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33. Th, denotes, being or state of being,-as, warmth, the being warm, moderate heat,-length, the being long, extension.

34. Tude, denotes, being or state of being,-as, multitude, state of being many,-gratitude, the being grateful, thankfulness.

35. Ty, denotes, state of being,-as, brevity, state of being short, or concise.

36. Ule, denotes, diminution,-as, animalcule, a very small animal. 37. Ure, denotes, the thing, power, or art of,-as, scripture, the thing written, the Bible,-legislature, the power that makes laws,— agriculture, the art of tilling fields.

38. Y, denotes, state of being, or art,-as, mastery, the being master, dominion,--masonry, the craft or art of the mason.

EXERCISES.

ON AFFIXES FORMING NOUNS.

(What are the Nouns denoting being or state of being, &c., &c., from the following words?)

1. curate, supreme, pirate.
2. marry, plume, post,

3. history, grammar, Europe.
4. repeat, hinder, distant.
5. brilliant, vacant, elegant,
6. assist, inhabit, combat.
7. school, lie, tamily.
8. slug, cow, wise.

9. adverse, antique, secret. 10. part, ice, cant.

11. pope, Christian, sheriff.
12. present, trust, patent.
13. engine, auction, mutiny.

14. benevolent, innocent, obedient.
15. decent, fluent, agent.
16. coal, village, travel.
17. man, false, widow.
18. attend, create, adhere.

19. mechanician, optician.

20. atheist, barbarous, egotist.
21. flower, art, nature, drug.
22. bedlam, Caanan, favour.
23. operate, represent, relate.
24. man, cider, pipe.
25. flower, eagle, leaf.
26. lord, nurse, sap, seed.
27. settle, punish, engage.
28. bad, noble, joyful.
29. create, act, precept.
30. archbishop.

31. brave, bigot, mock.
32. lord, fellow, friend.
33. young, die, long, deep.
34. serve, similar, ample.
35. able, pious, Christian.
36. globe, grain, sphere.
87. furnish, depart, sign.
38. honest, prophet, flatter.

II. ADJECTIVES.

ARE FORMED BY THESE AFFIXES.

1. Ac, denotes, of or belonging to,—as, elegiac, pertaining to elegy or mournful song.

2. Aceous, denotes, consisting of, resembling,--as, cetaceous, of the whale kind, herbaceous, belonging to herbs.

3. Al, denotes, of or belonging to, becoming,-as, autumnal, belonging to autumn, the third season of the year,-filial, becoming a son.

4. An, denotes, belonging, relating, or pertaining to,—as, European, belonging to Europe,-hyperborean, belonging to the far north, frigid. 5. Ant, this termination is equivalent in meaning to the English participle of ing,"-as, abundant, abounding, very plentiful.

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6. Ar, denotes, belonging to, or according to,-as, solar, belonging to the sun,-irregular, not according to rule or order.

7. Ary, denotes, belonging to, or pertaining to,-as, epistolary, belonging to a letter or writing sent.

8. Ate, denotes, having, or full of,-as, adequate, having what is equal to, sufficient,-as, passionate, full of or easily moved by passion.

9. Ble, denotes, that, may, or can, or fit to be,-as, portable, that can be carried,―laudable, that ought to be praised,-invisible, that cannot be seen, eligible, fit or worth to be chosen.

10. En, denotes, made of,—as, golden, made of gold,-woollen, made

of wool.

11. Ent, denotes, the same as the English "ing,"-as, belligerent, carrying on or waging war,-absent, being away.

12. Escent, denotes, becoming, or growing,-as, quiescent, becoming still.

13. Ful, denotes, full of, abundance,-as, wonderful, full of wonder, astonishing.

14. Ic, denotes, of, belonging, or pertaining to,-as, academic, of or belonging to an academy or place of education,-oceanic, pertaining to the ocean or main.

15. Ical, denotes, pertaining to, likeness,—as, angelical, pertaining to an angel, apostolical, like an apostle.

16. Id, denotes, of or belonging to, or “ing,”—as, humid, of moisture, damp, torrid, burning.

17. Ile, denotes, having the nature of, or pertaining to,—as, infantile, pertaining to an infant, childish.

18. Ine, denotes, of or belonging to,—as, feminine, of or belonging to the female.

19. Ish, denotes, belonging to, or having somewhat of,—as, British, belonging to Britain,-darkish, having somewhat of darkness.

20. Ive, denotes, having power to do, or "ing,"-as, persuasive, that can persuade or convince,-progressive, progressing, going forward. 21. Less, denotes, not having, or wanting,-as, fatherless, deprived of a father, careless, wanting care, heedless.

