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INAL EDINBURGH EDITION

JUNE 1924,
Hoford Library
UN 24 1924 BLACKWOOD'S
I DI

MAGAZINE.

PUBLISHED MONTHLY.

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THE LEONARD SCOTT PUBLICATION CO.,

No. 1304

NEW YORK:

BARR KARKI, PROF.

249 WEST 13TH STREET.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS, EDINBURGH.

guest TOUS

recond-clan matter, Inly 4, 1911, at the post odoo at Now Tech N. 1.,

thi act of March 3, 1879

deserted the Party when it imports was active, the public suited him, can hope to regain consumer was continually securthe confidence of the Party. ing better motor-cars at a Since his adventure at West- cheapening price, the Revenue minster he has adopted a more was securing £2,500,000 a year modest demeanour. He thinks from articles of admitted that he and the Conservative luxury, and the dollar exchange Party can help one another was improved by the restricwithout much fuss or change- tion of unnecessary purchases in other words, “not by alter- in the United States." Omit ing in any respect their posi- the word “luxury

luxury” from the tions and principles in regard argument, and in Mr Churchill's to public affairs, but only by words we find a defence for a mutually respecting each other's general tariff. There is no position and trusting to the difference between motor-cars deep and slow tide of events and films and pianos on the to make effective and whole- one hand, and toys and steel hearted co-operation not only rails on the other. And don't natural but inevitable.” This let it be forgotten : Mr Churchill sounds well enough, and means is an impenitent Free Trader! nothing. How, indeed, shall With the same fervour of the Conservative Party respect the newly converted Mr ChurchMr Churchill's position, when ill, who once told the Dominions all that it knows about it is with ferocity that a door of that it is the position of an good British oak was banged, opportunist out of a seat? bolted, and barred against

However, as he stood upon them, is now in favour (for a Conservative platform, he how long ?) of Imperial Prefer. showed himself magnanimous ence. . “ The attitude of the in making concessions. He Government towards Imperial was kind enough to express his Preference is characterised by disapproval of the repeal of the same unnecessary partisanthe M'Kenna Duties. “What ship and by a chilling disdain was the need of that ? he --the disdain expressed in the asked. “What harm are they banged, bolted, and barred door doing? Whoever claimed that of British oak was something he was being injured by them?” more than chilling—"for the Who indeed? And the argu- interests and sentiments of the ment in favour of the M'Kenna Dominions, who came to our Duties may be extended to all aid so valiantly and generously the other duties which Mr in the Great War." It is, Churchill opposed with singular indeed, idle to contrast the acrimony at the General Elec- Mr Churchill of then with the tion. Speaking to a new brief, Mr Churchill of now. The one, Mr Churchill put the case with no doubt, is just about as lucidity. “A trade was flour- sincere as the other. And ishing,” said he, “competition when Mr Churchill proceeds both at home and with foreign to denounce the present Gov

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rnment as “one vast monu- of winning the support of hent of sham and humbug," jockeys and ladies of the chorus yhich indeed it is, when he will persuade us that he is a points out in the policy of the heaven-sent statesman. He is ocialists examples of political merely one of a vast crowd þconsistency beyond compare which cannot bear that anyh modern public life, which, thing should be done in the

we exclude Mr Churchill world without its intervention, imself, is true enough, in lack and which believes that if it f humour he rivals Mr Lloyd lifts up its voice on this side Feorge, the demagogue who or that some beneficent result as helped to rid the Empire must follow at once. f such encumbrances as Ire- The Conservative Party has ind, Egypt, and India, and endured for nearly twenty years hen declares that he will without the aid of Mr Churchill, ote against every Govern- and it would be a matter of ient and every Party that lets indifference that Party reat Britain down." Do poli- whether he came back or not, icians ever laugh at them- except for one danger. Mr elves, we wonder, or have they Churchill is not likely to take een so much bedevilled by a keen interest in any Party he adulation of the picture- or in any enterprise if he do a pers as to believe

them- not conduct it himself. And þlves more than mortal ? when he is once more a Con

If Mr Churchill had possessed servative member, he will look genuine sincerity, the absence about him for a few friends

which he deplores in the with whom to conspire. He ocialists, he would have re- will find them waiting for him. irned to Conservative prin- There is Lord Birkenhead, the iples on bended knees and in ex-galloper, who was once ready umility of spirit. He might, to die for the cause of Ulster ; hen, have persuaded some to and there is Mr Austen Chamelieve that he truly repented; berlain, that singular leader of hat, apart from his own ad- the Unionist Party, who, withancement, he really wished out consulting his friends, did fell to the country. He has what he could-and, unhappily, one nothing yet to persuade it was a great deal-to destroy s of these things. He comes the union of Great Britain and ack as though he had a right Ireland, which he was pledged b a warm welcome, that it irrevocably to defend. These as enough for him to raise gentlemen, with a complacent

