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How does she hold all these posi- a story hour at the city library, how tions? How does she find time to sign the children loved her and how she atthe 10,000 letters which she is sending tracted them. out to her 1919 eighth grade graduates During all her years of service to the encouraging them to continue school? public Mrs. Preston has found time to How does she find time to manage her wedge in hours for a pleasant home life. office so efficiently and to meet the She has been a member of the Conthousands of demands that are made gregational Church since childhood. on her time?
She is a charter member of the Walla Back of Mrs. Preston's success and
Walla Symphony Club, a member of her capacity for work are a few se
the Choral Union, Art Club of that city crets—first is hard work; second is that
and a prominent worker in the Womshe is in love with her work; she is al- en's State Federation of Clubs of Washways punctual and manages her office ington and the Eastern Star. In 1905 as the head of an efficient business firm
she was chosen as state 'delegate to the would, and third, with her birthright of General Federation of Women's Clubs a woman she has a broad vision and a
held at St. Paul, Minnesota. human sympathy for her fellow men
Mrs. Preston is the third woman to that has not been dimmed by her years ucation Association, the other two
hold the presidency of the National Edof public service.
presidents being Ella Flagg Young of Mrs. Preston retains a genuine wom- Chicago and Mrs. Mary C. Bradford of anliness and sympathy and sincerity Colorado. which greatly aid her in her work. In short the highest compliment that Never is she happier than when with a can be paid Mrs. Preston is one that group of children. Often people recall appeared in an article concerning her the time when as a teacher in the city a short time ago—it said, "She is a schools of Walla Walla she conducted woman of the people."
From State Department of Public Instruction
August 19, 1919. The Tax Board has further advised To the County Superintendents: that the tuition tax levies, mentioned in
The Department takes this means of section 4 of chapter 233 of the Acts of advising you of recent important rul- 1919, qualifying a school corporation to ings of considerable consequence to the receive State aid, should be reduced, in public school interests. In brief they fixing tax levies, in proportion to the are as follows:
increase in the valuation of taxable 1. Pursuant to a communication of property over last year. In short, that this Department, the State Board of a local tax levy of twenty-five cents Tax Commissioners has officially ad- would be construed to be equivalent to vised this office that while it cannot a levy of fifty cents where the valuaapprove all the petitions of school trus- tion of taxables has doubled, and that tees recently filed with a view of mak- a greater increase in the assessment ing local tuition tax levies, owing to should reduce said stipulated levies, in many apparent discrepancies, school said section 4, in a corresponding ratio. trustees may be assured that local tax 2. The Attorney General in two offilevies properly made, for the purpose cial opinions to this office, dated Auof providing increased revenue neces- gust 18th, expressed himself to this efsary to meet the needs of the teachers' fect: minimum wage law of 1919, will re- (a) That Section 1 of the Acts of ceive the Board's approval.
1907, page 449, rather than Section 4 of
the Acts of 1919, page 839, should gov- Will you not please advise school ern in the distribution of the State aid officials in your county of these importschool fund for the school year of 1919- ant rulings? 1920.
Yours very truly, (b) That Section 1 of the school
L. N. HINES, transfer law, found on page 66 of the
State Supt. Pub. Instruction. Acts of 1919, applies to elementary school pupils only that the term "school district," as used in the law, applies to
August 18, 1919. elementary school districts, and that a To County and City Superintendents: township trustee does not have the Mr. Charles Kettleborough, Director right, in his discretion, to transport or
of the Bureau of Legislative Informapay for the transportation of high tion, State House, is sending to the school pupils.
commissioned high schools and to the 3. The Department of Public In- county superintendents for distribution struction wishes to advise that a salary to smaller high schools, a supply of the of $7.00 per day for superintendents of 1918 Indiana Year Books. These books town schools and principals of town
are being forwarded for use in the civship schools, and a salary of $5.50 per
ics classes, in the seventh and eighth day for principals of town schools and grades, and in the high schools. It is one assistant principal in each town
the desire of the State Board of Educaship high school, and a salary of $5.00 tion that these books shall be used per day for all other high school teach- freely in the civics work. Much valuers employed to teach high school sub- able material concerning our State has jects only, will be approved until fur- been collected in this splendid volume, ther notice where school corporations and the Indiana schools ought to make find it necessary to apply for State aid.
the fullest use possible of this work. A salary of $5.00 per day will be ap- If you can use additional copies, proved where a regular high school please send your request to Mr. Kettleteacher is required to teach special sub- borough. jects in the grades, such as agriculture,
Yours very truly, manual training, domestic science, mu
L. N. HINES, sic and art.
State Supt. Pub. Instruction.
