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first men.

“ The ancients threatened men, that if they broke a covenant, they would be cut in pieces, as the animals were cut in pieces over which it was customary to take the oath.” He suggests that the words “shall cut him asunder,” Matt. xxiv. 51, probably refer to this custom,

Note 6. The Greek, of 1 Cor. V. 3–5, implies that the whole assembly was to deliver the person to Satan. Wichelhaus remarks that the Syriac uses the words, “ that ye deliver;" showing more fully that the act was to be that of the whole assembly.

Earnest, a gift given to prove fulfilment sure, sure pledge. Easter, Passover. Edify and edification, build up, building up. Effeminate, 1 Cor. vi. 9, men-barlots. Elect and election, choose, choice. Emulation, Rom. xi. 14, zeal; Gal. v. 20, rivalry. Ensample, example. Ensue, 1 Peter iii. 11, pursue. Epistle, letter. Eschew, 1 Peter ii. 11, depart from. Espouse, 2 Cor. xi. 2, engage to be married. Establish, Heb. xiii. 9, make firm. Estate, low, Luke i. 48, lowly state. Estates, chief, Mark vi. 21,

Eunuch, a stoneless man. Evangelist, one who tells good tidings. Exorcists, Acts xix. 13, those who pretended to cast out devils. Expedient, 2 Cor. viü. 10, useful, of advantage. Extortion, unjust exaction.

Fables, 2 Tim. iv. 4, fictions. Faithless, be not, but believing; John xx. 27, be not trustless but trustful. Fashion, Luke ix. 29, and James i. 11, appearance; Acts vii. 44, pattern; 1 Cor. vii. 31, plan ; Phil. ii. 8, form. Fellowship, Phil. iii. 10, sharing in; Acts i. 42, probably, the giving of gifts; 1 Cor. i. 9; 1 John i. 3, association with. Flux, bloody; a flow of blood from the bowels. Froward, 1 Pet. ii. 18, perverse.

Gainsay, Luke xxi. 15, reply to. Gainsayers, Titus i. 9, those who speak in opposition. Gainsaying, Acts x. 29, objecting; Jude 11, opposing speeches. Gangrene, in margin of 2 Tim. ii. 17, a deadly sore. Garner, granary:

Garnish, put in order, adorn. Gatherings, 1 Cor. xvi. 2, collections. Gender, beget. Genealogies, 1 Tim.i. 4, family-records. Generation, Matt. i. 1, parentage; Matt. i. 17, men of like age, or of the same period ; Matt. iii. 7, offspring; Matt. xii. 39, men of like character. Gentiles, the nations, other than the Hebrews. Gift, Matt. v. 23-4, giftoffering Glistering, Luke ix, 29, flashing like lightning. God forbid, by no means. Gorgeous, splendid. Gospel, good tidings, good message. Grace, Rom. v. 20, merciful favour; í Peter iv. 10, gifts of merciful favour. Grounded, having a foundation

Guile, deceit. Hallowed be, Matt. vi. 9, be held holy. Halt, Matt. xv. 31, xviii. 8, lame; those named with the lame seem to be the crippled in hand, from xviii. 8, “hand or foot.” Handmaid, Luke i. 38, 48, bond-servant. Heathen, those of the nations not

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Hebrews. Heirs, sometimes, as in 1 Peter iii

. 7, inheritors, in . possession. Hell, sometimes not the place of torment, but, as in Acts ii. 31, of spirits absent from the body. Heresy, a selfwilled plan. Heretic, one who follows a self-willed plan. Herit. age, 1 Peter v. 3, inheritance, possession. Holy Ghost, Holy Spirit. Honour, sometimes, as in 1 Tim. v. 3, honour with a gift. Hospitality, love shown to strangers. Husbandman, one who tills the ground, farmer. Husbandry, God's, 1 Cor. iii. 9, God's tilled field. Hypocrisy, false show. Hypocrite, one who makes a false show.

