« AnkstesnisTęsti »
IN ENGLISH DAILY USED,
AND OF TEE
RECEIVED GREEK TEXT.
HEBREWS, JAMES, 1 PETER, AND 1 JOHN.
WITH AN INTRODUCTION, ON THE PESHITO-SYRIAC TEXT, AND
THE REVISED GREEK TEXT OF 1881.
W. K. BLOOM, 22A, FURNIVAL STREET, HOLBORN.
THE NEW YORK
CR, LIXOX AND
Contents of the Introduction,
PART II. Proof that very few Israelites in the time of Christ anderstood Greek,
I.-THE MANY COUNTRIES IN WHICH SYRIAC WAS SPOKEN.
Syriac is a very ancient language. It belongs to the same family of languages as the ancient Hebrew. In the time of the Redeemer it was spoken, in slightly different dialects, in many countries.
SYRIAC BECAME THE LANGUAGE OF PALESTINE.-Dr. Frederic Delitzsch, Professor of Assyriology, in the University of Leipzic, in a work on The Hebrew Language viewed in the light of Assyrian Research, 1883,” p. 2, says, "The transportation of the ten tribes from Palestine to Mesopotamia and Media, and the close intercourse of those left behind with people of different nations, as the Elamites, Babylonians, and Arabs, who supplied the places of the exiled Israelites, struck a deadly blow at the ancient language of the kingdom of Israel Nor was it destined to flourish much longer in the kingdom of Judah...... The termination of the Babylonian exile marks the beginning of that process, that is, as to Judah, “by which Hebrew gradually disappeared from among living languages. It is true that a small portion of the nation, those who availed themselves of the permission to return to the holy land, still wrote and spoke Hebrew; but the Aramaic [the Syriac] dialect, which had been favoured by the Persian kings, and was almost regarded as the official language of the western portion of the Persian empire, had already begun to bring its deteriorating influence to bear upon it; and, rapidly advancing, was conquering one portion of Palestine after another. This process continued under the dominion of the Greeks...... .At the time of the Maccabees, Hebrew had already ceased to be a spoken language.
.The learned among the Jews, during the last two centuries before Christ, oven preferred to write in Aramaic; and at the time of Christ, Aramaic reigned supreme as the adopted language of the country.”
Those of the ten tribes who were CARRIED AWAY INTO ASSYRIA," (2 Kings xvii. 6,) adopted the Syriac language also, as well as those of them who remained in Palestine. We have proof in holy Scripture that Aramaic, now called Syriac, was spoken by some of the Assyrians, when the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh against Jerusalem. For the elders of the Jews asked him to speak to them in Aramaic, that the rest of the Jews might not know what
4 5 X 46