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REV. ST. SEC. 3683.
Restrictions on purchases from contingent funds.

Sec. 3683. No part of the contingent fund appropriated to any Department, Bureau, or office, shall be applied to the purchase of any articles except such as the head of the Department shall deem necessary and proper to carry on the business of the Department, Bureau, or office, and shall, by written order, direct to be procured. ACT MARCH 15, 1898, c. 68. (30 Stat. 277.) Restrictions on purchases of law books, etc., from appropriations for contingent

expenses, etc. Sec. 3. That hereafter law books, books of reference, and periodicals for use of any Executive Department, or other Government establishment not under an Executive Department, at the seat of Government, shall not be purchased or paid for from any appropriation made for contingent expenses or for any specific or general purpose unless such purchase is authorized and payment therefor specifically provided in the law granting the appropriation.

Act March 15, 1898, c. 68, s. 3, 30 Stat. 316.

This section is a part of the legislative, executive, and judicial appro

priation act for the fiscal year 1899, cited above. REV. ST. SEC. 3690. Expenditure of balances of appropriations.

Sec. 3690. All balances of appropriations contained in the annual appropriation bills and made specifically for the service of any fiscal year, and remaining unexpended at the expiration of such fiscal year, shall only be applied to the payment of expenses properly incurred during that year, or to the fulfillment of contracts properly made within that year; and balances not needed for such purposes shall be carried to the surplus fund. This section, however, shall not apply to appropriations known as permanent or indefinite appropriations. ACT JUNE 23, 1874, c. 476. (18 Stat. 275.) Appropriations for public buildings available until completion of work. *

That all moneys heretofore appropriated for the construction of public buildings and now remaining to the credit of the same on the books of the Treasury Department, or which may hereafter be appropriated for such buildings, shall remain available until the completion of the work for which they are, or may be, appropriated; and upon the final completion of each or any of said buildings, and the payment of all outstanding liabilities therefor, the balance or balances remaining shall be immediately covered into the Treasury.

Act June 23, 1874, c. 476, s. 1, 18 Stat. 275.
REV. ST. SEC. 3691.
Disposal of balances of appropriations after two years.

Sec. 3691. All balances of appropriations which shall have remained on the books of the Treasury, without being drawn against in the settlement of accounts, for two years from the date of the last appropriation made by law, shall be reported by the Secretary of the Treasury to the Auditor of the Treasury, whose duty it is to settle accounts thereunder, and the Auditor shall examine the books of his Office, and certify to the Secretary whether such balances will be required in the settlement of any accounts pending in his office; and if it appears that such balances will not be required for this purpose, then the Secretary may include such balances in his surplusfund warrant, whether the head of the proper Department shall have certified that it may be carried into the general Treasury or not.

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ACT JUNE 20, 1874, c. 328. (18 Stat. 85.)
Unexpended balances of appropriations to be carried to surplus fund; exceptions.

Sec. 5. That from and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, and of each year thereafter, the Secretary of the Treasury shall cause all unexpended balances of appropriations which shall have remained upon the books of the Treasury for two fiscal years to be carried to the surplus fund and covered into the Treasury: Provided, That this provision shall not apply to permanent specific appropriations, appropriations for * public buildings, * but the appropriations named in this proviso shall continue available until otherwise ordered by Congress,

Act June 20, 1874, c. 328, s. 5, 18 Stat. 110.

This section is part of the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation act for the fiscal year 1875, cited above.

The final portion of this section omitted here is temporary or is repealed by act June 14, 1878, c. 191, s. 4, set forth below.

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ACT JUNE 14, 1878, c. 191. (20 Stat. 115.)
Reports of balances needing to be appropriated abolished; examination of

claims under appropriations exhausted or carried to surplus fund. Sec. 4. That so much of section five of the act approved June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, as directs the Secretary of the Treasury at the beginning of each session to report to Congress with his annual estimates any balances of appropriations for specific objects affected by said section that may need to be reappropriated, be, and hereby is, repealed. And it shall be the duty of the several accounting officers of the Treasury to continue to receive, examine, and consider the justice and validity of all claims under appropriations the balances of which have been exhausted or carried to the surplus fund under the provisions of said section that may be brought before them within a period of five years. Provided, That nothing in this act shall be construed to authorize the re-examination and payment of any claim or account which has been once examined and rejected, unless reopened in accordance with existing law.

