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The validity of these criticisms cannot glass factories of Pennsylvania, and the be allowed. While Massachusetts and canneries of the Northern States. New York have 152,713 and 136,788 factory girls respectively, Idaho and Wyo
THE FIGHT AGAINST ILLITERACY ming have 681 and 501. In saleswomen the same absurd disparities are noted. EVERY one of the equal-suffrage States has Illinois, Massachusetts, and New York a complete compulsory-education law, have 12,149, 11,985, and 30,858, while splendidly safeguarded and bulwarked by Idaho comes forward with 153. One truant-schools and truant-officers, parenmight as well blame Idaho and Wyoming tal-delinquency provisions, etc. Florida, for failure to adopt statutes for the pro- Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas tection of deep-sea fishermen.
have no such law, and in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Louisiana, and
Virginia the laws are utterly worthless. LAWS RELATING TO POVERTY
It is distinctly noteworthy that in the In the matter of taking poverty out of the list of the ten most illiterate States in the list of crimes, the equal-suffrage States Union-Louisiana, South Carolina, Alalead easily. Colorado, California, Wash- bama, Mississippi, Georgia, North Caroington, Illinois, Idaho, Oregon, and Utah lina, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and have mothers' pension laws that stop the West Virginia— there is not an equal-sufcruel business of kidnapping children be- frage State. cause the mother cannot earn enough to Colorado, Arizona, and Oregon are the keep the wolf from the door. Only six three great experiment-stations for peninon-suffrage States have adopted this hu- tentiary reform, and have demonstrated mane measure. Idaho and Utah carry off the absolute practicability of the "honorfirst honors for generosity, both awarding and-trust" plan. California women have ten dollars a month for the oldest child, just secured an extension of the indeterbut Utah allowing seven
minate sentence to all crimes except murmonth for each additional child against der, and also a provision for the payment Idaho's five dollars.
of wages to working convicts and for asChild labor seems also to be a first con- sistance to discharged prisoners. Illinois, sideration of the voting woman. Arizona since equal suffrage, is experimenting with is the one State in all the Union to adopt the "honor-and-trust" plan, and Idaho the model law framed by the National and Utah have sent committees to ColoChild Labor Committee. California sets rado to study Tom Tynan's methods. Of fifteen as the working age, and Washing- the non-suffrage States, only Iowa has betton, Colorado, Kansas, Utah, Illinois, and tered penal conditions, the others resting Oregon have well-nigh perfect laws. content with prison methods that are stuFourteen years is the dead-line, fifteen pid and wasteful when they are not cruel years during the school term, and sixteen and barbarous. years in all dangerous trades.
Minimum-wage laws are almost enIdaho lets down the bars to children of tirely peculiar to the equal-suffrage States. twelve,- fourteen during school term, California, Colorado, Washington, Oreand Wyoming establishes the age limit of gon, and Utah have them, and at work. fourteen only for certain occupations, and Massachusetts is the only non-suffrage then makes an exemption for poverty. State in their class. These are the two rotten spots, and even The slightest analysis of these sumthe fact that child labor is not a pressing maries, and their comparisons with nonproblem in either State will not serve as suffrage States, develops certain facts inan excuse.
stantly. The woman vote is definitely They shine white, however, by compari- against the saloon, against commercialized son with the sordid tragedies of Alabama, vice, and against the theory that an South Carolina, New Mexico, Georgia, "open" town helps business. and Mississippi, where babes of twelve are It is for more schools and better schools permitted to work incredible hours for and compulsory education, for the home in incredible pittances. Or side by side with preference to the institution, and for the the cranberry bogs of New Jersey, the dignity and protection of motherhood in
any and all circumstances. It is against The percentage of registered men votthe exploitation of the child, and for al- ing was 54.2, and that of women, 50.2. most entire emphasis upon the corrective Further comparisons are made possible by note in punishment rather than the puni- these facts: Hollywood, Westlake, Wiltive or deterrent.