Better American Speech Week At the annual business meeting of ganda that has been launched by the the National Council of Teachers of Speech Committee, the week will be English, held in Chicago, on February observed by many high
schools 26, last, the proposal of the American throughout the country, if it has not Speech Committee to conduct a "Bet- been observed earlier. We are devotter American Speech Week" through- ing our department this month to this out the nation during the first week of live and important movement for the November, 1919, was unanimously ap- benefit of teachers of English who want proved by the Board of Directors. As to make plans, and we give such ina result of this action and the propa- formation and suggestions as seem
likely to prove helpful. At the same -men like Dr. Brander Matthews and time we make good the promise made Dr. Fred N. Scott, of Columbia and in the June issue that we would devote Michigan, respectively, ex-President one number to this topic.
Eliot of Harvard, and Henry James A Bit of History
state positively that there is much that
may be done in the cultivation of AmerThe idea of setting apart a week for ican speech. As chacacteristic of the a special "drive" in the interests of attitude of these men, we quote from "good English” is by no means new. Dr. Matthews's article, “Is the English The first “Speech Week” was observed Language Decadent?" Yale Review, by the Eastern District High School, VII, 545: Brooklyn, New York, in September, 1915. Almost that long ago, perhaps
"By an appeal to the public, direct longer, one of our Indiana high schools
and incessant, by word of mouth, and took up the plan and has carried it out printed page, the members of the Acadconsistently each year and added new emy can insist on the value of our linfeatures to the observance. We refer guistic inheritance, on our possession to the Emmerich Manual Training of a language incomparably simple in High School of Indianapolis. Follow
its grammar and incomparably coming the example of Manual, Technical prehensive in its vocabulary. They can held such a week this last year. Per
remind us Americans, descended by haps the only thing that is new about
stocks and united with the British by the project is the name, and it is sig- law and literature and language, of the nificant. Although the Speech Com- preciousness of our English speech, the mittee of the National Council was or
mother-tongue of two mighty nations, ganized in 1915, and has been doing inherited by us from our grandfathers faithful work ever since, it was not un
and by us to be handed down to our til near the close of the war that the grandchildren unimpaired in vigor and patriotic side of its work became ap- variety, in freshness and in nobility.” parent. There were two reasons for
The Purpose of “Better American this one—the elimination of the Ger
Speech Week" man language from the public schools; two-the victories of America in the
While much literature has appeared World War and the new importance of on the subject, we have found no better the English language. And thus it is expression of the purpose of “Better that "American Speech Week," or
American Speech Week” than that sug“Better American Speech Week," was gested under hints for "Speeches," coninspired by a patriotic desire to kindle tained in a leaflet published by the a new interest in the improvement of American Speech Committee of the the use of the mother tongue all over Chicago Woman's Club and used in the country, so that under one flag, we
connection with the campaign conductmay speak one language, and that the
ed by the committee in Chicago durEnglish language—the language of the ing the week of October 27 to Novem"Declaration of Independence" and ber 2. Borrowing our expression from those immortal words of Lincoln. this source we would say that the pur
pose of the week is to "arouse respect Can We Improve American Speech? for our language and a desire to im
The large foreign population that prove it.” In considering the value of speaks "indifferent English" and the the expression, “our language,” we peculiarities of various
sections, quote from the same source, suggested amounting almost to dialects, have all topics for three types of inspirational but answered "No" to the question, address: "our language as a symbol “Can We Improve American Speech?” of national unity; our language in its In the past, our best scholars and teach
relation to our foreign neighbors; our ers have not been very hopeful, but language as an efficient instrument of
communication." now-perhaps it is the result of the war
If the purpose of the movement is to Committee on Speech National arouse respect and a desire for im- Council of Teachers of English-Clarprovement, it is quite evident that too ence Stratton, Chairman, Central High much must not be expected, especially School, St. Louis, Mo.; many valuable from the first year's observance. The suggestions, including printed reports essential thing is to launch the move- of the work of the committee. ment, to arouse enthusiastic interest; the improvement will come out of the
"Guide to American Speech Week,” “follow up” work that must extend recently published by the National over a period of years and will need the Council; price, 25 cents. Address "The
“ additional stimulus of more and more English Journal," 506 W. 69th Street, "weeks.” Hence, there is little ground Chicago, Ill. for the scoffers to stand on when they Compiling Reports cry out that you cannot make much impression on “bad English” that rep
Much valuable material for future resents the accumulation of years in guidance may be accumulated during the brief, though fierce, attack of a “Better American Speech Week.” If week of five school days. To the out- possible, some point or points, on which sider and critic, the things that are done a report is to be made should be deterin observation of the week, may seem
mined upon before the observance, so ridiculous, while to the boys and girls that results may be tabulated in such a in school, they may bring the very ap
form as will make them of the greatest peal that is needed.