Act June 14, 1878, c. 191, s. 4, 20 Stat. 130.

This section is a part of the deficiency appropriation act for the fiscal

year 1878, cited above. ACT MARCH 4, 1909, c. 299. (35 Stat. 945.) Balances of appropriations remaining unexpended on July 1, 1904, to be carried

to surplus fund. Sec. 10. The Secretary of the Treasury shall cause all unexpended balances of appropriations which remained on the books of the Treasury on the first day of July, nineteen hundred and four, except

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For the pur

permanent specific appropriations,

to be carried to the surplus fund and covered into the Treasury: poses herein declared no appropriation made prior to July first, nineteen hundred and four, shall be construed to be a permanent specific appropriation unless by its language it is specifically and in express terms made available for use until expended.

Act March 4, 1909, c. 299, s. 10, 35 Stat. 1027.

This section is a part of the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1910, cited above.

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CONTRACTS. REV. ST. SEC. 3709. Advertisement for proposals for supplies and services in departments; accept

ance or rejection of bids. Sec. 3709. All purchases and contracts for supplies or services, in any of the Departments of the Government, except for personal services, shall be made by advertising a sufficient time previously for proposals respecting the same, when the public exigencies do not require the immediate delivery of the articles, or performance of the service. When immediate delivery or performance is required by the public exigency, the articles or service required may be procured by open purchase or contract, at the places and in the manner in which such articles are usually bought and sold, or such services engaged, between individuals. And the advertisement for such proposals shall be made by all the Executive Departments *

on the same days and shall each designate two o'clock post meridian of such days for the opening of all such proposals in each Department and other Government establishment in the city of Washington; and the Secretary of the Treasury shall designate the day or days in each year for the opening of such proposals and give due notice thereof to the other Departments and Government establishments. Such proposals shall be opened in the usual way and schedules thereof duly prepared and, together with the statement of the proposed action of each Department and Government establishment thereon, shall be submitted to a board, consisting of one of the Assistant Secretaries of the Treasury and Interior Departments and one of the Assistant PostmastersGeneral, who shall be designated by the heads of said Departments and the Postmaster-General respectively, at a meeting to be called by the official of the Treasury Department, who shall be chairman thereof, and said board shall carefully examine and compare all the proposals so submitted and recommend the acceptance or rejection of any or all of said proposals. And if any or all of such proposals shall be rejected, advertisements for proposals shall again be invited and proceeded with in the same manner.

Rev. St. sec. 3709, as amended by act January 27, 1894, c. 22, 28 Stat. 33.

The provisions of this section as amended are so limited that they apply only to advertisements for proposals for fuel, ice, stationery, and other miscellaneous supplies purchased in Washington, by act April 21, 1894, c. 61, s. 2, set forth below.

The provisions of this section are not applicable to any purchase or service in the Department of Agriculture, when the aggregate amount does not exceed the sum of $50, by act March 1, 1899, c. 325, s. 1, set forth on p. 20, ante.

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This section is further amended by act June 17, 1910, c. 297, s. 4, set forth below which provides, among other things, that all supplies of fuel, ice, stationery, etc., for the departments in Washington, when the exigencies do not require immediate delivery, shall be advertised and contracted for by the Secretary of the Treasury, instead of the several de partments; and for a general supply committee, in lieu of the board provided for in this section, composed of an officer from each of the departments.

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ACT APRIL 21, 1894, c. 61. (28 Stat. 58.)
Requirements as to advertisements for proposals limited to fuel, ice, stationery,

etc., at Washington. SEC. 2. That the Act entitled "An Act to amend section thirtyseven hundred and nine of the Revised Statutes relating to contracts for supplies in the Departments at Washington,” approved January twenty-seven, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, be, and the same is hereby, so amended that the provisions thereof shall apply only to advertisements for proposals for fuel, ice, stationery, and other miscellaneous supplies to be purchased at Washington for the use of the Executive Departments and other Government establishments therein named; and no advertisements made or contracts awarded or to be awarded thereon since January twenty-seven, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, in accordance with the laws in force prior to said date, shall be declared to be illegal or invalid for non-compliance with said law of January twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred and ninety-four.

