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Sir Harry Johnston describes in the Cambridge Magazine how the Ministers are personally benefitted by recommending the conferring of titles and honours on title-seekers. He says:

"Premiers (and Prime Ministers to be) have long looked upon the Peerage and Knighthood Knight-Bachelor hood-as the Baronetcy, the Privy Councillorship,-their perquisites, while in office or when speculating on office; something— in plain language-to sell: with the Party Whip or "Patronage secretary" as the handy medium to do the actually unpleasant part of the business, The money, of course, goes to the Party funds, and the Prime Minister only profits from it indirectly, in that by retaining or obtaining office, he draws a very handsome salary and allowances, and has a rent-free house to live in and almost sovereign power; while when he is out of power he has the party funds at his disposal and the small committee, in whom they are vested, probably, if he is a needy man, makes him a comfortable allowance out of them. Another method of using honours for personal ends is as a means of bribing persons of influence,-possible enemies or useful friends-who would be quite beyond monetary temptations."

A Successful Polar Expedition A message from Alaska announced that Storkerson and five other explorers, who got on to a floating ice pack in the Polar Basin last May in an effort to float across the North Pole, landed safely on November 7th. Storkerson was Stefansson's assistant.


15th last year. The party, consisting of nine Whites and four Esquimaux, travelled a fortnight northwards when four of the men were sent back. The party then drifted with the ice pack carrying no provisions and subsisting on the meat of the seals and polar bears. It is expected that they were carried westwards but drifted round the great Eddy Drift and reached seventy-four degrees north, 150 miles further north than any one has hitherto gone in this part of the Arctic.

The Canadian explorer Stefansson says: Storkerson's arrival at the Alaskan Coast ends the work of the Canadian Arctic Expedition. Stefansson intended to command the party but was taken ill with typhold. Storkerson left the Cross Islands, north of the coast of Alaska, on March

Noble part of Indian Troops in the War

Lecturing before the Royal Institution in London in the first week of last month Mr. J. W. Fortescue paid a very high tribute to the part played by Indian troops in the recent war, in which he declared India had rendered enormous service. Her troops had shown astonishing gallantry and her chiefs a loyalty for which he ought to be devoutly thankful. He believed that the King had contributed not a little to that great result. He was with His Majesty in India in 1911. The King went to India against the wishes of his Ministers. He was perfectly sure that he could render service, and being anxious to bring India closer to England His Majesty led a wearing life. During the first three weeks of his visit he had never a moment to himself. He was giving interviews to Indian rulers every day and all day, and always looked happy and glad to see them. The devotion with which His Majesty was regarded by all the great Indian chiefs, all of whom came forward in the war, was very touching.

Aerial Postal Service

An aerial postal service has been instituted between England and the Continent, in order to carry the mails to the army of occupation. The mails thus carried will reach Cologne in ten hours, instead of five days as hitherto. The mails arrive at Folkestone by train and are taken in motor lorries to the aerodrome, where machines are in readiness to load up. Twenty-three bags were taken across on the first journey by four machines,

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Sir Herbert Roberts is well known for his sympathy with Indian aspirations. His services to India both in the British Congress Committee and the House of Commons have made his name familiar to our readers. His elevation to the peerage comes at an opportune moment when there is need for staunch supporters of the Reform Bill in the Upper House. We heartily congratulate Sir Herbert.

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