Puslapio vaizdai


To one who has travelled in the comes forth once more to light; the East-Egypt, Palestine, Turkey- tiny glass stopper is withdrawn, the book is very full of interest. and oh! shall I reveal the secret; We are introduced to the Jews at shall I confess that I was sold; Cairo, and the description of the yet so it was. The precious drops

, place reminds us of the papers were detestably strong, and for days which have been appearing in the our handkerchiefs stunk of some Leisure Hour this year entitled Past filthy compound, the very thought and Present in the East. We are of which still nearly makes me sick. next transported to Port Saïd, the Suffice it to say we did not enquire town which is “built upon the for the worthy Jew on our way sand, which produces nothing but home, or patronize his store again. ophthalmia, and affords pasture- We now basten on to Jaffa. land only for ants and other insects" “Sparkling and ultramarine as the (p. 13). Here Mr. Samuel “noticed Mediterranean is at this spot, it an unmistakably Jewish physiog- is always agitated, and the landing, nomy at a shop door," and we at consequently, difficult. Tradition once enquire whether it was not the attributes this to the fact that the same individual as jewed us (mark sea has never got completely calm the peculiar force of this slang ex

since the adventure of Jonah and pression), when we passed through the whale, which happened near somo years ago on our way to China. this spot” (p. 18). We were visitWe were told of a Jew who sold ing in the neighbourhood of some curios, scents and other interesting huge stone quarries recently, and, and useful articles at very reasonable anxious to learn something, desterms, and soon found him out. He cended to where the workmen were could speak English well, and pro- pursuing their laborious toil. After ceeded at once to display his Turkish some enqniries as to how they got silks, his slippers and smoking-caps, out the large blocks of stone, we kis ostrich eggs and scents. “Here, looked up the perpendicular sides said he, is some real attar of roses; of the rocky cavern, and noticed you shall have it very cheap by how they were rent and torn as if taking three bottles.” Between us we by some mighty convulsion.

Tho managed to arrange the matter, and workmen remarked; “It is said paid down a good round sum. The that these are the rents which were attar was put aside till some future produced when our Saviour was time. When we had passed through crucified, for we read that the rocks the quiet canal, and came once more were rent.” They were firm believers to the place where the internal in the truth of the tradition. “To up-heavings commence, with what Jaffa, Japho, or Japboo, as it is joy did we recollect our sagacity in variously called, an ancient myth laying in a stock of real attar of assigns the locale of the legend of

We would scent our cabin, Perseus and Andromeda, and humorour handkerchiefs should be per- ists have asserted that the monster fumed, and— At once we fly to the slain by Perseus was the identical secret corner, the precious treasure I whale that swallowed Jonah, and



desired to make a second and more appeared. Contemporary Review, permanently successful experiment. January, 1879, p. 308, where Mr. R.

p The bones of a huge monster were S. Poole tells us that Mr. Renan's long an object of curiosity on this position is hard to maintain. In coast” (p. 19). On p. 21 we find the antiquity no Shemites were locale of another legend, that which notheists but the Hebrews, and relates to St. George and the dragon, though the Hebrew teachers were all assigned to the neighbourhood of monotheistic, the people were conLydda. We are all familiar with stantly either adopting idolatrous the account of the man who, passing objects of worship, or mistaking the from Jerusalem to Jericho, fell true meaning of monotheism, in among thieves ; and every book we their idea that they served a national read about Palestine confirms the God, instead of the Creator and truth of the statement. Our author Ruler of the universe.” Cp. Tiele's supplies us with some vivid sketches History of Ancient Religions, p. 85. of his own experience, and tells us The subject is full of interest, and good ancedotes bearing on the sub- especially so to those who have been ject, which we have not room to following the recent discussion retranscribe.

