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by actual examination and survey the respective fountains of the Rappahannock and Potomac rivers. This survey was made in 1736.
The report of the commissioners was referred to the council for plantation affairs in 1738, who reported their decision in 1745, as follows, viz:
* * * The said boundary ought to begin at the first spring of the south branch of the river Rappahannock, and that the said boundary be from thence drawn in a straight line northwest to the place in the Alleghany Mountains where that part of the Potomac River, which is now called Cohongoroota, first rises.
* * *
This report was confirmed by the King, and commissioners were appointed to run and mark the dividing line accordingly.
The line was run in 1746. On the 17th day of October, 1746, they planted the Fairfax stone at the spot which had been described and marked by the preceding commissioners as the true head spring of the Potomac River, and which, notwithstanding much controversy, has continued to be regarded, from that period to the present time, as the southern point of the western boundary between Virginia and Maryland. (Vide Faulkner's Report to Governor of Virginia, 1832. For full details, vide Byrd Papers, 1866, Vol. II, p. 83 et seq. Also Hening's Va. Statutes.)
This tract of country was held by Lord Fairfax and his descendants many years, but subsequent to the Revolution the quitrents, charges, etc., were abolished, and it became in all respects subject to the jurisdiction of Virginia.
(For the history of the settlement of the boundary lines between Virginia and Maryland, vide Maryland, p. 89.)
(For a history of the boundary between Virginia and Pennsylvania, vide Pennsylvania, p. 85.)
Kentucky formed originally a part of the county of Fincastle, Virginia. In the year 1776 this county was divided into three counties, the westernmost of which was called Kentucky County, and its eastern boundary was declared to be as follows, viz:
A line beginning on the Ohio, at the mouth of Great Sandy Creek, and running up the same and the main or northeasterly branch thereof to the Great Laurel Ridge or Cumberland Mountains; thence south westerly along the said mountain to the line of North Carolina. (See Hening's Statutes, Virginia, vol. 9, p. 257.)
Kentucky having been admitted into the Union June 1, 1792, commissioners were appointed in 1798 by Virginia and Kentucky to fix the boundary. In 1799-1800 the commissioners' report was made and ratified by the States. It was as follows, viz:
To begin at the point where the Carolina, now Tennessee, line crosses the top of the Cumberland Mountains, near Cumberland Gap, thence northeastwardly along the top or highest part of the said Cumberland Mountain, keeping between the headwaters of Cumberland and Kentucky rivers, on the west side thereof, and the headwaters of Powell's and Guest's rivers, and the Pond Fork of Sandy, on the east side thereof, continuing along the said top, or highest part of said mountain, crossing the road