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Item in ye wardrup ane bordclayth for ye hie buird wowin upone ye thrade. Item thrie auld buirdclayths for chalmeris wowin upoune ye thrade.
Item ane buirdclayt of arras work for ye buird in ye lottar chalmer. Item ane grit clayt wowin upone ye thrade. Item sex todds? witout coewaires. Item sewin cussones of blak gowgrany (?) Item ane burdclayt wowin upone thrame. Item ane dowson of auld cussones of auld cryp. Item tua auld sewit cussones. Item ane cheir coverit wit reid crammasie velvet Item ane faldane cheir coverit wit quhyt damas. Item ane uthyr falden cheir coverit wit Irische werk. Item thrie faldane cheirs bandit wit leddir. Item thrie faldane stolls sewit wit worsett. Item tua bayche3 stolls coverit wit dene velvott. Item thrie peice of auld mess clayt Item ane croslatt 5 of pruiff wit heid peice, thrie gantelatts and pertinentis. Item thrie bed rodds of Irne. Item ane glass plattones, coverit wit wands®. Item fywe wattir potts of tin. Item ane mekill brasin pott. Item fyes (?) fyve pares. Item ane brasin wattir fatt. Item tua tin quart Item thrie tin plattones witout heids. Item tua tin chandclares. Item tua auld chandlares of quhyt Irne. Item aucht tin litle pleatis. Item ten tin . Item tua dowsane and tua of small tin sasers. Item thrie auld litle potts of Irne. Item ane uthyr tin ..?
Item ye tymber of ane grit standard bed. Item ye tymber of ane litle canobie bed all of warstett.
Item tua peice of quhaill bain. Item tua mekle bredds of vindoks?. Item ye bak of ane cupbuird. Item thrie dealls upone treisles.
Item ane tapestrie of arras work.
Item in ye litle galrie In ye hed of ye new work therin nathing, closit wit ane key be ane shott.
Item ye hauch chalmer abone ye grein chalmer ane dor wit ane portell and tua bedds standine ane privie dor wit bands and snek 8.
Item ye commoune chalmer abone my lordis uttir chalmer with lok and dor yrin sex beddis bund and auld Irne chymnay.
Item ye grein chalmer wit dor, lok and key, ane portall dor wit snek and bands. Item sevin peice of grein tapestrie bandit wit rasor work. Item tua featheard bedds wit thrie rodds of Irne. Item ane buird of cyper ane with ane comptour clayth yrone wowin upoune ye thrame (frame or thrade perhaps?) Item ane cheir. Item ane gowind (?) Irne chymney 9.
Item ye laiche galrie in ye new work ane dor wit key, lok and bands. Item thairin ane standard bed.
Item ye galrie in ye end of ye pantrie wit dor lok and key and ane ruinated bed,
Item ny lords Inner cabnatt wit ane dor and ane press amrie 10 and lang
settill affixit thereto.
Item in my lordis Inner bed chalmer sex peice of hingand 10^ tapestrie.
3 Beech wood? 4 Old Mass vestments. Glass with wicker-work protecting it.
* Snek is a bolt, and is still in use in the North. 10 Aumbry or small cupboard.
5 Corslet of armour.
? Window frames perhaps? Going or in use perhaps (?) 10A Hanging tapestry.
Item ane standard bed wit ane palne? lyand therinto and thrie rodds of Irne. Item ane ruinated bed. Item ane buird tua furmes ane Irne chymnay.
Item in my lordis uttir chalmer four peice of hingand tapestrie, ane faldand comptar buird wit tua lang furmes
Ane grit seatt at ye heid of ye buird. Item ane cheir. Item ane schoirt furme. Item ane sconce. ane capbuird.
Item ane Irne chymnay.
Item. In ye hall ane hie buird wit ane for service, thrie syd buirds wit fixit syd furmes and tua louss heid furmes. Item ane grit vine chymnay.
Item ane capbuird wit dores, postell, bands, and sneks.
Item ye uppermaist kitchin chalmer wit tua bedds witout beddrwmes (sic) Item ye chalmer abone ye kitchin wit tua standard bedds ane furme, ane dor and lok witout key.
Item ye pantrie wit ane buird ane amrie
Item ye gairdre in amiss tua buirds ane dor ane lok and key therin. Item ye kitchin wit tua buirds, tua standand raks ane mashay fatt, wit dor and lok witout key.
Item ye slesche (? flesche) landing ane dor, ane lok, witout key. Item ane buird. Item sex stands broken and haill with cleiks of Irne.
Item ye aill seller wit dor, lok witout key, tua deills upone treasles, ye steppis of ane auld maskin fatt.
Item tua lairdnor lokit wit wolts
Item in ye lang traviss ane dressing buird and elevin barrells, ane fatt, ane gyll.
Item in ye litle sellar under ye kitchin, wit dor lok and key, thre punzeons, ane barrell.
Item ye wolt In ye heid of ye towir ane butter croyche, dores and vindoks.
Item ye Inner chalmer in ye heid of ye new werk ane lekt? camp bed. Item in ye wttir chalmer of ye tour ane brew land? ane buird, ane stray cheir. Item tua stane weychts of leid, ane Irisch 11 weycht, ye uthyr irne? weycht.
Item for small veychts wit ringis. Item ane pair of wey buiks. Item ane kist wit certane compt buiks therein. Item ane pair of grit Irnes wit sewin schankills 12.
