« AnkstesnisTęsti »
Degrees, Obfervances, cuftoms and laws,
SCENE II. A Friend forfaken.
As we do turn our backs
From our companion, thrown into his grave,
Slink all away; leave their falfe vows with him,
With his disease of all-fhun'd poverty,
(4) A dedicated, &c.] In Romeo and Juliet, at the beginning, he fpeaks prettily of a bud bit by an envious worm,
Ere he can fpread his fweet wings to the air,
In the next line, the author feems to have had his eye on that trite and well-known line of Ovid's;
Nullus ad amiffas ibit amicus opes.
SCENE III. On Gold.
(5) What is here?
Gold? yellow, glittering, precious gold? (6) No, gods, I am no idle votarift.
Roots, you clear heavens! thus much of this will make
Will lug your priests and fervants from your fides:
Will knit and break religions; blefs th' accurs'd;
Thou art virtue, fame,
Honour and all things elfe! who can get thee He shall be noble, valiant, honeft, wifeMofc. And what he will, fir.
(5) What is, &c. See page 21 of this volume, Ben Johnson, in his Volpone, fpeaking of gold, fays,
A&t 1. Sc. 1.
Which lines are an exact tranflation of the following from Harace;
Omnis enim res
Virtus, fama, decus, divina bumanaque pulabris,.
Clarus erit fortis, juftus, fapiens; etiam et rex
L. 2. S. 3.
I leave the learned reader to judge, which of the two, this claffical bard, or our illiterate one, with his fmall Latin and Greek, have best expreft the fpirit and meaning of Horace.
Er o fi
Or, O thou thund'rer's fon, great Hercules,
(6) No, &c.] This is well explained, Mr. Wa burton obferves,› by the following lines of Perfius-Sat. 2. v. 10.
Make the hoar leprofy ador'd; place thieves,
SCENE IV. Timon to Alcibiades.
Go on, here's gold, go on;
Be as a planetary plague, when Jove
Herfelf's a bawd. Let not the virgin's cheek
Set them down horrible traitors. Spare not the babe,
(7) Waped, i. e. forrowful, mournful. Ben Johnson, in the 5th act of the fame play we mentioned but now, obferves,
That gold transforms
The most deformed, and reftores them lovely
The old fellow is here again at his books, as if, the slightest remark were not to proceed from his own brain, but to be midwiv'd by him into the world from the claffics. Lucian, in his Gallus, fays, Ogas oowy, &c. You fee what mighty advantages gold produces, fince it transforms the most deformed, juft as it were that famous poetical girdle.
Extort-Oxford editor, vulg, exhauft.
Think it a baftard, whom the oracle
To the Courtezans.
In hollow bones of man, ftrike their sharp fhins,
(8) Hoar, &e Mr. Upton, plainly perceiving there was fome. thing wrong in this paffage, proposes to read,
Hoarfe the Flamen.
ie. make hoarfe for to be boary claims reverence: this, not · only the poets but the fcripture teaches us : Levit. xix 32. Thou fhalt rife up before the boary bead." Add to this, that boa fe, is here most proper, as oppofed to feolds. The poet could never mean-" Give the Flamen the hoary leprofy that folds, hoar, in this fenfe is fo ambiguous, that the conftruction hardly admits it, and the oppofition plainly requires the other reading.' See Crit. Obfervations, p. 198. Tho', I must confefs Mr. Upton's conject ure very ingenious, and acknowledge with him, boar, as it ftands, can never be Shakespear's word; yet neither can I think, boarfe, to be fo: tho' perhaps it may feem unreafonable in me to condemn it, without being able to offer a better in its place. But I am apt to imagine there is a word by fome means or other flipt out of the text, and wanted where I have plac'd the asterisk.
Nor found his quillets fhrilly. * the hoar Flamen
What the word fo loft is, or how it must be fupplied, can be only conjecture, fo that every reader will have a pleafing opportunity of trying his critical fagacity: the epithet is very proper for th
That fcolds against the quality of flesh,
Smells from the gen'ral weal. Make curl'd pate ruf fans bald,"
And let the unfcarr'd braggarts of the war
SCENE V. Timon's Reflections on the Earth.. That nature being fick of man's unkindness, Should yet be hungry! Common mother, thou Whose womb unmeasurable, and infinite breaft Teems, and feeds all; oh, thou! whofe felf-fame mettle
(Whereof thy proud child, arrogant man, is puft)
Flamen, and it feems to me, if we allow boarfe, there is none, or very little difference between what he and the lawyer were to fuffer: it feems probable, feolds, in the next line, has been misplaced; and, indulging conjecture, we may at least be allowed to fuppofe the paffage originally ftood thus ;
Nor found his quillets fhrewdly. Scald the boar Flamen,
Thus, that part of the Flamen, which procures him reverence,, his hoary head would fuffer, and thus the punishments are varied. But this is only guefs-work, and yet in fuch cafes we have a better right to proceed in the daring work of alteration, than where an author's text is corrupt only to our feeble imaginations.
(9) To forefee] As men by farefeeing, provide for and take care of their affairs, Shakespear ufes the word in that fenfe, that to forefee, provide for and fee after] his own particular advantage, &c."
(10) Crifp-crifpus, crifpatus, curled; alluding to the clouds, that appear curled, and to which he gives that epithet in the Tempeft.