Puslapio vaizdai

has in Russia nearly 40 divisions, besides a number of Austrian divisions which have been fully employed on police duties, to which has now been added the burden of a campaign against the Czecho-Slovaks, the magnitude of which cannot be foreseen. Although his troops are poorly equipped for fighting, General Syrovy has the whole expanse of Asiatic Russia behind him, with complete control of the Siberian railway. While his present position is perilous, exposed, as he is, to attack from various directions by superior forces, if his army should have the manoeuvring power to retire along the railway while avoiding a serious engagement, it might lead the Germans a dance from which they would derive neither pleasure nor advantage. The increasing dearth of communications would cause them to be more and more tied to the railway, restricting their manoeuvring power, and limiting them to frontal attack. Assistance in the form of material, if not of men, would ultimately reach General Syrovy from the east; his forces would grow-for the inhabitants have been glad enough, when possible, to rid themselves of the Bolshevist yoke, and local governments have already raised forces at more than one centre in Siberia-and his position would become more secure. The Germans, on the other hand, would drag behind them a lengthening chain of communications, which might break at any moment unless supported by larger forces than they can spare from those at present in Russia to keep order in their rear. With such possibilities in view-for the Germans do not overlook possibilities-it is not surprising that they should be anxious to escape from further complications on the White Sea coast, to unravel which they had originally thought it necessary to invite, or requisition, the assistance of the reluctant Finns.

Since the Germans made their conditional offer to stay their hand in Karelia, the Allied attacks in Macedonia and Palestine have introduced a new factor in the problem they have to solve. Although the collapse of Russia has opened a new way to the east, the Germans have no mind to relinquish the old road via Constantinople, with the advantages it confers of commanding the exit from the Black Sea, and of threatening the Suez Canal, which Bismarck described as the neck of

[ocr errors]

the British Empire.' Apart from these considerations, the abandonment of their vaunted position in the Balkans would be a long step towards admitting defeat, and would be a fatal blow to their prestige in Russia, and among the small peoples who have fallen under the sway of Germany. They cannot, therefore, afford to look on at the collapse of Bulgaria and Turkey, on whose maintenance in the field their position in the Balkans depends. The shortening of their front in France by the recent retreat will enable them temporarily to withdraw a few divisions for employment elsewhere; but, with the prospect of an unrestful winter on the western front, the indefinite requirements of the situation in the east may impose a severe strain on their resources.

Events in Palestine, in the Balkans, and in France cannot, in fact, be correctly viewed as disconnected episodes. Each has its place in the general perspective; and it is impossible, at the moment, to assign to each its relative importance. It is not by accident that Germany's minor allies have been attacked at the time when the situation in the west demands all her attention. The conjecture put forward more than two years ago, that the force at Salonica might find its opportunity 'when the enemy, having been weakened and reduced to the defensive, is being driven back on the main fronts,' does not seem to have been wide of the mark. Since this article went to press the surrender of Bulgaria has been reported; and it is an open question whether Turkey, staggering under accumulated defeats, and isolated from Germany except by way of the Black Sea, may not follow suit. Germany has lost the old road to the east; and she must either cut the loss, or attempt to retrieve it before the Allies consolidate their military position in the Balkans. Such an attempt could only be made at the expense of the position in the west; and, to offer a prospect of success, it would need a far greater expenditure of force than the Germans might have deemed sufficient had the Bulgarian army kept the field.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]




The names of authors of

[Titles of Articles are printed in heavier type.
articles are printed in italics.]


Aga Khan, H.H. the, 'India in
Transition,' 404.

Allbutt, Sir Clifford, 'System of
Medicine,' 357 note.

