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garding an increase in the tariff.—The body of Kwantung officials has asked thie government to abolish the gambling tax system in Canton owing to the evils arising from this form of taxation.

CHINA AND OTHER NATIONS.

China notifies the U. S. government that she has requested the Japanese government to refer the Chientao boundary dispute to the Hague Tribunal. Japan informs the Waiwupu that she cannot consent to the proposal.-The local government society in Canton protests against the extension of boundary of the Portuguese territory of Macao proposed by the Portuguese commis. sion.-Sir Jolin Jordan, British Minister, urges the Waiwupu to grant an extension of the International Settlements, Shanghai, and offers two seats on the council to Chinese. The gentry at Shanghai and vicinity lold a meeting to protest against the extension.-The China Naval Commission asks for the retrocession of Weihaiwei to be used as a Chinese naval base.-The Chinese government is said to be approaching the Russian government with a view to the retrocession to the Chinese Eastern Railway.-Negotiatious under way for the recognition by the Chinese government of the new Ger. man college in Kiaochow.--A protest has been made by the Peking authorities against certain foreign parties wlio were said to be erecting a wireless telegraph station in Shanghai.Elaborate arrargemepts are made for the Emperor's funeral.-The Japanese minister has recently protested to the Waiwupu agåinst the newspapers of Kwantung inciting the Chinese to anti-Japanese feeling.–The Chinese minister to Russia has wired to Peking that it has been agreed that the Ussuri river should be the boundary line between Chinese and Russian territory.

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tablished in each province.-It has been decided to engage foreign naval advisers to assist in the reorganization of the Chinese navy.—The Ministry of War intends to introduce an annual army budget and to complete the organization of thirty-six divisions of troops within the next four years.—The Viceroy of Yunnan, Hsi Liang, reports upon the serious condition of the provincial finances and the lack of capable men forward government affairs.- How to dispose of the large amount of money left by the death of the late Empress Dowager is now the subject of discussion among the high officials.-It is reported that the Chinese Christians in Peking have recently convened a meeting to ask the Board of Civil Administration for the grant of the establishment of an independent Chinese Christian mission.—Lien Yu, the Imperial Resident at Llasa, has asked to be relieved from his post, but the government has refused to consider a change at this critical time.

REFORM.

H. E. Tong Hyao-yi's petition to the government to prevent the circulation of Mexican dollars is considered to be impracticable.-A special department is to be organized in Peking to have in charge the girls' schools in the Empire.-Forty-eight shops for the sale of opium have been closed in Peking.–The period for the abolition of the growth of opium is fixed at seven years.—It is proposed to give special recognition in the way of official rank to Chinese gentry who

become conspicuous patrons of education.-H. E. Wang Ta-hsieh, who has been in ngland a year studying the English Constitution, has presented his report to the throne.--The Prince Regent has ordered the Waiwupu to negotiate speedily for the abolition of likin and to negotiate with foreign powers re

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Missionary Journal.

MARRIAGES. At Laohokow, Hupel, 27th March,

Mr. LUDWIG TVEIT and Miss MARGARET WANGBERG, both Norw.

Luth. M. At Shanghai, 31st March, Rev. H. T.

STONELAKE, Eng. Bapt. M., Shansi, and Mrs. RALPH HODGE, of

Carleon, Monmouthshire, England. At Shanghai, Sth April, Mr. K. H.

NILSSON and Miss H. E. SUNDAHL.

BIRTHS.

AT Swatow, 15th March, to Rev. and

Mrs. JOHN STEELE, E. P. M., a

daughter. AT Yungchowfu, Hunani, 18th March,

to Rer. and Mrs. J. PARKER, C.

M. S., a son (Hamilton Forbes). AT Wuhu, 21st March, to Rey. and

Mrs. JAS. SMITH, C. and M. A., a

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Dr. VOLRATH VOGT, Miss HANNA
HOETHE and Miss DANIELLE JO-
HANNESSEN (nurse), all Norw. M.
S., Hunan.

AT PEKING, VIA SIBERIA :

5th April, Misses A. M. CABLE, E. French and F. L. FRENCH, all C. I. M., and all from England.

sou (James Wilfred). AT Fancheng, 31st March, to Mr. and

Mrs. H. A. SIBLEY, C. I. M., a son

(Paul Hermon). AT Suifu, 31st March, to Mr. and

Mrs. R. L. MCINTYRE, a son. (Ernest Samuel).

AT SHANGHAI:

5th April, Misses I. M. M. Scott and F. M. CUNNINGHAM, M.D., both S. P. G.

