenings away from home, among their ing in the Castle yard, Oxon, and when he had banged about half companions. If this be fair for the man, it is equally fair for an hour was cut down by Catch or Ketch, and quartered under the woman to go out and visit her friends also. If it be essenthe gallows."

tial that the woman have always a smile ready to greet her This man was the executioner of Lord Russell and the Duke husband when he enters, it is equally essential that he should of Monmouth. Macaulay, in his account of the death of the bring good humor and a pleasant countenance with him. True, latter, after describing his behavior on the scaffold, says : “He he may be troubled and annoyed with business cares ; but is then accosted John Ketch, the executioner, a wretch who bad she not troubled and annoyed, often to a greater degree, with butchered many brave and noble victims, and whose name has, family and household cares? with the difference that, whilst during a century and a half, been vulgarly given to all who suc- she is always amongst hers, the man by his more active outceeded him in his odious office. Here,' said the duke, are six door life does in some measure modify his. If it be fair for the guineas for you. Do not hack me as you did my Lord Russell. husband to keep the purse, it is fair that the wife should know I have heard that you struck him three or four times. My ser- | how much or how little there may be in it. There must be no vant will give you some gold if you do the work well."

secrets on either side ; what the man knows the woman ought In the year which followed Monmouth's execution, Ketch to know. In cases of difficulty woman's feelings will often was turned out of his offce. In the “Diary” of Narcissus Lut- suggest a better remedy than man's reason. trell, we read : “ Jan. 1685-6. Jack Ketch, the hangman, for The case might be met by the mutual recognition of one affronting the sheriffs of London, was committed to Bridewell, common purpose and object, combined with respect for differing and is turned out of his place, and one Rose, a butcher, put in.”' views regarding its attainment. Generally speaking, it may be Four months later we have this entry : May, 1685–6. Five said that there wants for man more of sympathy, for woman men of those condemned at the sessions were executed at Ty- more of discretion. burn, one of them was one Pasha Rose, the new hangman ; so

The kindest and the happiest palr that now Ketch is restored to bis place."

Will find occasion to forbear ; This event gave occasion to the “Tyburn Poet,” and a broad

And something every day they live side occurred (a copy of which is preserved in the City Library)

To pity, and perhaps forgive.
under the following title : A Pleasant Discourse, by way of
Dialogue, between the Old and New Jack Ketch. 1685.”
How long Ketch continued in his office, or whether he died

peacefully in bis bed, like his predecessor, I have no means of
ascertaining. It appears that he grew rich, and was doubtless Tears are a woman's best and most convincing reasons.

respected” by his brethren. Titus Oates is made to say, in A looking-glass never pays compliments, but enables us to win bis “ Melancholy Complaint:"

them, The many famous deeds that I have done,

A woman will tell a secret to you, “ because you're different'' Since the kingdom's mighty work begun,

-but to nobody else.. Have made Ketch hali as rich as Squire Dun.

Children are milestones that tell the world the distance a woman has travelled from her youth.

Beardless youths are most prone to arrogance and self-suffiHUSBANDS AND WIVES.

ciency. As they grow older their whiskers cover a great deal of

their cheek. How often is it said, in the present day, that men and women

Men should never choose a Hirt for wife, be she fair as are falsely placed with regard to each other! According to one

Venus. The sagacious housewife avoids the fruit that has its party, men are too strong and women too weak, and they de- bloom off. mand that women's prerogative be forthwith greatly increased

When a female friend asks your advice about a lover, say that --they would make men of them at once. Others consider that he is not worthy of her and counsel her to reject him. She will by a different course of education, which should direct their vastly relish the compliment you pay her, and the lover may minds to grent objects, women would quietly assume a position fall to your lot into the bargain. equal to that of men, without any more active interference. A

We are“ very happy to see" people whom we detest and third and large party assert that, so far from men being the

very much obliged'' to persons whose favors are nuisances. stronger, they have always been the victims of the other sex.

We return thanks for the kind inquiries of acquaintances who There is perhaps some truth in each of these propositions ; have not the least interest in us, and whom we rather dislike but when we consider that men have always been the law

than otherwise.-Punch. makers, there may be a suspicion of their having secured to themselves an undue portion of the powers and privileges of social life. It is so easy to make a law in favor of oneself, that

Learn in childhood, if you can, that happiness is not outside, but we think there is a chance of the suspicion being well-founded. inside. A good heart and a clear conscience bring happiness, which On the other hand, the small amount of truth which we have no riches and no circumstances alone ever do. supposed to exist in the propositions above stated is completely A smile may be bright while the heart is said the rainbow is swamped by the presence of a load of injustice.

beautiful in the air while beneath is the moaning of the sea.

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