Allies, War Council, 250-disposi-

tions of the reserve, 250-252-
numerically inferior, 252-system
of the restricted offensive, 254-
local successes, 255-causes of the
successful operations, 504, 519-522.
America's First Year of War, 89-
sources of opposition to participa-
tion, ib.-disappearance of German
propaganda, 90-hostility of Irish
Americans to England, 91-views
on the Irish question, ib.-views of
the Pacifists, 92-the Socialists,
92-94 result of elections, 93-pro-
cess of educating the people, 94-99

-German peace intrigues, 96-
diplomatic offensive' of President
Wilson, 97-extent of American
participation in the War, 100-
programme of construction, 101-
increase of the Navy, 102-the
Army, ib.-Aviation Service, 103-
Shipping, ib.-Food requirements
of the Allies,104-Railroad Systems,
and the raising of Funds, ib.-
causes of the failure to complete
its programme, 105-108-creation
of the Council of National Defence,
107-failure of the transportation
system and construction of ships,
ib.-system of government, 108-
reorganisation, ib.-method of con-
scription, 109.

Vol. 230.-No. 457.

2 M

Ammianus, Marcellinus, the History
of, 39. See Latin.

Archer, William, India and the
Future,' 418, 422.

Armas, José de, 'Spain and Gibral-
tar,' 182.

Army, British, military operations
on the Western Front, 236-246,
504-519 in Italy, 246-248 -- in
Palestine, 248-Mesopotamia, 249
-number of prisoners and guns
captured, 514-defeat of the Turks
in Palestine, 523-at Archangel,

Asquith, Rt. Hon. H. H., on the rise
in food prices, 149,
Austria-Hungary, military operations
against Italy, 246-248.


Barton, Edward, Ambassador to
Turkey, 272.

Beer, G. L., The English-Speaking
Peoples,' 94.

Benelli, Sem, 'L'Altare,' 137-pæan
to Italy, 139, 143.

Binyon, Lawrence, For the Fallen,'

Blood, Colonel W. P., The Course
of the War,' 236, 504.

Briggs, Prof., 'Commentary on the
Psalms,' 7, 8 note.

[blocks in formation]

Cæsar, Julius, in command in Gaul,
365-policy, 367-condemnation at
Rome, 368-appreciation of his
successes, 369-' De Analogia,' 376
-soldiers, 378.

Capital, proposed tax on, 201.

Casement, Roger, seditious articles,

215 Why Casement went to
Germany,' 217-landing and arrest,

Chirol, Sir Valentine, 'Cecil Spring-
Rice: In Memoriam,' 57-' Con-
stitutional Reform in India,' 401.
Cicero and the Conquest of Gaul,
361-correspondence, 362-364-lack
of interest, 364-367-silence on
Cæsar's campaigns, 369, 372-
speech on his successes, 370-
absorption in city politics, 272-
protégé Trebatius, 373-attitude to
the campaign, 374-references to
Britain, 375-compliment from
Cæsar, 376-his letters compared
to Horace Walpole's, 377-a typical
Roman, 378.

Cohen, Herman, The Court of
Criminal Appeal,' 342.

Commons, House of, characteristics,
435-revision of Bills, 436-subjec-
tion to the party system, 439.
Crammond, Edgar, 'British Finance
during and after the War,' 190.

minal Appeal, The Court, of,
2-origin, ib.-trial by jury, 343

-cases of conviction, 344-dis-
cipline of the benches of jury-courts,
345-'misdirections,' ib.-Reason-
able,' 346-appeal against convic
tion, 347-types of cases, 348-
'mixed' verdicts, 349-award of
punishment, 350-power of mitiga
tion in cases, 351-remission of
penalties, 352-misreception of evi-
dence, 353-case of Palmer, 354-
"Three Brides,' ib.-influence of
'similar acts,' 355-value of the
work of the Court, 355, 360-treat-
ment of the habitual criminal, 356-
the mentally affected,' 356-358-
Is the Court to have the power of
ordering a new trial? 358-facilities
to poor prisoners,' 359.

Curtis, Lionel, 'Letters to the People
of India,' 410.


D'Annunzio, Gabriele, 'Laudi,' 139
--La Nave,' 139, 141.

Darwin, Charles R., voyage in the
'Beagle,' 454-friendship with
Lyell and Hooker, 455, 463-theory
of the Origin of Species by Natural
Selection, 463.