shire, and West Adams are prosperous, In taking up stock objections, the charge fashionable districts, while the others are that women do not avail themselves of the given over to the moderately circumright to vote must necessarily be ap- stanced or poor. A very interesting surproached through typical instances. The vey of the Berkeley election returns estabfollowing table is furnished by the Seattle lishes similar conclusions: the larger election that recalled Gill:
woman's vote was cast in the so-called "exclusive” neighborhoods, the smaller woman's vote in the poorer districts, and
the average in the precincts inhabited by Ist Ward 1873 345 17
people of modest means. 2d Ward
2570 1162 44 3d Ward
4178 2320 55 4th Ward
THE RATIO OF VOTING MEN AND WOMEN 5th Ward 2848 981 34
In Idaho, according to tables prepared by 6th Ward
34 Mrs. Burton French and Mrs. Frederick 7th Ward
Dubois, about seventy-six per cent. of the 8th Ward 3839 2025 53
women voted at the last election, and 9th Ward 3291 2088 63
about eighty-four per cent. of the men. 10th Ward
Mrs. Frank Mondell of Wyoming and uth Ward 2185 1457 67
Mrs. Sutherland of Utah are authority 12th Ward 2773 1426 51
for the statement that every election calls 13th Ward 2543 1367 54
out the same proportion of women as men. 14th Ward 3309 1385 42
While no large election has been held
in Illinois since equal suffrage, various Total 43,489 21,807 48
small-town elections have been held, and
the figures are rather interesting: By way of explanation, the first ward was the vice district, the fifth and sixth Carpentersville
172 155 wards constitute the heart of the business Carthage
540 423 section, and the seventh, ninth, tenth, and Rosiclare
107 eleventh wards are residential.
118 From the 1912 election in Los Angeles Benton .
414 422 the following figures are gleaned:
Assuming that every one of these votes In the state legislature at the present represented prostitutes, what of it? Com- writing there are two women in the lower pare 345 with 21,807, or 144 with 38,000. house and one in the senate, the latter As a matter of fact, the assumption is elected in 1912. Mrs. Riddle is a Gergrossly false. The writer, out of his ex- man epitome of common sense who enjoys perience as newspaper man and police a competence through years of dairy farmcommissioner in Denver, is willing to as- ing. Mrs. Lee is the mother of grown sert that not ten per cent. were prosti- children, and Mrs. Robinson, the senator, tutes. The majority of these women are is an ex-college professor and a very brilgirls under the voting age or foreigners, liant writer. while the remainder, practising their sorry In addition to these, two women serve trade under assumed names, are unwilling on the state board of charities and correcto expose their identities by registration. tions. Mrs. Helen Grenfell, as a member In both Denver and Seattle, a large per- of the penitentiary board, has made penal centage of the vice-ward vote probably reform possible, and there are women on represented the wives of the day-laborer the boards in charge of the various indusclass, since segregation is invariably prac- trial homes. tised at the expense of those whose pov- Utah has three women in the legislaerty makes resistance impossible. As a ture, and in Idaho the state superintenbit of further information, Idaho has a dent of public instruction is a woman, law prohibiting persons of lewd life from twenty-five out of thirty counties have voting.
women superintendents, a woman is on the
board of regents, and there are about WOMEN AS OFFICE-SEEKERS
twenty county treasurers and auditors. Do women become inveterate office-seek- Washington has two able women in the ers?
legislature. In Wyoming, where equal suffrage is Instead of being inveterate office-seekforty years old, there are two members of ers, there is far more ground for a charge the legislature and a number of women that the voting women have entirely failed serving county superintendent of and absolutely refused to show the interschools. Mrs. Miller, one of the legisla- est in office-seeking and office-holding that tors, is the mother of grown sons, one of is entailed by her percentage of the vote. whom preceded her in the office; and the other, Miss Truax, a teacher, was peti
THE INFLUENCE OF EQUAL SUFFRAGE tioned to become a candidate as a protest
UPON THE HAPPINESS OF HOME against legislative delay in connection Has equal suffrage disrupted the home? with school measures.