22. Like, denotes, like to, or resembling,—as, warlike, resembling war, martial.

23. Ly, denotes, like to, or resembling,-as, homely, like home, plain. 24. Ory, denotes, of or belonging to, or "ing,"-as, prefatory, of or belonging to a preface or to a book.

25. Ose, denotes, full of, abounding in,—as, verbose, abounding in words.

26. Ous, denotes, full of, abounding, “ing,”—as, populous, full of people,-contiguous, touching together, bordering upon.

27. Some, denotes, full of, or having,-as, gladsome, full of gladness, -quarrelsome, having disposition to quarrel.

28. Ward, denotes, in the direction of,-as, downward, looking down. 29. Y, denotes, full of,-as, stony, full of stones.

EXERCISES ON ADJECTIVES.

(What are the adjectives denoting of, or belonging to, &c., &c., from the following words?)

1. demon, prosody.

2. bulb, crust, membrane. 3. nature, autumn, voice. 4. Rome, Greece, metropolis. 5. abound, dispute, repent. 6. angel, people, circle. 7. moment, number, example. 8. fortune, moderation, temper. 9. command, elect, admit. 10. earth, silk, wheat, oat.

11. excel, revere, provide.
12. putrid. liquify, vanish.
13. awe, beauty, delight.
14. angel, metal, majesty.
15. botany, grammar, tragedy.
16. candour, horror, splendour.
17. fertility, merchant, project.
18. infant, elephant, serpent.
19. blue, green, purple, fever.
20. compare, disjoin, expel.

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1. Ate, denotes, to make,―as, renovate, to make new again,-animate, to make alive.

2. En, denotes, to make,—as, lengthen, to make long,—quicken, to make quick or alive.

3. Fy, denotes, to make,-as, sanctify, to make holy. 4. Ish, denotes, to make,―as, publish, to make public. 5. Ize, denotes, to make,-as, fertilize, to make fertile.

EXERCISES.

(What are the verbs signifying to make, from the following?)

1. accent, commodious, authentic.

2. sharp, ripe, fat, deep.

3. glory, beauty, terror.

4. vain, flower, polite.
5. tyrant, legal, tranquil,

VOCABULARY.

The vocabulary is divided into 3 Sections. In Section I. are placed the words that appear in the columns at the head of the lessons after the words of Greek origin. The words in Section I. are chiefly of Saxon origin.

SECTION I.

A-bate', v. to lessen; to decrease in strength or violence.

Abbey, n. a monastery; a convent; a house of religious retirement. Ac-cou'tre, v. to equip the body for warfare.

Ac-quit tal, n. deliverance from a charge; setting free.

A-gree'a-ble, adj, suitable to; pleasing.

Aid de-camp, n. a military officer who conveys the general's orders. Aisle, n. (see ALA, Sec. II.)

Al-be'it, adv. although; notwithstanding.

Al-lure', v. to entice; to hold out temptations.

Almond, n. the nut of the almond tree. The leaves and blossoms of the almond tree resemble those of the peach. The tree blossoms on the bare branches in January, and gives its fruit in April.

Am'bush, n. the place or act of lying in wait.

A-non', adv. quickly; soon.

Ar-rangement, n. the act of putting in order; settled plan.
A-shamed, adj. affected by shame; abashed.

Aught, n. anything.

Aver-age, n. a mean number or quantity.-adj. containing a mean proportion.

Barrier, n. an intrenchment; a defence; a boundary.

Bea'con, n. a signal fire on an eminence; a lighthouse.

Beau'ti-ful, adj. possessing beauty; fair; elegant.

Be-come', v. to enter into some state or condition; to suit; to befit. Be-hove', v. to be necessary; to be fit; to become.

Be-reave, v. to deprive of; to take away from.

Be-seem', v. to become; to be fit; to be in keeping with.

Be-tide', v. to happen; to befall.

Bier, n. a carriage or frame for carrying the dead.

Bivouac, n. the guard or watch of a whole army during the night. Blend, v. to mingle together.

Bloodthirst-y, adj. desirous to shed blood.

Boat'swain, n. an officer in a ship, who has charge of the boats and rigging.

Bodi ing, n. an omen; a prognostic; a dread of coming evil.

Bond, n. anything that binds; a writing of obligation; a pledge.
Brack'ish, adj. rather salt.

Brake, n. fern; a thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs.

Bray, v. to make a harsh noise, like an ass.-n. the noise of an ass. Breach, n. the act of breaking; a gap; a break; a rupture.

Brilliant, a lj. shining; sparkling. -n. a diamond of finest cut.

Bris'tle, n. the hair of a swine; stiff hair.-v. to erect the hair in rage. Brittle, adj. easily broken.

Buoyant, adj. floating; light.