specting the character of the ancient Readers of M. Renan, Müller and religion of Chiva. In many points other writers on Hebrew religion, the two cases are exactly analogous, will be acquainted with the subject in others widely different. I can, of Hebrew monotheism, and the argu- however, follow out the points no ments for and against the conclu- further now. sion here (pp. 49, 52) drawn by It is well known that the Jews Mr. Samuel that Rebecca was to be have very many superstitious cus“the mother of those who should toms, not a whit better than those spread monotheism through the practised by the Chinese. We reworld.” Speaking of Hebron he says member Paul's words to the Gala“ Hebron has, perhaps, a more in- tians-—" Who hath fascinated you timate claim to the affection of Jews. (sc. with the evil eye)?” We are than any other spot in the world. told that over the door of the only It was the cradle of the race.... The respectably-sized house in Hebron, oldest surviving city in the history belonging to a Mr. Romano, there of the world; the birthplace of is a sculptured hand as a protection monotheism, according to all re against the "evil eye” (p. 57); and ceived ideas, it is, of necessity, of reference is more than once made surpassing and supreme interest." (of p. 110, 137) to the Mez-zuzahs, As we cannot here discuss so wide or cases affixed to the door posts, a question the student may permit containing the Ten Commandments, us to give him the following refer- which must be touched every time

Chips from a German Work- you pass in and out the house. These shop. I., Art. xv. M. Renan's Générale cases are sometimes of colossal size, et Système Comparé des Langues being carved from olive-wood, but in Sémitiques; a valuable work, of private houses they are small. The which the first part only has yet people must eat only such meat ag


is kosher or killed by one of themselves in a peculiar manner.

The work should be read in convexion with Edersheim's "Sketches of Jewish Social Life," and the works of Canon Farrar which deal with the Life and Times of Christ and of Paul. Some other interesting works on the same subject have recently appeared to which we may call attention at some future time. I will close with a short paragraph from p. 171, which might almost have been written by a Chinese missionary. "The sermon (preached in Smyrna), which lasted about an hour, was not received with the respectful silence to which we are accustomed at home, but the listeners interrupted frequently with manifestations of applause and satisfaction; and the discourse had more than once to be suspended during the passage through the street of a string of camels with their noisily clanging bells." The book occupies 200 pages, and is not expensive.

Selected Essays on Language, Mythology and Religion, by F. Max Müller, K. M. In 2 Volumes, London 1881. Now-a-days the science of Language without Prof. Max Müller would be like Macbeth without Macbeth. And the same holds good in a slightly lesser degree of the sciences of Mythology and Religion, which, if they have not grown out of the science of Language, have grown up side by side with it. But the student of "Chips from a German Workshop," "An Introduction to the Science of Religion," and "Hibbert Lectures" not to mention the less known works on Survey of Languages" and "Turanian Languages," or the numerous grammatical works,


such as the Hitopadesa, Sanskrit Grammar and the like, or even the ever popular "Lectures on the Science of Language "-is warned that he will find little that is new in these volumes. In fact the title would indicate, what the learned author has, in his brief preface stated, that we have here in a cheaper form the more important Essays from the four volumes of Chips, which have remained after subjecting the whole to a thorough sifting, a few being added which have been published in different periodicals during the past few years. Thus volume 1 contains Rede Lecture, Inaugural Lecture delivered at Oxford, Inaugural Lecture delivered at Strasburg, and Migration of Fables-four Essays out of the ten-from Chips IV. Essay No. 4 "On spelling" is new, then follow four more from Chips II. on Comparative Mythology. Greek mythology, Greek Legends and Bellerophon. The last essay is


On the Philosophy of Mythology," delivered at the Royal Institution in 1871. There is also an Introductory essay, which we at once recognise as the Preface to Chips 1. As the last Essay in volume I. was also the last in "Introduction to the Science of Religion" published in 1873, it appears that the only fresh chapter is what appears as IV., "On spelling" printed phonetically. But the author tells us "I have tried to improve these Essays from year to year with the help of the excellent criticisms to which they have been subjected....In all that is essential they have remained unchanged, but I believe that no honest criticism which has reached me has ever been passed by unnoticed, and that no

important materials have been overlooked, which have been added to our stock of knowledge since the time when these Essays first saw the light." In the second volume is an e say which deals with the discovery recently made in Japan of Sanskrit texts of some importance, and as we shall want to call attention to it, and some other points of interest, which it is too late to do now, the task of presenting the readers of the Chinese Recorder with a review

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AT Peking, on October 26th, 1881, the wife of the Rev. G. OWEN, of the London Mission, of a son.



