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be found advifeable for gentlemen of ful for the purpofes of tillage, graz landed property, to take the manage- ing, &c. ment of all fences into their own hands, as is the cafe with fome whom I know, by which pofterity may have an abundance of timber for the navy, and other purposes, and may, looking forward but few years, receive more than an ample recompenfe for all their expence and trouble. Sutton Coldfield and Sutton Park, with the commons adjoining thereto, at Hill, Ah-Furlong, New Shilton, Berwood, &c. are about 10,000 acres, the greater part of which is hungry fand and gravel, chiefly covered with ling; but the vicinity of Ruthal lime-works, and the town of Birmingham, are circum Stances greatly in favour of the cultvation of thefe vaft waftes, which might (I have no doubt) be done with great advantage to the public and the land owners. Coleshill and Bickenhill heaths, about 1000 acres, now under improvement, are ftill of an inferior quality; yet fome parts of them will foon become ufeful land. Balfalheath, and other waftes nearly adjoining, in the parishes of Berkfwell, Barton, Knowle, at Wroxall, Shrewley, Hazely, Lapworth, Packwood, Badefley, &c. are about 5000 acres. Thefe commons, and thofe in other parts of the county, have a large proportion of land, which, under proper cultivation, would become very ufe
Having here fpoken of waste lands, it may be proper to mention tythes in kind, as a great, and in fome cafes, an infurmountable obftruction to their effectual improvement. It is but juf tice to the clergy, in this county, to fay, that on the whole, they are more reasonable in their demands for tythes in kind, than the lay impropriators; and, where lands have been regularly and well cultivated for a great length of time, there is no great hardship in the occupier paying them, as, in that cafe, it is chiefly a tax on the landowner, originating in cuftom or title, prior to that by which the estate is held; but where much improvement is wanted, and efpecially in the cultivation of all fens, bogs, and other barren unproductive waste lands, the matter is widely different; for, in fuch cales, almoft the whole value of the and depends on perfonal labour, skill, induftry, and the advance and risk of private property: therefore, fomething feems neceffary to be done to remove fo great a bar to the improvement of fuch unproductive lard. Whe ther corn rents, proportioned to the value of the land, could be adopted, or any other equitable means could be devised for that purpose, the wisdom of parliament, under the fuggetions of the board, is beft able to determine.
On the ADVANTAGES of being in a HURRY.
AMONG the many fubjects which one quality only, that of precipita
are gravely or humouroufly han- tion. died by your correfpondents, I do not recollect that the advantages of being in a continual hurry and bustle have been touched upon, although one cannot have frequent opportunities of obferving the manners of mankind, without being ftruck with the fingular pro penfity there is in fome to be in hafte, whatever they are doing, and to include all the merit of their actions in
This may at first fight appear to be very opposite to the natural inclination of men, which is to a state of ease and indolence, or, as a friend of mine calls it, the pleasure of fitting ftill, yet it will be found peculiar to fo great a number to move with rapidity, that we may fafely fet it down among the prominent features of human character in focial life. And fome merit may
be allowed to it, on the fcore of the appearance of the thing which pleafes the lover of hurry, and he gains from thofe who judge only from appearances (a great proportion of mankind) that reputation which the other has to feek at the hands of the knowing few.
bodily exertion, for it cannot have been eafy to break through natural indolence, and form thofe exertions into a habit, which must have been originally very difficult, and are to many very irkfome, and, indeed, impoffible to be continued. It may likewise be thought that the Swift-of-foot are entitled to merit upon as following the beft medical prefcription for the prefervation of health, I mean exercife, without fome portion of which the body cannot be long kept in a healthy flate. Perfons who ufe frequent and regular exercife, and who never allow the blood to ftagnate, are obferved generally to enjoy long life and health.
But, fir, I hope I fhall not be thought ancharitable, if, while I give to neceffary exercise all the praife that is due, I attribute the hurry and buftle, which are peculiarly the fubject of this letter, to a very different caufe, namely, to that vanity which prompts us to appear in a light of vaft confequence to byeftanders. A man who walks along the ftreet in a flow and measured pace, and gives way to every obftruction he meets, is far lefs likely to attract notice, than him who pushes on, as if on a bufinefs of infinite importance, and is the terror of barrowwomen and blind-beggars. The former may walk from Hydepark corner to Mile-end, unheeded, and without caufing a fingle remark, while the latter, before he has flown through a ftreet, has drawn upon him a hundred eyes, and curiofity is agape to know who he is, and what he is going about. Yet it may happen that both parties are going upon precifely the fame errand, or, more probably, that he who walks deliberately is employ ed upon fome interefting concern, while the other endeavours to make up in bustle what he really wants in bufinefs, Were two fuch men to calculate their winnings at the end of the day in point of time, the difference probably would not be great, but it is
In country villages, we fee difplayed in a very ftriking light, what an eminent author cals the dignity of hurry. No fooner does a poit-chaife pafs the turnpike at the entrance, than the poftillon, knowing the taste of his paffengers, drives furioufly along the treet, frightens lame women and children who are but learning to walk, and difturbs the occupations of the country folks, who must ftretch out their necks to fee who is coming. This, with the rattling of the wheels, the fmack of the whip, and the bark ing of dogs, you will agree conftitutes no fmall degree of confequence, which is at length fina ly wound up by the landlord and waiters running to the door of the chaife, to efcort the paffengers into the Blue Lion,' or the Bear,' places not very dignified in name, but not improper to conclude this pageantry.
