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Thus then to Man the voice of Nature fpake
" Go, from the Creatures thy instructions take:
Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield;
• Learn from the beasts the physic of the field :
“ Thy arts of building from the bee receive;
“ Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave;
" Learn of the little Nautilus to fail,
" Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale,
6 Here too all forms of social union find,
“And hence let Reason, late, instruct Mankind:
“ Here fubterranean works and cities see;
" There towns aërial on the waving tree.
" Learn each small. People's genius, palicies,
“ The Ants republic, and the realm of Bees;
“ How those in common all their wealth bestow,
“And Anarchy without confusion know;
" And these for ever, tho? a Monarch reign,
" Their fep'rate cells and properties maintain.
“. Mark what unvary?d laws preserve each state, se
6.Laws, wise ás Nature, and as fix'd as Fate.
". In vain thy Reason finer webs (hall.draw,
Entangle Justice in her net of Law, 6. And right too rigid, harden into wrong; “ Still for the strong too weak, the weak too Itrong.vn “.Yeť go! and thus o'er all the creatures sway,
jul (Thás let the wiser make the rest obey ;
And for those Arts mere Instinct could afford, “ Be crown'd as Monarchs, or as God ador’d."
Great Nature spoke; observant Man obey'd ; Cities were built, Societies were made: Here rose one little state; another near Grew by like means, and join'd, thro' love or fear. Did here the trees with ruddier burdens bend, And there the streams in purer rills descend ? What War could ravith, Commerce could bestow, And the return'd a friend who came a fóe : Converse and Love mankind might strongly draw, When Love was Liberty, and. Nature Law. Thus States were form'd; the name of King unknown, 'Till common int'rest plac'd the sway in one. 'Twas VIRTUE ONLY (or in arts or arins, Diffusing blessings, or averting harms) The same which in a Sire the Sons obey'd, A Prince the Father of a People made.
The GIFTS of FORTUNE unequally diftributed:
Happiness does not consis in the superabundance of these,
but in HEALTH, PEACE, and COMPETENCE. ORO
RDER is Heav'n's first law; and this confeft,
Some are, and must be, greater than the rest,
More rich, more wise; but who infers from hence
That fuch are happier, shocks all common sense.
Heav'n to Mankind impartial we confefs,
If all are equal in their Happiness :
But mutual wants this Happiness increase;
All Nature's diff'rence keeps all Nature's peace.
Condition, circumstance is not the thing;
Bliss is the same in subject or in king,
In who obtain defence, or who defend,
In him who is, or him who finds a friend :
Heav'n breathes thro' ev'ry member of the whole
One common blessing, as one common foul.
But Fortune's gifts if each alike poffeft,
And each were equal, must not all contest?
If then to all Men Happiness was meant,
God in Externals could not place Content.
Fortune her gifts may variously dispose,
And these be happy call’d, unhappy those ;
But Heav'n's just balance equal will appear,
While those are plac'd in Hope, and these in Fear:
Not present good or ill, the joy or curse,
But future views of better, or of worfe.
Oh sons of earth! attempt ye still to rise,
By mountains pil'd on mountains, to the skies?
Heav'n still with laughter the vain toil surveys,
And buries madmen in the heaps they raise.
Know, all the good that individuals find,
Or God and Nature meant to mere Mankind,
Reason's whole pleasure, all the joys of sense,
Lie in three words, Health, Peace, and Competence.
But Health consists with Temperance alone,
And Peace, oh Virtue! Peace is all thy own.
The good or bad the gifts of Fortune gain;
But thefe less taste them, as they worse obtain.
Say, in pursuit of profit or delight,
Who risk the most, that take wrong means, or right?
Of Vice or Virtue, whether blest or curft,
Which mects contempt, or which compassion first?
Count all th' advantage prosp'rous Vice attains,
'Tis but what Virtue Aies from and disdains :
And grant the bad what happiness they wou'd,
One they must want, which is, to pass for good.
HONOUR consists in acting our PART well.
P @ PE.
TONOUR and frame from no Condition rise:
Act well your part, there all the honour lies,
Fortune in Men has some small diff'rence made,
One flaunts in rags, one Autters in brocade;
The cobler apron'd, and the parson gown'd,
The friar hooded, and the monarch crown'd.
6 What differ more (you cry) than crown and cowl !”.
friend ! a wise man and a fool.
You'll find, if once the monarch acts the monk,
Or, cobler-like, the parfon will be drunk,
Worth makes the man, and want of it the fellow;
The rest is all but leather or prunella.
