Spheres Of Justice: A Defense Of Pluralism And Equality

Priekinis viršelis
Basic Books, 2008-08-05 - 364 psl.
The distinguished political philosopher and author of the widely acclaimed Just and Unjust Wars analyzes how society distributes not just wealth and power but other social “goods” like honor, education, work, free time—even love.

Knygos viduje


Security and Welfare
Fair Shares
An American Welfare State
A Note on Charity and Dependency
What Money Cant Buy
What Money Can Buy
The Determination of Wages
Professionalism and the Insolence of Office
Hard Work
Free Time
Kinship and Love
Divine Grace
Political Power
Democratic Citizenship

Gifts and Inheritance
The Meaning of Qualification
Justice in the Twentieth Century
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95 psl. - Thus much of this will make black, white ; foul, fair ; Wrong, right; base, noble; old, young; coward, valiant. Ha, you gods! why this ? what this, you gods? why, this Will lug your priests and servants from your sides ; Pluck stout men's pillows from below their heads...
50 psl. - January 1951 and owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear or for reasons other than personal convenience, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country...
95 psl. - Thus much of this will make black white, foul fair, Wrong right, base noble, old young, coward valiant. Ha ! you gods, why this? What this, you gods? Why this, Will lug your priests and servants from your sides, Pluck stout men's pillows from below their heads : This yellow slave Will knit and break religions; bless the accurs'd; Make the hoar leprosy ador'd ; place thieves, And give them title, knee, and approbation, With senators on the bench...
131 psl. - Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both: (a) to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged, consistent with the just savings principle, and (b) attached to offices and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity.
195 psl. - If all the year were playing holidays, To sport would be as tedious as to work; But when they seldom come, they wish'd for come, And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents.
96 psl. - Will knit and break religions; bless the accurs'd ; Make the hoar leprosy ador'd ; place thieves, And give them title, knee, and approbation, With senators on the bench: this is it, That makes the wappen'd widow wed again ; She, whom the spital-house, and ulcerous sores Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices To the April day again.
31 psl. - The primary good that we distribute to one another is membership in some human community.
126 psl. - Munificent bequests and donations for public purposes, whether charitable or educational, form a striking feature in the modern history of the United States, and especially of New England. Not only is it common for rich capitalists to leave by will a portion of their fortune towards the endowment of national institutions, but individuals during their lifetime make magnificent grants of money for the same objects.
19 psl. - In formal terms, complex equality means that no citizen's standing in one sphere or with regard to one social good can be undercut by his standing in some other sphere, with regard to some other good. Thus, citizen X may be chosen over citizen Y for political office, and then the two of them will be unequal in the sphere of politics. But they will not be unequal generally so long as X's office gives him no advantages over Y in any other sphere — superior medical care, access to better schools for...
175 psl. - For every man to see to it that he really do something, for every woman too...

Apie autorių (2008)

Michael Walzer is Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, and the author of many widely heralded books, including Spheres of Justice, Exodus and Revolution, and The Company of Critics, all available from Basic Books. He lives in Princeton, New Jersey.

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