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for it was sent to the printing-press; and there all its writing: was printed in a book, or rather in many hundred books, so that an infinitely larger share of knowledge and amusement resulted from its circulation than if the written paper had been sent travelling round the world, when it would have been worn out before half its journey was accomplished.
Well, this is truly a most sensible arrangement," thought the written paper; 66 never could such an idea have entered my imagination. Now am I left at home, and honoured almost like an aged grandfather, which in fact I am, of all those new books, and they will do so much more good in the world: therefore was it that I could not be permitted to set out on my travels. I have, indeed, been kindly cared for by him who wrote the whole; and every word which flowed out of his pen has entered into my substance and become part of my very self. I am surely the very happiest of beings.
Then was the paper gathered in a bundle and thrown into a barrel which stood in the wash-house.
"After the completion of a work it is good to repose awhile," said the paper, "it is well to collect one's thoughts now and then, and to meditate on that which dwells within. For the first time in my life I now begin to understand aright what I was intended for, and to know one's self is the truest progress. What may be about to befall me now I cannot tell, but hitherto each change has been an onward step. Onwards, ever onwards, is my destiny. This have I learned by past experience."
And so it happened one day that the whole bundle of paper was taken out of the barrel and laid upon the hearth in order that it might be burned there, for it was thought a pity to sell it to the huckster for the purpose of wrapping up sugar and butter in its leaves. All the children in the house stood round about because they wished to see the paper burning; it flamed up magnificently, and afterwards were seen countless red sparks darting hither and thither, and one after the other going out so swiftly-so swiftly. Then cried out one of the little ones, "Come and see the children out of school!" and the last spark was the schoolmaster. It often seemed as if the last one was extinguished, but instantly another spark would gleam out, and then came the cry, "There goes the schoolmaster again." Yes, they were quite well acquainted with him; they only wished to know whither he went! We
shall come to know it, but they knew it not. All the old paper, the whole bundle, was laid upon the fire, and quickly did it kindle, "Uh, uh!" said the burning paper, and flickered up into clear bright flames. “Uh, uh!” It was by no means pleasant thus to consume away; but when the whole mass was lighted into one vast glowing flame it rose up so high into the air, higher far than the tiny blue flower ever could have aspired to do, and shone as the fine white linen never could have pretended to do in its most glossy days. That was fun indeed; and the children sang beside the dark dead ashes the old-fashioned rhyme,
The song is o'er."
But the little airy invisible beings spoke in another strain, saying, "The song is by no means o'er, its sweetest part but just begins."
"I know it, and am, therefore, still the happiest of beings." The children, however, could neither hear nor understand that; neither was it to be expected of them, for children are not intended to know everything.-HANS CHRIS. ANDERSEN.
1. Describe the flax in the field.
21. What was made from the worn-out
2. What cherished and refreshed the linen? lovely plant?
3. What is as good for a sweet little babe as this was for the flax?
4. What said the flax while blooming in the field?
5. But what discontented being interrupted him?
6. What said the grumbling twig? 7. Explain the old rhyme.
8. Did the flax admit that its career was over?
9. What convinced him that it was not over?
10. What apparent misfortune now be fel the flax?
11. Were its reflections of a desponding
12. What painful steps brought it to the spinning wheel?
13. What reflections comforted the trusting flax now?
14. What was the end of all this tearing and spinning?
15. Having become linen, was it not now more useful and happy?
16. Describe its condition now, with its state while growing in the field.
17. Who bought the piece?
18. What was done to it, and what made from it?
19. What now did the cheerful confiding flax say?
20. In what state were the linen garments after some years?
22. Was not this a step higher!
23. Into whose hands did some of the paper come?
24. What sort of words did the pastor write on the paper?
25. Read or repeat its reflections now? 26. Where was the written paper sent? 27. What said the manuscript on being left at home?
28. When thrown into the barrel as waste paper did the flax despair?
29. For what did this repose afford opportunity?
30. What were the flax's thoughts about the past changes in her lot and her future destiny?
31. What most severe trial awaited the
32. Why were the children gathered round the hearth?
33. What about the sparks?
34. What did one of the children cry? 35. What was the last spark called? 36. What did the children want to know about the schoolmaster?
37. Can you tell where he went, or in other words where sanctified affliction leads?
38. Was the song over now?
39. Did not the childreu think so?
41. Who will quote the words of Acts xiv. 22? and also of 2nd Cor. iv. 17?
THE Turkish bath is one of the greatest luxuries enjoyed by the Easterns. The rich have baths in their own houses, but they go to the public ones occasionally, to chat, or meet their friends; and the private baths being necessarily small, are incapable of accomodating more than six or eight persons at a time, so that on grand occasions, fasts, feasts, &c., the women are obliged to hire one of the public baths. Some large towns have a bath for the women, and another for the men, but the small ones admit the women on certain days, and the men on the intervening days: or the men from morning until noon, and the women from noon till sunset, which is the most usual arrangement.