Need I tell you, that in the travelling of perfons of high rank, expedition confitutes the great diftinction between them and the vulgar! The rapid approach of the couriers, perhaps only five minutes before the principals, to announce that they are coming, the hurry and confufion this occafions in an inn, either full of guefts, or perhaps not very large, the impetuous whirl of the coach-wheels of the great man, and their rumbling under the lofty gateway-Thefe are, grand things; thefe, fir, are village fublimities. which it hath not entered into the head of patient, jog trot travellers to have any conception of. They raife a vaft idea of the perfonages who have arrived, and a crowd affembles to witnefs their defcent from the carriage, which is, that all may be in unifon, performed with a leap, and thereby a glance only is allowed
to the gaping fpectator, which feeds his imagination probably better than a full view.
Those whofe good fortune it is to attend at courts and levées, know well the importance of hurry in entering and departing. Though their bufinefs be merely to compliment their fovereign by a bow and a few words of congratulation, they fly along the paffage and up the grand ftaircafe, with a dignified velocity that can arife from nothing but the eagerness of their loya ty, and their defire to be thought of fome confequence by not letting his majefty wait. The crowd below meafure their opinions accordingly. Many a gouty lord have I feen hobble along the portico, unobferved, and almoft unfeen, while a more youthful fprig of quality, by his jaunty ftep and quick movements has been taken for a statefiman, going to kifs hands upon promotion. Thefe, fir, may appear trifles, But thefe little things are great to little man.'
Nay, I confefs that on fundry occafions I have not difdained to profit by the artifice myself. Obferving that perfons who went flowly and loungingly into our courts of juftice, as if, which was really the case, they had no bufinefs, were refufed admittance by the door-keepers, within the bar, I tried whether the appearance of bufinefs might not fupply the place of it, and entering quickly, marched with an air of confequence through the crowd, which gave way on each fide, and I obtained immediate admittance. In such cases, there may not be much
It may perhaps be alleged in oppofition to my ftating that hurry is a fpecies of vanity, that it is not fo much fo as the grave and folemn pace of a proceffion; but this, which I allow, is only faying that there are more ways than one of gaining the fame point, and it must be remembered that a proceffion is a mode of acquiring confequence, which it is not in every perfon's power to command. But all
that can be gained by hurry and bustlè is early attainable by an individual, and may be practifed at all times, in the streets or on the highway, on foot or on horfeback.
Why is it that fo many young tradefmen break their limbs, and fometimes their necks, in galloping to town about ten o'clock in the forenoon, but that they want to inspire the inhabitants of the environs with an immenfe idea of their importance. If their hurry arofe from their anxiety to get to their counting houfes early, they might have attained that object in a much fafer and furer way, by quitting the pillow an hour or two fooner. Much, indeed, of the expedition we observe in men of bufinefs, it is to be feared, may be traced to the loss of the morning hours, but they are miftaken if they think that they can berecovered by the whip and fpur. I have known many men acquire vaft fortunes by fuccefsful fpeculations, by wonderful ftrokes of bufinefs, and by actions which entitled them to the praife of great ingenuity and acutenefs, but I never knew the clevereft among them who could find that in the afternoon, which he had loft in the morning. It is difficult to make one part of the day execute the functions of another, as difficult, I do humbly think, as to make the foot act as a subfitute for the hand, or to affift the eye with the elbows. But this is partly a digreflion.
Having thus offered fome remarks on the advantages which are expect ed from hurry and buttle, which I have refolved into a principle of vanity, and a defire to act under falfe appearances, it follows naturally that I fhould ftate the difadvantages, if any, which attend the practice of dignified velocity. On this fubject, however, as I have probably trefpaffed already on your limits, I fhall confine myfelf to one remark, viz. that the frequency of appearances deftroys their effect, and to one anecdote, which is this. As I was walking the freets of