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shook the leaves free from the rain, piled them believe. I think the papa will perhaps have much into a heap, and, after begging the loan of her to say, but I hope he will not be displeased. At cloak as upholstering for the rustic seat, proffered all events, I think, with you, that we three should it to her with a playful attempt at his old-time not be parted while we live.” gallantry. She gladly availed herself of it, and, During the remainder of the walk Lane was sitting down, leaned her head, turned half in busy thinking how he should make known the shadow, wearily against the side of the pavilion, great event of the afternoon to James, which and with closed eyes, and her hands clasped in half seemed to him, at moments, like a dream, her lap, spoke no word in reply to the avowal so strange and so beyond all common earthly her friend had made.

experiences it was, at least to him. After assuring himself of her comfort, Lane The sky had partially cleared, and the sun, retreated a step or two, and stood, silent and that had already gone down, had left a flame of pale, with folded arms. At length he looked out color along the sky. Ricarda's father had for on the wreck caused by the storm. The oak- the last hour been sitting on the porch of the tree that the lightning had struck was cleft in cottage, enjoying the revivified air, the freshened twain to its roots, and its rugged, sturdy trunk beauty of the landscape, and anxiously watching shivered in countless shreds. Something of the for the return of his daughter and Dick. When hush and desolation without was like the feeling he saw them slowly approaching, Ricarda leaning of loss in his heart, as though the storm had on her companion's arm, he felt an intuitive apswept away the final illusion of his life, but which prehension that something of unusual import left him with a feeling of freedom, like one who had occurred, and he hastened to meet them. has parted with a burden. Suddenly he heard When they had come near enough for him to see her speak his name.

that his daughter's face was pale : " Richard !” His heart leaped into his throat “ You come very opportunely, papa," she at the word, and he saw Ricarda's hand uplifted said, slipping her disengaged hand through his toward him.

The storm was terrific on the summit"I think I am strong enough to stand now," an oak-tree near us was shattered by the lightshe said, and he helped her to rise. She placed ning—and I was shocked so that I lost my her hand on his shoulder, as if not quite sure of strength, and Uncle Dick has been obliged to her strength, and, looking into his eyes with half carry me home. But I am quite well again, something of her old-time gleam of mirth, soft- papa.” Aster a moment's pause, she quickly ened by what might readily be concentrated into added, as if she had forgotten : But he is to be tears, said :

• Uncle Dick' no more. I call him.Richard' "Do you think it would be very weak and now." silly in me to be appropriated by a man since I They had reached the porch, where Ricarda love him?"

sank into a chair. James looked from her pale “Can this be true, Ricarda ?” he asked, his but happy face into that of his friend, as if seekvoice husky with emotion.

ing a solution to her concluding remark. “I know you expected something better of It means, Jim,” said Lane, extending his me" (with arch reproachfulness), “but it is true, hand and frankly meeting his friend's eyes, “ that nevertheless"; and a smile illumined her face. old things have passed away and all things have Lane folded her to his heart, and when again become new: Ricarda has promised to become they looked in each other's eyes their love shone my wife, and we three, God and you helping, through tears.

will never more in life be separated.” An hour later, as they were walking home- James mechanically took the proffered hand, ward, and Ricarda was leaning on his arm, in- but, soon relinquishing it, sat down by Ricarda, stead of tripping lightly along unaided, as was taking her hand in one of his, while with the her wont, Lane said, as if in remembrance of other he stroked her hair in caressing tendertheir talk in ascending the hill :

Tears filled her eyes, and, rising, she ten“ That I am to have you to walk with me al- derly embraced and kissed him, and then went ways, Ricarda, is to feel like having received an to her room for dry raiment. endowment of wings.”

