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inward thoughts, because he all the originality of my work proved to me that the princi- to consist. This is what M. ples and the method I had Reinaud did not in the least myself decided to work on up understand, having no value to the present are not by any for anything except the patient means the imaginary concep- philological collocations which tions of solitary labour, but I had made on certain points." that they are in conformity A smaller mind than Renan's with the ideas of most solid would have been anxious to science—that, in short, they insist on his own originality are those of all really learned in the narrow sense of the and philosophic men. Partial word. Renan, whose object successes have their value, no was to find the true method in doubt, but they are nothing research, was overjoyed at the compared to the advantage discovery of M. Durnouf's anof being in union with one's ticipation of his own views. own century ; this is the safest M. Durnouf in his turn did all guarantee both of definite and in his power to advance Renan lasting success, and what is and bring him into notice more precious still, of truth among the elder, more experiin its most advanced forms. enced, and accredited intellects You understand how priceless of his day. On his first enin my eyes is this verification trance into this society Ernest of the central control of my was charmed with all he met, ideas by their coincidence with but less struck by the outward those of so eminent a man. appearance and antique cereNow I could not repeat to monial that reigned at their you, chère amie, the flattering séances than by the exquisite terms he used in giving his tone of mind that prevailed approbation to all my views, there. assuring me that they were in It is not what you would perfect harmony with his own, call the tone of the great world ; and that this was the truly on the contrary, a man of the elevated philosophic method of world would think this manner thought. You may perhaps pedantic, old - fashioned, and feel some surprise at the use boring. It is something much of such expressions about a less arbitrary than what consubject apparently of purely stitutes a fashion; something grammatical import. But my that comes from an advanced plan has been to resolve the degree of intellectual culture, technical details into a reasoned much more than from that theoretical exposition, and to long habit which is the only insist throughout on the his- thing that gives naturalness to toric side, which is so fertile the easy tone of society. All in important glimpses of fact. those old Academicians, with Hence arises quite a new aspect their robes and forms of an of the case, in which I desired older day, their manners of

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another world, their quaint- assured her that he was in no ness which sometimes makes need of money (a rather imyou smile, are far indeed from probable statement), but she representing the fashionable cut the ground from under tone ; but they represent some- his feet by begging him not thing better, a delicacy in to be so unfeeling as to refuse things of the mind, a fineness, hers—a familiar feminine plea, an exquisite tact, and what is -and suggesting that three of even higher value, they hundred francs for the Sanscrit represent science, thought, and grammar, which he had only philosophy.”

mentioned as a wild impossiHe did not fail to remark, bility, would, in view of its like a good Frenchman, that furtherance to his studies, be this perfect refinement of mind a far-sighted economy which could not be met with outside she strongly recommended. Paris ; but by the same stroke Henriette did nothing by halves. of the pen he unconsciously As she remarked, on some occadraws for some of us a rem- sion of being put to unnecesiniscence of Oxford, for others sary trouble by a friend, of St Andrews.

Quand on oblige, il ne faut Henriette, in her far-off snowy pas le faire à demi.” solitude, beard and rejoiced. She was well-bred in every She offered him some sisterly instinct, generous, sensitive, advice. “Soigne aussi un peu with the faithfulness of the la toilette, cher ami.”

Breton, perfectly disinterested, He had confessed, some time but alas ! perfectly disillupreviously, that "un accident sioned. Life held nothing for arrivé peu aprés ton départ her, except this young brother's m'avait obligé à l'achat d'un love and his future. She had autre pantalon noir."

found her way through life a Henriette's advice on the stony road, but she would not subject of “la toilette” is

care if she could only make it sound. “ However elevated the smooth for him. subjects that may be occupying “Yes ; things in this world your mind, 'tis necessary in are rough and thorny in my little matters of this sort to experience ; but why must attend strictly to being like you know it so soon ?" she every one else. 'Tis quite futile, said wistfully, forgetting that but yet indispensable, especially he was then twenty-four. But while you are young. Notice to her half-maternal feeling he what other people are wearing, was still in his tender youth. and be careful, I implore of There are some minds so you, to look exactly the same. curiously constituted as to be Now as to warm clothes

able, so they say, to discern And she backed her advice the stain of selfishness in all with a little present of five human love. Married love is hundred francs. Ernest had mere self-gratification, paternal

80 on.

love the vanity of self-repro- published in a certain 'Journal duction, maternal love a useful pour les Jeunes Personnes,' animal instinct, filial love the which appeared to Ernest quite impulse of self-protection, and unworthy of the honour; for

But where could even he admired his sister's producthese unenviably sharp-sighted tions, both for their substance sages perceive the stain in an and style. elder sister's love! Surely it “Let me congratulate you, is the purest of human passions, chère amie,” he says, on and, strange to say, the only those articles of travel you human passion of which Shake- wrote for the 'Journal,' esspeare left no picture ; but it pecially on the last. 'Tis wonwas pictured faithfully before derfully well felt and expressed. the beginning of our literature Your style has something firm in the old, lovely, fairy tale of and masculine about it, very Finola and the Swan-brothers. rare in a woman. You speak

