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The present separate article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted, word for word, in the convention signed this day. It shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at the same time.
In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
Done at London, the sixteenth day
C. E. MOLTKE.
THEIR Britannic and Danish Majesties mutually agree, that no higher other duties shall be levied in either of their dominions (their respective colonies being excepted from the convention of this date) upon any personal property of their respective subjects, on the removal of the same from the dominions of their said Majesties reciprocally, either upon the inheritance of such proper ty, or otherwise, than are or shall be payable in each state, upon the like property, when removed by a subject of such state respectively.
The present additional article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted, word for word, in the convention signed this day. It shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at the same time. In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
Done at London, the 16th day of
June, in the year of our Lord
The undersigned, his Britannic Majesty's principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and the Minister of State and Cabinet of his Majesty the King of Hanover, hereby declare, in the name of their respective governments:
That the Hanoverian government having placed British ships, and all articles imported in such ships, in respect to all duties, whether upon the goods or upon the ships, and in respect to charges and privileges of pilotage, upon the same footing with Hanoverian ships, and the like goods, if imported in such ships; and the said Hanoverian government binding itself to observe these conditions, and any other stipulations in favour of the shipping and commerce of Great Britain, which are contained in a convention between his Britannic Majesty and the King of Prussia, concluded and signed at London on the 2d of April 1824 :
His Britannic Majesty engages to extend to the subjects and shipping of the kingdom of Hanover all the benefits secured by the said convention to the shipping and commerce of Prussia, upon the principle of reciprocity which forms the basis of the said convention.
In witness whereof, they have signed the present declaration, and
That the Hanoverian government having placed British ships, and all articles imported in such ships, in respect of all duties, whether upon the goods or upon the ships, and in re. spect to charges and privileges of pilotage, upon the same footing with Hanoverian ships, and the like goods, if imported in such ships; and the said Hanoverian government binding itself to observe those conditions, and any other stipulations in favour of the shipping and commerce of Great Britain, which are contained in a convention between his Britannic Majesty and the King of Prussia, concluded and signed at London, on the 2d of April 1824;
His Britannic Majesty engages to extend to the subjects and shipping of the kingdom of Hanover, all the benefits secured by the said convention to the shipping and commerce of Prussia, upon the principle of reciprocity which forms the basis of the said convention.
In witness whereof, they have signed the present declaration, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
Done at London, the twelfth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four.
RATIFICATION OF THE COMMERCIAL TREATY WITH BUENOS AYRES.
BUENOS AYRES, Feb. 23.-On Saturday the 19th, the ratification of the treaty, concluded between the government of Great Britain and that of the United Provinces, took place in the cabinet of the government. The treaty is as follows:
"Be it known, the treaty of friendship, navigation, and commerce, having been concluded in due form, on the 2d of this month of February, by Don Manuel Jose Garcia, plenipotentiary of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, and Mr Woodbine Parish, plenipotentiary of his Britannic Majesty, that the following is a true copy of the same :—
"An extensive commerce having existed for many years between the dominions of his Britannic Majesty and the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, it seems advisable, for the safety and promotion of the said commerce, and the consolidation of good understanding between his Majesty and the said provinces, that these existing relations should be formally recognised and confirmed by a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation. With this view they have named for their respective plenipotentiaries, viz. his Majesty the King of Great Britain, Mr Woodbine Parish, his Majesty's Consul-General at Buenos Ayres; and the United Provinces, Don Manuel Jose Garcia, Minister for Foreign Affairs, &c., who, having exchanged their full powers, have agreed on the following articles :
"Art. 1. Stipulates perpetual friendship between the dominions and subjects of the two parties.
"Art. 2. Reciprocal freedom of trade, on the same footing as any other foreign subjects.
"Art. 3. His Britannic Majesty agrees, that in all his dominions in
Europe and other parts of the world, the inhabitants of the United Provinces shall enjoy the freedom of trade stipulated in the preceding articles, to the whole extent that it is now permitted, or may be permitted in future, to any other nation.
"Art. 4. No article of the produce or manufacture of either party shall be subjected, in the dominions of the other, to higher duties than similar articles from other foreign countries, nor shall any prohibition to export or import any article of produce or manufacture from or into the respective dominions, be imposed, unless such prohibition include the same articles of other countries.
"Art 5. Vessels of above 120 tons of either party shall not pay any tonnage, light-house, pilotage, salvage, or other local duty, in any of the ports of the other party, higher than the national vessels of the country to which the port belongs.
"Art. 6. Articles of the produce or manufacture of either party, shall pay the same import duties in the ports of the other, whether they are imported in the ships of Great Britain or of the United Provinces; and the same bounties, allowances, and drawbacks, shall be paid on the exportation of such articles of produce or manufacture from either country, whether exported in British ships or those of the United Provinces.
"Art. 7. To prevent misunder standings, it is stipulated that all ships built in his Majesty's dominions, which are owned, manned, and registered, according to the laws of Great Britain, shall be considered as British ships; and that all vessels built in the territories of the said provinces, duly registered, owned by citizens of the same province, or of any one of them, whose captain and threefourths of the crew are citizens of the
said provinces, shall be considered as vessels of the United Provinces.
"Art. 8. Every merchant, commander of a ship, and other subjects of his Britannic Majesty, shall enjoy, in all the territories of the United Provinces, the same liberty as the natives, to manage his own affairs, to confide them to whoever he pleases, as his factor, agent, or interpreter, without being obliged to employ or pay for that purpose any persons whatever, unless he thinks fit to employ them; the buyer and seller to have at all times full liberty to contract and fix, at their pleasure, the price of all effects, merchandize, &c. imported into, or exported from, the said United Provinces.