James sat for some time in silence, looking as “Like Mercury,” she laughed. “That must if at the western sky, and then with a sly gleam be the latest achievement of electricity.” As of humor in his eyes turned to Lane with they neared the cottage, Ricarda said: “I won- “What do you want of a wife, Dick? What der what dear papa will say? We must never be has become of the man who if he loved a woman separated from him."

could not have the heart to ask her to marry “I have thought of all these things, Ricarda; him ? O Dick, to think that you, too, along thought of them more times than you could well with Bridget and Patrick and the rest of the vul

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gar crowd, should do so common a thing as to comfiture, that the marriage should take place in marry! I expected something finer, higher, more London after the Continental tour, and James platonic from you and your disciple."

was to remain with them at least a year thereaf“Go on, Jim !” exclaimed Dick, blushing and ter, as he could spend that length of time to adlaughing, “ you have only begun to enumerate vantage in seeing what was being done in physithings. They rise before me with the distinct- cal science in London. Further in the future ness of crimes in the mind of a drowning man, than that they felt it not worth while to make and are enough in numbers to make a rosary that definite arrangements. would girdle the cottage."

“Very well,” laughed James in return, the When the year's sight-seeing with her father enumeration is needless, and you may give an- was over, and the two were back in London, Riswer collectively."

carda, who had been listening with amusement That's quickly done,” ejaculated Lane, fold- to Richard's account of the vexations to which ing his arms and leaning against a pillar of the foreigners were subjected in arranging the deporch. “The answer is, that I have learned the tails of a legal marriage in France and England lesson you learned years ago—the one that Love (their own was to be solemnized at the American teaches."

Legation on the following day), somewhat surLane's reply, although given with no intention prised the two men by turning the conversation of modifying the humor of his friend, quickly so- upon the subject of her career. bered him, recalling as it did his own love-life, so “Through college, the Continent crossed, and sweet, so precious, and so sadly brief. He sat, through the matrimonial gate," which she archly looking again on the western sky as if he saw in emphasized, “it is then time, is it not, Richard, to its fading hues the panorama of those broken- begin one's work in earnest ?—You see, the queshearted days. Then he heard Ricarda's step on tion is still the same, papa, to be a young lady is the stairs, and rising he gave his hand to Lane, to be what—to do what? Here in England, where saying with tremulous voice: “God bless you, women think and do so much, I should not like Dick! May you know all the joy that was mine, to feel like a drone in the hive.” and taste none of its sorrow.” Turning, he em- “Marriage itself is a career, Ricarda," rebraced Ricarda, and the three went to their din- marked her father. ner,

“True, papa; for man also, as for woman.

Have you not told me that once upon a time After what had been already won, Lane found Richard said that for a wife to poise her whole himself confronted, in arranging for the future, existence on love was to place herself at a disadwith differences of opinions and interests that vantage with her husband ? It may be that greatly taxed his knowledge and patience. In if I should have no larger sphere in which to all probability his business would require him to grow, and no more active work to do, in being a live abroad, mostly in London, while for James helpmeet in its best sense to my lord, than to to cross the Atlantic for a permanent abode was dote on him in his presence and pine for him in like severing him from his own professional con- his absence, that I should right speedily become nections at a time of life when men claim that a Jerusalem cherry-tree in a geranium-pot.” they thereafter no longer make friends. And, At this recall of one of his long-ago speeches above all, Ricarda, who felt an unwonted tender- Richard laughed long and heartily. ness toward her father, opposed Richard's wish “What a man sows that shall he reap," senfor their immediate marriage. She thought it tentiously observed James. best to postpone it until the end of the year so And none ever more gladly than I in this,” that she could adhere to the original plan of replied Lane, with fervor. “ Whatever pursuit “doing Europe with papa.”

