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the laborious compilation of the learned and excellent Bishop Hopkins in his late work.
Though not thus coming before the public by any design or forethought of his own, it seems to the author to be somewhat providential, that he should have been called upon, just at this time, to show the people "what saith the Scriptures" concerning the relation of master and slave. The reaction from the extremes to which a plausible but fierce and reckless fanaticism had carried both the American and British people, but especially the former, seems about to set in. The sober second thought of Christian people is beginning to suspect the dogmas of the noisy, canting, infidel philanthropism whose prophets have seduced them temporarily to follow the pretended revelations of natural reason, "spiritual insight," and "universal love," instead of Jehovah's prophets whom their fathers followed.
The recent very remarkable utterances of this fanatical philanthropism from the very highest official of the American nation, since this discourse was delivered,-utterances, which, as will appear from the argument of this discourse, can hardly be characterized as less than impiously presumptuous perversions of the Word and Providence of God,must arrest the attention of thoughtful Christian men, and lead to the inquiry whether the lights which the Churches of that country have been following to such an extreme, can possibly have been kindled at the altar-fires of inspiration. To such inquiries, it is believed, this brief yet compact and somewhat exhaustive view will be of service; especially to such as have no time or opportunity for more extended reading.
TORONTO, March 6th, 1865.
Now these are THE JUDGMENTS which thou shalt set before them. If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve thee, &c. Ex. 21: 1–6.
And if a man smite his servant with a rod and he die under his hand he shall be surely punished. Notwithstanding if he continue a day or two he shall not be punished: FOR HE IS HIS MONEY, Ex. 21: 20. And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish, he shall let him go free for his eye's sake, &c. Ex. 21: 26, 27.
If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. Ex. 21: 28-32.
And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bond-servant; but as an hired servant and as a sojourner shall he be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubilee; and then shall he depart from thee, both he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of HIS FATHERS shall he return. FOR THEY ARE MY SERVANTS, WHICH I BROUGHT OUT of the land of EGYPT: they shall not be sold as bondmen, &c.
Both thy bondmen and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about thee; of them SHALL YE BUY BONDMEN AND BONDMAIDS; moreover, of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, &c.
And they shall be YOUR POSSESSION. And ye shall take them AS AN INHERITANCE for your children after you, TO INHERIT THEM FOR A POSSESSION; they shall be your BONDMEN FOREVER; but