Puslapio vaizdai
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Mammon, its creed, 99; dethroned, Middle men, 428.

245-249; 473.

Man, degraded by capitalism, 134;
relation of, to his possessions,
339.

Management, capitalistic and bu-
reaucratic, 287.

Manchester School of Economists,
its relation to competition, 20;
to laissez-faire, ibid.; to the
economic harmonies, 21.
Manhood, 231.

Mill, John Stuart, on the effect
of invention, 13; on the origin
of capital, 56; on the object of
political economy, 70; on injus-
tice of land monopoly, 84; on
wages, 94; 121; on the object of
the State, 169; 173; 182; 349; 365.
Millennium, 401.
Miller, Lewis, 223.

Mills of Great Britain, 136.
Milton, 246.

Manning, Cardinal, on the right Mines, unhealthy, 99.

to work or to steal, 35.

Mansfield, 159.

Ministers,

Christian, 351; and

Socialism, 448.

Manufactories, superfluous, a Mobility of labor, 129.

source of waste, 286.

"Modern Socialism," 443, 444.

Margin of cultivation, 203, 210, Money, not properly capital, 55;

212.

Marlo (Professor Winkelbleck),

155.

Marriage, under Socialism, 339,

343; under capitalism, 352, 354.
Marstin, Francis E., 450.
Marx, Karl, on monopoly 27; on
labor as the measure of value,
60; on private capital, 66; on
exploitation of the laborer, 67;
90; 105; on wages, 119; 155;
156; 321; 332; 333;335; on skilled
and unskilled labor, 355; 358; on
value, ibid., 357; 359.

Mass. bureau of statistics,;187.
Masses, sacrificed, 155; how to
reach, 470.

Materialism, 320; of certain lead-
ers not representative, 321.
Maurice, Frederick, 159, 160.
McCulloch, on value, 53; value
equals quantity of labor, 54.
McDaniel, B. F., 449.
McGurk, D., 449.
McKinley, Congressman, 217.
McPherson, Simon J., the church
and pharisaism, 47.
Men, number of unmarried, 353.
Middle Ages and laborers, 93.

wages, 137; is blood, 157; 245;
under Socialism, ibid.; love of,
248; abolition of, ibid., 325; cor-
rupting influence of, 387.
Monopoly, a cause of Socialism,
27-29; nature of, 27; effect on
industry, 27; in land, 28, 71, 72;
natural and artificial, 28, 435; of
land, tyrannous, 79-85; and the
people, 85, 180; 202; 428, 429.
Moore, Thomas, 150.
Moors, 247.

Morris, William, 195.
Motives, to effort, 250, 365-375.
Müller, 438, 447.
Mulhall, 105.

Munro, Professor, 223.
Municipalization, extent of, in in-
dustry, 417, 418, 420.
Municipal Socialism in England,
416.

N

National Baptist, newspaper, 469.
Nationalist, the magazine, 441.
Nationalization of land, 201-214;
justice of, 201; inadequacy of,
202, 213, 214; extent of, in indus-

try, 417, 418, 423; of railroads, | Oneida, community, 150.

424, 427; of so-called natural

Nasse, 438.

monopolies, 455.

Natural liberty, 2.

of, 150.

Neal, E. V., 159.

Opium habit, 301.

Organization of capitalists, 430;
of laborers, ibid.

Outlook of Socialism, 403-453.

Nauvoo, communistic settlement Over-crowding, 94, 95; and pau-

perism, 308.

Over-government, 382.

Netherlands, industrial schools of, Over-production, a cause of Social-

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Paine, Thomas, 324.
Panin, on luxury, 465.
Paris, 323.

Parker, Theodore, 149.
Parochial settlement, law of, 110.
Participation, 183.

Patrons of husbandry, 191.

New Yorker Volkszeitung, circu- Pauperism, a cause of Socialism,

lation of, 441.

Nihilism, 3; in Russia, 407, 408;

440.

Noah and progress, 375.
Nobility of England, 454.
Noyes, John Humphrey, 150.

Objections to Socialism, shown to
be unfounded, 322-402; as
to
atheism, 320-325; as to anarch-
ism, 325-328; as to equality, 328-
332; as to the abolition of capi-
tal, 332-334; as to confiscation,
334-339; as to marriage and the
home, 339-355; as to equal value
of labor, 355-365; as to impair-
ment of motive to exertion, 365–
375; as to destruction of liberty,
375-384; as to political corrup-
tion, 384-388; as to impracti-
bility, 388-402.