Idol, image. Idolatry, the worship of images. Illuminated, Heb. x. 32, enlightened. Immortality; in 1 Cor. xv. 53, this dying (body) must put on life which cannot die. Immutability, Heb. vi. 17, changelessness. Impenitent, Rom. ii. 5, unrepenting, without change of mind. Implacable, Rom. i. 31, never at peace. Implead one another, Acts xix. 38, prosecute one another. Importunity, shameless begging. Impotent, John v. 3, sick people; Acts xiv. 8, strengthless. Impute, reckon. Incontinence, want of self-restraint, Incorruptible, which cannot perish. Incorruption, 1 Cor. xv. 53, life which cannot perish. This perishing [body] must put on (life] which cannot perish. Infirmity, weakness. Infidel, 2 Cor. vi. 15, 1 Tim. v. 8, one who does not trust. Infirmity, weakness. Iniquity, Matt. xiii. 41, what is unlawful; xxiii. 28, law-breaking, lawlessness; Acts i. 18, unrighteousness. Inordinate affection, Col. iii. 5, passionate desire. Instant, Rom. xii. 12, persevering. Instantly, Luke vii. 4, Acts xxvi. 7, earnestly. Insurrection, uprising, rebellion. Intercession, intreaty on behalf of others. Interpret, Acts iv. 36, translate. Interpretation, 2 Peter i. 20, prophetic meaning. Issue, Matt. xxii. 25, offspring.

Jeopardy, danger. Judgment, sometimes as in James ii. 13, condemning judgment. Justify, declare righteous. Justification, the declaring a person to be righteous.

Kindred, relations of the same family, tribe, or race. Kins. folks, Luke ü. 44, xxi. 16, relations. Kinsman, John xvi. 26 ; Rom. xvi. 11, a relation.

Lascivousness, lustfulness, gratified lust. Laud, extol. Lawyer, a teacher of the Law of Moses. Lewdness, reckless wrong-doing. Life, often a life of blessedness; as in the words, eternal life. In Syriac, life is used where the Greek has salvation, and means a life of blessedness. Lineage, line of descent. Low estate, Luke i. 48, lowly state. To lust, to long for eagerly, Lust, strong and wrong

desire. Magnificence, Acts xix. 27, great glory. Magnify, Luke i. 46, praise greatly. Majesty, Heb. i. 3, greatness. Malefactor, wrong-doer. Malignity, Rom. i. 29, crafty malice. Manifesa

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tation, Rom. viii. 19, revealing to sight. Manifold, Luke xviii. 30, many times; Eph. iii. 10), very much varied (wisdom); 1 Peter i. 6, iv. 10, various. Martyr, a witness-bearer. Master, often, teacher.

Meat, food. Mediator, one who stands between God and man; to stay, as Aaron did, in Num. xvi. 48, God's anger. For a memorial, to bring to memory. Messiah, a Hebrew word, like Christ in Greek, the Anointed. Minister, servant. Ministration, serving. Ministry, service. Mortal, dying. Mortality, that which dies.

Mortify, put to death. Multiply, to increase in number, or, Acts xii. 24, in effect. Mystery, a secret.

Nations, the; Luke xii. 30, those not Hebrews. Nay, no. Noisome, Rev. xvi. 2, hurtful. Nurture, Eph. vi. 4, instruction.

Observation, Luke xvii. 20, outward watching for. Occasion, opportunity. Offence, sometimes sin, as in 2 Cor. xi. 7; transgression, as in Rom. v. 15; sometimes a cause of stumbling, as in Rom. xvi. 17, and 1 Peter ii. 8. Offend, often, to make stumble, as in Matt. v. 29; sometimes, to stumble, to be faulty, as in James ii. 10; iii. 2. Omnipotent, almighty. Oracles, words. Ordain, 1 Cor. vii. 17, Titus i. 5, arrange, appoint. Ordinances, commands. Overcharged, Luke xxi. 34, be weighed down.

