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7 and 8. Write notes on two of the following topics:—

The Principles of Outdoor Relief.

The Feasibility of Provincial Prohibition throughout Canada. The Effectiveness of the Social Settlement.

Public Recreation Facilities, in country or town.
Should Old Age Pensions be established in Canada?
The most important steps in Housing Reform.
Treatment of the Criminal: in prison and after.
The Place of the School in Preventing Social Failure.
The Role of the Church: Individual or Social Reform?
Social Implications of the Theory of Heredity.



English Political Theory; Railway Development.

Four questions in A and two in B make a full paper; question 6 is compulsory.


1. (a) What were the chief influences that shaped John Stuart Mill's thinking? How far did he fulfil the purpose of his early teachers?

(b) Compare the views of James Mill, Macaulay and John Stuart Mill on Democracy.

2. Discuss the influence of biology on social theory.

3. (a) Discuss the influence of Fiction and of the Law of Nature in modifying early codes of law.

(b) "The movement of the progressive nations has hitherto been a movement from Status to Contract." Comment.

4. (a) Estimate the soundness of Hobhouse's contention that the New Liberalism is a consistent development of the old.

(b) "The period from 1886 to 1902 witnessed an ebb of Liberal ideas not only in this country but throughout the world." Comment.

5(a) Can you from your survey of nineteenth century political theory form any generalization as to the merits or defects of the social doctrines advanced. by men who are primarily literary artists?

(b) Compare any two of Godwin, Paine, Burke and Bentham, as to their theories of the ideal form and proper function of government, explaining the divergent positions taken.

6. Comment upon four of the following quotations:

(a) "Conservatism unites three streams of opinion traceable far back in history. . . At the present time Liberalism is much more likely to be tempted to transgress the principles of liberty than Conservatism."-Cecil.

(b) "Neither one person nor any number of persons is warwanted in saying to another human being of ripe years that he shall not do with his life for his own benefit what he chooses to do with it."-Mill.

(c) "We must distinguish the social from the individual factors in wealth, bring the elements of social wealth into the public coffers, and hold it at the disposal of society to administer to the prime needs of its members.”—Hobhouse.

(d) "Suburban villadom is a political and social portent the meaning of which has never yet been fully analysed. . . ‘John Bull' has given place to 'the-man-in-the-street.'"-Hobhouse.

(e) "Into the mind of the so-called practical politician there enters no thought of such a thing as political momentum. The theory on which he daily proceeds is that the change caused by his measure will stop where he intends it to stop."-Spencer.


7. (a) Write a note on transportation conditions in Canada before the railway came.

(b) "Our early railways were portage roads." Com


8. (a) Summarize the projects and negotiations which ended in the building of the Grand Trunk.

(b) What were the reasons for the long-continued financial difficulties of the Grand Trunk?

Canada and none in the United States?

(b) State the different forms of aid rendered Canadian railways by federal and local governments, and compare their expediency.

10. (a) Write a note upon each of the following topics:(a) The results of Government Ownership of railways in Canada.

(b) The growth of the Canadian Northern.

(c) The causes of the success of the Canadian Pacific.

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