finger and to speak a word levity which we do not like h order to be acclaimed a to remember, sacrificed withrue-blue trustworthy Conser- out a murmur the thousands ative. He has no such right. of loyal Irishmen who trusted Ie will never ring true until them, and who are rewarded e has been thrice tried in the for this reckless trust by the ire, and not even his capacity loss of life or livelihood. With such a nucleus, a new Party ernment; it means that France will be inevitable. The work has turned her back upon the of smashing the Conservative heroes who saved her in the Party, auspiciously begun at war, and has put her trust in Westminster, will be carried traitors. on, and when Mr Lloyd George, What, then, has happened? that spirited champion of Brit- The Left Bloc (the bloc des ish supremacy, has been in- Gauches) has triumphed over vited to join with his ancient the National Bloc, upon whose colleagues, all will be as it was support M. Poincaré relied, before, and the great cham- and the Radical Socialists, suppions of disunion and disin- ported by the Socialists, find tegration will be able again to themselves with a majority. enjoy the ",

stunts ”—that, we Inscrutable are the ways of believe, is the elegant name democracies, and it is, perhaps, they gave to their antics— ploughing the sand to discover which brought pride and glory the cause of this sudden change. to them, and bitter disaster But it may be said that for the to the British Empire.

present the hopes of “our Ger

man friends," as Mr MacDonald The result of the French calls them, need not be raised Elections is a heavy blow to too high, that the policy of the the peace of Europe and to Ruhr had little weight with the the security of France. For electorate. Whoever it may be four years France has enjoyed, that comes into office, the policy under the guidance of M. Poin- of M. Poincaré, which aimed, caré, a settled government, an and still aims, at security, will event unique in the annals of not, we hope, be changed. the Republic. The last Cham- What seems probable is that, ber, moreover, contained not apart from the common gamble a few distinguished men, who of politics, which is generally were something better than recognised as the voice of God, professional politicians, and who the electors of France saw the were glad to think more in- chance of fuller pockets in a tently of service than of re- return to Radical Socialism. ward. The fair hopes which M. Poincaré showed a wish to the presence of these tax them, and this wish always gave to their country, that appears intolerable to the free politics would be lifted above and independent citizen, whose the greed and clamour inci- ambition it is to live upon the dent to them, are disappointed. work and thrift of others. As The defeat of M. Poincaré our own election was decided means far more than that this on the patriotic cry, “ Your calm and resolute leader may food will cost you more," so disappear from public life : it the election in France was won means that a deep shadow has by those who resolutely rebeen cast upon the prospect fused to help their country by of decent and honourable gov- higher contributions.

men

To read the returns of the proved during the last four French elections, indeed, is to years a wise counsellor, and understand how incapable is a is therefore held unfit to redemocracy, with universal suf- present a French constituency. frage, to choose efficient rulers. It is difficult to think of the Efficiency seems a fatal bar, French Chamber deprived of in these levelling days, to any the eloquence and criticism man who aspires to aid in the of M. Léon Daudet. That he government of his country. We should have been put out to all remember, when our own make way for a Socialist is present Government was little less than a tragedy. The formed, we were asked to look fearless leader of a small band not upon the fitness of our of Conservatives, the gallant new Ministers, but upon their champion of the humanities, origins. “ Look at A.,' we he has held his own for four were told.

“ He began in a years against the fury of his coal-mine, and there he is now opponents, and has succeeded a Secretary of State." Or, in forcing his honest un popular “Regard the simplicity of B., opinions upon the Chamber. now the head of a great de- Moreover, he has been sincere partment, once a poor lad in a in action as well as in speech. factory.” We confess that we When the Chamber, after the find snobbishness of this kind manner of Chambers elected irrelevant and contemptible. If by universal suffrage, voted there is a supreme virtue in higher salaries for its members, having been in mine or factory, M. Daudet was almost alone in his many of our rulers would refusing to accept the increased have us believe, they are guilty salary until the victims of bf gross vulgarity who call the war were pensioned, and Attention to their happy fate. insisted that the money due It is as bad as though an to him should be devoted ristocrat should boast his birth to lightening the lot of neg. pr a millionaire his gold. In lected soldiers.' Happily for hoosing our rulers we should France, exclusion from isk only what this man is or Chamber will not silence M. hat, not what he was. Nor, Daudet's power of persuasion. intil the electorate clears its He is still master of his journal, nind of the popular cant, are 'L'Action Française,' in whose ve ever likely to be governed columns he has preached for ustly and well.

years, and for years, we hope, The elections in France, then, will continue to preach, the re a complete condemnation doctrines of a sane and sound f the democratic principle. conservatism. With M. Maur'he most highly distinguished ras, the greatest living writer andidates have been ruthlessly of prose in France, at his side, Liscarded. The famous General he has striven to reawaken in e Castelnau, who helped to his country the wise belief in vin the victory for France, bas kings, and to counteract by

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