Palsy, now called paralysis. A parable, a comparison. Passion, after his; Acts i. 3, after he suffered death. Pastor, shepherd Patience, sometimes as in Rom. ii. 7, patient continuance ; sometimes, as in 2 Cor. i. 6, bearing patiently. Pentecost, fiftieth day after the Passover; the feast of harvest-thanksgiving. Perdition, destruction. Phylacteries, words of scripture worn on the dress. Potentate, mighty. Preach, Luke viii. 1, to tell good tidings; Luke ix. 2, to proclaim, to make proclamation ; Luko ix. 60, and Acts iv. 2, to make known; or announce; Acts viii. 25, to speak. Predestinate, Rom. viii. 29, to destine beforehand. Prevent, Matt. xvii. 25, to speak or act in advance of another. Prophesy, 1 Cor. xiv. 3, to build up, admonish, or comfort by means of a miraculous gift. Propitiation; Rom. iii. 25, Heb. ii. 17, 1 John ii. 2, iv. 10, atonement. Proselytes, converts to the law of Moses. Provoke, to make angry; but in Heb. x. 24, to urge onward; in Rom. x. 19, xi. 14, to excite to jealous zeal. Publican, a tax-collector. Purloin, Titus ii. 10, pilfer. Quicken, to make alive, give life to. Receive, Rom. xiv. 1; Phil ü. 29, embrace. Recompence of reward for transgression, Heb. ii. 2, just repayment of punishment. Recompense to no one evil for evil, Rom. xii. 17, repay, etc., also repay in 2 Thess. i. 6; Heb. x. 30. Redeem, set free by ransom; Tit. ii 14; 1 Pet. i. 18; Rev. v. 9, to buy ; and in Gal. iji. 13, iv. 5, to buy out (of curse.). Redemption, Heb. ix. 12, freedom by ransom, Regeneration, begetting again. This English word is

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used only twice in the N. C. Scriptures, and both times wrongly, instead of new birth. The Greek word in Matt. xix. 28, means the now birth (of the new creation.) In Titus iii. 5, it also means new birth :- By means of the bath of new birth.” The words probably refer to baptism, as the birth or manifestation of that new lite which the Holy Spirit begets beforehand, by means of God's word. See 1 Peter i. 23, James i. 18. The divine act called begetting by Peter and James in these passages, is called in Titus iii. 5, the renewing of the Holy Spirit. The false rendering, “regeneration,claims special attention. Because, by means of it many teach that new life is begotten by baptism, and deceive many fatally: Remission, forgiveness (of sins.). Remnant, Rom. xi. 5, those who are spared, a spared number; in Matt. xxii. 6; Rev. xi. 13; xii. 17; xix. 21, the rest. Repent, follow a new mind. Reprobate, false, counterfeit. Respect of persons, wrong regard for persons. Restitution, Acts iii. 21, restoration. Resurrection, rising up (from death.) Revenge, 2 Cor. x. 6, punish. Rudiments, Col. ii. 8, low-grade lessons.

Lord of sabbaoth, Lord of armies. Sabbath, (day of) rest. Sacrifice, a slain-offering. Sacrilege, robbing a temple. Saints, holy ones. Salvation, the Syriac uses the word life, where the Greek has salvation. This shows how great is the error of those who say that the promise of eternal life is merely the promise of eternal existence, instead of the promise of a life of bliss. Sanctify, make holy; the death of Christ is said to make holy by the efficacy of his sacrifice, Heb. ix. 13; x. 10; the Spirit is said to make holy, 2 Thess. ii. 13; and by means of God's truth, John xvii. 17. Sanctification, the being made holy. Sanctuary, a holy place. Savour, sweet smell. Eph. v. 2, an odour of sweet smell. Savourest not, Matt. xvi. 23, do'st not approve of. Schism, 1 Cor. xii. 25, division, split. Scribes, learned writers. Scrip, bag for food. Scripture, the writing; some word like