Occupations, under Socialism, 349.
Offices, in the socialistic state, 387.

33-36; its causes, 34; its extent,

36, 105; in England, 109; its re-
lation to labor, 110.

Paupers in the United States, 306;
causes of, 308.

Peasants' war, 457.

People are the State, 381, 385.
Personality of the State, 169.
Peter, apostle, $26.
Pinkerton men, 430.
Pitt, on competition, 24.
Plato, on community of property
and wives, 347; 374; 447.
Pliny, 84.
Plutarch, 320.

Police, waste from, 298.
Political economy and man, 70;
its false assumptions, 74; and
wages, 134, 137; pagan, 155; clas-
sical, 157; and Christianity, 158,
208, 210; 285; relation of, to
waste, 304; socialistic tendency
in, 432, 433, 440; 434; in schools
and colleges, 439.

Politics, corruption of, 261, impos-
sible under Socialism, 384-388;
capitalistic, 385.

factors in, 202; lack of system.
in, 295; 369.

Productivity of labor, 123, 136.

Political Socialism, gains of, 412; Professorial Socialists, 157.

in Germany, ibid.

Poor growing poorer, 90-119.
Population and subsistence, 125.
Postulates of Socialism, labor the
source of value, 50; private cap-
ital a crime, 66; rich growing
richer, and poor poorer, 90;
wages furnish a bare subsistence,
119; public ownership of capital,
138.

Post-offices, 288.
Poverty, punished in England, 36;
increasing with riches, 90-119;
in cities, 94; relative, 113; abol-
ished under Socialism, 269–272;
defined, 269; an evil, ibid., 270;
and crime, 281, 456; and
church, 472.

the

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Precepts of Christianity and Propaganda, socialistic, 161.

Socialism, 147–164.

Press and Socialism, 443.

Prevention of waste, 284-319.
Prices, 428.

Prince of Wales, 419.

Principles, of capitalism, 467; of
Socialism, 468; of political
economy, 238.

Printers' Association, 224.
Prison Association of New York,
274.

Prisons, waste from, 298; popu-

lations of, 299; cost of, ibid.
Privation of laborers, 99-109, 117,
131.

Private capital, a social crime, 66-
89; inimical to fraternity, 74;
90; anti-Christian, 238.
Private enterprise, 325.
Private property, distinguished
from private capital, 68; and
Christianity, 82; in land, 80;
relation of, to family life, 346.
Production and prices, 134, 135;

Property, the Roman and Chris-

tian ideas of, 69; the Roman
idea no longer tenable, 70; not
a part of the possessor, 78; title
to, not absolute. but relative,
ibid.; private, and Christianity,
82; in land common, 83, 85;
right of, 88; 432.

Proudhon, Joseph Pierre, his sub-
lime appeal to God, 153; 333;
335.

Proverbs of individualism, 274.
Prussia, land monopoly in, 81.
Publications, socialistic, 441-443.
Public functionaries under capi-
talism, 368.

Public good, required by social
justice, 171; end of the State,
178.

Public office, a prize, 262.
Public ownership of capital, 138-
164.

Purification of politics under So-
cialism, 261-265.

R

Rae, John, his criticism of Marx's
theory of value, 55; his theory
of "social utility" as a measure
of value examined, 62; on land
tenure, 85; fallacy and false
assumptions of his argument
against the postulate that the
rich are growing richer and the
poor poorer, 107-116; on wages,
136; 201; his criticism of Henry
George's theory of rent, 205-214;
284; on capitalistic and bureau-
cratic management, 287, 288,
354; his misconception of Marx
on the value of different kinds
of labor, 355, 356; on motives to
exertion, 365, 366, 370; on prog-
ress, 366; on liberty under So-
cialism, 376.

Railroads, grants of land to, by
Congress, 81; and employees in
the United States, 241; waste
from, 285; capital and employees
of, 427.

Raymond, S. G., 448.

Raymond, J. E., 450.

Recapitulation, 453, 454.

Reform and Socialism, 419.

Reformers, social, 151.

ent qualities of labor compared
and adjusted in the market, 63;
133; the law of rent, 202.
Rich, growing richer, 90, 91; not to
be blamed, 97.