To descend to modern in- French like a person who knows stances, what would have be- Latin." come of William Wordsworth There was a family likeness without his beautiful poet- in the writing of the brother hearted sister Dorothy ? or and sister. Both had that of Charles Lamb without the clean-cut, temperate, well-modpoor often - demented sister ulated style which is seldom Mary, the care of whom was now to be admired on this side his own safeguard, and her of the Channel. We have sacred love his only home 1 authors in abundance-able, Can we forget what the short- voluble, prolific, and picturlived genius of Maurice de esque; but compared with Guérin owed to the devotion these Renans—how the writing of that gracious elder sister, sprawls ! Eugénie, living and longing The present offender for him in their ancient chateau nounces from this day all exin Languedoc ? Yet none of travagance, and vows to take these loving sisters made a for motto and for warning sacrifice as great as Henriette Renan's brief commendation of Renan's ten years of exile for his sister, “C'est dit et senti à her brother Ernest.

merveille." It is pleasant to think that But Henriette continued to his love and gratitude never write for the 'Journal pour les failed her or grew cold ; and Jeunes Personnes,' chiefly, one Henriette was no weakling to suspects, because it was edited repent her sacrifice. She was a by an old friend of her family, woman of strong will and strong one Mlle. Ulliac, deaf, exceedunderstanding. While in Po- ingly cranky, and, as Ernest land she continued writing on once complained, too handy historical subjects, sending the with her scissors. This, he greater part of her work to be knew, must be understood as


an editorial virtue and neces- except to the Collége de France, sity in one; but when she took where that inestimable M. Durto making additions as well as nouf continued his lectures to subtractions, he grew plaintive an accompaniment of shouting, about her lack of respect for trooping, and building of barrihistory. The faithful Henriette cades. But the next time the went so far as to admit that two friends went together to Mlle. Ulliac was perhaps not the lecture-hall they found it exactly all that she had ever occupied, and turned into a been ;

then, repenting the military post. M. Durnouf, severity of her strictures, im- turning sadly away, remarked plored Ernest to destroy that that it would be a very long letter at once. “Ne laisse sub- time before either of them sister aucun trace de ces tristes would enter it again, as indeed mots !” Such was Henriette : it proved. Ernest's devotion strong of intellect, soft of heart. to his real vocation remained

Matters were at this stage unshaken. when, on 21st February 1848, “My resolution, whatever Ernest wrote to his sister that happens, will not weaken ; at “Paris is very much upset any cost I will pursue my own just now. People are most intellectual development. 'Tis uneasy about to-morrow's ban- the only thing I live by : feelquet of the 12th arrondisse- ing and thinking are my whole ment, which the Ministry is existence, my religion, my resolved to prevent. Don't be God.” (Je ne vis que par ; uneasy, whatever happens. For sentir et penser, c'est tout mon one thing, the number of troops étre, c'est ma religion, c'est mon now concentrated in Paris is 80 Dieu.) formidable that no serious dis- He kept his word. Paris turbance is possible.”

was in tumult round him, and So Paris believed, and on he found that it required great the 24th was enacted the first strength of will to continue scene of the Second Revolu- research work in the whirl of tion, the fatal shot, the car- deep emotions ; but with the nage in the Boulevard des thunder of the guns deafening Capucines, followed so quickly the air, he discussed the interestby the attack on the Tuileries, ing question—whether Abélard the downfall of the Bourbons, knew Greek He would seem the flight of Louis Philippe, a trivial creature to politicians, and the proclamation of the he was aware. But to science, Second Republic. When Er- rightly understood, nothing is nest next wrote to his sister trivial.” He continued workall was in suspense, and he was ing at the theses he was already obliged to use very guarded engaged upon for his doctor's language ; but he did his best degree, though it was highly to reassure her by a promise problematical if any degrees of not going out of doors would be conferred that year,

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or next year, or for longer stuck to her post in Poland, still. All the savants were and events in Paris grew ever deeply depressed. Poor M. more fast and furious. Cousin dwelt on the fate of The “prudent” young philSocrates. Ernest, on the other osopher, who was perfectly sinhand, reminded them that in cere in his worship of wisdom the stormy days of the first and devotion to his own ideal Revolution there had been far of progress, had the clear sight greater development of intel- and sagacity that are seldom lectual forces than during the found apart from intellectual period of calm that followed. honesty. He watched the seethBut the savants preferred their ing passions of the Commune calm.

and the madness of the people; He tried to soothe as best he also watched the measures he could the fears of Henriette, of repression that were taken, and wrote to her with admir- ostensibly for the restoration able simplicity: “You know of law and order," and his my character : when it's a heart grew hot within him. question of struggling against On the 6th of June 1848 he brute force, I am prudent to wrote :the verge of timidity."

“I am beginning to detach Whatever Henriette knew of myself from the old Left, with his character it did not con- whom my sympathies lay during sole her. She was distracted the first days of the Revolution. with anxiety. It was all very They behave with a selfishness well for Ernest to assure her and narrow-mindedness that that he was no politician but are really extraordinary in a philosopher, that he strictly people of cultivated minds. avoided political entanglements, To the more advanced party and loathed the personalities it is men that are lacking. of controversy. She could not 'Tis with these I believe that perceive that the elevated de- our future lies. A new Third tachment of his sentiments con- Estate has been formed; the stituted any safeguard against bourgeoisie would be as foolish stray bullets in the streets, and to fight against it as the began to implore him to leave noblesse were once, in fighting Paris and join the rest of their with the bourgeoisie. Liberty family at St Malo. Ernest, on and public order are not enough his side foreseeing a European now. We must have equality war and consequent difficulties in the fullest possible measure : in travelling, begged Henriette there must be no more of the to return to France without disinherited, either in the indelay, and prepared to give up tellectual or the political order. his cherished plan of study in If inequality of fortune is a Paris, and to make some quiet necessary evil, at least every little home for them both in man's life must be made secure, the country. But Henriette and the ways enlarged for all.

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