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wholly unknown. (I do not believe yellow fever has been ever known to have occurred in Jamaica at the height of 3000 feet above the level of the sea.) The prevalence or disappearance of the disease appears to be wholly regulated by the range of the thermometer. The negroes are exempt from it, and in this country I never saw one labouring under it.
Shortly after this communication, Dr. M'Grath took me to visit a patient labouring under this disease. His head, breast, and neck, were literally as yellow as a guinea. This gentleman was recovering from the disease. I observed a black scaly patch over the upper lip: the same had been poticed elsewhere one of the first symptoms of the dissolution of the blood: he had had hæmorrhage from the nose, another unfavourable symptom, but no black vomit. The leading symptom at the commencement, which, according to Dr. M'Grath, distinguishes this disease from ordinary fever, is the deep-seated excessive pain in the bottom of the orbits, which is invariably complained of. The patient had been bled from the arm once to twenty ounces; a blister was placed over the stomach, and small doses of calomel and cayenne pepper been administered every two hours when the remission took place: during one of these periods a change for the worse was ushered in with the usual treacherous appearance of quietude, followed by listlessness and extreme depression, though accompanied with that sort of nervous irritability which I am pretty sure I have
* I have been informed by a very intelligent gentleman who has been in the East Indies a good deal, that he has known the oil of capsicum administered as a purgative with extraordinary good effects in many cases.
on more than one occasion seen fatally mistaken for inflammation. The sulphate of quinine was now given, Dr. M'Grath thinks with great advantage; but, notwithstanding its effects the first day, all the bad symptoms again returned. The capsicum and calomel was again had recourse to, and in the succeeding remission the sulphate of quinine effected the cure. was the most satisfactory instance of judicious treatment in this disorder which I have witnessed, and one of the most speedily successful. Had this gentleman been bled after the fashion of the country, I think in all probability he would have died; or had he survived that, he would have had left a debilitated constitution and a dropsical diathesis to encounter, on his convalescence,—the enervating influence of a tropical climate,
SLAVERY IN AMERICA.
There is a society in America, called the Colonization Society, to which a great many really benevolent and humane people belong. The honesty of their philanthropy I have frequently heard called in question, but I have no misgivings of the sincerity of their opinions: it is only their judgment I doubt the depth of. The Society is backed by all the influence of the slave-holders of the South-I mean by the crafty wealthy proprietors, and is only opposed by the pigheaded portion of that body, who see fearful dangers for the system of slavery in the measures pursued by the Society, that may be likely to effect “the property" of their posterity in three or four hundred years to come! But the Southern members, of any intelligence, have no such fears ; they well know that millions are not perceptibly diminished by the annual exportation of dozens.* At Baltimore I was requested to attend one of the Colonization Society meetings, by a gentleman at the same hotel at which I stopped. I gave some reasons for declining to attend, which were not satisfactory: I was pressed to state my real objections to
* On this subject, and indeed on every other connected with slavery in America, Mr. Abdy, in his recent work, has left nothing unsaid ; and what he has said, so fully accords with my own experience, that I find many of bis accounts stated very nearly in similar terms to those I had intended for publication; and I feel the less reluctance in suppressing them from the sincere regret I would feel to have to speak in any other terms than those of commendation of a country where there is so much to admire.
this benevolent society,I had only two, and I endeavoured to describe them as intelligibly as I could. The first was, that I considered the scheme was impracticable; and the second, that it originated with men who knew that it was so. In Virginia I would probably have been convinced I was in error, by a manual application to my nasal or visual organs. But in Baltimore, where the people trust more to argument than an assault, when they fall in with an Abolitionist, a difference of opinion on this subject does not necessarily lead to bloodshed. The advocate of the Colonization Society, in the present instance, merely intimated to me, in the most polite way imaginable, that I was perfectly ignorant of what I was talking about, and that if I was not enamoured of my ignorance, I would go to the meeting in order to be enlightened. I confessed my ignorance was insuperable, and therefore saw no utility in deferring a long journey for the purpose of attending the meeting in question. My colonization friend having addressed himself first to my humanity without effect, secondly to my reason, with as little advantage, now made a lunge at the weak side of an old countryman,-he appealed to my stomach. There was a dinner to be of the friends of the Society-he would procure me an invitation—there would be some excellent speeches, and one gentleman had composed a poem on the subject of Liberia and Colonization. These were temptations indeed,-dinner, speeches, and a poem with the dessert; what mortal man from the old country could withstand them? To go, or not to go, that was the question; the flesh was weak, but the spirit was unwilling; and the suggestion of the spirit eventually triumphed over the yearnings of the former. I thought, however, I could not do less than compose a song for the occasion, so I gathered myself up in a corner of the coffee-room, and I indited the following laudatory lines to the appropriate air of “ Hail! Columbia, happy land !"
The native land of liberty !
Where man is held in slavery !
Their glorious charter, and proclaim
The equal rights of all the same.
It matters not for sect or clime :-
But colour, then, supposes crime.
The cradle land of liberty !
Or feel the lash of slavery.
But negro limbs were made for chains,
Their skin denotes that Nature marred
And toil for life, without reward.