Debt, National, amount, 196.
Devolution, Functional, principle,

Devonport, Lord, appointed Food
Controller, 145, 165.

Driver, Prof., An Introduction to
the Literature of the Old Testa-
ment,' 5 note, 10.

[blocks in formation]


Fayle, C. Ernest, 'The Principles of
Reconstruction,' 319.

Finance, British, During and
After the War, 190--national
wealth and trade, ib.-increase in
the power of production, 191-war
expenditure, ib.-war Budgets, 192
-table of Receipts and Expendi-
ture, 193-taxation, 195-amount
of the National Debt, 196-cost of
the war, 197-expenditure after
the war, 198-alternative methods
of meeting the charge, 199-assess-
ment of farmers, 200-institution
of a small annual tax on capital,
201-estimate of the income and
expenditure for the years 1907 and
1917..202-need for increased pro-
duction, 203-advantages and dis-
advantages of the old economic
policy, 204-waste in the produc-
tion and consumption of food, 205
--output of steel, ib.-report of
the Labour Party on reconstruc-
tion, 206-cost of demobilisation,
207-foreign investments, 208-
food imports, ib.-development of
trade, 209-amount borrowed

abroad, 210-position of shipping,
211-re-transfer from War Loans
to oversea enterprises, 212-emi-
gration, ib.-co-operation between
Capital and Labour, 213.

Fisher, Rt Hon. H. A. L., 'The Last
of the Latin Historians,' 38.

Food Problem, 1914-1916, 145-
appointment of a Cabinet Com-
mittee on Food Supplies, 146-
Defence of the Realm Act, 147-
Sugar Commission, ib.-Committee
on Grain Supplies formed, 148-
rise in shipping freights, ib.-in-
crease in the food prices, 149, 154,
156-submarine menace, 150, 154,
158-question of increased home
production, ib.-report of Lord
Milner's Committee, 151 the
Licensing Committee, 152-Requi-
sition Committee, ib.-Port and
Transit Committee, 153-Shipping
Control Committee, ib.-campaign
for National Economy, 155-short-
age of labour, 156-demands of the
Trade Union Congress, 157-short-
age of wheat, 158-Reports of the
Food Prices Committee, 159, 162
-Royal Commission on wheat

supplies, 161-causes of the rise
of prices, ib.-State control over
the mercantile fleet, 162-control
of the mines, ib.-appointment of
a Food Controller, 163-Orders in
Council, 165.

France, ideal, 134-military opera-
tions against Germany, 236-246,
504-519-at Archangel, 525.

Frankau, Gilbert, 'The City of Fear,'

Frederick the Great, character of
his policy, 280, 286-295-' Anti-
Machiavel,' 285. See Prussian.


Garton Foundation, 'Memorandum
on the Industrial Situation,' ex-
tract from, 341.

Gaul, the Conquest of, and Cicero,
361. See Cicero.

[ocr errors]

Gentz, Friedrich von, Fragments
upon the Balance of Power,' 294.
German Propagandist Societies,
70-the D. U. Transozean, 70-74-
publications, 73-two separate
companies, ib.-Hamburg Colonial
Institute, 74-War Combine of
German Industries, ib.-Union for
Germanism in Foreign Countries,
75-German-Bulgarian Society, ib.
-German-Balkan and Turkish
Societies, 76-German-Asia Minor
Society, 78-Levant Association,
ib.-German-Asiatic and Persian
Associations, 79-German-Chinese
Society, ib.-Indian Association,
80-the Frankfort Bureau, 80-82-
German-South American Institute,
82-84-Hamburg Iberian-American
Society, 84-86-number and cost,
86futility of the propagandist
efforts, 87.

Germany, ideal 'Germania,' 132-134.
Germany and Sinn Fein, 214. See
Sinn Fein.

Germany, military operations on the
Western front, 236-246, 504-519-
tactical methods, 254-inactivity a
confession of failure, 255-evacuate
Lens, 514-loss of men and guns,
ib.-rapidity of retreat, 522-mili-
tary operations in Northern Russia
and Siberia, 524-527.

« AnkstesnisTęsti »