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'Twixt me and fortune? We are wholly quits!
And bade me banquet; scarce I tasted, ere
Maude. 'Tis noon and yet
No sign of Edwin! Dost thou mind thy task?
Alf. I'll turn them, dame.
Maude. You will?
You'll break them!-Know I not your handy ways?
Call, when 'tis time! You'll turn the cakes forsooth!
Alf. So much for poverty! Adversity's
Of nature into ice, to whom each change
Riches from penury; from sufferings
Maude re-enters, goes towards the fire, lifts the cakes, goes to
Maude. Is this your care?
Ne'er did you dream that meal was made of corn,
Which is not fit for use until 'tis ground;
Nor used then till kneaded into bread?
Ne'er knew you this? It seems you never did.
Else had you known the value of the bread;
Thought of the ploughman's toil: the reaper's sweat;
And not have left my barley cakes to burn
Alf. I forgot, good dame.
Maude. Forgot, good dame, forsooth! You ne'er forgot To eat my barley cakes!!
1. Name the cowherd's wife.
2. By what name is Alfred known to her?
3. Was the bow and arrow much used in warfare in Alfred's time?
4. Where is the place called Athelney? 5. For what purpose would Alfred be inaking his bow think you?
6. Show from some of his answers to Maude, that he was a good man?
7. What duty does Maude set him to ? 8. 1s Alfred displeased with her usage? 9. Trace Alfred's fortunes, as mentioned by him in his soliloquy?
10. Would Maude allow Alfred to turn the cakes?
11. What lessons did Alfred learn from adversity?
12. What about hunger may the King in the palace never learn?
13. What about nakedness?
14. What about the dangers of the deep? 15. Explain the words "more a King, by being more a man."
16. When Maude finds the cakes burnt what does she do?
17. Through what processes must corn pass before it becomes bread?
18. What excuse does the king make for his neglect?
19. What says mother Maude to this?
XXXVI.-GRIFFITH'S CHARACTER OF CARDINAL
THOMAS WOLSEY, a celebrated English Statesman, born at Ipswich, in Suffolk, in 1471, was the son of a butcher. He entered the church, and rose to be a Royal Chaplain and Dean of Lincoln, under Henry VII. Henry VIII., with whom he became a favourite, called him to the Privy Council, gave him several high preferments, and at last made him Archbishop of York, Chancellor of the Kingdom, and was governed by him in all things. He made a great number of enemies by his rapacity; his revenues were almost equal to those of the crown; he was, moreover, unjust and cruel in the exercise of his functions as legate, and created an ecclesiastical court, which was a second Inquisition. Wolsey attained to the height of power, and fell into the depths of disgrace. He was appointed Commissioner for the divorce of Henry VIII., and did not hasten the affair in accordance with the wishes of the monarch. He was accused before the Court of King's Bench of having exceeded his authority, was deprived of the seals and nearly all his revenues, and dismissed from the court. Being sent for to London again to answer new charges, he died on his road, at Leicester in 1530. Wolsey founded Christ Church College, Oxford.
Enter Katherine, Dowager, sick; led between Griffith and
Grif. How does your grace?
Didst thou not tell me, Griffith, as thou ledd'st me,
Grif. Yes, madam: but I think your grace,
For my example.
Well, the voice goes, madam:
For after the stout earl Northumberland
Arrested him at York, and brought him forward (As a man sorely tainted) to his answer,
He fell sick suddenly, and grew so ill,
He could not sit his mule.
Alas, poor man!
Grif. At last, with easy roads, he came to Leicester, Lodg'd in the abbey; where the reverend abbot,
With all his convent, honourably receiv'd him ;
So went to bed: where eagerly his sickness
Of an unbounded stomach, ever ranking
His promises were, as he then was, mighty;
The clergy ill example.
Men's evil manners live in brass; their virtues
To hear me speak his good now?
I were malicious else.
Yes, good Griffith;
1 Tied. There is a great controversy amongst the commentators whether this word means limited-infringed the liberties-or tithed. We have no doubt that the allusion is to the acquisition of wealth by the Cardinal.
And though he were unsatisfied in getting,
Now in his ashes honour: Peace be with him!
1. When and where was Wolsey born? 2. What was his father?
3. What offices held he in the time of Henry VII.?
4. What was he made by Henry VIII.? 5. What about his revenues or income?
6. How came he to make a great many enemies!
7. What was the cause of his disgrace by Henry VIII.?
8. Under what circumstances did his death take place?
9. What seat of learning did he found? 10. What character does Katherine give of Wolsey?
11. What character does Griffith give of him on the other hand?