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2. It was at the end of a hot summer afternoon. I was sitting under some majestic pine trees on the brow of a hill, far above the placid lake. Towards the right the blue water as smooth as a mirror stretched as far as the eye could see. Above it, the sun like a great ball of fire, was setting in all his splendor, seeming to smile a last good-night to the weary inhabitants of the earth. A dusty road wound along the shore and crossed a pretty rustic bridge. A babbling brook ran like a silver ribbon across the landscape. A solitary farmer with his team was wending his way towards a distant white farmhouse. It nestled cosily at the foot of a nearby hill, and two giant trees stood like sentinels before the door. Smoke was rising in a curl from the chimney and told of the hearty supper and welcome awaiting him. No sound broke the stillness save the tolling of a distant church-bell which gave a touch of solemnity to the picturesque scene.


Rewrite the sentences and explain your corrections.

1. The athletic sphere at Queen's has sunk to a very low ebb. 2. The horse will see the rider approaching, and thus he has a chance to get on its back without being struck or kicked.

3. It should be played in a place having a great deal of room, out of doors being the best.

4. The sap had to be boiled in large iron pots, which took a very long time to do it.

5. It had a fine lookout so we thought it would be a good camping ground.

6. After leaving school, her literary efforts will likely be confined to writing wedding announcements.

Part II.

1. (a) What are the chief characteristics of Bacon's prose style?

(b) "I shall endeavour to enliven morality with wit and to temper wit with morality, that my readers may, if possible, both ways find their account in the speculation of the day." (Spectator, No. 10). Explain fully Addison's meaning.

his time and in all his writings, shows himself a man of violent enthusiasms. Give one or two examples of his extreme ideas from the essays you have read, indicating with each your opinion as to its value.

2. (a) "The Merchant of Venice bristles with improbabilities. The stories of the pound of flesh, of the choice by caskets, and of the misunderstanding over the exchange of rings, demand childlike credulity. It is not for them we read this play but for the characters of men and women it contains, and for its romantic poetry." Discuss.

(b) Write a note on Shakespeare's use of blank verse and rhymed verse in The Merchant of Venice.

3. (a) Write notes on two of the following poems: Lycidas, Tam o' Shanter, An Essay on Criticism, The Lay of Rosabelle.

(b) What was the nature of the movement known as The Romantic Revival? Describe the part played in it by Robert Burns, or William Wordsworth, or Sir Walter Scott.

4. (a) Write notes on the words in italics:

1. His master and he, saving your reverence, are scarce catercousins.


But 'tis to peise the time,

To eke it and to draw it out at length.
To stay you from election.


Thou almost makst me waver in my faith
To hold opinion with Pythagoras,

That souls of animals infuse themselves
Into the trunks of men: thy currish spirit
Govern'd a wolf.

4. It is the solecism of power to think to command the end and yet not to endure the mean.

5. Let it appear that he doth not change his country manners for those of better parts; but only prick in some flowers of that he hath learned abroad into the customs of his own country.

(b) Quote eight lines of blank verse (a) from The Merchant of Venice, (b) from An Essay on Criticism, and scan them.


(Keep the answers to the different sections in separate books). A.

1. Describe Macaulay's picture of Johnson. If you are of the opinion that it is unfair, indicate what changes should be made.


Criticize Macaulay's style.

2. Write an essay on one of the following subjects:
The Gest of Robin Hood.
The Shepherd's Calendar.
Absalom and Achitophel.

The Rape of the Lock.

The Poems of William Blake.

The Deserted Village.

3. Answer briefly the three following questions on versification.

(a) What sonnet-forms did (i) Wyatt, (ii) Shakespeare, (iii) Milton, (iv) Rossetti employ?

(b) Discriminate between (i) Shakespeare's, (ii) Milton's, (iii) Keats' blank verse.

(c) Indicate the chief characteristics of the rhymed couplet as used by (i) Marlowe, (ii) Dryden, (iii) Pope.

4. Who wrote the following passages? Substantiate your answers by showing that they illustrate the thought or the style of the authors named by you.

(a) To have saved thy life I'd have parted with

My lands for yearës three,

For a better man of heart nor of hand

Was not in the north countrye.

(b) Yet frequent now at midnight's solemn hour,
The rifted mounds their yawning cells unfold,
And forth the monarchs stalk with sov'reign power
In pageant robes, and wreathed with sheeny gold,
And on their twilight tombs aèrial council hold.

(c) The verse adorn again

Fierce War, and faithful Love,

And Truth severe, by fury Fiction drest.

In buskin'd measures move

Pale Grief and throbbing Pain.

(d) She has a world of ready wealth


Our minds and hearts to bless-
Spontaneous wisdom breathed by health,
Truth breathed by cheerfulness.


How all occasions do inform against me,
And spur my dull revenge! What is a man,
If his chief good and market of his time
Be but to sleep and feed? a beast, no more.
Sure, he that made us with such large discourse,
Looking before and after, gave us not
That capability and god-like reason

To fust in us unused. Now, whether it be
Bestial oblivion, or some craven scruple

Of thinking too precisely on the event,

A thought which, quarter'd, hath but one part wisdom,

And ever three parts coward,-I do not know

Why yet I live to say 'this thing's to do,'

Sith I have cause, and will, and strength, and means,
To do't.

(a) Explain the italicized parts.

(b) State fully your explanation why 'this thing's to do' still.

(c) What dramatic purpose in served in the play by Laertes and by Fortinbras?

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