As far as divorce statistics may be trusted, In Colorado, where the women have these show that Wyoming has 118 to voted for twenty years, virtually all the every 10,000; Colorado, 158; Utah, 92 ; educational offices have been turned over and Idaho, 120. It is questionable, howto them. Since 1895 the state superinten- ever, whether they amount to anything. dent of public instruction has been a wo- Utah has the lowest divorce rate in the man, and to-day forty-three out of sixty- Union, which might easily be turned into two counties have women for county su- an argument for Mormonism. It is much perintendents of schools. Denver has a more to the point that there is not an inwoman president of the election board, a stance on record of a divorce arising from woman member of the school board, and, anything connected with the vote. This prior to commission government, had an- statement is laid down as a challenge. other able woman as clerk and recorder There is now only the one remaining of deeds. A member of the board of re- question to consider: Has the vote coarsgents of the state university is a woman, ened or cheapened women? and throughout the State there are these In Colorado, most attacked along this women office-holders: two city auditors, line, there is an Equal-Suffrage Aid Aseight city treasurers, three city clerks, ten sociation composed of the most prominent county clerks, one county commissioner, men in the State, organized for the sole twice as many as at any previous period purpose of denying falsehoods and refuting in the twenty years.
Senator Charles S. Thomas, also an ex- men to have the vote. The State is so much governor, Southern born, and the posses- the over-parent to-day that I cannot look sor of a voting wife and voting daughters, after my home without the vote. The law expresses the male sentiment of Colorado says when the child shall go to school, what when he says: “The one offensive feature books it shall study, what food it shall eat, of equal suffrage has been the flood of what carfare it shall pay, when it shall be blackguardly abuse heaped upon our wo- vaccinated or given serums, punishes the men by foes of the movement. Scavengers, child with truant-officers, truant-schools, jucommissioned to attack and defame, have venile courts, and tells when it may quit made pretense of studying our lives, school and when it may go to work. It is thoughts, laws, and institutions between through franchises gained by the ballot that trains. The supposition that inclusion in I am told what to pay for my water, my the responsibilities of citizenship implies gas, my electric light, my telephone; it is by the instant degradation of our wives, the vote that liquor questions are decided, mothers, sisters, and daughters can only and ordinances adopted for the regulation proceed from mental perversion and de- of morals. I happened to read yesterday generacy.”
where the women of Kansas City were proBishop Spaulding of Utah, after long testing against a return to the policy of liobservation, declares that equal suffrage censing prostitution and making the comhas developed better wives and better munity a sharer in the shameful gains. In mothers, and that women have brought to another column I saw where an ordinance their duties as citizens and legislators su- prohibiting saloons near schools and churches perior humanity and motherliness.
had been smothered in committee by an alThe Portland “Oregonian,” unaltera- derman who happened to be Kansas City's bly conservative, admits editorially that most notorious saloonkeeper. Are those not equal suffrage has turned out to be one of questions that affect the home? And will the strongest fortifications of the home, any one say that the voteless women of Kanand throughout his entire investigation the sas City are able to give their homes the writer could not find any one, not even fullest possible protection? a dethroned "boss,” who would put his One must also consider the seven or eight name to the charge that the vote had de- millions of women who are forced outside based the women of his State.
the home by the necessities of existence. Is The inevitable first result of equal suf- this vast army of underpaid, overworked frage is the removal of all polling-places toilers to have no voice at all? If women from the neighborhood of saloons. What voted in New York, do you think America was good enough for men is not good would be shamed by the spectacle of the enough for their women folk. For the Triangle Factory owners being fined $20 most part, voting-booths are in churches, for the very offense that cost the lives of parlors, corner groceries, or schools. Illi- 145 girls in a former fire? nois had many of its polling-places deco- I have always thought, and I still think, rated with potted plants, many Kansas that a government entirely by men is as stutowns introduced “no-smoking” regula- pid as a government entirely by women tions, and in all of the older equal-suffrage would be. There are as many home feaStates there is yet to be recorded an in- tures in municipal or state administration as stance of insult to women in connection business features. Perhaps you may rememwith the franchise.