Burgher, n. a freeman of a burgh.

Burnish, to polish; to grow bright.

Burʼrow, n. a hole in the ground for rabbits, &c.—v. to make holes in

the ground.

Caitiff, n. a mean villain; a knave.

Carcass, n. a dead body.

Career', n. a course; a race; speed.-v. to move rapidly.

Cen'ser, n. a vessel for burning perfumes in religious service.

Chem'is-try, n. the science which shows the nature and properties of bodies.

Chivalry, n. the more honourable soldiery that served on horseback.
Cipher, n. the character (0) in numbers. v. to cast accounts.
Cliff, n. a steep rock.

Colonel, n. the commanding officer of a regiment.

Con, v. to commit to memory; to fix in the mind by repetition. Couple, n. a pair; a thong of leather; a chain.—v. to join; to marry. Court'ier, n. one who frequents court; one who courts favour.

Croak, n. the cry of a frog or raven.-v. to make a grumbling noise. Crouch, v. to stoop low; to fawn; to cringe.

Cum'brous, adj. troublesome; burdensome.

Cush'ion, n. a pillow for a seat.-v. to furnish with a cushion.

De-bate', to dispute; to deliberate; to argue.-n. a dispute; a quarrel; De-scry', v. to spy at a distance; to discern.

De-spatch', v. to send away hastily; to kill.-n. speed; an express. De-tachment, n. a party separated from the main body.

De-vel'op-ment, n. an unfolding; disclosure; a laying open.

Dis-charge', v. to disburden; to pay off; to release.

Dis-may, v. to terrify; to discourage.- -n. terror.

Doom, v. to judge; to condemn.-n. judicial sentence; condemnation. Drear, adj. dismal; gloomy.

Dros'sy, adj. full of dross or refuse; foul; worthless.

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Em'bers, n. hot cinders or ashes.

Empty, adj. containing nothing; unfurnished; vain.-v. to exhaust.

En-am'el, v. to inlay; to variegate with colours.

En-dearment, n. an act that begets love; affection.

En-light' en, v. to supply with light; to instruct.

E-now', E-nough, adj. sufficient.

En-tan'gle, v. to involve; to perplex; to ensnare.

En-trust, usually In-trust', v. to commit to the care of.

En-vel'op, v. to inwrap; to cover.

Es-chew, to shun; to flee from; to avoid.

Fang, n. the tusk of an animal; a claw or talon.

Fawn, n. a young deer.-v. to court servilely; to cringe.

Fel'on, n. one guilty of crime punishable by loss of life or goods.
Feud, n. a deadly quarrel.

Flare, v. to give an unsteady light.

Flavour, n. relish; odour.-v. to give taste or odour.

Fleet, adj. swift of pace; nimble.-v. to fly swiftly; to vanish.

Flicker. v. to flutter; move the wings; make short irregular movements. Foil. v. to defeat; to puzzle; to frustrate.―n. a defeat.

For-bear', v, to cease from; to stop; to give up.

Forgery, n. the crime of falsifying; a studied false account.

For-lorn', adj. forsaken; helpless; desperate.

Furnish, v. to supply with what is necessary.
Gage, n. a pledge; a challenge to combat.
Gait, n. the manner and air of walking

Gas, n. an aeriform fluid; a kind of fixed air.

Goad, n. a pointed stick to drive cattle.—v. to drive with a goad.
Goal, n. the point to which racers run; a starting post.

Gospel, n. God's word; the proclamation of the infinite love and grace of God to sinners, with the pardon of sin, and eternal life through Jesus Christ.

Grass-hop'per, n. a small chirping insect that hops in the summer grass.
Gro-tesque, adj. whimsical; fantastic; ludicrous; antic.
Grotto, n. a cave; a place for coolness and refreshment.
Grudge, v. to envy; to repine.-n. envy ; ill-will,

Guise, n. manner; dress.

Hal-ber-dier', n. one armed with a halberd or kind of spear.

Hamp'er, n. v. to shackle; to impede: to confine.

Hazard, n. chance; danger.-v. to try the chance.

Haze, n. fog; mist.

Heav'i-ness, n. weight; sorrow; dejection of mind.

Herald, n. an officer whose business it is to carry messages between

princes; a proclaimer; a harbinger.

Hide-ous, adj. horrible; frightful; shocking.

Hoary, adj. white; gray with age.

Home stead, n. the place of a house; native seat.

House wife, n. the mistress of a house; a female economist.

Huck'ster, n. a retailer of small wares; a pedlar.

Husk, n. the covering of certain fruits or seeds of plants.

Im-bow'er, Embower, v. to cover or shade with trees.

In-trench', v. to dig a trench; to fortify with a trench; to encroach.

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