Act April 21, 1894, c. 61, s. 2, 28 Stat. 62.

This section is a part of the urgent deficiency appropriation act for the fiscal year 1894, cited above.

Rev. St. sec. 3709, as amended by act January 27, 1894, c. 22, is set forth above.

ACT JUNE 17, 1910, c. 297. (36 Stat. 468.)
Advertisements and contrasts for departments in Washington by Secretary of

Treasury; general supply committee, its duties, etc.; articles to be purchased; bonds of contractors; purchase or drawing supplies by departments; telephone, electric light, and power service. Sec. 4. That hereafter all supplies of fuel, ice, stationery, and other miscellaneous supplies for the executive departments and other government establishments in Washington, when the public exigencies do not require the immediate delivery of the article, shalĩ be advertised and contracted for by the Secretary of the Treasury, instead of by the several departments and establishments, upon such days as he may designate. There shall be a general supply committee in lieu of the board provided for in section thirty-seven hundred and nine of the Revised Statutes as amended, composed of officers, one from each such department, designated by the head thereof, the duties of which committee shall be to make, under the direction of the said Secretary, an annual schedule of required miscellaneous supplies, to standardize such supplies, eliminating all unnecessary grades and varieties, and to aid said Secretary in soliciting bids based upon formulas and specifications drawn up by such experts in the service of the Government as the committee may see fit to cal? upon, who shall render whatever assistance they may require. The committee shall aid said Secretary in securing the proper fulfillmer of the contracts for such supplies, for which purpose the said Secre

tary shall prescribe, and all departments comply with, rules providing for such examination and tests of the articles received as may be necessary for such purpose; in making additions to the said schedvle; in opening and considering the bids, and shall perform such other similar duties as he may assign to them: Provided, That the articles intended to be purchased in this manner are those in common use by or suitable to the ordinary needs of two or more such departments or establishments; but the said Secretary shall have discretion to amend the annual common supply schedule from time to time as to any articles that, in his judgment, can as well be thus purchased. In all cases only one bond for the proper performance of each contract shall be required, notwithstanding that supplies for more than one department or government establishment are included in such contract. Every purchase or drawing of such supplies from the contractor shall be immediately reported to said committee. No disbursing officer shall be a member of such committee. No department or establishment shall purchase or draw supplies from the common schedule through more than one office or bureau, except in case of detached bureaus or offices having field or outlying service, which may purchase directly from the contractor with the permission of the head of their department: And provided further, That telephone service, electric light, and power service purchased or contracted for from companies or individuals shall be so obtained by him.

Act June 17, 1910, c. 297, s. 4, 36 Stat. 531.

This section is a part of the legisiative, executive, and judicial appropriation act for the fiscal year 1911, cited above

Rev. St. sec. 3709, as amended by act January 27, 1894, c. 22, mentioned in this section, is set forth above.

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REV. ST. SEC. 3710.
Opening bids.

Sec. 3710. Whenever proposals for supplies have been solicited, the parties responding to such solicitations shall be duly notified of the time and place of opening the bids, and be permitted to be present either in person or by attorney, and a record of each bid shall then and there be made.

REV. ST. SEC. 3711.
Inspection of fuel in District of Columbia; appointment of inspectors, etc.

Sec. 3711. It shall not be lawful for any officer or person in the civil, military, or naval service of the United States in the District of Columbia to purchase anthracite or bituminous coal or wood for the public service except on condition that the same shall, before delivery, be inspected and weighed or measured by some competent person, to be appointed by the head of the Department or chief of the branch of the service for which the purchase is made from among the persons authorized to be employed in such Department or branch of the service. The person appointed under this section shall ascertain that each ton of coal weighed by him shall consist of two thousand two hundred and forty pounds, and that each cord of wood to be so measured shall be of the standard measure of one hundred and twenty-eight cubic feet. Each load or parcel of wood or coal weighed and measured by him shall be accompanied by his certificate of the

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