"Art. 9. In all points relative to the unloading of vessels, the security of merchandize and effects, the disposal of property of every description, by sale, donation, exchange, or other mode whatsoever, as well as to the administration of justice, the subjects of the contracting parties shall enjoy, respectively, in the dominions of each other, the same rights, privileges, and franchises, as those of the most favoured nation. They shall not pay higher duties or taxes than the subjects of the state in which they reside; they shall be exempt from all military service whatever, either by sea or land; from all forced loans, exactions, or military requisitions, nor shall they be obliged to pay any ordinary contributions, under any pretext, greater than what the natural subjects and citizens of the party pay.
Art. 10. Each of the parties may appoint consuls, as usual, who shall not exercise their functions till duly approved by the government to which they are sent; and either party may except to the residence of consuls in such particular places as it may please to except.
"Art. 11. For the greater security of commerce between the subjects of the contracting parties, it is stipulated, that, in case of any unfortunate interruption of the amicable relations of commerce, or a breach between the two parties, the subjects and citizens of each, residing in the dominions of the other, shall have the privileges of remaining and continuing their trade without any interruption, so long as they behave peaceably, and do not in any way offend the laws; and their effects and property, whether confided to individuals or to the state, shall not be subject to any embargo or sequestration, than may be paid by the effects and property belonging to the natural inhabitants of the state in which the said subjects or citizens may reside.
"Art. 12. The subjects of his Britannic Majesty residing in the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata shall not be disturbed, persecuted, or molested, on account of their religion; but they shall enjoy a perfect liberty of conscience in them, celebrating divine worship in their own houses, or in their own particular churches and chapels, which they shall be authorised to build and maintain in convenient situations, which shall be approved of by the government of the said United Provinces. It shall also be permitted to bury the subjects of his Britannic Majesty, who shall die in the territory of the United Provinces, in their own cemeteries, which they may, in like manner, form and maintain there. On the
other hand, the subjects of the said United Provinces shall enjoy, in all the dominions of his Britannic Majesty, a perfect and unlimited freedom of conscience, and the exercise of their religion, public or private, in the houses where they reside, or in the chapels and religious houses destined for that purpose, conformably
to the system of toleration established in his Majesty's dominions.
"Art. 13. The subjects of his Britannic Majesty residing in the United Provinces, may freely dispose of their property of every description, in whatever form they please, or by will, as they think fit; and if a British subject should die in the United Provinces without a will, or disposition of his property, his Majesty's Consul-General, or, in his absence, his representative, shall be authorised to appoint guardians, who shall take care of the property, for the lawful heirs and creditors, without any interference, giving notice to the authorities of the country, and reciprocally.
Art. 14. His Britannic Majesty anxiously desiring the total abolition of the slave trade, the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata engage to co-operate with his Majesty in accomplishing so beneficial a work, and to prohibit all persons residing in the United Provinces, or subject to their jurisdiction, in the most effectual manner, and by the most solemn laws, from taking any part in the said traffick.
"Art. 15. The above treaty shall be ratified, and the ratification exchanged in four months, or sooner, if possible.
"In testimony whereof, the said plenipotentiaries have hereunto set their hands and seals.
"Done at Buenos Ayres the 2d of February, in the year of our Lord 1825.
in conformity with the fundamental law of the 23d January 1825, communicated the said treaty to the constituent Congress for its assent, and having obtained its full powers and approbation to ratify and confirm the said treaty; by this present act we ratify and confirm it in due form, promising and engaging, in the name of the said United Provinces, that all the stipulations and obligations in the same shall be sacredly and inviolably fulfilled.
merce, navigation, and fisheries of their subjects on the Pacific Ocean, as well as the limits of their respective possessions on the Northwest Coast of America, have named Plenipotentiaries to conclude a Convention. for this purpose, that is to say :-His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Hon. Stratford Canning, a Member of his said Majesty's Most Hon. Privy Council, &c. and his Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Charles Robert Count de Nesselrode, his Imperial Majesty's Privy Councillor, a Member of the Council of the Empire, Secretary of State for the Department of Foreign Affairs, &c. and the Sieur Pierre de Poletica, his Imperial Majesty's Councillor of State, &c. who, after having "JUAN GREGORIO DE LAS communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good
"In testimony whereof, we sign with our hand the present instrument of ratification, and have caused it to be attested by our minister of war and marine, solemnly sealing it with the national seal at Buenos Ayres, the 19th of February, in the year of our Lord 1825.
(L.S.) "FRANCISCO DE LA CRUZ." and due form, have agreed upon and
CONVENTION BETWEEN HIS MAJESTY
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, being desirous of drawing still closer the ties of good understanding and friendship which unite them, by means of an agreement which may settle, upon the basis of reciprocal convenience, different points connected with the com
VOL. XVI. PART. III.
signed the following articles:
Article 1.-It is agreed that the respective subjects of the high contracting parties shall not be troubled or molested in any part of the ocean, commonly called the Pacific Ocean, either in navigating the same, in fishing therein, or in landing at such parts of the coast as shall not have been already occupied, in order to trade with the natives, under the restrictions and conditions specified in the following articles.
2.-In order to prevent the right of navigating and fishing, exercised upon the ocean by the subjects of the high contracting parties, from becoming the pretext for an illicit commerce, it is agreed that the subjects of his Britannic Majesty shall not land at any place where there may be a Russian establishment, without the permission of the governor or commandant; and on the other hand, that Russian subjects shall not land, without permission, at any Bri