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A Letter to the Right Rev. L. Silliman Ives, Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of North Carolina, occasioned by his late Address to the Convention of his Diocese. By William Jay. New York. 3d ed. 1848. pp. IV and 32.
First-day Sabbath not of Divine Appointment, with the opinions of Calvin, Luther, &c., &c., addressed to Rev. Justin Edwards, D. D. By H. C. Wright. Boston: 1848. 12mo. pp. 48.
Pious Frauds, or the Admissions of the Church against the Inspiration of the Bible. By Parker Pillsbury. Boston. 12mo. pp. 36.
The Modern Pulpit: a Sermon at the Ordination of Samuel L. Longfellow, &c. By John Weiss, &c. Fall River. 8vo. pp. 36.
Conscience the best Policy: a Fast-day Sermon, &c. By John Weiss, &c. New Bedford : 1840. 12mo. pp. 16.
The Pioneers of New York, an Anniversary Discourse before the St. Nicholas Society of Manhattan, &c., &c. By C. F. Hoffman. New York : 1848. 8vo. pp. 56.
The Church as it is, was, and ought to be: a Discourse at the Dedication of the Chapel, &c. By James Freeman Clarke. Boston: 1848. 8vo. pp. 36.
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WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1345. Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English language, but this by its immense extent and comprehension includes a portraiture of the human mind in the utmost expansion of the present age,
J. Q. ADAMLS.
MASSACHUSETTS QUARTERLY REVIEW.
NO. IV.-SEPTEMBER, 1848.
ART. I.THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT
MINGLED with the theogonies and myths of the Hindoos are many fragments of a speculative character, which, though not properly amounting to a system, yet manifest an attempt to theorize on the Universe ; - to understand what is pre. sented in their religious writings under the form of dogmas and tradition.
There seem, at least to us who know the Hindoo literature only at second hand — to be three very distinct epochs in the history of their sacred writings.
The first, the age of the Vedas, (or of certain portions of them,) is that of a simple, original people, of agricultural habits, standing on the first step of civilization. The literature of this period consists of hymns, invocations, and prayers, displaying the first simple relation of the finite mind to the Infinite. There is little trace of reflection, or of intense religious consciousness. The deities which at a later period appear as distinct personalities, are here only personifications of the elements ; - Indra is still the firmament; Agni, fire, &c. The prayers are for abundance of cows and of corn, for rain, for protection against enemies and wild beasts. The worshipper calls upon the Deity “from day to day, as a milch-cow to the milker.” God is the friend of the husbandman; “the giver of horses, cows, and corn ; lord and keeper of wealth ; " -- and he is worshipped with libations of milk, butter, and honey. The figures of speech throughout are taken from an agricultural life, particularly the herdsNO. IV.