Ricarda may choose for mental growth, culture, “ I can not explain to you why, Richard,” she and her own happiness, shall have my hearty apsaid, in answer to his pleading, “but I feel that proval. In the summer-time we shall have our it will be a matter of regret to me in the future botanizing—the flora of these British Isles will if I do not give papa all of this year. He seems afford new fields of delightful discoveries, and I to me less strong than usual; the journeying may think we may all brighten up our knowledge of do him good, and he deserves from me a thou- natural history with happy results. During the sand-fold more than I can ever give him. You winter there is never lack of intellectual encan join us for a few days at a time throughout tertainment in London. Moreover, Jim”-for, the year, and, you know, after that, Richard, that although Mygatt James was shortly to become all my life is to be spent with you, and you may his father-in-law, the old name had too many find it quite enough,” she gayly concluded. and too deeply rooted associations to be ex

So it was finally arranged, to Richard's dis- changed for a more dignified title—“ moreover, I

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have carried into effect a notion of mine that I comes from her, after all. I felt sure that, bethink will make London seem more like home to tween the two, there would be no hesitancy of you, for I believe that home is as much where choice on her part.” one's work is as where one's heart is.—But more The expressions of delight on the face of Riof this to-morrow, Ricarda,” added Lane, while carda, and that fell from her lips as she and her a light passed over his face, and, turning to her father examined one thing after another in the chair, he laid his arm about her neck. “You laboratory, had in them all the abandon of her may see in it something that will recall a certain childhood. To watch her lovely face, the grace memorable day when you first called me ‘Rich- of her beautiful form, the movements of her deft ard,' and which, after all, my wife, was our real and exquisite hands as she glided amid the dainty wedding-day."

machines, repaid her husband a thousand times Ricarda smiled questioningly up in his face, over for the trouble and care the room had inbut received only the glad light of his counte- volved. With her quick discernment she saw nance in reply.

that especial attention had been bestowed upon

the selection, variety, and beauty of the electrical After the marriage-service was over, and the instruments, and with ready intuition she divined three friends had become domiciled in the new the reason. It was evident that the laboratory home which Richard had prepared while Ricarda had been fitted up as much for her as for his old and her father were on the Continent, he led friend. She appreciated the delicacy of the acthem into a room which to both father and tion on the part of her husband, who in afforddaughter was a surprise and delight. It was a ing a source of great pleasure to her father gave light and beautiful apartment, adorned with en- her also the opportunity of pursuing a study for graved and sculptured portraits of scientific men which she had expressed marked inclination, if and women-of Faraday, Franklin, Galvani, Lie- she should care so to do. big, Wheatstone ; of Henry, Morse, Mitchell, “I think there is room for a career here, RiHerschel—while adjoining was a library of spe- carda,” remarked her father, facetiously, as they cific scientific works of admirable selection. On finished their tour of inspection. long tables and on shelves inclosed in glass were “So there is !” she exclaimed, joyously. all the needed instruments and mechanisms re- · And here, too,” as she put her hand through quired in a chemist's laboratory.

Dick's arm, and stood at his side. "Being 'ap“And this beautiful workshop for papa !” propriated' is not, after all, to lose one's self, but exclaimed Ricarda, happy tears of gratitude fille to find one's self. This is a realization of the ing her eyes as she turned them toward her hus- dreams of the new era, when marriage mearis band.

help, growth, and grace to woman as well as to This was too much, Dick,” said James, with man, when love sanctifies work and makes it joy, emotion; for this thoughtfulness on the part of and work strengthens and enriches love." Lane touched him deeply.

“But all men are not Richards," said her faToo much !” exclaimed Richard, laughingly ther. putting his arm about Ricarda, and looking in Nor all women Ricardas," added her husher face with an expression that needed no trans- band. lation. No, Jim, nothing of this sort could be “Ah, if they only were !” she laughed. too much. I had a scientific friend make the se- Then had the millennium dawned,” said lection of instruments, and as to the cost-for I James in the same spirit. know you are thinking of the outlay of money, Mine has dawned already,” said Richard, it is only the counting out of a set of diamonds as, drawing Ricarda closer to him, he kissed as my wedding-gift to Ricarda. So, you see, it her.

MARY A. E. WAGER-FISHER.

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66

REFORMS IN ASIATIC TURKEY.

BY ONE WHO HAS LIVED THERE.

