Puslapio vaizdai
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Formula of Rodbertus.- Of Marx.- Essential Fea-

tures of the Capitalistic System.- Freedom of Con-

tract. The Question one of Relativity.- Rich Men.

-Corroborative Testimony of Political Economists,

Professor Ely, Dr.Strong, Professor Cairnes, Profes-
sor Adams. Gulf between Classes widening. -
Laborers in England worse off than under Feudal-
ism. - Dependence of Labor. - Poverty deepens as
Wealth increases. — Over-crowding in New York. -
In London. - Horrible Condition of the Poor.
Profits of Wall Street. - Extremes of Inequality.
- Dr. Strong's Picture of the Rich and Poor.
Work of Women and Children. - Poor Food.-Un-
sanitary Abodes. - Impure Water.- Brutal Law of
the Survival of the Fittest. Not the Absolute, but
Relative,Condition of Rich and Poor.-Infirmity of
Dr. Behrends's Argument.-Average Wages.- Mr.
Rae against Mr. George. - Fallacy of Mr. Rae's Ar-
gument. His False Assumptions as to (1) Decrease
of Pauperism.—(2) Higher Standard of Living,—(3)
Longer Life.-(4) Larger Share of Production.—(5)
Unaltered Proportion of Product between Rich and
Poor Families. Starvation Wages. - Professor
Walker's Testimony. - Reform Imperative . . .

IV. THE WAGES OF LABOR FURNISH A BARE SUBSIST-

ENCE.

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Sumner's Vicious Definition of Civil Liberty. - The
State a Necessary Good, not a Necessary Evil.—
Equality. Abuse of Personal Liberty. - The State
and Laissez-faire

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167-181

II.

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give Workmen Greater Proportionate Share.
certainty from Fraud, from Necessity. Appli-
cation. Publicity. - Want of Adaptation.
torical Failure. Success, Exceptional

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Antagonistic. Ignorance of Wage-workers.
Failure. Unfavorable Conditions. · - Abolition of
the Entrepreneur. - Ignorance overcome by Aggre-
gate Wisdom in Universal Co-operation

III. CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION.

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- First adopted in France.

Their History. - Reasons of Insufficiency. - Settle
no Principle. Unscientific to fix Wages in the Fu-
ture. Involves Expense. - Mere Armistice

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249-251

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- In the United States. In Great Britain. - How
Socialism would destroy It

VI. THE OVER-WORKED RELIEVed.

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Inequality in Social Conditions. Two Standards
of Justice. Present Disparagement of Labor.
- Overworked Old Men, Women, and Children.
Relief under Socialism

VII. THE PURIFICATION OF POLITICS.

Causes of Political Corruption. Election Frauds.
- Venality of Public Office. - Purchase of Votes.
The Lobby. - Failure of Civil Service Re-

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form. Effect of Abolition of Money

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Increase of Illiteracy. - Compulsory Education.
Children in the City of New York. - Capitalism
Hostile to Popular Education. · Adam Smith.
Salutary Effects of Socialism

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Poverty and Riches. - Poverty Unnatural and Un-
christian. Society should abolish it.
of the Socialistic State to provide Support

X. CRIME GREATLY DECREASED.

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Relation of the State to Crime. Idleness and
Crime. The Responsibility of Society for Crime.
- Testimony of Experts. - How to "Avoid Temp-
tation." —Riches and Poverty determined by So-
ciety. How Socialism removes Temptation.
Dr. Woolsey's Fear lest the Abolition of Crime cut
off the "Spice" of Life. - Natural Depravity and
Environment

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