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white and gold French furniture, and the meeting everybody worth meeting, and his Colonial dining-room affords a pretty con- Washington home has been made the retrast to the remainder of the house.

ceptacle of a great accumulation of souTo many persons Secretary of State Hay venirs and mementos of these journeyings, is the most interesting American in pub- selected with a care such as only a nature lic, or at least in official life, and probably, like Col. Hay's could exercise. therefore, it is not ill fitting that his If the Secretary of State may be said to home should be, from many considera- have a hobby in his home it is manteltions, the most interesting in Washing- pieces. Hardly a room has been unproton. The Hay home is a large roomy

vided, and artistic taste has found expresstructure of red brick at the corner of sion in a variety of mediums from onyx Sixteenth and H streets, and a glimpse of to Irish marble. In the Turkish room are its interior does not make the report that the most beautiful examples imaginable it cost more than $1,000,000 difficult of be- of the rug-maker's art. Almost all of the lief.

rugs were made to order, and single speciIn its plan to the minutest detail, and in mens are valued as high as $15,000 or its furnishings, the house bearseverywhere $20,000, — so valuable, indeed, that conthe indelible impress of the intelligence, noisseurs who have visited Col. Hay's care, and discrimination of the statesman, home have, half laughingly, half mourn

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light. The walls and ceiling of the dining- Avenue for which the Cabinet officer pays room are of solid mahogany, and the a yearly rental not far short of $10,000. draperies and tapestries in the mansion are The drawing-room at the Gage home is among the finest in America. As might be pretty well occupied with handsome eximagined, the library is a spot very near to amples of sculpture; and the dining-room, the heart of the author of "Jim Bludsoe,” with a decoration in carved oak, is thoand indeed, with its mahogany finish, silk roughly ideal of what such an apartment draperies, and secluded cosy corners, it is should be. difficult to understand how it could fail to Several of the Cabinet officers, as is the hold a warm place in the affections even case during every administration, have of a transient visitor. The music-room, not established homes at the capital. with its handsome inlaid piano, is another Secretary Alger has a house which is

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apartment worthy of the tenancy of a handsomely furnished, and the home of muse, and so in its evokings of enthusiasm Secretary Wilson, adjoining the Argentine a visitor might continue through the en- legation, is fitted simply but with admirtire house, not forgetting the invariable able taste. feminine rapture over portières that are The wealth of many of the men who so heavy as almost to require a man's during recent years have occupied seats strength for their movement.

in the United State Senate has enabled, Mrs. Lyman Gage, the wife of the Sec- as a rule, a very full gratification of social retary of the Treasury, is famous for her ambition. In few houses anywhere in the collection of cut glass and china, which is world is old-fashioned hospitality comcommonly considered the finest in Wash- bined with interesting home surroundings ington; but this is only one of the attrac- in a happier degree than at the large mantions of the large house on Massachusetts sion of Senator Hale at the corner of Six

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lowed by Lord Lyons, the British ambas- decorated china which seem to hold a sador, who was host there preceding the potent fascination for feminine visitors. interval of twenty-five years during which Nor do the mansions enumerated by any it was the home of William W. Corcoran, means exhaust the list of those whose the millionaire philanthropist who gave furnishings and decoration betoken that Washington its beautiful art gallery. indulgence of artistic tastes for which, as Later the entertainments which Senator a rule, opportunities must be created. and Mrs. Calvin Brice there tendered to Senators Elkins and Davis are among the their friends were the talk of the capital, other possessors of houses whose contents and now Miss Paulding, the niece of the are exceptional in several ways. famous after-dinner speaker, presides as The one characteristic of these hand. mistress of the historic mansion. The some Washington homes whose existence frescoing throughout the entire house seems to be universal is the evidence of would not fail to attract attention under thought and care in the arrangement of any circumstances, but from the stand- little details, whether they be designed to point of novelty probably the most note- add to the comfort of the visitor or simply worthy feature of the mansion is the din- to please the eye. It is the undisguisable ing-room. It is a huge apartment with stamp of tact and culture, and it would be carved walls and ceiling, which are in a as absurd to ignore its existence as to way suggestive of both Moorish architec- argue that the achievement of house-furture and the stalactites which hang from nishing in upper Washington life is the the roof of a cave.