VIRTUE the sole Foundation of HAPPINESS:
NOW then this truth (enough for Man to know)
“Virtue alone is happiness below."
The only point where human bliss stands ftill,
And tastes the good without the fall to ill;
Where only Merit constant pay receives,
Is bleft in what it takes, and what it gives;
The joy unequallid, if its end it gain,
And if it lose, attended with no pain :
Without satiety, tho' e'er so bless'd,
And but more relish'd as the most distress': ::
The broadeft mirth unfeeling Folly wears,
Lefs pleasing far than Virtue's very tears:
Good, from each object, from each place acquir'd;
For ever exercis’d, yet never tird;
Never elated, while one ma's oppress’a;
Never dejected, while another's bless’d;
And where no wants, no wishes can remain,
Since but to with more Virtue, is to gain.
See the fole bliss Heav'n could on all bestow !
Which who but feels can taste, but thinks can know :
Yet poor with fortune, and with learning blind,
The bad must miss, the good, untaught, will find ;;
Slave to no fect, who takes no private road,
But looks through Nature, up to Nature's God:
Pursues that Chain which links th’ immense design,
Joins heav'n and earth, and mortal and divine;
Sees, that no Being any bliss can know,
But touches fome above, and some below;
Learns, from this union of the rifing Whole,
The first, låst purpose of the human soul;
And knows where Faith, Law, Morals, all began,
All end, in LOVE OF GOD, and Love of Man..
For him alone, Hope leads from goal to goal,
And opens still, and opens on his soul ;
'Till léngthen'd on to Faith, and unconfind,
It pours the bliss that fills up all the mind.
He sees, why Nature plants in Man alone
Hope of known bliss, and Faith in bliss unknown::
(Nature, whose dictates to no other kind
Are giv'n in vain, but what they seek they find).
Wife is her present; she connects in this
His greatest: Virtne with his greatest Bliss;
At once his own bright prospect to be blest,
And strongest motive to assist the rest.
Self-love thus push'd to social, to divine,
Gives thee to make thy neighbour's blessing thine..
Is this too little for the boundless heart?
Extend it, let thy enemies have part:
Grasp the whole worlds of Reafon, Life, and. Sense,
In one close system of Benevolence:
Happier as kinder, in whate’er degree:
And height of blífs but height of charity.
God loves from whole to parts : but human soul?
Must rise from individual to the whole.
Self-love but serves the virtuous mind to wake,
As the small pebble stirs the peaceful lake;
The centre mov'd, a circle strait succeeds,
Another still, and still another spreads ;
Friend, parent, neighbour, first it will 'embrace;
His country next; and next-all human race;
Wide and more wide, th' o'erflowings of the mind
Earth cry creature in, of ev'ry kind;.
Earth smiles around, with boundless bounty bleft,
And Heav'n beltolds its image in-his-breast
CHARACTERS are given according to the RANK
of MEN in the WORLD. (Pope.]
*IS from high-life high characters are drawn;
A faint in crape is twice a saint in lawn;
A judge is just, a chanc'llor jufter still;
A gownman, learnd; a bishop, what you will;.
Wife, if a minister; but, if a king,
More wise, more learn'd, more jost, more every things.
Court-virtues bear, like gems, the highest rate,
Born where Heav'n's infuence fcarce can penetrate:
In life's low vale, the soil the virtues like,
They please as beauties, here as wonders strike.
Tho' the same fun with all-diffusive
rays Blush in the rose, and in the di'mond blaze,We prize the stronger effort of his pow'r, And justly set.the gem above the flow'r..
EXAMPLES of the STRENGTH of the RULING PASSION in the HOUR of DEATH.
[POPE.) DIOUS! in woollen! 'would a faint provoke,
(Were the last words that poor Narcisla spoke) “No, let a charming chintz, and Bruffels lace “ Wrap my cold limbs, and Thade my lifeless face: “ One would not, súre, be frightful when one's dead " And Betty-give this cheek a little red.”
The courtier fmooth, who forty years had thin'd An humble servant to all human kind, Just brought out this, when scarce his tongue could stir, If-where I'm going I could serve you,
Siro “ I give and I devise (old Euclio. said, And figh'd) my lands and tenements to Ned. Your money, Sir? -"My money, Sir, what all? “ Why,-if I muft-(then wept) I give it Paol. The manor, Sir?—“ The manor ! hold, he cry?d “Not that, -I cannot part with that"-and dy d.
And you! brave COBHAM, to the latest breath Shall feel your ruling passion strong in death : Such in those moments as in all the past, “Oh, fave. my country, Heav!n!” shall be your last.