Toth April, Miss AGNES Cowan, M.B , Irish Pres. M.; Mr. and Mrs. C. HOWARD JUDD and two children (ret. from Eng.) and Mr. and Mrs. J. G. KAUDERER and two children (ret. from Ger.), all C. I. M.

12th April, Rev. H. J. FAIRBURN, E. B. M.; Mr. V. RENIUS, C. I. M. (ret. from N. A.)

18th April, Miss CARRUTHERS, M.D., for Am. Pres. M., Soochow.

DEPARTURES.

DEATHS.

AT Meridian, Miss., U. S. A., 30th

January, Rev. IRVING G. BOYDSTUN, Ger. R. Ch. M., Shenchowfu, Hunan, aged 36 years, of malarial

poison. AT Mienchih, both March, Sven

GUSTAF STALHAMMAR, C. 1. M.,

aged 15 months, of croup. AT Laohokow, Hupeh, 15th March,

HADLEY RUTHERFORD, youngest son of Rev. and Mrs. A. W. Lagerquist, C. I. M., aged one year, of

pneumonia.
AT Yünyangfu, Hupeh, 19th March,

PAULA, wife of Rev. A. Stevald,
Nor. Luth. M., aged 33 years, of

pneumonia.
AT Wuhu, ist April, LAWRENCE,

second son of Rev. and Mrs. F. L. Mendenhall, F. C. M. S., aged 18 months and 26 days.

ist April, Rev. W. SQUIBBS, wife and four children, C. M. S., to England.

2nd April, Mr. J. G. HÖGLANDER, C. I, M., to England.

3rd April, Miss E. GREENSLADE to U. S. A.; Mr. and Mrs. OSCAR CARLEN to N. A.

9th April, Miss GROVES, Christian M., to England.

Ioth April, Rev. T. D. HOLMES, Rey, and Mrs E. E. JONES and two children, and Mrs. W. H. MILLARD and three children, all A. B. M. U., and all to U. S. A.

12th April, Miss E. M. CRANE, M. E. M., to U. S. A.

17th April, Rev. T. E. LOWER and two children, Eng. Bapt. M., to England; Dr. and Mrs. J. SJÖQUIST and child, Rev. and Mrs. D. NELSON and three children, and Rey. and Mrs. R. KILEN and child, all to U. S. A.

22nd April, Mr. C. B. HANNAH, C. I. M., to Australia.

23rd April, Rev. J. MCPHUN, E. P. M., to England.

ARRIVALS.

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AT HANKOW:

31st March, Revs. JOHAN TORSET, OLAV DALLAND, PER HOETHE, and

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CHILDREN'S WARD, ST. LUKE'S HOSPITAL, AMERICAN PROTESTANT EPISCOPAI, MISSION, SHANGHAI.

AND MISSIONARY JOURNAL

Published Monthly by the American Presbyterian Mission Press,

18 Peking Road, Shanghai, China

Editorial Board. Editor-in-chief: Rev. G. F. FITCH, D.D. Associate Editors: Rev. W. N. BITTON and Rev. D. W. LYON. Bishop J. W. BASHFORD. Rev. J. C. GARRITT, D.D. Mr. G. MCINTOSH. Rev. E. W. BURT, M.A. Rev. J. C. GIBSON, D.D. Rev. G. F. MOSHER. Rt. Rev. Bishop CASSELS. Rev. D. E. Hoste. Prof. LACEY SITES. Rev. A. FOSTER.

Rev. D. MACGILLIVRAY. Rev. A. H. SMITH, D.D.

VOL. XL

JUNE, 1909

NO. 6

Editorial

We trust we shall not be thought to have trenched at all upon the prerogatives of our excellent and most esteemed

neighbor, the China Medical Journal, in devoting Medical

this number largely to medical mission work. It is Abissions.

merely to carry out the idea with which we started some time since to have the RECORDER set before its readers the different phases of missionary work, devoting each number, for the present, to one particular department. It would be difficult to estimate the debt that the work of missions owes to the medical missionary, the barred doors that have been opened, the prejudices removed, the scales that have fallen from the eyes of many who have come to see Christianity in a new light. And it would seem as if medical mission work in China, unlike what it has been in Japan, where they have speedily been able to turn out any number of educated physicians, would long need the advice and help of the foreign physician, and general mission work will long continue to profit by its help.

How unique are the spiritual and moral opportunities which are in the hands of the medical man, the wonderful

service which medical missionaries have rendered The Medical

to the cause of the kingdom of God may serve Missionary.

to show. The spiritually minded, devoted, thoroughly equipped doctor is a man whose capacity for the

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