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tions in a volume such as this. In the final section of the book I have given references which will facilitate their study.

With regard to the text, I have as a general rule strictly adhered to the sources given at the head of each document. I have also purposely referred to Christie's History of Lower Canada as a source, because the reference will help the student. As far as possible, however, I have collated documents taken from Christie with official copies. On the whole, Christie gives an accurate text.

I should like to acknowledge my thanks to the Dominion Archivists, to Professors Egerton and Grant, and Mr. W. Houston, whose work in the same field has made mine all the more easy. I owe much to the kindness of officials in the various libraries where I have worked, especially to those of the Legislative Library, Toronto. The Librarian of that Library has gone to the trouble of having most of the parliamentary papers relating to Canada bound together under years. These he has called Imperial Blue Books Relating to Canada. Under that title I refer to documents which will also be found in the British Parliamentary Papers. This admirable arrangement has saved me hours of work. The dedication feebly acknowledges a friendship which lies deeper than common work in a common subject would suggest.

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO,

1st February, 1918.

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VII. Murray to the Lords of Trade, October 29, 1764 . . 40

Murray complains of the British in Canada and praises

the Canadians. He looks for further privileges for

the latter. He hopes the Ordinance (No. VI) will be

approved, as he considers it necessary to prevent emi-

gration.

VIII. Petition of the Quebec Traders to the King, 1764 .. 41

The Petitioners outline their settlement and progress,

even under military rule which they endured, hoping

for civil administration. Murray's rule is objected to

as vexatious and partial; complaints are made that he

is negligent in his religious duties. His recall is asked

for, and a new and more sympathetic Governor re-

quested. A House of Assembly is also petitioned for

in which the British alone should sit.

IX. Ordinance of November 6, 1764

This Ordinance aimed at quieting the uneasiness of

the Canadians in connexion with security in their

property.

X. Report of the Attorney General and the Solicitor General

of England regarding the Civil Government of Quebec,

1766 . .

The Report claims that much disorder has been caused

by the failure to provide for the use of the French

language and for the employment of Canadian judges

and advocates; by the fact that the Canadians feared

that a strict interpretation of the Royal Proclamation

(No. IV) was imminent. The provision of Canadian

jurors had, however, removed many misunderstand-

ings. Further changes, however, in the judicature are

advised. Recommendations are given: to follow in civil

cases French custom, and in criminal cases English

criminal law.

44

.

XV. Carleton's reply to No. XIV, October, 1766

The Governor curtly dismisses the complaint. He will
take advice when and where he can best get it, and
will act on his own best judgment.

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