AT

T a time when the British Government bassadors, moreover, rarely extend their sphere

adopts a decided policy with regard to the of practical observation beyond the walls of the Asiatic provinces of the Ottoman Empire, and capital ; and a long time must pass before the when that policy is assailed by the Opposition in provinces in Asia can possibly reach even that Parliament, by public journals, and by speeches slender measure of improvement which has some at meetings, it is really surprising that so little appearance of existing in the central Governreliable information should have been obtained ment. Thus the state of Asiatic Turkey is far on the internal condition of the country under from being justly appreciated at our embassy, discussion. It seems to be a subject on which where friendly contact with individual Turks the English in general are contentedly ignorant. possessing a superficial varnish of European edThe practical question at issue is the possibility ucation induces well-meaning and ingenuous of reforming the Turkish rule in western Asia Englishmen to adopt the mistaken notion that so as to warrant our protecting it from foreign Ottoman politicians may really in time become assault, and a sane judgment on that point must statesmen, while they are only skillful and subtile be preceded by a distinct comprehension of its enough to succeed in throwing a veil of doubt actual state and susceptibility of improvement. and darkness over every untoward event and

Newspaper correspondents, however able and embarrassing question that arises in the provconscientious, can only report what meets the inces, whose true bearings they ingeniously diseye of a passing traveler or temporary resident. guise in order to deprive diplomatic intervention The underlying truths which pervade the whole of all power to hamper the even tenor of the nemechanism of Ottoman provincial administra- farious way of viziers and valis. tion can not be detected otherwise than by their Few as are the British consuls and vice-conoccasionally cropping up, and they may never suls in Asiatic Turkey, they should obviously be come under the notice of erratic and casual ob- selected in the manner most likely to secure their servers. Blue-books are not much more satis- efficiency. Those appointments, like that of amfactory in the amount of knowledge imparted by bassador at the Porte, have been held of late them. Since the days of Lord Stratford de Red- years by various classes of men. There are Engcliffe (“there were giants in those days ") the lish consular officers in Asiatic Turkey who are stature and strength of our embassy at Constan- able, upright, zealous for the public service, and tinople have dwindled down to pygmy growth possessed of every qualification required for a and chronic debility. British ambassadors may satisfactory discharge of their duties, but these thus contrive to live on doubtful reputations for are “rari nantes in gurgite vasto." The majority familiarity with all the secrets of Oriental diplo- of those occupying British consular posts in macy, reputations acquired by brief sojourns in western Asia are mere Levantine Englishmen, obscure corners of the Ottoman Empire during owing their selection to a colloquial smattering their long-past youth, when sanguine hopes of of the languages of the country—for none of the regeneration of the Turks were still enter- them can read or write any of those languages tained, which have since proved unfounded and while they are not endowed with one particle delusive. They may now be either such sur- of the essentially English qualities which provivors of the obsolete Palmerstonian school, tra- duce public servants of independent character, ditionally maintaining the robust belief in Turk- whom the Turks can look up to with respect. ish progress enunciated by our greatest Foreign Educated among abject natives who think the Secretary of modern times, or benevolent and only way to hold their own is by adulation of credulous recipients of plausible assurances that pashas, they regard it as suicidal to expose local Turkish provincial rule is immaculate, which abuses of power. They have hardly even actheir personal experience furnishes them with no quired a sufficient command of the English lanfacts and arguments to controvert. In neither guage, its grammar and syntax, to render their hypothesis can much be expected in the way of reports readable when the subject of them gives enlightenment on the real state of Asiatic Tur- them any value or interest. There are also fullkey, and it is hardly to be wondered at that am- blood Englishmen in the consular service of Engbassadorial contributions to blue-books, in the land in Asiatic Turkey who can not greatly edify form of dispatches and reports to the Foreign the readers of their published reports on the Office, should be so moderately instructive. Am- state of the country, simply because their igno

