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Remarks upon Table XI.
The materials of the preceding Table are principally derived from the Botanical Appendix to Captain Franklin's Narrative, which has furnished upwards of 700 of the species. To these, 65 phænogamous plants have been added from Pursh, that were collected at Hudson's Bay by Tilden and others, and are preserved in the Sherardian and Banksian herbaria. The most northerly of Michaux's plants being collected to the southward of latitude 53°, do not enter into our list; and the plants collected by Nelson and Menzies on the North-west coast, being from countries to the westward of the Rocky Mountains, and for the most part too far to the south, are also excluded. Thirty-three species, however, of phænogamous plants, from Mr Brown's Botanical Appendix to Captain Parry's first voyage, have been added to the column headed "Barren Grounds," together with seven from the herbaria made in Captain Parry's second voyage, and a few from Mr Brown's List of the Plants collect
ed by Captain Ross, making the entire list in the Table amount to 840 plants.
The collection of Captains Parry and Ross compensate for the loss of the summer collection of 1821, in Captain Franklin's journey.
The structure of the Table is too simple to require explanation. The Woody Districts extend from latitude 53 or 54° to latitude 64° south, or nearly to Fort Enterprise. The Barren Grounds from latitude 64° to the most northerly parts visited, or to 74°. By adding the plants in the last column to those in either of the two preceding ones, the whole vegetation of that district, as far as detected, is found.
The phænogamous plants in the preceding Table stand thus:
Woody Region. Barren Grounds.
there being 79 species common to the two districts.
The following families, as well as those distinguished in the preceding list by blank spaces, in the column headed "Barren Ground," were not observed to extend beyond the wooded district.
Table XII. is compiled from Table XI. The column headed "Lancaster Straits" is from Mr Brown's Botanical Appendix to Captain Parry's First Voyage, with the addition of two Crucifera and one of the Caryophylleæ from his List of Captain Ross's Plants.
TABLE XIII.—Principal Families of Plants in the Three Districts, arranged in the order of the Number of their Species.
ON THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE SALMON, AND ON THE SALMON-FISHERIES,
AS STATED IN THE REPORT FROM THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON THE SALMONFISHERIES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, ORDERED BY THE HOUSE OF COMMONS TO BE PRINTED, 17TH JUNE 1824;"- WITH REMARKS.
THE attention of the country has long been directed to the Salmon-fisheries, in consequence of the numerous discussions which have taken place in our courts of law, respecting the rights of different proprietors, and the legality of certain engines or modes of fishing. In the river Tay, and its estuary, litigations on this subject were, at one period, carried to a very great extent; and the heritors having fishings in the river, succeeded in establishing the coble-net as the only legal engine of fishing in the estuary, and suppressing all fixed apparatus, such as stake-nets. Two years ago, these victorious upper heritors brought in a bill to the House of Commons, for the ostensible purpose of promoting the interest of the fisheries in the river; but the under heritors succeeded in convincing the House, that the end could not be gained by a change of a few days in close time, nor by the police regulations proposed; and the bill was thrown out. Last year, the attempt was renewed, to introduce a similar bill, and with no better success. The house, however, having the subject thus pressed upon their notice, and aware of its national importance, resolved to examine it in all its relations. A Committee was accordingly appoint
ed, and the evidence taken constitutes the Report to which we now propose to direct the attention of our readers. With the exception of one witness, "Henry Home Drummond, Esq. a Member," all those examined are individuals actually engaged as salmonfishers, and practically acquainted with the subject. Among these, some seem acquainted only with coble-net fishing; others appear equally well skilled in stake-net as in coble-net. There is a paper added to the Report, which was delivered in to the Committee by Sir Humphry Davy, on the Salmon-Fisheries, in which the principal statements are at variance with the testimony of those witnesses who are the most extensive salmon-fishers in the United Kingdom.
In order to enable our readers to perceive the evils which exist in our salmon-fishing practices, and the principles by which the Legislature should be guided in framing new regulations to remove them, we shall consider the facts brought to light, or established in this Report, relating to the habits of the fish; then inquire into the nature of the alleged grievances by which the fisheries are injured, and proceed to the consideration of the remedies proposed. Without quoting in every