ber that the Indiana legislature recently Let conclusion come with the words of passed a $5000 appropriation for the better Mrs. Grenfell, that very wonderful wo- care of hogs, and defeated an appropriation man whom many pick as Colorado's best of $5000 for the better care of children. Do citizen:
you see what I mean? I do not question
the importance of the appropriation for the The opponents of equal suffrage never revenue-producing hog, but would n't it have tire of declaring that woman's place is the been well had some woman been in that leghome. I agree with them most heartily. islature to stand up for the non-revenueIt is because of the home that I want wo- producing child?
BY AMY WENTWORTH STONE
and forth, back and forth, in the “We know now that it is always due to hammock, tapping her small, brown toe a germ. There is no need of children of on the porch as she swung.
It was a
intelligent parents coming in contact with charming porch, framed in clematis and germs. But you let Frank play with anywoodbine, but Marianna had no eye for body and eat anything. Then he does n't its good points. She was lying with two assimilate his food, and has no resistance. slim arms clasped behind her head, star- Proper assimilation, that should be our ing vacantly up at the ceiling and com- watchword. If you belonged to our Civposing a poem. On the wicker table be- ics and Hygiene Club, you would underside her stood a glass of malted milk stand these things, Esther. Some day I and a teaspoon. They were not the sub- want to show you about food values and ject of the poem, but they were neverthe- the proper combinations for Frank.” less responsible for it. In the first place, Meanwhile Marianna lay back in the Marianna would not drink her twelve- hammock, trying Frank in all sorts of o'clock malted milk, and as she was for interesting combinations. bidden to go off the porch until she had “Frank, bank; Frank, crank; Frank, done so, there seemed to be nothing better lank; Frank, sank,” she repeated softly to to do than to cultivate the muse in the herself. She had gotten as far as “Frank, hammock. After patiently sipping malted Frank, spindle-shank,” when the screen milk for eight years, Marianna had sud- door opened, and her mother came out denly rebelled. In the second place, her upon the porch. She was buttoning her cousin Frank, who lived in the next house, white gloves, and had her card-case and had been inspired by this beverage to make parasol stuck under her arm. up an insulting ditty.
"I'm going now, Marianna,” she said,
“and I hope to find my little girl more “Grocerman, bring a can
reasonable when I come back." She Baby-food for Mary Ann!" glanced at the malted milk.
Marianna pouted down at her blouse. he sang loudly over the hedge whenever "And as soon as you have decided to he caught sight of Marianna's middy be mama's obedient little daughter," went blouse and yellow pigtails. That was yes- on Mrs. Lane, "you may go down to terday. To-day the malted milk was Bates's and get ten-cents' worth of anistanding untouched upon the wicker table, mal crackers, and you may eat twelve beand Marianna in the hammock was trying fore supper. Now kiss mama.” to think up an offensive rhyme for Frank. Marianna lifted a wayward mouth. When she found it, she intended to go Her mother sniffed. around on the other side of the house and “Marianna,” she said gravely, "have shout it as loud as ever she could in the you been eating a peppermint?" direction of her uncle's garden. This, it "Oh, no, Mama," replied Marianna is true, was a tame revenge. What Mari- in a tone of offended innocence. anna really wanted to do was to go over
see your tongue,” said her and pinch her cousin Frank; but that mother. Marianna stuck that organ out unhappily, was out of the question, as as far as it would go. At the same moFrank had a cold, and she was strictly ment her eyes fell upon a scrap of pink forbidden to go near anybody with a cold. paper almost under the tip of her mother's Frank was always having colds, and Mrs. parasol. On it could be read the words: Lane, who knew how unnecessary they were, was severe upon her sister-in-law. A DELICIOUS, LASTING FLAVOR
“Children don't catch colds by sitting PERFUMES THE BREATH