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rance of its languages prevents their acquiring case, provided those commissioners belong neian adequate knowledge of it. Like an English ther to the class of Levantine Englishmen, nor lady long resident in Italy, who was asked if she to that of Englishmen not knowing Oriental had picked up the language of the country, and languages. The remarks passed above on those answered that she had escaped wonderfully well two classes, as composing unsatisfactorily the considering how much she had heard of it, they majority of the British consular establishment in seem to avoid all occasions of intercourse with Asiatic Turkey, are applicable a fortiori to a those who do not speak any European language. staff of superintending commissioners. It is hard They are thus obliged to receive at second hand to see that the object in view can be attained by every word that is addressed to them by the any other means; and, however difficult it may Turkish authorities and by most of those trans- be to find eligible persons, it will be necessary to acting business at their offices. As they know make the most of the best men who are at the so little of the peoples among whom they live, it disposal of the Government. A few facts may is difficult for them to obtain a sufficient insight throw some light on the question whether or not into the more complicated questions affecting the Augean stable to be cleansed by them may those populations, and their opinions, laid before be found to contain such a mass of accumulated the embassy and inserted in blue-books, are con- filth that not even a triple river can flow through it. sequently of little assistance to inquirers on those There is no branch of the Turkish provincial subjects. Some consuls and vice-consuls find it administration in western Asia which calls more almost impossible not to fall an easy prey into loudly for reform than the police establishment. the hands of designing native dragomans, who, The constabulary force is not regularly paid, and being unpaid, derive ample incomes from pro- every opportunity is taken of supplying the place tecting in their chief's name, though without his of wages by accepting bribes. Arrested persons knowledge, the claims and causes of Ottoman are allowed to escape for a dollar. Beasts of subjects before the Turkish authorities. The burden are seized for forced labor by hundreds latter, hoping to make friends in influential quar- when only fifty or sixty are required, and those in ters, readily shut their eyes to such irregulari- excess of the requisition are liberated for two ties, which are masked by a transfer of the in- dollars a head. Demands are made for the payterests at stake to the dragoman, who enjoysment of taxes in arrear, and gratuities are reBritish protection. Thus these native drago- ceived for postponing the collection thereof, which mans and the Turkish authorities play into each is intrusted to constables. Recruits for the army other's hands, and their mutual self-interest forms are summoned to draw their lot at the military a solid foundation for a superstructure of drago- conscription, and, when the number drawn is for manic corruption and impunity, which governors- active service, they are, on payment of an amount general encourage in order to give a color in proportionate to their means, rejected as being their favor to consular reports founded on the physically disqualified. In short, the police find intelligence brought by the dragomans. The many ways of doing without their pay, which acconsular chief is hoodwinked and the embassy cumulates on paper, and may be made good to misled that pockets may be kept full, which our them at some future time. When quarrels occur Government should duly replenish by salaries in the streets, and blows are exchanged, a solisufficient both for the necessary expenditure of tary Turk surrounded by non-Mussulmans has consuls and vice-consuls, and for the employ- nothing to fear from the police, which is always ment of a superior class of paid dragomans. ready to fight for him, whether he be in the right Under these circumstances it would surely be or in the wrong; and his defeated adversaries desirable that reforms in our own establishment are finally mulcted by the constables, and disin Asiatic Turkey should precede those which missed. In order to substantiate so sweeping a we wish to induce the Porte to adopt.

charge against the Turkish authorities of the The pivot on which the questions regarding Asiatic towns under Ottoman rule, it is necesreforms in the Asiatic provinces of the Ottoman sary, of course, that recent cases in point should Empire all turn, is the manner in which the at- be mentioned. Thus, an officer of police was tempt should be made to apply them with the informed by one of his men that a Christain best prospect of success. If any degree of cer- shopkeeper was disputing with a Mussulman tainty can be attained that the means to be em- about a piece of false coin offered to him by the ployed will produce the desired effect, the prob- latter for an article which he had purchased. lem may be considered as solved. The sugges-“Take the infidel to jail at once," was the order tion made, of appointing three English commis- given to the constable, who perfectly understood sioners in each province to direct the working its meaning, and soon returned with several of the police, judicial and financial departments, pieces of money sent to the officer by the Chrisseems likely to meet the requirements of the tian in payment of his liberty. A Jewish money

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