accomplishment of money unaided by Senator McMillan, of Michigan, has sur- opportunities that come only from travel rounded himself with pictures and cab- and research. inets filled with rare bric-a-brac, not to

WALDON FAWCETT. mention countless pieces of exquisitely

( The illustrations used in this article are from photographs by the clinedinst Studio, Washington, D.C.)



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STARTLING are some of the recent air is terrific. It freezes pure alcohol very announcements in relation to liquid readily, and freezes mercury so hard that

air, and so extravagant the claims of it may be used as a hammer to drive nails its friends, that thinking people are ask- into hard wood; and so thorough is the ing what it is. If liquid air is to take the chill given that the mercury retains the place of steam as the motive power of solid state for several minutes. It will the world, of gunpowder in the navies of sear living flesh like a red-hot iron, and the nations, of dynamite in engineering, may take the place of all chemical cauterof ice in refrigerating, and to do many izing in surgery. As a refrigerator, liquid more wonderful things, we want to know air will be easily controlled, and it can be what it is.

made to lower the temperature of a room Liquid air is just what its name implies. very slightly or to produce a degree of It is not a liquid distilled from some cold that no life could endure for a minute. newly discovered vegetable or mineral, As an explosive it has certainly great but is simply air, such as we breathe, power, and experiments already made inmade so cold that it takes the form of dicate that it may be used in both gunwater. The fact that air can assume that nery and blasting; and it may thus take the form is a recent discovery, as is also the place of both gunpowder and dynamite. method of obtaining the intense cold ne- But this will not be discussed in the prescessary to this result. The temperature ent article. required is 312 degrees below zero,- a As has been already stated, air, when temperature farther below the coldest reduced to a very low temperature, conarctic winter than that is below a tropical denses and becomes a liquid. But the summer. Yet persistent efforts have at cold required is so intense that its prolast developed a method by which it is duction marks an epoch in the history of readily produced. When air is cooled science; and the path that led up to the down to this degree it changes to a misty final success is strewn with many a wreck. vapor and gradually forms into drops that This great achievement, although one of fall like rain to the bottom of the vessel the grandest triumphs of man over the containing it. By a proper arrangement forces of nature, can hardly be called a it may then be drawn off into an open discovery or an invention.

Like all great receptacle, ready for use.

advances in human knowledge, it has been When seen in an open vessel it might a growth,- an aggregation of discoveries be mistaken for boiling water, as it sim- and inventions rather than a single stroke mers and gives off a white vapor.

When of genius. It is the culmination of a line first poured out it boils violently, throw- of study and experiment which was coming off a cloud of vapor that rolls down menced more than a hundred years ago, the sides of the vessel. But as soon as and which has given us all that we the receptacle has cooled to the tem- know of making artificial ice, of cold perature of the liquid it quiets down to storage, and of modern methods of rea simmer, which continues until all has frigeration. evaporated and returned to air. This may In order to get a mental grasp of this require several hours if care is taken to matter we must study for a few moments keep the vessel away from every conduc- the operations of heat. Of the real power tor of heat. But if it be placed on a plate

behind the manifestation we call heat, we of iron, or even a block of ice, it will boil have absolutely no knowledge. And as to violently and very soon mingle with its how it manifests itself to us, our ignorance native air. If poured out on a conductor, is almost as profound. Newton, and many as iron or ice, it will assume the gaseous before him, believed that heat was minute state so rapidly as to amount to an explo- particles of matter projected from the sun, sion.

reflected about the earth, and solidified in As a freezing agent the power of liquid vegetable and mineral formations. But



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