Riches increasing with poverty,
90-119; 461, in United States,
463.

Ridgeway, James W., 275.
Right, new idea of, 233; power of,
388, 389.

Rights, equality of, 88; absolute,

178; relative, 179; political, 196;
of the State, 337.
Ripon, Lord, 159.
Rodbertus, his theory of crises, 31;
labor the source of all value, 50;
90; 105; on poverty, 113; 122;
139; 155; 333; on the distribu-
tion of goods under Socialism,
362, 363.
Roesler, 438.

Rogers, Thorold, on the effects of
machinery, 12; on class legisla-
tion, 36; 93; on condition of
labor, 104, 105; on pauperism
and degradation of labor, 109;
on wages, a bare subsistence,
122; on the English laborer, 132;
136.

Reformation of the sixteenth cen- Rome, republican, small estates

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Sage, Russell, 96.

Salaries of employers, 19; 317.

453.
Reyband, originator of the term, Salem, 238.

Socialism, 3.

Sampter, 438.

Ricardo, on value as determined Salt Lake, 243.

by quantity of labor, 60; differ-Schaeffle, his definition of Social-

ism, 3; on property, 77; on in-
terest in labor, 367; 403; 438.
Schmoler, 438.
Schoenberg, 438.

Schools, industrial, 227-230, 439;
graduates of high schools averse
to manual labor, 228; socialistic
tendency ín, 438-440.
Scriptures. See Bible.
Seelye, Julius H., 262.
Self-help, 420, 421.

Self-interest, corner-stone of capi-
talism, 146; vicious character of,
ibid., 163, 369, 467.
Selfishness, 348, 394, 401.
Seneca, on riches, 461.

Senators, United States, wealth of,
262.

Serfdom, 452.

Shakers, 150.

Shakspeare, 375.
Shetland, 210.

Shoe-shops in New England, 18.
Shoe ribbons, 302.
Sifri, book of, 447.
Silcox, John B., 449.
Sillence, W. E., 449.
Simpson, Stephen, 430.

Skill, in labor, 228, 229, 232, 234.
Skirts, hoop, 302.

Slavery, 2, 452.
Smalley, 152.
Smartness, 363.

Smith, Adam, on class legisla-
tion, 38; on labor as measure of
value, 53; on the law of wages,
120; on natural wages, 138; on
ignorance under capitalism, 267;
on motives to exertion, 366;
433.

Smith College, 332.
Socialism, critical and construc-

tive, 2; nature of, ibid. ; dis-
tinguished from individualism,
2, 3; origin of, 3; its five fingers :
economic, social, moral, politi-
cal, religious, 4-6; its points

of resemblance to Christianity,
6-8; opposed to violence, 9;
prejudice against, ibid.; its
causes, 11-49; its relation to
democracy, 41 ; is applied Chris-
tianity, 49; opposed not to capi-
tal or capitalists, but to capital-
ism, 68, 69; other causes of, 86,
88; constructive, 138-164; a
new political economy, 139, 157 ;
quintessence of, 143; agrees with
the gospel, 145; contrasted with
individualism, ibid.; and the
precepts of religion, 146-164; of
to-day, 151; distinguished from
communism, 146, 151, 326; rests
on ethical principles, 166, 468,
and co-operation, 196; 234; 237;
241; 244; and the liquor traffic,
254-258; 301; relieves the over-
worked, 258-261; favorable to
education. 267, 268; relieves
poverty, 270; and crime, 272-
284; saving of waste under,
284-319; would systematize pro-
duction, 295; its relation to
fashion, 303; to luxury, 305; to
charity and . pauperism, 306;
to choice of labor, 312, 313; to
banking, 314; to insurance, 315;
would prevent waste from rail-
roads, 286; from superfluous
stores and manufactories, ibid. ;
from advertising, 289; from
drummers, 290; from enforced
idleness, 291; from crises, 293;
from adulterations and imita-
tions, 295; from litigation, 297;
from police and prisons, 288;
from theft and embezzlement,
299; from intemperance, 300;
from fashions, 301; from luxury,
303; from charity, 305; from in-
efficiency of labor, from igno-
rance, indifference, and want of
adaptation, 309-314; from bank-
ing, 314; from insurance, 315;

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