Births, Marriages & Deaths. Ar Soochow on January 22nd, the wife

of Rev. C. F. REID, of the M.E. (South) Mission, of a son.

AT Canton, November 28th, 1881, the wife of the Rev. W. J. WHITE of the Presbyterian Mission, of a daughter. AT the Methodist Episcopal Mission, Yangchow, on the 28th December, 1881, the wife of EDWARD PARLANE MCFARLANE, L.R.C.P. & S., of a daughter.

properly so called must be kept over till we have a little more leisure.

The Gardens of the Sun is the title of a work which will be interesting to persons living in the East. It is somewhat similar in design and execution to McNair's Perak and the Malays, which will presumably be in the hands of many Eastern readers. Other works will be noticed as time and opportunity permit.


AT Ningpo, on December 31st, 1881,
the wife of the Rev. R. SHANN, of
the Church Missionary Society, of a

AT Canton, New Year's Day, 1882.
the wife of the Rev. F. J. MASTERS,
Wesleyan Mission, of twin daughters.
Ar Swatow, on 17th January, the wife

of Rev. S. PARTRIDGE, of a son.
AT Tientsin, on the 3rd February, the
wife of the Rev. G. J. CANDLIN, of a


Ar Shanghai, on the 27th November,
1881, Miss M. K. COLBURN, of the
Woman's Union Mission.

Ar Canton, on the 8th January, 1882,
THIRESA, infant daughter of F. J. and
M. E. Masters.

Ar Tientsin, on the 12th of January,
SARAH E., the beloved wife of Rev.

Ar Swatow, on 31st January, HEN-
RIETTA E., the wife of Rev. S.
Partridge, of the American Baptist
Mission Union.

AT Kiukiang, on Saturday, February
11th, the wife of Mr. W. J. HUNNEX,
of the A.M.E.M., of a son.
Ar Shanghai, on Saturday, February
18th, the wife of Rev. D. H. DAVIS,
Seventh Day Baptist Mission, of

a son.

ARRIVALS.-Per s.s. Bothwell Castle,
on December 20th, the Rev. Griffith
Griffiths, for the London Mission,

Per s.s. Pes-hawur, on December 5th, 1881, Miss M. Laurence, of the Church Missionary Society, at Hongkong.

Per P. and O. s.s. Venetia, on January 2nd, Rev. and Mrs. Kupfer, of the American Methodist Episcopal Mission, Kiukiang.

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Japan Mission, and will be stationed at Tokio.

The American Bible Society's Agent for China, the Rev. L. H. Gulick, has further extended the operations of the Society lately. Mr. J. Thorne has been sent to the Canton province; Mr. Anderson has been stationed at Hongkong to work among the shipping, &c.; and a third is shortly to be placed at Tientsin.

The Rev. A. B. Hutchinson, of the C.M.S. Mission, late of Hongkong, has been appointed to the

John Murdoch, Esq., LL.D., the Agent in Indian of the Religious Tract Society, has arrived in Hongkong, on a visit to this country and Japan. He hopes to visit the various missionary centres during his stay, with a view of further extending the operations of his Society.

Mr. Samuel Dyer, Agent of the British and Foreign Bible Society, leaves in a few days by the s.s. Merionethshire for a trip home. During his absence the work will be under the temporary supervision of Rev. W. Muirhead. This Society now employes four colporteurs, two having lately been added.

The Annual Meeting of the Presbyterian Central China Mission was held in Shanghai, beginning Saturday, February 4th, and ending Tuesday, February 7th. There was a full attendance, every member being present and representing the stations Shanghai, Ningpo, Hangchow, and Nanking. Absent in America, Revs. W. S. Holt, John Butler and D. N. J. Lyon, the latter having resigned his connection with the Mission intending to spend several years in the U.S. The Mission has been increased during the year by Rev. J. B. N. Smith, to be

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