holy," as expressed in Rom. i. 2, and in 2 Tim. iii. 15, is understood when the words “ the writing” refer to God's book. Secure you, Matt. xxviii. 14, free you from anxiety. Sedition, Acts xxiv. 5, rebellion. Senate, the body of elders. Servant, sometimes a bond-servant. Paul calls himself a bond-servant of Christ, Rom. i. l. He calls every Christian so, 1 Cor. vii. 22. Sinners are called bond-servants of sin, Rom. vi. 16. Christians are forbidden to be bond-servants of men, because they have been bought by Christ, 1 Cor. vii. 23. Settled, Col. i. 23, firmly seated. Shambles, meat-market. Shew-bread, Matt. xii. 4, bread set before God. Shrines, temples. Sleight, subtlé arts. Sojourn, to dwell without fixed "abode. Soothsaying, pretence to foretell events. Sorcerer, one who uses arts of magic to deceive. Spirits, 1 John iv. 1, men who said that the Holy Spirit spoke by them. Stature, size of body. Strait, narrow.

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turned away.

Straitened, to suffer from narrowness. Straitest sect, Acts xxvi. ő, strictest sect. Straitly, strictly (charge). Matt. ix. 30 ; Acts v. 28. Subyert, Titus i. 11, upset. Subverted, Titus iii. 11, quite

Succour, help. Succourer, helper. Superscription, words written above. Superstitious, Acts xvii. 22, devoted to the worship of demon gods. Sustenance, Acts vii. 11. food. Synagogue, a place of meeting, Matt. xii. 9, for Jews ; James ü. 2, for Christians.

Tabernacle, Heb. viii. 5, tent-dwelling; Heb. xi. 9, tents. Tempt, the Greek word sometimes means to put to test, as in Matt. iv. 7, thou shalt not test, (from distrust); Luke viii. 13, in time of trial. Terrestrial, earthly. Testament, always covenant, even in Heb. ix. 16, 17. Testator, Heb. ix. 16, the sacrifice which confirmed a covenant. Tithes, tenths. To wit, we do you ; 2 Cor. viji. 1, we make known to you. Traditions, commands delivered ; 2 Thes. iii. 6, by God; Col. ii. 8, by men. Travail, to be in child-birth, John xvi. 21 ; to be in pain as of child-birth, Gal. iv. 19. Twain, two. Types, margin of 1 Cor. x. 11, picture-lessons.

Unbeliever, Luke xii. 46; 2 Cor. vi. 14, one without trust. Unbelieving, 1 Cor. vii. 14, 15, who does not trust. Unbelief, want of trust.

Vagabond Jews, Acts xix. 13, Jews who went about. Variance, strife. Vengeance, Luke xxi. 22; Rom. xii. 19, just sentence. Vials, Rev. v. 8, xvi. 2, bowls. Victuals, Matt. xiv. 16, food. Vocation, Eph. iv. 1, call.

Washed, often for bathed. Acts xxü. 16, be immersed, and bathe away thy sins. 1 Cor. vi. 11, yo have been bathed to clean ness. Heb. x. 22, bathed as to the body in clean water. Wax, to become, in Matt. xxiv. 12, to become (cool). In 2 Tim. iii. 13, to go on becoming (worse). Whit, every, entirely. Not a whit, 2 Cor. xi. 5, in nothing. Wist, knew. Wit, we do you to; we make known to you, 2 Cor. viii. 1. Witness, a witnessbearer. I'wot, I know.

CONDEMNED READINGS. XIII. THE PESHITO-SYRIAC TEXT, AS A FAITHFUL WITNESS, CONDEMNS THE FOLLOWING CHANGES, WHICH, IN THE REVISED ENGLISH VERSION OF 1881, WERE FOUNDED ON DEVIATIONS FROM THE RECEIVED GREEK TEXT.

We need to remember that the testimony of exact copies, differs entirely, in kind and worth, from the testimony of critics; and of readings selected from conflicting copies. The testimony of an exact copy is a decisive proof of what the words of the pages copied

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