use. The value of these special weeks What May be Done
during a period of years may easily be While local conditions will determine of certain problems in per cents or
determined by tabulating the results the program for the week to some extent and each school may have original ison convenient.
some other form that makes a comparideas, so many things have been done, and are being done, that we give the To illustrate. The English teachers following list by way of suggestion: of the East High School of Minneapo
Addresses on "Better Speech" by lis made a tabulation of the “Number prominent local men.
of Cases of Errors Made During EngPlays about language-several are lish Week.” The report arranges the available.
errors in the order of their frequency, Songs—new words to old tunes. from the highest to the lowest. To in
Surveys of speech conditions in dicate the nature of the report, we neighborhood.
print a little less than one-half of it, Posters and slogans—in school rooms which shows the most frequent errors: and windows of stores.
Lack of agreement (subject-verb), , Badges, buttons, tags.
367; slang, 189; indef. it, they, 120; Debates, spelling and pronunciation faulty reference, 115; use of you, 110; matches.
he don't, it don't 103; can for may 93; Distribution of a circular containing kind of a, 90; double subject, 87; ain't, common errors in English, with correc
87; adjective for adverb, 72; haven't tions.
no, 57; try and, 53; this here that Prize contests in oral reading and
there, 52; got, have got, 51. composition.
Indiana English teachers are invited Daily class-room drill on trouble- to send brief reports of results and some points.
methods of observing "Better AmeriSources of Information and Material can Speech Week" to the editor of this
Chicago Woman's Club, 410 So. department. A similar invitation has Michigan Ave.; Bibliography of books been issued by the Committee on and articles, list of slogans, sugges- Speech of the American Council as foltions for speakers, list of plays, etc. lows:
and girls in the schools a desire to imTeachers Interested in Speech Im- prove their speech, we, as teachers, will provement: Will you not help us see
do well to be on our guard for possible to it that the subject of the national bad results. First of all, we must observance of American Speech Week, guard against the possibility of develNovember 2-8, 1919, is presented to ev- oping a tendency to be over-critical of ery teachers' institute during the sum- the speech of others. It would certainmer and fall months? Will you not ly be deplorable, if the child should have reports of observances sent to us, mistake the purpose to be to discount and have posters contributed to our na- anyone whose speech is faulty, regardtional exhibit? Will you keep our pos
less of all other good qualities or to acter exhibit, which is in the hands of cept mere fluency of expression in lieu Miss Edith Erskine, Public Library, of depth of thought. Even more deChicago, traveling steadily (expenses plorable would be the development in of transportation, which are light, to be the child of an unsympathetic attitude paid by the school in each case)? Will toward those whose speech is imperfect you not let us know if you are inter- because of some natural defect in voice, ested in having lecturers upon matters enunciation, etc. Scarcely less deplorpertaining to speech? Clarence Strat- able would be the destruction in the ton, Central High School, St. Louis, child of the ability to appreciate those Mo., Chairman of Committee on imperfections of speech that have made Speech; Claudia E. Crumpton, North- such a rich contribution to the humor western High School, Detroit, Mich., of American literature. But of these Secretary.
possible bad results, it is not necessary
to speak further, if the teacher will take A Word of Caution
pains to prepare herself before starting While 'much good will undoubtedly and use a fair amount of judgment aftbe accomplished by creating in the boys er she has begun.
What is Education?—Moore Review by Supt. W. Francis Collins, Hagerstown, Indiana. The doctrine of formal or general benefit comes, not from what is acquired, discipline is a doctrine concerning the but in the process of acquiring To educative process wherein the advo- them it matters very little what one stucates maintain that the chief value of dies, but how one studies. the educative process consists in the for- The second point to the theories admal development of the mental power, vanced by advocates of this doctrine is in creating a mental strength, and in
that of the transfer of the power develthe establishment of certain "general- oped, that is, that we develop powers ized habits.” Advocates of this doctrine, and habits and then we are able to apif they do not disregard content alto- ply these in various directions in life
and in so doing lose very little, if any, gether, assign the intrinsic values or content to a position of secondary im- of the effectiveness of our studies. This portance. It is in this belief that the
means to say that, if we reason well in