Item ane rowinate bed. Item ane tting buird. Item ane auld Irne chymney. Item cheis shelf. Item ane brewing spult. Item in ye Inner heiche tyll chalmer In ye galrie thereof ane standand bed.
Item in ye Inner tyll chalmer ane standand bed wit ane paleiss therin, thrie Irne rodds ane chymney, ane buird, ane furme. Item tua glas in ye
11 Some Highland measure, in which sense the word Irish should always be taken in old MS. of this kind.
12 Shackles for prisoners, for which there is plenty of accommodation still visible at the Castle. The dungeons there have rows of raised stone beds.
Item ye utter heiche yllit chalmer tua standand bedds ane irne chymnay, ane furme, ane grit lok witout ane key.
Item ye utter laiche tyll chalmer tua standand bedds, ane buird, tua furmes, ane cheir wit ane Irne chymnay.
Item ye Inner layche tyll chalmer ane standand bed, ane buird. Item ane grit flanders kist of aik fast lokit and bandit. Item ane grit lettron of aik lokit, bondit and fast. Item ane coffer bandit and lokit ane Irne chymnay & thre rodds of Irne.
Item ye laiche volt in ye ground of ye new vork tua standand bedds, ane Irne chymnay, ane buird.
Item in ye towir hall tua standand bedds; ane grit girnell kist, ane buird, tua furmes, ane vine chymnay, ane capbuird.
Item ye girnell hous ane mekle girnell kist, ane pair of kairt quheills and stoks. Ítem ane irne zett upoun ye tour and ye lok of ye vines upoun ye Irne zett in ye passage to ye zaird.
William Cunynghame witnes.
Wm Menteith 13.
Gavinus Alexander notarius ac testis
The original Inventory covers six pages of paper in a difficult handwriting. It is probable that all the articles named were lost in the fire when Montrose's forces burnt the Castle.
It will be noticed that Iron chimneys, viz. grates, were quite numerous, and that there was plenty of valuable tapestry and arras work. Table covers are always called 'buird clayts,' and tables themselves are always buirds, and we read of the 'hie buird' on high table, where the Earl sat in a 'grit seatt.' The item of tua deills or tresles sounds alarming, but refers to a rough table. It is curious that so little armour is mentioned, and no cannon or guns are named. The mention of 'the new work' is apparently the wing nearest to Doller which was built by either the 5th or 6th Earls, uncle and father respectively to the youthful 7th Earl, in whose time this paper was written.
A list of the different parts of Castle named in the above Inventory may be made out as follows:
1. The Wardrup above the hall which seems to have been a store room.
2. The little Galrie in the head of the new work.
3. The High Chamber above the green chamber.
4. The Common Chamber above
13 He was Captain of Castle Campbell, as appears from other papers of the period. During the absence of the Earls from any of their Castles, they had always a Captain to guard it, and in many cases, such as at the Castles of Carrick, Dunoon, Innischonnell, Dunstaffnage, the office was heritably transmitted from father to son for centuries.
Reviews of Books
SCOTLAND AND the French RevOLUTION. By Henry W. Meikle, M.A., D.Litt., Lecturer in Scottish History in the University of Edinburgh. Pp. xix, 317. Demy 8vo. Glasgow: James MacLehose & Sons.
1912. IOS. net.
THIS is a most excellent piece of work and a valuable contribution to national history. Dr. Meikle writes from a wide knowledge of both sides of his subject; his judgment is sound and trustworthy; his sense of proportion is just; and his style is straightforward and clear and pleasant to read. He is familiar with the printed sources, he has read a large amount of MS. material both in Great Britain and in France, and he has worked industriously through an enormous quantity of the pamphlet and periodical literature of the period.
Dr. Meikle deals in ten chapters with the years 1782-1802, and adds a rapid sketch of the thirty years which had still to elapse before the passing of the first Reform Act. After tracing the 'signs of political awakening from the years when the spirit of liberty began to take a northward turn,' he proceeds to deal with burgh and ecclesiastical reform. The constitution of Scottish burghs had long required the most careful investigation. A Committee of the House of Commons reported in 1793 that in thirteen burghs 'the majority of the Council either may or must be continued without change or re-election'; that in thirty-four burghs 'the Council, or a part of the Council, elect the majority of the new Council without there being any restrictions against their re-electing themselves'; that in one burgh one-half, and in other two burghs one less than one-half, of the Council is continued, and may re-elect a majority of the old Council. Only in four burghs (Aberdeen, Kirkcaldy, Cupar, and Dunfermline) was it necessary that 'a majority of the Councillors for the ensuing year must be different persons.' Since the attacks on municipal corporations by Cromwell, Charles II. and James II., there had been great disinclination to interfere with the sanctity of charters, but the existing situation in Scotland was indefensible, even by Dundas. Yet, as Dr. Meikle remarks, Pitt 'could hardly be expected to inquire into a system which enabled his friend and colleague to place at his disposal, with unfailing regularity, thirty-nine out of the forty-five votes of the Scottish members.' Thus the golden opportunity was missed, and the ideals of the French Revolution found willing sympathisers in Scotsmen, who knew that in Scotland everything was not for the best in the best of all possible constitutions. Some of these sympathisers were afterwards driven to take the view that 'any change, at