We paid our fee-about eighteenpence, at the door, to an old Turk who was regaling himself with a pipe, and sipping coffee; and then passing through a narrow passage, we entered the outer apartment or entrance-chamber, which was spacious and surrounded by a platform, on which reclined, supported by cushions, and enveloped in large white towels, several persons who had undergone the process of parboiling -for the Turkish bath is certainly akin to it-and were now endeavouring to refresh themselves with sherbet, coffee, or smoking. In the centre of the paved floor was a very large marble basin,
"Where a spring
Of living waters from the centre rose,
Whose bubbling did a genial freshness fling."
Flowers were ranged round the fountain; and innumerable
wooden clogs assisted to fill up the vacancy at the base. The whole apartment was paved with marble; it had a flat roof, with small round blue-glazed windows at the side, and the walls fantastically coloured, red and blue on a white ground. Above the platform were strings, on which towels were hung, some half dry, and others thoroughly wet, just as they had been taken from the bathers.
Our guide conducted us to the platform, which was carpeted and cushioned, and each one having undressed, and placed a towel round the waist, and another over the shoulder, the lawingee, or bath attendant, directed each of us to slip on a pair of wooden clogs, called cob-cobs, and follow him into the preparatory warming apartment, as we termed it.
This chamber was surrounded with seats, paved with marble, and coloured like the one we had just left, but the roof had domes with small blue-glazed apertures, instead of being flat; and the temperature was about 90° Fahr., and humid.
After remaining a short time in this chamber, we were conducted into the inner one.
The khararah, or inner chamber, is very hot, and when we entered, it seemed almost impossible to remain there; but the humid heat produced by the hot water of the tanks, fountain, and boiler (which ranges from 103° to 112° Fahr.) soon produced a profuse perspiration. Almost before we could recover our surprise at the scene within this chamber -one in which we were soon to take an active part, or to write more correctly, a passive one, the attendants seized upon us, and commenced cracking our joints to render them supple, and kneading the flesh as if we really had not any feeling. When we afterwards became accustomed to such proceedings it was rather agreeable, but at that time it really was anything but pleasant, for the attendants appeared to us, inexperienced in such matters, to be utterly regardless of European life, by the manner in which they twisted the head on each side, and sat upon the chest. We can assure you, gentle reader, that the operation looks very formidable, but custom prevails, and your fears speedily subside. Having sufficiently amused themselves by proving the quality of our flesh by its firmness, and the pliability of our joints, the attendants directed us to lie down flat upon low stages placed in various parts of the chamber. Kneeling with one knee upon the ground, my attendant put on a pair of horse-hair
gloves, and seizing one of my arms, rubbed away in first-rate style, the effect of which was to bring long solid rolls from my skin, and make it as smooth as satin: every six or eight rubs the attendant removed his hands, rubbed them together, and slapped them down again with tolerable force. My head, chest, and legs, were submitted to the operation, and then I was well soused with hot water, dipped from the hanafeyeh, or tank, with small bowls. 66 Surely we are clean now, exclaimed, and were preparing to depart, when our tormentors again approached, each with a bowl in his hand, rubbing away with a lump of raw silk at some almond soap, so furiously as to create a fine lather; and without any intimation of what was coming, dabbed it in our eyes and mouths, and and then finished their amusement by upsetting the remainder over our heads; another scalding or sousing completed the operation. We were then supplied with clean towels for the shoulders, loins, and head, à la Turque, and conducted to the first or entrance chamber, where the towels were again removed and fresh ones supplied. Thus enveloped, we reclined upon the carpets supported with musnuds, in the manner we had seen the persons on our first entrance, and like them sipped coffee or sherbet; while those that felt inclined smoked the nargeleh, or Persian water-pipe, called by our sailors hubble-bubble, from the peculiar bubbling noise it makes during the time it is being used.
The effect of the Turkish bath is to restore vigour to the weary and jaded traveller, and give a feeling of elasticity that it is difficult to describe. It must be felt to be appreciated; and those who have enjoyed its luxury after a fatiguing journey will probably dwell with pleasurable remembrance on the foregoing passages, descriptive of its varied stages.-Eastern Rambles, Family Tutor.
1. In what estimation is the bath held seem to amuse themselves with the Euroin the East? pean strangers?
2. Why and when do the rich go to the public bath?
3. What is the arrangement regarding the public bath in large towns?
4. What in small towns?
5. Describe the entrance chamber, and the persons sitting there.
6. What did they do before entering the preparatory warming apartment?
7. Describe this room, and state the degree of the temperature in it.
8. What is the temperature of the inner chamber?
9. What did the attendants here do to them?
10. In what way did the bath attendants
11. What was the effect of the rubbing with horse-hair gloves?
12. What did the attendants do after every few rubs ?
13. What was done to them immediately after the rubbing?
14. Did this conclude the operation ? 15. What did the attendants come forward with now?
16. What did they do with the soap in
17. How did they finish their sport? 18. Where were they then led? 19. Explain the words 'a la Turque.' 20. What is the effect of a Turkish bath upon the weary traveller?